This thesis is to study on ‘the children & Adolescence focalization“ of Cho, SeonJag& Choi, InHo’s fictions. As 1970’s prominent writers, Cho, SeonJag & Choy, Inho wrote many fictions, especially ’the warexperience fictions’ and ‘popular novels’. But, Many other 70’s writers, using ‘the children &Adolescence“ as the character of their fictions, in contrast with, they used to ‘the children & Adolescence“ as the narrator, or the focalizer in his works. The Focalization, G. Genette’s term, denote the viewer and perceiver of the narrative situation.
Why did they use his younger characters as the focalization agent of their fiction? Perhaps, is it the key that diagnose their peculiar world view and creating writing intentions? In this Thesis I find out What’s a type of focalization they adopted, usually. And, what’s the meaning of ‘the Children & Adolescence focalization’ on Cho and Choi’s fictions. and the next aim of the thesis, what the genuine purpose of the fatherson’s conflict in their fictions as the warexperience authors.
To begin with, I take three texts of Cho’s short fiction and novelette, <Mobumjagmoon, A model composition>, <SengByuk, A castle wall>, <Sisahoe, a preview>. In addition, in the case of Choi, I take only short fictions, <Sulggun, A drunkard boy>, <ChoeSeSulGaeLon, An introduction to the artof living>, <UhewDaeHan YooSan, An Great inheritance>. Because, Children & Adolescence are characters in the stories, and they are technical agents as the narrators in these texts.
On my examination, I find two conclusions. First, Cho used to “internal focalization” in the point of view stance. And the internal focalization has three types, ‘fixed’, ‘variable’, ‘multiple’ focalization. Among of the three type, he used to ‘fixed focalization’, mostly. Because he indicatively confessed his discontents that a structural contradiction in our society was brought. And, the father as the character of fictions is an “objective correlative’ in this chaos world to overcome in the long run.
Otherwise, on the focalization Choi used to freely focalization according with his intention. On the contrary when he used to the internal focalizer, but, he chosen the growup narrator to say the stories that the children &Adolescence have perceived. Also he utilized the variable focalization throughout his fictions, freely. On the aspect of conflict between the father and son is different from Cho’s fiction. In the end of fictions, sons approved of their father as an a man of family, and appreciated his efforts and services, indeed.
Consequently, mere severe ideological situation of the 70’s, Cho’s ‘the Children & Adolescence focalization’ is very useful technique to avoid the censorships of the ‘redcomplex’.
While, under the capitalism economic suppression, Choi suggested the important of humanity, especially as the father roles of a family member.