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2017, Vol., No.102

  • 1.

    Sociolinguistic Segmentation Patterns of Fish Naming among Fishermen and Fish Merchants in Busan Korea

    Jisuk Kim | 2017, (102) | pp.7~51 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Previous studies on the language vernacular used in Korean fishing villages have primarily been conducted from the perspective of fishermen. In order to address this, the present study investigates the pattern of language use according to different occupations by surveying the names of fish used by fishermen and merchants in the fish markets of Busan, Korea. Depending on the language context of the actor, the names used to refer to these fish may vary. The results of classifying the names of fish according to nomenclature mechanisms revealed different patterns of segmentation in fishermen and merchants depending on their environment and perspectives in the language context. Based on the patterns of segmentation, the foundation for a lexical network of fish names was established. Moreover, the segmentation patterns of fish names according to the perspectives of the two types of actors were described. These descriptions demonstrate that the actor’s environment and perception manifest in this segmentation in three stages: visual, analytic, and localized.
  • 2.

    The Diachronic Study on ㄹ Nasalization

    Shin Seongcheol | 2017, (102) | pp.53~89 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    In the Middle Korean and in Modern Korean, ㄹ nasalization are also applied not only Stops(ㄱ , ㅂ , ㅅ), Nasals(ㄴ , ㅁ , ㅇ), but also Liquid. This study examines the diachronic change processes and patterns of diffusion. The type of change that occurred in C$ㄹ and ㅅ#ㄹ chains was quantified by the type of literature and the type that did not occur. As a result, ㄹ nasalization showed different forms of recognition depending on the type of words, the phonology, and the different types of consonants and vowels depending on the type of recognition, and the different aspects of the diffusion process. The phonology in Middle Korean and Modern Korean is mainly represented in Chinese characters, and phonological changes occur in the pronunciation of other consonants in front of a consonant. The consonants and vowels of the preceding syllable, regardless of the grammar of the antecedent to the modern language, began to be applied to the photo-communication, which was reflected in the phonographic environment. And it was thought that C$ㄹ chains were an exotic phonemic arrangement, and ㄹ nasalization was produced because of phonotactic constraints to eliminate the unnatural phonemic arrangement.
  • 3.

    A Probe into the Translation Paradigm of ‘則’ in Korean Annotation of Chinese Classics

    양언 | 2017, (102) | pp.91~115 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The thesis probes the translation paradigm, demonstrated in Korean annotation of Chinese classics, concerning Chinese function word ‘則’. The grammatical meaning of ‘則’ is represented mainly by Korean grammatical formatives ‘-니, -ㄴ디라, -야, -면, ~는’ etc. in literature of the period following the creation of Hunminjeongeum, especially in literature published by Gangyeongdogam. However, due to adoption of literal translation or metaphrase in the course of translating, a lexical morpheme ‘곧’ was later introduced to function together with grammatical formatives such as particles or suffixes. Besides ‘곧’, a special formative ‘-ㄴ 则’ appeared in 16th-century literature. Since the 17th century, ‘곧’ was less used, and ‘-ㄴ 즉’ began to be more frequently used. In the 18th century , ‘-ㄴ즉’ even appeared in non-translated literature. This indicates that ‘-ㄴ즉’, originally a result of translation from ‘则’, is undergoing grammaticalization. It is becoming a grammatical formative inherent to the Korean language.
  • 4.

    A Study on ‘hara’ Style Interrogative Endings of Modern Korean -Based on Korean Vernacular Letters -

    Lee Raeho | 2017, (102) | pp.117~142 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study intended to examine the change, distribution, expansion, and extinction of the ‘hara’ style interrogative endings of modern Korean based on Korean vernacular letters. ‘nya/nyo’ style and ‘rya/ryo’ style interrogative endings, which were classified as polar(yes-no) question and content question depending on whether they had interrogative word in the middle Korean, were gradually integrated into ‘nya’ and ‘rya’ from the 16th century, and ‘-nya’ and ‘-nyo’ were finally integrated into ‘-nya’ in the beginning of the 17th century and ‘-rya’ and ‘-ryo’, ‘-rya’ in the mid 18th century. ‘-nya’ style interrogative ending has been used without personal distinction from the 17th century as the person restriction gradually disappeared. ‘-n ga/-n go’ and ‘-l ga/-l go’ had been mainly used in indirect questions in the 15th century Korean until 16th century when they were used widely regardless of direct or indirect questions. However, ‘-n da’ was still used exclusively in the sentence led by the second person subject. Meanwhile, ‘-n da’ style interrogative ending began to compete against ‘-nya’ style and ‘-n ga’ style endings in the sentence led by the second person subject. Through this course of competition, ‘-nya’ style and ‘-n ga’ style endings ate into the domain of ‘-n da’ style ending, reducing the distribution of ‘-n da’ style ending. Also, interrogative ending, ‘-n da’, inevitably came into conflict with ‘-n da’ which was used as declarative ending from the 16th century in terms of the form. In this process, ‘-l da’ in ‘-n da’ style disappeared first at the end of the 17th century and ‘-n da’ remained further until it disappeared at the end of 18th century.
  • 5.

    Chunhyangjeon-love, the combination of two eras

    han hui su | 2017, (102) | pp.143~167 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    A study on the subject of Chunhyangjeon is based on the argument that "Chunhyangjeon is an unreasonable work that cannot be combined with the pre-modern "Yeol"(chastity) and the modern "liberation of identity(status)" organically. However, this argument does not understand the multiple subjects of literary works. In order to solve the above problems, this study expanded the conflict structure of Chunhyangjeon. In this way, it is revealed that being denied in Chunhyangjeon is ideology and character that suppresses people, degrades women, distorts love under the pretext of loyalty, filial piety and chastity not the pre-modern. Chunhyangjeon modernizes the pre-modern era while denying distorted ideologies and characters. It is the "Yeol"(chastity) that unifies the two eras. Lee Mong-ryong denies the old era of "Yeol"(chastity) as a means of maintaining patriarchal order, and goes to Chun-hyang with love. Chunhyang affirms that "Yeol"(chastity) is love. Lastly, the love, "Yeol"(chastity) of a new era is realized through Lee Mong-ryong who has been a royal secret inspector. Chunhyangjeon is not the inconsistent and irrational works of two themes but it is one of the best works of the Korean people who achieved modern identity(status) liberation by sublimating the pre-modern "Yeol"(chastity) to love.
  • 6.

    Praying for child in the Folktale of Eliminating the Monster of Underground Nation

    Hyun,Seung-Hwan | 2017, (102) | pp.169~193 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The folktales of "Eliminating the monster of underground nation" are classified into two types ("kidnapping an unmarried woman" type, "kidnapping wife" type). The content of "kidnapping an unmarried woman" type is as follows: An unmarried woman is kidnapped by monster into underground nation. And then, an unmarried man cultivates his ability to rescue the woman. After that, man and woman get rid of the monster in the underground nation together. Finally, they get married. In this story, on the ground world, the man is the main character, and it means, male principle dominates on the ground But in the underground nation, the woman is the main character. That is, female principle dominates in the underground nation. The monster which man and woman have to overcome is the symbolic expression of hardships that will happen after marriage. "Getting rid of the monster together" is considered marriage ceremony expressed orally. Meanwhile, the content of "kidnapping wife" type is as follows: Wife is kidnapped by monster into underground nation. After that, wife and husband get rid of the monster together. In this type, "getting rid of the monster together" can be comprehended not only "marriage ceremony" but also parent's hope for child. When a wife who has got married is infertile, by getting rid of the monster, wife wish to be changed from infertility to fertility. The monster who kidnaps woman to underground is divine presence. But, as the monster kidnapped woman without any consent from parents or husband, it becomes the being which should be elimanated. If a man has the ability to get rid of this monster, he can get married to the woman or can get child from the woman. In this folktale, woman plays an important role when woman and man together kill the monster. It shows that woman also can exercise her ability where she plays a leading role. "Man and woman have his or her own space where he or she can do leading role" can be comprehended as classification of sexual role.
  • 7.

    A Research on Hyeon Deok's "Father as a Butterfly Catcher"

    Moon Young-Jin | 2017, (102) | pp.195~228 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This article is about the Hyeon deok’s narrative "Father as a butterfly catcher"( 나비를 잡는 아버지 ). Some conclusions of this article is as follows: "Father as a butterfly catcher" is a family assosiated narrative. Also, the narrative contains mentally reducted father and compassion about it. The narrative follows the rule of irony and epiphany(ironic epiphany). The root of the conflict is economic, but it switches under the narrative by the means of the conflict between father and son. This narrative is composed of a few chronotopes. Some of them is chronotope of the road, chronotope of encounter, and chronotope of threshold(which do not occur on this narrative; in fact which means running away from home). The protagonist of the narrative compromise about the current condition and understands father’s love. This Narrative shows a sympathy and the possibility of a solidarity.
  • 8.

    The Form of Time and Thought from Outside - About “Darkroom of a Map”

    Song, Ki-seob | 2017, (102) | pp.229~255 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Yi Sang is a problematic author in Korea. He is problematic not just because of the abstruseness of his works, but because of the depth of his thought, which makes him a theorist and a philosopher. “Darkroom of a Map,” one of his novels, reflects this aspect vividly. It involves his discernment about life and the world which make it not just a fictional narration. They are based on modern urban civilization established in short period. “Darkroom of a Map” is abstruse, making studies on it mainly focus on deciphering the words and the statements in it. Despite all the studies, the meaning of many parts of the novel still remains veiled. The story could be summarized in simple texts: ‘He’ got out of his room, wandered the city, come back to his room, and got asleep. Nonetheless, the events are not reproduced in literary conventions. It imparts the thoughts about the events. The thoughts are made in a way of cartography. The thoughts include consideration about the time. Yi Sang recognize humans as esse of time. “Darkroom of a Map” is a novel of time-recognizing. It is the means of introspection. ‘I’ exist in specific time, not being constant, which implies there is no essential ego. The alter egos appearing in this novel could be other aspects of ‘I’. The alter egos comes from ‘outside’ Blanchot noticed. The alter egos from outside have meanings only in flow of time. ‘I’ become a stranger who is a mere form of expression. “Darkroom of a Map” of Yi Sang is an adventure of thoughts. A map connotes thoughts of repetition and renewal. The adventurous thoughts are confined to a darkroom, restricted by time. ‘He’ faces his alter egos with the form of time, the means of encountering strangers. Alter egos are located outside as well as strangers. He ascertain his identity, relating with the outside. It is possible only inside the time.
  • 9.

    Algorithm of Knowledge structuring and Digital memory

    Lee Yong Wook | 2017, (102) | pp.257~281 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the hypertext that digital technology has created from the viewpoint of memory and present the direction of development under the premise that knowledge starts from memory and knowledge structuring deals with the memory. The way in which people acquire, store and use knowledge, that is, knowledge structuring, is linked to the development of technology. Knowledge is the result of human thought activities, but the structuring that reveals it as concrete reality is the skill of technology. The invention of the printing press provided a turning point in knowledge structuring. Since manuscripts were standardized and mass produced in print, the circulation of knowledge was widespread, and after ancient Athens, mankind once again experienced civil democracy through the sharing of knowledge and information. Computers and the Internet structure knowledge in a completely different way from printers. It is not the metaphorical dimension of analog and digital, but the digital grammar of information-oriented knowledge structure that can be called 'hypertext' in the way texts place knowledge, in author's relation with reader, Once again, the revolutionary turning point of human intellectuals is scheduled. When the invention of the letter did not have to save everything in my mind, human intelligence was able to make a more sophisticated and complex idea. The typography supported the intellectual activities of human beings by facilitating the union of the forms that enable the invention to form tacit and by operating the hierarchical order and power mechanism of the knowledge system. It is clear that the artificial body of computers and the Internet (all techniques imitate the human body) weakens our memory. Instead, they will strengthen their ability to ask questions by improving their ability to think where they are and how to find them. Digital memory is the transfer of the contents of memory to the body of the machine, not to the human body. It is the most evolved device in terms of storage and preservation of memory, not because it relies on finite human memory, but because it is memorized by the machine. The problem is whether creativity and creativity can be expressed on the Internet by re-establishing the context of memory and expanding to imagination. At this point, the role of human engineering is expected. Hypertextro, the current knowledge structuring method, is unable to distinguish between knowledge and information, tagging uselessness and utility with quantitative values, and collision between memory and record making boundaries of thought impossible. Hypertext also repeats the type of the last medium in the transitional period. The new knowledge structuring method that overcomes the limitation of hypertext will emerge soon in the development of technology. It should be able to call the emergence of digitality beyond postmodernity by presenting direction of overcoming.
  • 10.

    A Management state and Result of Extracurricular Program - Based on operational cases of ‘Speech Clinic’ -

    Gang, Yeon Im | 2017, (102) | pp.283~314 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This thesis is studied about a management state and education result of extracurricular program, which is ‘Speech Clinic’ in Mokwon University. In the second chapter, it is examined a management state and detailed example of ‘Speech Clinic’. In third chapter, Operational performance and its expectation effectiveness, and a necessity of extracurricular program that is Curriculum connection show. In fourth chapter, it tries to find a future measures and its solution of extracurricular program ‘Speech Clinic’. However after standing out of speech, each university operates a speech lecture. But speech ability can not good better if one or two speech lecture could complete. And after take a class, there is a need of continuous education service. Therefore to fill the gap, it is used an extracurricular program that is connected with speech class. The extracurricular program is very useful to offer an intensive education service for students. ‘Speech Clinic’ in extracurricular program of Mokwon university is very useful that a subject professor counsels directly, so they know very well about subject’s character, student’s tendency, and contents of a class etc. And it can offer one-to-one education service, so students can receive solution of their speech problems directly and concretely. In ‘Speech Clinic’, it has a standardized manual of speech problems, and their professors have an workshop regularly. They share with various information about counselling, and try to solve the problem Collaboration. The problems of extracurricular program are its temporary management and short connection of class. So to gather an educational effect with a long-term perspective, it can not stop but manage with continuous support. And with a standardization work of counsel manual and professor’s steady studying, and cooperative discussion, it could be operated elastically to give a real help for students.
  • 11.

    A Study of Measures to Teach Korean History Based on Content-based Teaching Method for Academic-purpose Korean Language Learners

    kwon hwa suk | 2017, (102) | pp.315~338 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study aims to present efficient measures for Korean history education based on content-based instruction for academic-purpose Korean language learners who study in a college. For academic-purpose Korean language education, Korean language education should aim for Korean language learners' smooth performance of their major study based on improvement in their Korean communication capabilities in their ordinary routines. Accordingly, this study aimed to achieve significant learning performances of Korean language learners by presenting measures to teach "Interesting Korean History" based on a theme-centered language learning model on the basis of content-based teaching method that can efficiently improve their communication capabilities and enhance their major study performance capabilities.
  • 12.

    An Empirical Study on the Authenticity of Item for Testing Advanced Korean Language Learner’s Comprehension of News Headline in Reading Section of TOPIK

    Seo, Huijeong | 2017, (102) | pp.339~373 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to verify the authenticity of items for testing Korean language learners’ comprehension of news headlines in reading section of TOPIK, and to present some proposals for improving the authenticity of items. The 84 items for testing advanced Korean language learners’ comprehension of news headlines are extracted from the reading section of 39 kinds of TOPIK. And then, the authenticity of 84 news headlines is investigated on the semantic structure, theme, lexical expression, ending form, and punctuation mark or symbol based on the 683 Internet news headlines extracted from the Internet portal site, NAVER. Through an analysis on the authenticity of news headlines in TOPIK, a couple of differences between the news headlines in TOPIK and the Internet news headlines are found as follows: (1) The cause-effect structures as semantic structure of news headlines are used the most in TOPIK, but the composite structures are used the most in Internet. (2) The themes of news headlines in TOPIK are not as various as them in Internet. (3) Numbers, direct quotations, and proper nouns are used a lot in Internet, while idiomatic expressions are used a lot in TOPIK. (4) The roots of words are used the most as an ending form of news headlines in TOPIK as well as Internet. Meanwhile, connective endings are used the most in TOPIK. On the other hand, final endings are used the most in Internet. (5) Commas are used the most in TOPIK, while ellipses are used the most in Internet.
  • 13.

    Investing of the Possibilities of Korea Language Culture Education Using Illustrated Books - Focusing on Learners of Korean Language as a Second Language

    Jung-a Shin | 2017, (102) | pp.375~404 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Now it is generally recognized that education about Korean cultural factors is required in Korean Language education as foreign language. This means not cramming Korean culture to foreigners but role of communication to make them understand Korean culture and adjust well to life in Korea. In particular, language culture education emphasizes to grow communicative ability, and the application of literatures enables to understand and respond to knowledge about society and culture where the language is used, and discourses and behaviors fit to the criteria of the language community. Literature shows an individual's way to behave in some situations by contextualizing it, and provides useful insights about relations, emotions, attitudes, and the like. The method to suggest through contexts in cultural education, can raise cultural ability to be familiar with the targeted culture and to utilize the culture in linguistic activities beyond knowledge about the culture. Especially, Korean illustrated books among literature genres, contain various sub-cultures which are not seen easily in daily lives as well as the entire culture such as language, religion, and ethnicity with the stories including special situational contexts in visual images. Characteristics of Korean language culture seen in illustrated books include naming culture, honorific expressions, high context culture, appropriate speech-acts of asking and refusing, etc. High context culture can compose an intact discourse or phrase even a necessary element is omitted, and in some cases, when an element is omitted, it may be more naturalistic. In high context culture, in order to figure out the core contents of communications, it is necessary to be interested in the situation more than the message. Especially, in relations with family or friends, they already know the other party's message even though he or she does not mention it, they would reduce words with more limited language, and depend on the scenes or the situations more. Foreign learners would be able to understand and be familiar with Korean's language culture through learning from illustrated books. Honorific expression, one of characteristics of Korean language, shows Korean people's emotions. Korean's honorific expression is used to express for respecting the other party properly fit to the context of its usage. Based on illustrated books, to contemplate Korean's ways to think, to tell about the reason why Korean honorific expression is various and complex, and to learn various usage of 'we' and diverse greetings by Korean would play a meaningful role for their adjust to life in Korea. If the culture of naming is learnt in the contextual situation of illustrated book, it is easy to understand and effective for foreign learners to remember it. Culture is not just confirmed when meanings in dictionaries in the language used in literature texts, it is necessary to instruct them to understand the contexts of language culture and basic culture mixed in a literature work. Foreigners' aim to acquire culture is to adjust well to life in Korea, and its most basic requirement depends on acquiring language culture.