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2017, Vol., No.103

  • 1.

    A Study of the Position of TV News Based on Co-occurred Words -Focused on THAAD Reports of KBS·MBC·SBS·JTBC-

    Kim ByeongKeon | 2017, (103) | pp.7~37 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper considered the particular position of each broadcasting station, based on an analysis on co-occurred words, focusing on the THAAD reports of KBS <News 9>, MBC <News Desk>, SBS <8 News>, and JTBC <News Room>. Usually, news is based on facts, but it is recontextualized depending on the ideology of the subject reporting the news. During ‘selection and editing’ for news production, the original voice is mixed with the voice of the reporter and it is transformed. For such reason, we can find the particular ‘position’ of the subject reporting in the news result. The study finding revealed that negative information was refused and the logics related to the appropriateness of THAAD deployment were mainly conveyed on KBS, MBC, and SBS , while more negative information of THAAD deployment was conveyed on JTBC. Given that commonly, ‘the presence of absence of information’ is used as a strategy for ideological reproduction in discourse, JTBC was definitely in the opposite position to THAAD deployment. On the contrary, KBS, MBC, and SBS held the pro-THAAD deployment position, understating, excluding or refuting the Chinese action resisting and opposing THAAD deployment and the issues regarding the damage to Korea and the possible harmfulness of radar electromagnetic waves to human body, the possibility of a transfer to the US-led MD system, the necessity of agreement and ratification of the National Assembly, and the demonstration and rally of residents against THAAD deployment in the community. It is anticipated that this study result can be used as substantial evidence of common points and differences among the broadcasting stations that were vaguely recognized empirically but hard to explain.
  • 2.

    Conventional Expressions Found in Eongan Rule Books and The Application of Them in Korean Letters -Focusing on ‘Jingbo-eon-gan-dok’-

    Bae Younghwan | 2017, (103) | pp.39~70 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to investigate conventional expressions found in Eongan rule book during the Joseon Dynasty period. To do so, first, it discussed the defintion of conventional expressions and how they are specifically used in Eongan. Especially, to investigate conventional expressions in Eongan, this study reviewed conventional expressions presented in Jigbo-eon-gan-dok, which is one of the most well-known Eongan rule books, and how they have been applied to Eongans that have been preserved so far. Specifically, words that were frequently used in 36 letters of greetings in Jingbo-eon-gan-dok were extracted and classified according to the meaning and syntactic structure. The words frequently mentioned in Jingbo-eon-gan-dok, such as ‘bokmo,’ ‘hyangnyeom,’ ‘geulsi,’ ‘geulwol,’ and ‘haseo,’ are mainly found at the begnning and ending of the letters. Other frequently used words include ‘giwun,’ ‘geuihu,’ ‘geuitaehu,’ ‘chyongchyong/chongchong,’ and ‘chongyo/chyongyo.’ Among these words, the vocabulary that is appropriate to use to seniors includes ‘bokmo,’ ‘geulwol,’ ‘haseo,’ ‘geuihu,’ and ‘geuitaehu,’ which can be classified as an [+honorific] feature. Meaningful structures of conventional expressions found in Jingbo-eon-gan-dok are such as ‘bokmo buridi mot-,’ ‘hyangnyeom ganjyeolha-,’ ‘geuityehu mananha,’ ‘chongyo iman geuichi,’ and ‘chongchong iman jeok.’ Conventional expressions used in Jingbo-eon-gan-dok began to be found in actual Eongans from the 17th century before they became more widely adopted from the mid-18th century and most commonly in the mid-19th century. Conventional expressions were applied in Eongans as a way to express social courtesy toward the recipient and also for convenience in writing the letters.
  • 3.

    Semantic Field of the tool nouns in relation to the female divers

    Shin, WooBong | 2017, (103) | pp.71~94 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study aims to analyze the meanings of the tool nouns in relation to the female divers in terms of the structural semantic analysis, and confirm the semantic field of these nouns. To study, 59 tool nouns were selected in advanced research and Jeju dialect dictionary. Through identifying meanings and semantic property of these nouns I specifically explored what was the semantic differences among them. As the result of this study though these nouns I selected belong to the same semantic area, they have a clear semantic differences and can be distinguished. First of all, those nouns distinguished ‘±store’. ‘+store’ is subclassified by ‘combination’, ‘size’, ‘collection’, ‘time of use’, ‘material’. ‘-store’ is subclassified by ‘capture’, ‘number of stick’, ‘cut’, ‘string’, ‘above sea surface’, ‘collection’, ‘size’, ‘repair’, ‘mark’, ‘material’, ‘fixity’.
  • 4.

    A Study of the Jukdojuin-jeon -Focused on Contents of Work Product and Background of Creative Work-

    Do hyoung Kim | 2017, (103) | pp.95~119 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this study, it introduces the contents of the newly discovered work product, Jukdojuin-jeon, and discusses narrative structure, background of creative work, consciousness of writer and so forth. Jukdojuin-jeon is a story of 7 seamen of Juk-do drifting around and eventually arrived in an island where a giant was living. Two of them were killed and only 5 of them returned alive. The narrator listened to the experience of those seamen and conveyed the story with its record. This work uses the structure of ‘Jeon (story)’ superficially, but the actual story is closer to short-story novel written in Chinese letters. In the process of escaping, they poke the eyes of the giant and cover themselves with the sheep skin to deceive the giant and it has the same story with the adventure of Odysseus that it may be considered as the story transitioning from the west to the east. However, in Asia, Taeyanggwanggi has the story related to a giant. Jukdojuin-jeon is about the story of Korean style man-eating (cannibal) giant with the mixture of western legend coming through the sea onto the eastern story tale. When it compares with the same type of work in Daeindo Sanggak Dojanmyeong or Giheukdoinsa , it has much more complete story structure. All these three works had the style to deliver the stories heard around by taking the frame-style structure, but Jukdojuin-jeon involved the imagination of the recorder with excellent detailed expression for a difference. The recorder describes the incident with the point of view as third-party observer by using the dialogue to enhance the objectivity of narrative. When seamen encounter any desperate situation, they are involved with their emotion to talk about the thought and feeling of seamen. This story has close relationship with the island and coastal area. It depicts on island near to Juk-do as the spatial background in the introduction part and this is the scheme to enhance the credibility while it is proven that the story has been delivered mouth to mouth around the island and coastal areas. The place most effective to narrate the drifting experience would be island and the material that is best imagined with the fear on sea would be the story on the man-eating giant. Also, there is the ‘Youngdong Harbang’ legend that has been handed down in Jeju-do as the similar story theme shared around and it seemed to disperse and expand through the sea routes that were used by convoys and merchants.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Songwajabsul(松窩雜說) from a Handwritten literature aspect

    Youngbong Kim | 2017, (103) | pp.121~152 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Songwajabsul(松窩雜說) is well-known writing, because it is incorporated in the Daedongyaseung(大東野乘), and already translated in Korean language. Several stories which recorded in this book are considerably famous enough to quoted in various documents. Songwajabsul is very important materials must to be reviewed in the point of handwritten literature, and also important in explore the author Lee hui(李墍). Songwajabsul is widely circulated as a version of Daedongyaseung, but Ganongwoomook(艮翁疣墨) which later discovered version is much need attention. Also another version Moongyunjapsul(聞見雜說) is more important because it is more earlier version than Songwajabsul and Ganongwoomook. Rating for Lee hui, the author of Songwajabsul is not out of bounds as a incorrupt government employee and an illustrious retainer. But in addition to that, He is proved the spirit of the temple is thorough as a result of this study. Songwajabsul has various characteristics as a handwritten literature, and unofficial history’s personality is most prominent. The consistent concept of history is the guiding principle of Confucius in writing the Annals.
  • 6.

    A Study on Anonymity and Individuation of Narrative Literature -Focusing on the late Joseon Dynasty-

    Changhyun Kim | 2017, (103) | pp.153~180 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper studies the literature sociology of anonymity and Individuation through the narratives that existed in the late Joseon Dynasty, such as Folk tales, Short novels in Chinese letters[Yadam], Fictions, and Pansori. In Folk tales, the narrator, who is a mediator of story telling, has personality, while characters and backgrounds of narrative contents are generally anonymous. This is because the narrator had to stand in front of the audience due to the Presentation method of Folk tale called telling. As a result, the details of the character and the background are changed according to the talent and enthusiasm of the narrator. In Short novels in chinese writing, the writer usually said that he is simply a recorder. But he could not be free from the fun of projecting his own situation and making up his story. The double attitude of this writer was reflected in the character of the work, and in the case of The woman with the sword[Geomnyeo], the anonymity of the main character and the personality of the side character were created. The novelist wrote a work using letters in a space separate from the reader. This makes the novel feel more realistic in character and background than in Folk tales. This is called reinforcement of credibility and probability, and the character has his own name, position and personality. However, the character's personality has a certain limit due to the anonymity of the writer and the popularity of the market, and it has not reached the Individuation of the character, which is the realization of personality in the true sense. In Pansori, it is necessary to pay attention to the professional performer Pansori clown. They are the successors of the entire work and the creator of the ‘Deoneum’. In addition, they are professional artists who must constantly reconsider their product value by performing their work in front of the audience in their own name. Nevertheless, unlike modern fiction writers, they rarely have to take full responsibility for the whole work, and this has become the basis on which they can freely interact with the audience and create more individualized characters. The development of Modern novel is mostly related to the birth of the writer. Modern novels without a writer's consciousness are no better than Folk tales or Yadam. On the other hand, the author's authority can make the reader passive. When passive readers and marketplace unity combine, novels are forced to become popular. Therefore, the way of Modern novel now will be to overcome the anonymity of the reader while preserving the writer's consciousness.
  • 7.

    The Meaning of Place Names and Folklore Knowledge Seen in the Lyrics of <Women Divers’ Rowing Songs>

    Seonghun Lee | 2017, (103) | pp.181~208 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to look at in what meaning place names seen in the lyrics of <Women Divers’ Rowing Songs> are understood by women divers as a singer from the literary geography viewpoints, and then explore folklore knowledge seen in the lyrics from the aspect of field research. This study examined place names seen in the lyrics of <Women Divers’ Rowing Songs> by dividing them into the present meaning, which the general public recognizes, and the meaning at that time that Jeju women divers recognize. The latter includes the meaning that provides information such as starting points, passages, migratory routes, the destination of leaving hometown, and oceanic and geographical information. Place names of the sea routes by which Jeju women divers went to the destination of leaving hometown as well as island and sea names indicate their radius of action, and the sea was their valuable source of living. The place names of areas where women divers went out into the sea for diving after leaving hometown were related to the conditions of the sea sites and the kinds of marine products they caught. Folklore knowledge seen in <Women Divers’ Rowing Songs> includes recognizing of the habitats of marine products, the flow of tidal currents, etc. Folklore knowledge on the habitats of sea mustard, agar, and Ecklonia cava is piled up through repeated diving experiences. They also used tidal currents when they swam to or took and rowed a sail boat to the diving working place.
  • 8.

    The 「Do-tong」 implementation aspect and its meaning in the 「Ga-sa」 of Yeongnam area in the late Joseon Dynasty - Focused on 「Hwangnam-byeolgok」 and 「Hwangsan-byeolgok」

    Jo, Yu-Young | 2017, (103) | pp.209~233 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Hwangnam-byeolgok and Hwangsan-byeolgok are written by Gwanbin Lee(1759~?) and Heebae Yoon(1827~1900). These two authors lived in Yeongnam area. Hwangsan-byeolgok is adaptation by Hwangnam-byeolgok . Adapt is a literary custom for Gasa in late Joseon dynasty so researching adapt-consciousness is important between original and different edition. The Aouthor of Hwangsan-byeolgok is not Heebae Yoon but Youngseob Yoon was lived in Sunsan area in 19th century. Then, Youngseob Yoon and Gwanbin Lee lived same area, so it is possible to guess influence relationship between Hwangnam-byeolgok and Hwangsan-byeolgok . Hwangnam-byeolgok and Hwangsan-byeolgok are quite similar but they have lots of gap on descript Dotong. The special situation of Yeongnam Noron is reflected in Hwangnam-byeolgok . However Hwangsan-byeolgok is reflected Yeiongnam Nam-party’s Dotong-consciousness. Accordingly, the difference of descript Dotong is an evidence which is could know Youngseob Yoon’s adapt-consciousness was made in same community’s Cultural effect
  • 9.

    Jeju Haenyeo in Modern Korean Narrative Culture

    Noh Dae-won | 2017, (103) | pp.235~263 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper compares and analyzes Jeju Haenyeo(women divers)’s image changes in modern Korean novels, short stories, poems, movies, and webtoons: First, the narratives that represented the history of the community of Jeju haenyeo were used as the main motifs of the suffering of the colonial exploitation and the anti-Japanese struggle. These narratives raise the awareness of solidarity lacking in modern society by subjecting Jeju haenyeo culture's unique spirit of community and moral economy. A recent documentary film emphasized haenyeo's inner psychology and personality more realistically by dealing with both cooperation and competition. Second, the narratives about haenyeo represented the problems of female experience and pain, social status and family. In some popular films, haenyeo represented as the image of a strong mother and a compassionate grandmother, focusing on familial love. As a popular film genre reflects the desire and interest of the public audience, it was possible to understand the context in which the images of Jeju haenyeo was recalled and reconstructed. Third, in recent webtoons, we can see the elevated phase change of Jeju haenyeo by drawing experience of the haenyeo school. Haenyeo is understood to be a professional with a work ethic of ‘workmanship.’ In the webtoon, idler youths who symbolize the contemporary ‘post-work’ culture are contrasted with haenyeo symbolizing extreme labor. In these webtoon and films, haenyeo is represented by art works such as a manga and paintings. This is also a sign of the crisis that the culture of Jeju haenyeo is disappearing.
  • 10.

    Romantic Sensibility of Na Do-hyang's Novels -Focused on the ethical attitude of main characters-

    Seo Eun-hye | 2017, (103) | pp.265~304 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In several reports, the romanticism of the Na Do-hyang's novels were understood to mean the same as 'sentimentalism' or 'longing', and it was mainly criticized as an indication of lack of realism. There are two main reasons for the negative connotation of the romanticism in those reports. First, They consider the characteristics of Na's novels are considerably similar to those of literary coterie magazine "Swan", which Na Do-hyang belongs. Second, They want to establish literary continuity from "Swan" to the Anti-conventional literature. They want to explain sentimentalism which is mentioned as the feature of the former is transferred realism, which is considered as that of the latter. However, researchers begin to consider the romanticism in 1920s not as a historical art trend, but as a problem of sensibility lately. In addition to this, the contents and implications of romantic sensibility of Na’s Do-hyang novel is not limited to the talking about the "Swan" literary character, but it is necessary to be narrated inductively through analyzing his various works. This report focus on the ethical sensibility of Na Do-hyang's characters. In western romanticism, nature was considered as the representation of eternity and sacred. It was the result of resistance against the mechanicalistic view of the world. But in Chosen literary field in 1920s, the representation of eternity was much more cultural, such as love, art, trust. These concepts were imported by western society in that period. And Na wants to demonstrate the characters who support eternal values such as love and art faithfully. They face many obstacles such as the logic of capitalism in newly modernized Chosen, but they also overcome through fidelity to their own belief. Death is the result of that kind of attitude. This kind of fidelity, which Na's characters show, is grounded of the argument of Nietzsche. Na Do-hyang agree the morality of "the strong" ("übermensch" in Nietzsche's context) of Nietzsche. We can find it from the several mentions of characters. The strong person, same as "übermensch" in Nietzsche's context, judge the whole events by his own ethical opinion. He does not follow social morality unconditionally. In conclusion, the romantic sensibility of Na Do-hyang's characters are newly summed up three points. First, the tendency of following the value of eternity, such as love, art, and trust. Second, we can find a ethical fidelity to the eternal value in diverse works. They sometimes choose to die for defending their belief. Third, they consider the value of spontaneous judgement in moral dilemma importantly. This results help us to distinct characteristics of Na's own romantic sensibility from those of other "Swan" members.
  • 11.

    Aspect of Manifestation of ‘Persona’ and ‘Self’ in Yu Chi-Hwan's Poetry

    Ji-won,Lee | 2017, (103) | pp.305~336 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper analyzed the aspect of manifestation of ‘Persona’ and ‘Self’ expressed in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry with the view point of analytical psychology of Calr Custav Jung. The aspect of manifestation of ‘Persona’ and ‘Self’ is a framework to understand the inner world of Yu Chi-Hwan and a material to prove the unique characteristics of Yu Chi-Hwan’s poem world. The poetic resonance made by the aspect revealed by Persona, i.e. ‘obsession and psychological disorder/molting desire and healing’ and the aspect of self-manifestation using the union of opposites, i.e. ‘Shadow/Light’, and ‘Sound/Silence’ is a unique poetic domain that can be created by only those who are intensely immersed in their inner world. It could be known that Yu Chi-Hwan’s awareness of life is accord with the desire of self-realization. Also the contradictoriness of Yu Chi-Hwan’s poem is the main factor that arouse the poetic collision caused by the psychological opposite poles of ‘Persona/Self’. This has to be understood in the manner of the unique existing method of Yu Chi-Hwan’s poem which is directed by the structure of psychological opposite poles of ‘Persona/Self’. The aesthetics of paradox created by this process acts as a driving force forming the unique poem world of Yu Chi-Hwan. This paper found the source generating the aesthetics of paradox at the structure of opposite poles, namely the union of opposites contributing to self-embodiment. The union of opposites in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry is a poetic practice for penetrating into self and a poetic effort for self-realization. Therefore, the value of Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry is on the point that he aesthetically embodied ontological questions and answers in his poetry in order to be wholly what he is without living imperfectly with being locked in Persona, This paper serves as a momentum to give a new proof for Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry that have been analyzed with some unsophisticated flat structure so far. This work becomes a useful implication to understand the psychological structure of literary works and psychological conditions of authors.
  • 12.

    The Meaning of Literary Magazines, The Horizon and The New Continent in the Literary History

    Lee, Hyeong-kwon | 2017, (103) | pp.337~365 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The Horizon and The New Continent are the Korean literary magazines published in the United States from 1970’s to 1980’s. The former is a prominent magazine of the Western area of the US while the latter is the one of the Eastern area. The Horizon is specialized in poetry, and The New Continent is a rather comprehensive magazine that includes novels, essays, fairy tales and literary reviews as well as poems. There is no significant difference of both magazines in terms of contents of poems. Their common themes are desire for identification(favor and hope) with the American society, non-identification or desire for non-identification(isolation and critical mentality). However, The New Continent shows more critical aspects toward the American society, and has more lyrical aspects than The Horizon. Meanwhile, The Horizon expresses a favorable attitude toward American civilization and nature. Generally, poems published in both magazines are lyrics. They are mainly written in Korean, but some of the poems are written in both Korean and English. Using Korean and English words is one of the characteristics of Korean American poetry. The meaning of The Horizon and The New Continent in the literary history are as follows: First, both magazines embrace sentiments such as pain, hope, and homesickness of Korean American immigrants in 1970’s and 1980’s. Second, both has contributed to developing Korean American poetry which was inherited to Korean American Literature, and New York Literature. Third, both expends the history of Korean American poetry as well as the history of Korean poetry. Thoroughly compared and closely analyzed with Korean domestic poetry literature, literary values of both magazines should be objectively evaluated. In addition, studies on both magazines by being compared with Korean literature in other foreign countries can be used to expand the boundary of modern Korean literature. It must be hurried because the number of poets who have lived in foreign countries drastically decreases.
  • 13.

    A Consideration on Writing Education and Teaching Materials for Academic Purpose Foreign Students

    Kyoungmin Ko | 2017, (103) | pp.367~390 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to examine the characteristics of writing teaching curriculum for academic purpose foreign students, the status of writing teaching materials and future teaching material development plans. In order to investigate the characteristics of writing teaching curriculums, the course objectives of writing curriculums in many universities with a lot of foreign students for academic purposes were examined and they were compared with the course objectives of Korean language curriculums. Also, 7 kinds of teaching materials used in writing curriculums for foreigners in universities were analyzed and based on the analysis result, the contents of a writing curriculum for academic purpose foreign students were suggested. For this study, Chapter 2 considers class syllabuses of major universities running writing curriculums for academic purpose foreign students and compares them with ‘writing-focused’ curriculum or ‘composition’ curriculum in Korean liberal arts. Based on the result, the orientation and the contents of a writing curriculum for academic purpose foreign students were investigated and the differences between writing-focused curriculum and other writing curriculum were described. Chapter 3 presents the contents of a writing curriculum for academic purpose foreign students, based on the examination of Chapter 2 and compares with the existing contents of writing curriculums.