Korean Language & Literature 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.39

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pISSN : 1229-1730 / eISSN : 2733-8738

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2018, Vol., No.104

  • 1.

    A Characteristic and Problem of Caption Language on TV Program - Focused on <Hyo-rine minbak> -

    Gang, Yeon Im | 2018, (104) | pp.7~31 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The aspect of transition and problem about caption language has been examined with entertainment program <Hyo-rine minbak> as the center. In advance, the research tendency of entertainment programs’ caption language and recent progress of caption language were examined. Based on this, the problems of nowadays caption language were stated. To summarize the discussions until now as a conclusion is as in the following. Firstly, the research tendency and change of entertainment programs’ caption language is studied. The early captions were focused on objective and definite information delivery. So the research until now has been also focused on the caption language’s type, function, and positive and negative influences. The problem is nowadays caption language is quite different from the previous one. That’s because the production crews putting intended information as the caption is increasing. Especially as observation entertainment program increased, the caption language with production crews intention considering interest and connection is also rapidly increasing. The problems about this should be examined objectively. Secondly, the functional change aspect of caption language from <Hyo-rine minbak>, which is a entertainment program was examined. <Hyo-rine minbak> is a typical observation entertainment program. However, the production crew presenting planned caption language is increasing at the observation entertainment program including the program above. <Hyo-rine minbak> is presenting caption language including story. This premises narrative arc from narrative text. Also by providing the caption beforehand, the interpretation of the following image or the characters’ action is attracted. So the substance the viewer should appreciate is suggested beforehand. On the one hand, when the character does not speak or only the landscape is described, the caption language explains about that situation in detail. This shows the reading text’s feature, since it’s similar to reading a written language. Thirdly, the problems of recent caption language was examined with <Hyo-rine minbak> as the center. First of all, due to caption language, it is difficult to concentrate on the screen or the characters’ action. This deviated from the television’s endemic function which is to offer visual image for the viewer to interpret freely. On the one hand, the information is arbitrarily interpreted. The information interpreted arbitrarily by the production crew while watching the visual image and the characters is presented in the shape of caption language. If things come to this stage, the viewers accept the information the caption language provides preferentially, reducing the scope of one’s thought. This brings to the problem that product crew unify the information which should be interpreted in a more various way. To overcome problems like above, image media need to realize the product crews’ provision of information and viewers’ interpretation is the main point. The product crews should offer objective situation rather than providing processed information, and let the viewers accept and appreciate freely. Only then the captions will be minimized and the entertainment program will become the open space of information.
  • 2.

    Korean auditory adjective and onomatopoeia

    Song, Jung-Keun | 2018, (104) | pp.33~55 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In Korean most words representing human senses are adjectives. Korean sensory adjectives in many cases have a lot of morphologically related words and share the property that there are quite a number of them representing each of these senses and they are composed of a lot of semantically related poly-morphemic adjectives which have only minimal semantic distinction. Unlike other sense related adjectives, the number of auditory adjectives in Korean is quite small and there are few morphological related words in them. This study tried to explain why auditory adjectives in Korean are not as much developed as other sensory adjectives. This study examined expressing auditory sense by synesthesia and by onomatopoeia as ways of expressing auditory perception and thus reveal the peculiarity of auditory adjectives in Korean. Synesthesia in Korean is found in such a way that visual, tactile, olfactory, and gustatory adjectives transfer to auditory adjective. This kind of synesthesia is also found in English. In Korean an action and its associated sound are represented by a verb and an onomatopoeic adverbial, respectively, but this is not true in German and English because a single word class, either a verb or noun, can express both the action and its accompanying sound at the same time. There seems to be a close correlation between the number of the onomatopoeic words and the existence of a VP consisting of [a V + an onomatopoeic adverb] in a certain language.
  • 3.

    Distinction of Endings Based on Their Inherent Features

    Yi Jinbyeong | 2018, (104) | pp.57~84 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, I point out the problems of the endings classification system based on the classification of complex sentences. Second, as an alternative to this, we propose a classification of endings based on their inherent features. In Chapter 2, we pointed out that it is necessary to distinguish the whole construction and the individual constituent parts. In Chapter 3, we argued that it is necessary to escape from the concept of conjunction and embedding. Chapter 4 presents a new classification system of endings. The classification criteria are [±direct link to following end], [±following end request], and [±direct link to following declension Ending]. These three features are concisely unified in a single condition, "Which inflectional morphemes are required?"
  • 4.

    Characteristics of Korean Patent Documents: A Linguistic Analysis

    Jang, Ji-hyun , Jin, Duhyeon , Sukeui Lee | 2018, (104) | pp.85~116 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In Korean, patent documents are often show typical types of grammatical errors that are rarely found in other domains of professional documents. This study presents remarkable grammatical errors in patent documents based on lexical, morphological and syntactic analysis. Major factors of the ungrammaticalities are morphological and syntactic characteristics of patent documents. The morphological characteristics are about word-formation and compounding of technical terms. The syntactic characteristics are about routinized use of topicalized noun phrases and frequent passivization of vernal nouns.
  • 5.

    The Formation and Typification of Scenic Spot: Focused on the Case of Gyeongpodae

    Kim, Punggi | 2018, (104) | pp.117~145 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    A subject's gaze is inevitably inherent in a process of discovering and appreciating any scenic spot. Landscape is not just recognized by natural objects themselves, but by the efforts of the subject who interprets the arrangement of natural objects from a new and different perspective and endows meaning to them. When the subject's interpretation and efforts get some social consensus and create various meanings, appeal, and emotions to the audience, people, only then, acknowledge a spot as a scenic place. Therefore, the subject's point of view is essential to the formation of the landscape. The initial perception of Gyungpodae and its surrounding landscape can be found in the records of An Chuk, a scholar and poet of late Goryeo Dynasty. Before An Chuk, people would generally accept a place as a beautiful landscape only when it draws people's eyes in a unique and unusual shape. But An thought that any place could be meaningful enough to appreciate even though it was just simple and still. In a transition to Joseon Dynasty, the landscape formation around Gyeongpodae, which An suggests through his own interpretation, arouses the Confucian scholars' appreciation and, that way, Gyeongpodae is definitely recognized as the scenic place among the intellectuals of Joseon Dynasty. The landscape that people can look out over from Gyeongpodae is repeatedly and considerably reproduced, mainly focused on the image of the open sea and the serene lake. However, these landscapes are difficult to differentiate from similar ones in other regions. It is the elements reflecting the regional characteristics that give the differentiation to such a landscape of Gyeongpodae. By tracing Sa-seon, that is, four hermits, An Chuk emphasizes, as a cultural element of landscape formation, the specific images of Taoist hermits in the Silla Dynasty, which are later passed down in the Yeongdong area of ​​Gangwon province. In this way, Gyeongpodae gains locality. Also, it acquires Arcadian imagery like Xanadu by being tinted with some Taoist images. Another element that shows regional characteristics is an old episode of Hongjang. This anecdote, which owes to Taoist images of Gyeongpodae, shows various amusements of taste and gallant spirit that the intellectuals of those days enjoy. Gyeongpodae becomes highly celebrated for a certain scenic spot by pre-modern intellectuals who dream of a Taoist ideal on the basis of Confucianism. Yet, it results in standardized typification of this place. In poetry depicting Gyeongpodae, materials and ways of expression are repeated similarly and typically. This tendency makes it possible for those who have not visited Gyeongpodae to share its archetypal images. As the perception of the subject becomes fixed to the language, the typification of the landscape gets increasingly intensified.
  • 6.

    A Study on Donggye Jeong On’s elegy

    HaYun Kim | 2018, (104) | pp.147~172 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper is a study of Donggye Jeong On’s elegy. Donggye is a a civil minister of the 17th century, a scholar with an upright incision. This thesis examines the longevity among the poetry of the Donggye which has received an excellent academic evaluation. There are 38 numbers in the Donggye Jeong On’s elegy, and they were created around various objects. However, the fact that there is no life for the family and the colleagues-centered men were the main targets. In addition, the method of expressing the sadness is divided into the method of directly exposing the sadness of the speaker and the method of doubling the sadness by the roundabout depiction.
  • 7.

    Analysis of the bipolarity and the meaning of Chinese Jiangnan as a Symbolic palce in Heungbuga

    PIAOGUIYU | 2018, (104) | pp.173~200 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The text of Heungbuga in this essay is from Parktaryeong, which was inclueded in Shin Jae-hyo's A Complete Set of Pansori in Korea. And the analysis, which is based on the theory of "shadow" from Jung's analytic psychology, centres on the literature psychiatric function of Jiangnam region. In Heungbuga, we can find that the focus is the contradiction between good and devil, which is also the fundamental problem of human beings. Heungbu and Nolbu have opposite personalities. They cast their own "shadows" upon each other and only saw the other's faults, without realizing that they are depressed by their own shadows. As a result, Heungbu was kicked out of home by Nolbu and then Heungbu family suffered from extreme poverty. However, Heungbu didn't hate Nolbu. He accepted the cruel reality, changed himself and try hard to raise his family. At that time, his "shadow" was the helper, instead of the enemy. Owing to his "shadow", he got back the awareness of inferiority and material. When he saw a lame swallow, he felt that it was just like him, who lost the balance in his life. So he took the swallow back and cured it. The swallow returned swallows'kingdom, which was located in Jiangnan regionof China,and reported Heungbu's kindness. Soon the swallow came back with Seeds of Gratitude. Heungbu was very happy. He planted the seeds and made a big fortune. Nolbu ,who mantained his notorious character,once lost a family fortune because of Seeds of Revenge fromJiangnan region. However, Heungbu forgave Nolbu and they became reconciled. In the narrative, we can know that Jiangnan region of China represents the unconscious worldand reflects the principle of the root cure to life. The complementaritybetween conscious world and unconscious world is embedded in the region. The swallow is the connector between sciousness and unconsciousness. The swallows' kingdom is a symbol of collective unconscious world. Seeds of Gratitude or Revenge mean the unconscious functions of compensation and punishment. Heungbu perceived, accepted and growed the "shadow". Finally, they became one and Heungburetraced the sound person he had been before.
  • 8.

    The change of Nogye(蘆溪) Park, In-Ro(朴仁老)’s economic circumstances and the practical motivation of moving to Noju

    Jong-Mun Lee | 2018, (104) | pp.201~231 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    It is almost obvious that his economic status was drastically changed by the time he moved to Noju in his middle and late period of life. His representative works that demonstrated this change include 「Anbooneum(安分吟)」 and 「Gyeongjeonga(耕田歌)」written before and after his moving to Noju(蘆洲) respectively. A thorough analysis of materials related to these two works indicated that he generally lived in poverty before moving, but enjoyed quite a wealth on the whole after moving. It goes without saying that, first and foremost, the difference of economic status has led to a portrait of an acute destitution in the former and that of a relatively wealthier sentiment in the latter. The difference shown in Anbooneum and Gyeongjeonga seem to be correspondent to the clear contrast between 「Nuhangsa(陋巷詞)」 and 「Nogyega(蘆溪歌)」, which will not be irrelevant to his economic status when he created those works. Although Nogye cited his love for nature as a reason for moving, the more desperate and practical motivation would have been to cultivate the wasteland. Originally, Noju had been the name of a sand island with plenty of reed beds. Nogye could reclaim wide land described as ‘hundreds of saplings’ after cultivating the deserted, unplowed land in that area relatively easily. As a result, Nogye could acquire physical richness needed in his specific life setting as well as the mental abundance that came from the possession of unowned nature. Self-sufficient expressions and a flood of pleasure found in Nogyega seem to be derived from this very material foundation.
  • 9.

    A study on symptoms of Choi, In-hun’s novel 「A day in the life of Novelist Gubo」: Writing as sinthome

    Mounkwo Jeong , 이강록 | 2018, (104) | pp.233~258 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    「A day in the life of Novelist Gubo」 is a novel about the stream of consciousness experienced by the main character, Gubo, in his daily life. In the case of Gubo, the stream of consciousness that originated from small thoughts and fantasies was abnormal because it led to illusions. After analyzing the images of the illusion experienced by Gubo, it is evident that they are symptoms of paranoia stemming from anxieties derived from unfulfilled lowest level of desire for safety. The upheaval in social systems, fear of war, family disorganization and the loss of his hometown that recurred during Gubo’s childhood. Another factor could be the failure of solidarity. The study focuses on how Gubo, who suffers symptoms of paranoia, maintains a social relationship with the people around him as well as living an ordinary life to find strategies for this problematic subject to lead an ordinary life. The strategies by which Gubo, the problematic subject, can lead an ordinary life through fantasies and illusions can be described as the most important strategy. These fantasies and illusions can serve as an excellent painkiller to overcome the pain from realism anxiety, however it drifts the subject into a world of symbolic reality. Although the writing based on fantasies is a symptom of paranoia, in its structurized aspect, the transference effect in accordance to the subject’s structured symptom plays the role of an anchor to the floating Gubo in symbolic system. In other words, Kubo is able to settle in the symbolic world by identifying this ‘symptom of writing’, sinthome, to himself. In the end, writing is the most important strategy for the problematic subject, Gubo, to manage to live an ordinary life. This strategy is the generative principle of metafiction.
  • 10.

    The intention of conversation between character and the Translator Hyeon Chae’s way of thinking in 『Fall of Vietnam』

    Mi-Jeong Kang | 2018, (104) | pp.259~287 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to reveal Hyeon Chae’s way of thinking through the intention of conversation and the process of translation between the characters in 「Fall of Vietnam」. For this purpose, I sought to read the meaning of the editing of 「Fall of Vietnam」 that Liang Qichao thought were important through his questions presented in the book, and I tried to examine Hyeon Chae’s way of thinking which is focusing on the omission phenomenon of <Fall of Vietnam> in the body of 「Fall of Vietnam」. And, in the conversation between Liang Qichao and Phan Boi Chau, on the one hand i could observe the tragic reality of Vietnam, on the other hand observe the breakthrough of Vietnam into a new future. In particular, ‘Innovation of the Government’ and ‘The fighting spirit of the People’ emphasized by Liang Qichao were also considered in the process of translation of Hyeon Chae. This is because Hyeon Chae is concentrating on transmitting concrete issues land in the crisis of national ruin, not in the tragic emotion ontained in translating 「Fall of Vietnam」. In addition, for the national salvation, the Liang Qichao’s intention which was considered urgent in securing the economic rights and the right of security, was practiced in addition to the <New Law to Exterminate the Nation> and <Japan’s Chosun>. In this regard, it seems that Hyeon Chae have completed the translation of 「Fall of Vietnam」, while expanding the Liang Qichao’s intention.
  • 11.

    Problems and Improvements of Myth Education in the Korean Language Textbooks of the 2015 Revised Middle School

    Byeon Sook Ja , Seung-Hwan Hyun | 2018, (104) | pp.289~316 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study examines the problem and improvement plan of myth education in the Korean language textbook of middle school 2015 revision. In the 2015 revised middle school textbooks, myths are being used as summarized activity summaries in reading area. This is problematic in that it is a learning activity that does not consider communication-oriented characteristics such as narrative, sacredness, and orality as essential characteristics of myth. The myth education should be centered on 'literary communication' which is an element of learning in the literary area of ​​the Korean language education curriculum of the 2015 revised middle school. Literary communication is an aesthetic experience activity that understands human life and world through literature. Myth education is to practice literary communication activities through myth in education. In order to do this, we must find educational elements that can connect and communicate myths and modern learners and make them into learning activities of textbooks. In this article, I propose a teaching method for literary communication for Jeju Island Shaman mythology <Onecheongang-bonpuri(원천강본풀이)>.