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2018, Vol., No.107

  • 1.

    Studies of Language, Literature and Culture; from Discord to Collaboration

    Cho Dong-il | 2018, (107) | pp.7~17 | number of Cited : 0
    To go from the discord to the collaboration of the studies of language, literature and culture, we have to know what is their interrelation. It may be: (a) language <literature <culture. (b) We must endeavor to extend the study of language to the study of literature, the study of literature to the study of culture. (c) The study of language itself must be developed into study of literature, the study of literature itself must be developed into the study of culture. (a) means that "language+x=literature, literature+y=culture". x can be enumerated as music, fine arts, philosophy, religion and history etc. But y is hard to be clarified. (b)'s proposition "must endeavor" can be an irresponsible demand, without leading by example. (c)'s proposition "itself must be developed into" can be proved in actual activities of research. I selected (c). Using a sijo work by An Min Young, a famous poet of the late nineteenth century, as a typical example, I tried a case study. I verified that to explain the whole range of linguistic usage, the study of language itself must be developed into study of literature. I also attested the fact that, by same reason, the study of literature itself must be developed into the study of culture, to know the wider and inner meaning of the literary work.
  • 2.

    On the tension between synchronic standardization and lexical diffusion of the ‘바래-’(to wish) class of verb paradigms in Korean

    Jeonseung Choi | 2018, (107) | pp.19~82 | number of Cited : 3
    The topic suggested for this paper is the effect of linguistic developments and synchronic standardization. I take the assumption to be tested here is the hypothesis to the effect that language change is as well as was in the past balanced between language development and standardization. I illustrate this with one aspect of the recent lexical diffusion or spreading of the innovation paradigms of verb class ‘바라->바래-’(to wish) in addition to other similar cases of verb stems, such as ‘놀라->놀래-(to be surprised), 모자라->모자래-(to be deficient), 나무라->나무래-(to reproach)’ et cetera in now-days Korean. As a result, out of this study concerned, I could draw a concluding remark that a on-going natural morphological change with regard to suffix '-i' in synchronic Korean can be slowed or stymied by the process of standardization and enforcement of strict written various form of norms. All in all, I'd like to suggest in this paper that the tension between natural developments in folk spoken language and strict standardization has led to a linguistic rift between every day life of communication and Modern Korean.
  • 3.

    The Actual Usage Condition and Improvement Plans of Address Terms in Social Relations

    Kang, Hui-suk | 2018, (107) | pp.83~114 | number of Cited : 1
    This study aims to figure out the newly posed problems of address terms in social relations after the publication of ≪Standard of Language Manners≫(2011) and suggesting the solution plan. The four detailed assignments of this study using diverse case study and survey taken in Gwangju as the point of investigation are as follow. First, grasp the characteristics and change of address terms between employees according to the different types of work places. Second, grasp the current usage patterns of address terms of employees toward customers or petitioners according to different types of work places. Third, grasp the current usage patterns of address terms of employees toward customers or petitioners according to different generations and sex. Fourth, grasp the potential problem or conflict situation along with address terms between employees or between employees and customers and suggesting the possible solution. Although restricted in social relations of work places, nowadays usage of address terms in Korean language shows quite dynamic changes, which were not referred in ≪Standard of Language Manners≫. These aspects of transition were especially different according to types of work places. The significance of this study lies in suggesting the reality and transition of usage of address terms which should be necessarily acquired to prepare for new ≪Standard of Language Manners≫. Also this study verified the potential problem in using address terms between employees or social relations through the result of case study and survey, and suggested an improvement plan. This work will be helpful in suggesting the linguistic policy at the state level.
  • 4.

    A phonology study of the novel Honghap and Yeosu dialects

    Kim Gyoung Pyo | 2018, (107) | pp.115~137 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper is a phonological analysis of dialogue in the novel Honghap[홍합] and showed phonological characteristics of yeosu dialects which are reflected in the novel Honghap[홍합]. To make sure that the phonological characteristics reflect yeosu dialects, I compared them with the former study and Korea dialect research data. And I checked the difference between the novel Honghap[홍합] and the present Yeosu dialects. As a result of this study, the novel Honghap[홍합] showed the hard lives of middle-aged women and yeosu residents' lives through tensification, palatalization, umlaut, front vowel-vowelization. The high-vowelization of ‘o’ seems a conservative tendency in Jeonnam dialects, so the novel Honghap[홍합] has reflected these characteristics. however there is a difference in the high-vowelization of ‘ə’, that is, the novel Honghap[홍합] has reflected the type of ‘ɨ’ data, the yeosu dialect dictionary and Korea dialect research data have reflected the high-vowelization of ‘ə’. In the high-vowelization of ‘e’, the novel Honghap[홍합] is a difference in the particle, but generally it reflects the characteristics of yeosu dialects. As the addition of a consonant or semivowel is a general phenomenon in Jeonnam dialects, the novel Honghap[홍합] has reflected these characteristics. The contraction is a difference in the verb. but generally the novel Honghap[홍합] reflects the characteristics of yeosu dialects. Compared the novel Honghap[홍합] with the present Yeosu dialects, tensification, palatalization, the high-vowelization of ‘o’ are still occurring in the present Yeosu dialects. The umlaut is also occurring, but there are examples where the umlaut and high-vowelization are applied sequentially. The front vowel-vowelization does not occur at the morpheme boundary, but only within the morpheme. Based on field surveys, It seems that the high-vowelization of ‘ə’ is changing from not occurring in the Yeosu dialects. The high-vowelization of ‘e’ is still occurring in the Yeosu dialects, but there is a difference in particles. The addition of consonant is taking place in the Yeosu dialects. In the case of semivowel addition, two forms coexist. but it seems to be more general that the semivowel addition does not occur as in ‘어디'. In the case of the diphthong contraction, the words that have changed to ‘yə>e’ and ‘yə>e>i’ have coexisted.
  • 5.

    A study on orthography of 「Tyosyonmal tokpon」 chot chack and 「Tyosyonmal tokpon」 tuljae chack, Korean language textbook of Korean American. ― Focused on comparison with 「Kukmunjamoeumyakhae(國文子母音略解)」 ―

    Song Miyoung | 2018, (107) | pp.139~165 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of orthography targeting 『Tyosyonmal tokpon』 chot chack and 『Tyosyonmal kyokwasyo』 tuljae chack published in 1927. Since mass immigration to Hawai began in 1903, the Korean society was formed in the American area. Wuseong(又醒) Park, Yongman(朴容萬) is the representative person who lead the Korean society in U.S. and head of the Korean National Independence League. And Wuseong School was established in Palama, Hawaii in April 1927 and an elementary Korean textbook was directly published and used as a teaching material. The characteristics of orthography of 『Tyosyonmal tokpon』 chot chack and 『Tyosyonmal kyokwasyo』 tuljae chack published by Park, Yongman are as follows. First, This book was composed mainly with ㅅ-initial compound cluster writing and for final consonants, 9 ones including ‘ㄷ and ㅆ’ were marked. And the nominal stem-final consonants show writing that consonant groups were not simplified except ‘ㄶ, ㅀ’, etc. writing of spelling and syllabification is shown in several examples, while it writing of syllabification and excessive syllabification is shown within substantives and predicates. This can be a plan to clarify and write basic forms of stems. The characteristics of orthography examined above are synonymous with 「Kukmunjamoeumyakhae(國文子母音略解)」(1909) published by Park, Yongman through news paper. Clarifying and writing consonant groups of stem words, expanding writing of syllabification or excessive syllabification would be an expedient to separate writing from pronunciation. And new letters were adopted to mark foreign languages. 13 consonants were additionally created and a vowel, ‘ㆍ’ tried to be marked as ‘十’. This means that a writing plan was devised to make Overseas Koreans learn their mother tongues in the relationship with foreign languages.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Notation between Korean Land Name and Chinese Characters in <Sub-village of Jeonbuk Province>

    yu seungsub | 2018, (107) | pp.167~196 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to record the place names of the sub-towns in Chonbuk area, Based on this, I aim to analyze Korean language and describe its characteristics. In this process, we will explain the reason for the nomination. Traditionally, when borrowing and naming a Korean proper name as a kanji, it was generally called 'sound borrowing' and 'semantic borrowing'. However, it is not enough to explain the relationship between Chinese characters and Korean characters in two systems. Therefore, we review the existing Chinese character system and explain the relationship between Chinese character and new system. As a result of this study, it was reasonable to divide the borrowing of Chinese characters into two systems. In this system, it was discussed that it was variously borrowed from 7 types. In order to discuss these issues, we discussed the features of various fields such as the phonological and personal changes related to the nomenclature, semantic aspects, and cultural and geographical aspects. The naming of the native language of ancient villages is usually made up of geographical environment, historical events, and stories related to the characters. In this process, it sometimes reflects the inheritance of the native language. In order to understand the relationship between kanji and kanji, we need to keep track of phonological changes. Especially, when correct phonological changes and morphological analysis are possible for Korean proper words, we can find out the relationship between Chinese characters. Otherwise I saw that there was a limit to understanding the origins of Chinese characters.
  • 7.

    The key aspects and their meanings about ‘One Dupyo’ -Focus on the record of 「The Annals of the Choson Dynasty」 and the oral folktale-

    Mi-Jeong Kang | 2018, (107) | pp.197~219 | number of Cited : 0
    This article was intended to compare the ‘One Dupyo’ in a historical record with his character in a fictional narrative which is based on history looking at the record of 『The Annals of the Choson Dynasty』 for ‘One Dupyo’ and the various stories to be introduced about ‘One Dupyo’. For this purpose, in the second chapter of this article, I organized how ‘One Dupyo’ was described in historical record reviewing the text of 『The Annals of the Choson Dynasty』 and the obituary of ‘One Dupyo’. Thus, although ‘One Dupyo’ has been trusted by kings, I could see that he was a man who received negative reviews from the other vassal. The excellent fearless vigor and cleverness which ‘One Dupyo’ had, it work as a merit for his success in the rebellion, but it was a hindrance to an official life. And in the third chapter, I suggested how ‘One Dupyo’ was shaped in the story on the basis of the oral folktale about ‘One Dupyo’. Also, I examined the ‘Silgi’ for ‘One Dupyo’ and the contents of historical novel in this discussion. Through this discussion, I could tell that the character of ‘One Dupyo’, who is being repeatedly produced in the data of the oral folktale, the historical novel, ‘Silgi’, is the hero who has to overcome difficulty. Especially, ‘One Dupyo’ in sad days of the absence of a powerful hero in Japanese occupation is shaped like an extraordinary hero. But, ‘One Dupyo’ in the oral folktale, his character is limited to those who advance to the government post and always on the road using his fearless vigor and cleverness. It also overlaps with historical evaluations. In that point, the main story of the ‘One Dupyo’ is the form of the oral folktale, the special title he had was to be glorified as a positive advantage according to the demands of the times, and to be criticized for its shortcomings.
  • 8.

    A Study on the narrative Story of Hong Bum-do in Kando Area

    kang Hyen-Mo | 2018, (107) | pp.221~245 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to clarify the transmission method and aspect of the narrative story of Hong Beom-do in Gando Area. However, due to difficulties in collecting data from fieldwork. the existing data that had been transferred to the Gando area were investigted. There are three main ways in which Hong Beom-do's narrative Story in the Gando area. The first is the way of accepting and transforming the contents traditional folklore and folktales, the second is the method of accepting historic events and facts domestically and internationally, and the third is the way of inheriting the contents that originated locally. Gando area, reviewed three different aspects of capability display in Hong Beom-do's narrative story. First, careful observation. Hong Beom-do, unlike of the historical facts and fieldwork data in Central Asia, has excellen natural medicine and accurately grasped the specificity of animals and humans. Such ability comes from careful observation. Secondly, it is to demonstrate military force. Hong Bum-do and its militia's capabilities show the military's ability to dispose of the Japanese soldiers or Japanese informants in the battle of Cheongsan-ri or in a peripheral and individual fight. This resulted from Hong Beom-do's ability to direct combat, love for the weak, and careful calculations. Third, love the people. During the battle, Hong Beom-do was considerate to share pain with the people and not cause damage, listened to their woes and resolved them, and emphasized traditional love ideas. Hong Beom-do helped the people, and the people provided with a source to follow themselves and help the militia. These became the backdrop for Hong Beom-do's ability to double as a national hero. The narrative story of Hong Beom-do differs in the Gando area and central Asian Koreans. Therefore, it is necessary to compare the structure and content of these narrative stories to identify their characteristics, and to find and identify the structure of modern hero-story different from traditionally hero-story.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Tradition and variation of narration in Gyunyeojeon

    Kim Jin Young | 2018, (107) | pp.247~273 | number of Cited : 0
    This thesis is studied about aspect and characteristic of Gyunyeojeon. First this work’s narrative accession aspect checked out, and a literature characteristic is grasped. Based on this, it prospects a narration literature meaning. To sum up is as in the following. First, it checks a narrative accession aspect of Gyunyeojeon. Gyunyeojeon was made by accepting various genre. A genre custom that an oral traditions and literature on Gyunyeo, a folk belief myth, a confucian strange biography, Buddhism priest story etc. premised and made. So Gyunyeojeon had an aspect of complex genre. Second, it is confirmed a narrative literature characteristic of Gyunyeojeon. Gyunyeojeon is collected various literature tradition, so it had an its own characteristic. Actually Gyunyeojeon is used a nonfiction and fiction, it has a new aspect different from existing work. And then it arranged a transformation literary song and romantic Chinese poem, so a tales of character of Confucianism and Buddhism had together. Furthermore it had a characteristic of a work in work that Gyunyeo’s Sanoega and its introduction, Choehaenggwi’s translate song and its introduction. It could be possible that a tradition of another genre using actively in transformation literature or strange biography. Third, Gyunyeojeon’s narrative literature meaning is considered diachronically. A crossing characteristic of Gyunyeojeon’s fact and fiction, the mundane world and holy extended its extension, and then they cause influence the later literature or making book. And a transformation literary characteristic and romantic aspect juxtaposed with a prose and verse could be a good model of Buddhism narrative or biography making in late Goryeo or the Joseon Dynasty. Furthermore a quality work in work with transcend time reinforced a complex genre quality, it was be a good model of making book literature regardless of Confucianism and Buddhism. So Gyunyeojeon will be a good guidelines of later literature on narrative story making method better than its own literary value.
  • 10.

    A study on Lee-sack’s literary work in view point ofrecognition and emotion

    Jeonjaegang | 2018, (107) | pp.275~300 | number of Cited : 0
    This dissertation is written in order to research for Lee-sack’s literary work-poetry and prose- in view point of Buddhist recognition and emotion. Firstly, in the aspect of Lee-sack’s literary work in view point of Buddhist recognition, Lee-sack expressed two kinds of Buddhist recognition: official and negative recognition against Buddhism, personal and positive recognition to Buddhism. Secondly, in the aspect of Lee-sack’s literary work in view point of emotion, Lee-sack presented various kinds of emotion in his poetry: the emotion of split, the emotion of longing, the emotion of heeling, the emotion of delight. Here on one hand the emotion of split and the emotion of longing have stemmed from official and negative recognition against Buddhism, on the other hand the emotion of heeling and the emotion of delight have stemmed from personsl and positive recognition to Buddhism. Although I studied Lee-sack’s literary work-poetry and prose- in view point of Buddhist recognition and emotion, there could be the other assignments to study about these similar kinds of theme. I might continue researching for the other kinds of theme, for example, Lee jaehyon’s literary work, Jeong mongjoo’s literary work, Jeong dojeon’s literary work and so on next time soon.
  • 11.

    Leap in love with resection of emotion and direction of serial novel of Dong-A Ilbo - Focusing on What did you get -

    Kim, Sang-mo | 2018, (107) | pp.301~329 | number of Cited : 0
    In this study, I consider Yeom Sang-sub’s What did you get in point of a serial novel. What did you get is Dong-A Ilbo’s serial novel, so it has continuity and differentiation of Dong-A Ilbo’s other serial novel. Continuity is that Dong - A Ilbo 's discourse is revealed in the novel. In the growth novels and detective novels, Dong-A Ilbo revealed their worldview. Similarly, a romance novel makes a sacred love affair between people as its content. However, the novel contents reveal the difference. The character in the novel does not get the ability to love. In Donga Ilbo's love discourse, unrestrained emotions are eliminated as bad things. And love is considered sacred, so lovers should be a excellent person who can do divine love. After all, lovers should be able to contribute to society through their love. Emotions not leading to home and marriage were considered bad. The characters of What did you get are the same. They are faithful to their feelings, but the external gaze is critical. So they internalize the external gaze and critically see their emotions. The problem, then, they will not be able to make love. The external gaze is only focused on criticizing emotions, and it never raises the ability to make love. Consequently there is a crack between Dong-A Ilbo's discourse and romance novel’ content. Dong-A Ilbo tried to show the figure of personality person who can love. However, what was actually revealed was the inability of charater and the impossible of love. So it became clear that the romance novel is no longer suitable for the Dong-A Ilbo. Changes in the trends of the novel consisting of Dong-A Ilbo paper space innovation were influenced by these internal flow changes. Discourse no longer affects novels and is exposed to the it’s limit.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Community Consciousness inPark Doo-jin’s Poetry

    Kim, Yun-jeong | 2018, (107) | pp.331~362 | number of Cited : 0
    This text is contributed to identifying the aspects of Park Doo-jin’s community consciousness in his mid-term poetry which deals with humans and society. For this purpose, I checked the character of the composition of Park Doo-jin’s poetry. It has always been characterized by the contradiction of negative reality and a willingness to confront it, and the conflicts between the opposing ones eventually transcend reconciliation. In particular, the dynamic imagination shown in the process of reaching such a state has differentiated Park Doo-jin from other poets. Park's Doo-jin’s willingness to overcome negative life has been exerted in the face of all the challenging circumstances, which is due to his belief in the resurrection of a Christian. The thougt of Jesus’ revival supported by Jesus’ historical existence enabled Park Doo-jin to maintain a bright and hopeful tone in any gloomy situation. In addition, such resurrection ideas, which are revealed to be the willingness to overcome a negative life, were made to have a vision of a "democratic republic" as a horizontal community consciousness. "Democratic Republic" is a combination of democracy and Republicanism, which is unlike formal democracy, implies practical and public democracy in terms of economic equality and equal human rights of all citizens. Korean society has failed to pay attention to the sense of community that it should maintain as a republic, as the continuous dictatorship in Korea has forced Korean people to obtain formal democracy instead of practical and public democracy. For this reason, it was very radical and significant that Park Doo-jin called for economic and human rights equality in the 4.19 revolution, shouting 'Democratic Republic.' That is not only the confirm of popular sovereignty but also the show of national ideal of building an equal state based on it. In this period, it was due to his thought of the early church community that Park Doo-jin was able to maintain a horizontal community consciousness. The early Christian church considered everyone in God's faith not discriminated by conditions but as a family. The primitive communistic ideals practiced in Christianity were realized as national visions of Park Doo-jin starting with 4.19.
  • 13.

    Meaning of plot and Finding out the truth

    Lee Ha Eun | 2018, (107) | pp.363~388 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to consider the relationship between form and content and view of the novel in “Wall of Rumors.” This study deals with the function and the effect of detective plot and multiple-layered structure and then the relationship between the function and the content. Lastly, this study considers Lee’s view of novels. Plot is a design to find out what suppressed desire is. Detective plot in “Wall of rumors” is generated by the narrator’s curiosity about Park Jun’s life. The speaker collects clues to trace Park’s secrets and constructs them into narrative to understand why Park’s desire is suppressed. Though the structure in “Wall of rumors” is layered, it is a kind of story-within-a story. While the speaker recollects the past, the speaker―outside the narrative―reflects and explores himself. The detective plot and multiple-layered structure makes readers overlap themselves with the speaker, so readers can explore what their oppressed desires are as the speaker. “Wall of Rumors” describes the process to find out the meaning of sign. Anyone who encounters sign is forced to interpret its meaning. To interpret it, the one makes use of all information he can use. After interpreting, the one finds out current meaning of sign and comprehends why sign cause him to feel something. Tracing Park’s life, the speaker finds out the hidden truth inside of himself. This is only possible in literature to find out the truth of life. This is the reason why narrator follows Park Jun’s life. As for Lee Chung-Jun, novel is kind of mental experiment to give matters of life to the readers. Lee describes process to explore what real suppression is in his novels. However Lee does not give a clear answer to the readers. Therefore, readers can form their own conclusion. This is similar to the view of Lee’s novel that can be interpreted the meaning of his works variously. The function of forms is to speculate the matters of live with the readers. And the readers follow the process of learning to face the truth. In the process, Lee makes the readers form their own meaning to the works not follow the fixed meaning.
  • 14.

    Cheong-ju ‘Aeng jwa’ and theater performance in the Japanese colonial period

    Im Gihyeon | 2018, (107) | pp.389~418 | number of Cited : 0
    In Korea, play has been neglected compared to other genres. In general, plays are completed with performances of plays. Therefore, it can be meaningful to look at the specific theatrical act performed in the local scene. Theater is a cradle where theater culture can grow. I wanted to pay attention to the theater that represented Cheongju, Aeng jwa(앵좌). Most of all, the theater was operated for public purposes. In Cheongju, drama-related activities were more active than any other region during the Japanese colonial period, which corresponds to the generation of the modern drama. From 1916, when the Aeng jwa(앵좌)-Theater was established in Cheongju, various theatrical performances were performed to perform a Sinpageuk(신파극). It can be said that it influenced the amateur-theatricals of local provincial actively from the 1920s. The residents of Cheongju had a theater, so they could experience Korea's various modern dramas, and they could become the subjects of direct drama.
  • 15.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Literary Education Discourse on <Tokki-jeon> as a Lie Narrative

    Ryu, Su-Yeol | 2018, (107) | pp.419~443 | number of Cited : 0
    The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the reason of charm of <Tokki-jeon>(The Story of Rabbit) in which the two characters who succeeded in deceiving the other side by lying. To this end, we focused on various ending structures and repeated version derivatives. In contrast to the general narrative grammar of a classic novel in which a good man ends up through trials in the confrontation between a good man who appears as a hero or a smartass and an evil man who interferes with him, there is no such confrontation between good and evil. Nonetheless, <Tokki-jeon> was popular among readers of that times because it seems that the evaluation of the two characters’ lies has a broad spectrum. Because they were able to make various evaluations of their lies, different versions with its various endings, was once again derived. This study also examined the issue of how to be invited and how it is enjoyed with the youth readers of today. <Tokki-jeon> is included in middle school Korean Language textbooks, and tends to be accompanied by learning activities focused on an evaluation of personality and theme consciousness implied by various ending structures. This is a result of the fact that the traditional characteristics of ‘learning activities’.
  • 16.

    Literary educational value of youth poetry

    Moon, Shin | 2018, (107) | pp.445~475 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper explores the value of youth poetry in literary education. In the meantime, youths' tacit acceptance in youth literature is at the core of 'growth'. This view has made the youth look immature. However, youths are emerging as the subject of production and consumption of youth discourse. Now, youth form an independent and independent world, where they form self-sufficient stages of producing, circulating and consuming their own discourses. The youth poetry is becoming a new literary genre by accepting these youth discourses positively. In this paper, youth appear as subjects of speech activity. The subject of speech act communicates with the youth internally in the youth discourse which is the experience of the youth and the sensory experience. In addition to these genre characteristics, the subject of speech act as aesthetic characteristic of youth poetry was proposed. It is a device for securing the youthfulness of youth poetry when the youth poetry is discovered by the aesthetic qualities other than poetry. The subject of speech act is a hypothetical youth subject that can be said from the point of view of adult poet. This kind of youth poetry is of two major values in literary education. One is that youth poetry can reach out to youths with fascination and envy. Fascination and envy can create intrinsic motivation for youth to experience literature. The other is that youth poetry enhances self-identity and awareness of other worlds to youth. Through youth reading, youth gain the opportunity to reflect on the various phenomena of the youth world they belong to, and to move on to continually scrutinize other worlds that embrace their world. In this respect, the youth poetry can be an alternative to the difficulties of canon text presented in the literary education. Youth can take youth learner into the literary experience by accepting youth discourse positively, and may provide opportunity to express youth 's life in poetic language. For youth who have had difficulties in poetry, youth poetry will form a new attitude toward literature and will help to increase the possibility of making literature in daily life.
  • 17.

    Changes in Korean Language Curriculum and Suggestions for Improvement

    Yang Young Hee | 2018, (107) | pp.477~504 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper aims to compare and analyze <2012 Korean Language Curriculum> and <2017 Korean Language Curriculum>. By doing so, the present study attempts to provide implications and suggestions. First, in respect to educational changes in the curricula, it is interpreted that there have been significant improvements in Korean language education as public education. Secondly, it is also indicated that Korean language education has been reinforced. The current study interpreted that these changes have been made in an attempt to enhance foundation competence in order to minimize learning loss for school-age learners. Based on these evaluation, two suggestions are made: firstly, it is recommended that the categories of learners should be diversified. Both <2012 Korean Language Curriculum> and <2017 Korean Language Curriculum> encompass various learners of multicultural immigrants, international students, students from multicultural families, students from North Korean defector families, and students who have lived abroad. This study devises two categories: learners who have Korean language ability and learners who don’t have Korean language ability based on their Korean language competence. By inventing two different categories, it is possible to apply different learning and teaching method for different groups of learners. In addition, it is suggested that educational contents should be diversified according to the types of learners. Therefore, this study distinguishes contents focusing practical Korean from academic Korean. For practical Korean contents, they should be organized to enhance communicative competence for everyday life and learn classroom Korean expression. For academic Korean, it should be appropriate to organize educational contents which enhance fundamental learning competence, interpersonal competence, and community-identity competence of learners who have Korean language competence.