This paper analyzed the language of Haenyeo in Shinan-gun in Gram- matically, phonologically, lexically.
Looking at the grammatical features of the haenyeo language, The case particle was similar to that of the Jeonnam dialect, but there were no various variants. The connective ending ‘-으면서’ used dialectic forms more than the standard word form, and ‘-으면’ appeared only as ‘-으문’. The addressee honorification can be found in the Jeonnam dialect in ‘heossiyoche, heosoche, haelache’. and Sinan-gun haenyeo is also the same as the Jeonnam dialect. In the data, in ‘heossiyoche’, only the endings ‘-습디다, -소/요’ appeared. in ‘heosoche’, only the endings ‘-네, -은가(는가)’ appeared. in ‘haelache’, only the endings ‘-드라, -만, -냐’ appeared.
Looking at the phonological features of the haenyeo language, In the vowel assimilation, in the case of a one-syllable stem, it appeared in the data of Gageodo, but not in the data of Viri and Jangdo. in the case of two syllable stems, the ‘이+어→에’ type or the ‘이+어→여’ type coexisted. The w-glide formation was found in data from three regions of haenyeo. When the vowel of the stem syllable was ‘오’, the form in which the glide formation occurred and the form in which the glide ‘w’ was eliminated coexisted. and When the vowel of the stem syllable was ‘우’, the form in which glide ‘w’ was eliminated was more common. The y-glide formation appeared in the data of haenyeo in three regions, and the ‘이+어→여’ type was common.
Looking at the lexical features of the haenyeo language, among the generic term ‘jamsukkun, mulekkun’ is a vocabulary that includes men, unlike Jeju-do haenyeo vocabulary. According to the ability and skill of the material, the name is subdivided like Jeju-do haenyeo, and the low-skilled haenyeo was called ‘tombang jamjil’. The vocabulary related to the sea environment was changed to the vocabulary used in the Jeonnam dialect, and the vocabulary related to the space was used differently. The vocabulary related to the tidal current was ‘deulmul, ganmul’, and the vocabulary related to the tidal intensity was different. The vocabulary related to material work consisted of ‘achim mule/muljil, ohu mule/muljil’ depending on time. in the vocabulary related to space and breathing, there was ‘bulteo, gongdeog, hwikkesoli, kkuldeog, multali’. The vocabulary related to haenyeo supplies is similar to that of Jeju-do haenyeo. The vocabulary related to work tools includes ‘heungseoli, duleumbag, kkakkoli, binchang’. and regarding the harvesting of seaweed, ‘chomule, nanmiyeog, mulemiyeog’ were used.