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pISSN : 1229-1730 / eISSN : 2733-8738

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2021, Vol., No.117

  • 1.

    Investigation and Transcription of North Korean for building a Corpus

    euna baek | 2021, (117) | pp.5~32 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    When investigating and transcribing narratives data in North Korean for the purpose of building a corpus, a number of issues arise. This paper discussed these issues. For discussion, narratives data of informants from Yanggang-do were used. When collecting North Korean data, it is recommended to record narratives data targeted to North Korean defectors. And when investigating and transcribing North Korean, we basically have to follow the methods of dialect survey. However, several problems arise in the investigation and transcription process because of the following: the environmental specificity of the informant, the characteristics of the building a corpus. This paper confirmed the following facts. First, when collecting North Korean dialects, it is effective to select North Korean defectors as interviewer. Because it can solve the interviewer’s problem, and it is easy to recruit informants. It is also good for forming a bond with the informant. However, in this case, it is necessary to prepare detailed investigation guidelines for North Korean defectors interviewer. Second, it is better to use the ELAN program when transcribing narratives. Third, the transcription proceeds to form morphophonological transcription, and the transcription must be divided into two stages. Listed Words of 󰡔Urimalsaem󰡕 follows dictionary notation, and Non-listed Words must attach morphological information and semantic information to the word form.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Meaning of <Dendong Eomi Hwajeonga> from the View of ‘Healing’

    Hyangnam Kim | 2021, (117) | pp.33~59 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to consider healing elements and enhance their values in Hwajeonga. Hwajeonga is the product of a spring blossom excursion that was women’s group play and a branch of Gasa(poetry). The spring blossom excursion was a spring activity to get out of our routine and enjoy in nature. In other words, it was the time of healing to recover our mental and physical health. 「Dendong Eomi Hwajeonga」 is one poem of Hwajeonga. It conforms to a general structure of Hwajeonga but is a unique work based on Deondong Eomi’s checkered life. It allows us to experience healing to recover our health of life by looking back over the meaning of pains in human affairs. The play space of the spring blossom excursion is nature outside our routine. It is also the space where desire to escape and limited freedom to return get entangled in women getting out of routine. Mt. Bibongsan, the scene of 「Dendong Eomi Hwajeonga」, is the place where characters reveal their pains and wounds and experience sympathy, cure, and healing. Moreover, emotional ties and bonds are made between participants there. It can be an ideal place where one wants to go again, namely, Topophilia(場所愛). Telling participants’ information or calling participants by name is another healing point because this action arouses concern and love for being and a sense of independence. In particular, a young widow is deeply influenced by Dendong Eomi’s story, sings a spring song, and individually calls participating women by name. The buried beings emerge as the center in this process and the will to communicate is reflected. It is the excitement of a play place and becomes the driving force of life. The greater meaning of 「Dendong Eomi Hwajeonga」 is changes included in Dendong Eomi’s story. Dendong Eomi marries three times, loses her husbands four times, and finally returns to her hometown. She looks back on her last life even after her mind and body are destroyed. Then, her mind is changed. Her life is only rough and difficult and she suffers all hardships as if she becomes one large tree. But her life goes to love of fate that loves life as it is. Such realization does not stay only at herself and goes to another women in the play place and all readers via a 17-year-old young widow. Dendong Eomi’s changes coming from pains become the motive power for true healing by viewing life from a different angle.
  • 3.

    Aspects and Narrative meanings of Neokgeonjigigut(넋건지기굿) in <Munyeodo(무녀도)>

    Byeon Sook Ja | 2021, (117) | pp.61~88 | number of Cited : 0
    In the narrative of <Munyeodo(무녀도)>, in order to comprehensively understand the transmission of the story of the speaker I and the transmission of the picture ‘Munyeodo(무녀도)’, ‘Neokgeonjigigut(넋건지기굿, a ritual of the sipirit salvation)’, which connects the end of the narrative and the tradition You need to figure out if it’s playing a role. Therefore, In this study attempted to clarify the ritual character and meaning of <Munyeodo>, focusing on the aspects and narrative functions of the ‘Neokgeonjigigut’ in <Munyeodo>. To this end, the new meaning of <Munyeodo> was investigated based on how the ritual characteristics of ‘Neokgeonjigigut’ appeared in <Munyeodo> and what functions were performed in the process of the narrative. This is meaningful in discovering the value of an open narrative that aims for reconciliation rather than conflict and confrontation by discovering the integrated thinking unique to the Korean people in the narrative of <Munyeodo>.
  • 4.

    Women’s Acceptance of Sijo in Ga-ttu(歌鬪) in the First Half of the 20th Century

    Yu, jeongran | 2021, (117) | pp.89~118 | number of Cited : 0
    This study considered the problem of women’s accepting Sijo based on the Ga-ttu(歌鬪) of the first half of the 20th century. Playing game of Ga-ttu, which utilizes Gosijo, was a new-culture that appeared in the early 1920s and grew closely related to the women’s culture. Nevertheless, the relationship between Ga-ttu and women has not been carefully addressed in prior discussions. In response, Chapter 2 examined the situation in which women emerged as the leading figure in the culture of Ga-ttu in the first half of the 20th century through the formation of Ga-ttu cards and the planning of Ga-ttu competitions. Ga-ttu, which began in the early 1920s, became a major culture for women under the auspices of influential media, and became more solidified in the 1930s. In particular, around the late 1930s, Ga-ttu gained its status as a folk culture of Joseon, which was possible because women’s demand for Ga-ttu was not small. As such, in the first half of the 20th century, Ga-ttu was a hobby culture that was very close to women’s lives. In Chapter 3, women were interested in Sijo works that were actually accepted and enjoyed by women through Ga-ttu, and the Sijo contained in the Ga-ttu card was analyzed according to the content motif. Ga-ttu producers focused on works that fit their emotions more to make Ga-ttu a woman’s hobby. Works depicting natural landscapes or on the theme of pleasure, and the subject of love were typical. Then, from the mid-1920s, a sense of history was reflected in Ga-ttu and a sense of instruction was also instilled. Considering women’s tastes, they were called active consumers of Ga-ttu culture, while naturally learning cultural knowledge and lessons. This shows that in the first half of the 20th century, Ga-ttu was used as a tool for women’s noble hobbies, as well as a channel for knowledge, information, and education.
  • 5.

    A study on applying the living lab method to Korean language educations

    Hyunjin Park | 2021, (117) | pp.119~143 | number of Cited : 0
    The goal of this study is to understand the needs of international undergraduate learners and students from multicultural background, and to develop and evaluate a learner-centered Korean language education program based on the method of the living lab. The living lab activity implemented with members of a university Korean language and literature club, who were required to conduct a need analysis of international learners and, divided into four teams, create a living lab program. The goal of the four teams was 1) to develop Korean language material which included characteristics of the regional area, 2) foster cultural understanding through the development of a multicultural narrative collection, 3) create videos dealing with idiomatic expressions for advanced Korean language learners, and 4) run a counseling community for peers. Analysis and evaluation was conducted on two groups, and demonstrated that participants engaged in active and spontaneous learning. This study contributes to the literature in Korean language education by demonstrating a learner-centered approach based on the living lab method. Considerations on the program expansion and sustainability remain as future task.