Korean Language & Literature 2022 KCI Impact Factor : 0.42

Korean | English

pISSN : 1229-1730 / eISSN : 2733-8738

Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2023, Vol., No.124

  • 1.

    A Study on the Vocabulary of Haenyeo Settled in Wando-gun

    Kim Gyoungpyo | 2023, (124) | pp.5~23 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on the Vocabulary of Haenyeo Settled in Wando-gun Kim, Gyoung-pyo This study was conducted on a lexical analysis of the vocabulary of Haenyeo settled in Wando-gun. Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used ‘Haenyeo, Jamsu, Jeomnyeo’ like the Jeju Haenyeo, but they also used ‘Bojaegi’, which reveals a negative perception of Haenyeo. And although the names of Haenyeo are ranked as upper, middle, and lower, the hierarchy is not as strict as that of Jeju Haenyeo because there are not many active Haenyeo and they are older. Unlike Jeju Haenyeo, Wando’s settlement Haeyeo used the standard language to name the sea. The vocabulary related to the sea space is named as the name or space of the island that works, unlike Jeju Haenyeo. Wando’s settlement Haeyeo called the work they did in the morning ‘Achim-mule, Achim-mulji’. The vocabulary related to the distance of work was not as subdivided like Jeju Haenyeo and in relation to the space, Wando’s settlement Haeyeo did not use the vocabulary of Jeju Haenyeo when referring to the space. Regarding the act, Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used the ‘Hombes-soli, Sonbi-soli’, which is associated with the ‘Sumbi-soli’ of Jeju Haenyeo. As a collection tool, Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used ‘Mangsali, Mang-ali’ like Jeju Haenyeo and Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used ‘Galgoli, Kkakkuli, Homeng-i’ as a tool for catching octopu and sea urchin, but there was no difference from Jeju Haenyeo’s term. Haenyeo uses ‘Dasdol, Dasjul’ as a secondary tool, but Shinji-myeon and Yaksan-myeon Haenyeo did not use ‘Dasdol, Dasjul’ by changing the method of collecting seafood. Haenyeo also uses ‘Tewag, Duleumbag’ as a secondary tool, and Wando’s settlement Haenyeo said ‘Duleumbag, Duleongbag and Duleombag.’ Wando’s settlement Haenyeo collected ‘Miyeog, Dasima, Mojaban, Tos’ among brown algae. However, unlike Jeju Haenyeo, they used standard language a lot. Shinji-myeon Haenyeo, used ‘Boli-miyeog’ regarding the time of seaweed harvesting. There are also ‘Cheong-gag, Palae’ among green algae, but they did not collect much. Among the red algae were ‘Umu, Cheoncho and Cheonchu.’ Among the mollusks, ‘Sola, Godung, Gunbeos, Gunso, Mun-eo, Jeonbog’ were collected, and among echinoderms, ‘sea urchin and sea cucumber’ were collected. However, unlike Jeju Haenyeo, Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used the standard language. Wando’s settlement Haenyeo were influenced by Jeju Haenyeo and used Jeju Haenyeo’s vocabulary, but also used the Jeonnam dialect in relation to space. However, standard language was used more when talking about the marine environment or harvested products. The reason seems that they used standard language rather than the Jeonnam dialect due to the negative perception of the Haenyeo’s job or the difficulty of settling in the local area. In addition, it seems that standard language has been used more due to various factors such as the influence of broadcasting media, changes in collection methods, and changes in sales methods.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Passive and Causative of the Jeju Dialect

    Kim Bohyang | 2023, (124) | pp.25~50 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on the Passive and Causative of the Jeju Dialect Kim, Bo-hyang The purpose of this study is to examine the syntactical characteristics of the passive and causative of the Jeju dialect. In the passive expression of the Jeju dialect, the syntactic passive combined with '-eojida' is more prominent than the passive by the passive verb. The causative is characterized by the fact that the causative suffix, which is rarely used in the center, is actively used in this dialect. ‘-ji-’ is the representative causative suffix unique to the Jeju dialect. ‘-ji-’ is combined with some predicates that accompany ‘-gi-’ or ‘-히(hi)-’ in a central language. In addition, ‘-ju-’, the causative suffix of the Jeju dialect, is a causative suffix formed by combining ‘-wu-’ with some intransitive verbs that change to ‘-jida’, and it can be seen as a shortened form of ‘-jiwu-’. In the Jeju dialect, the causative suffix ‘-ri-’ is also realized as ‘-riwu-’ or as ‘-ryu-’. The use patterns of passive and causative of the Jeju dialect are divided between those in their 50s and 60s. While those in their 50s and younger use passive and causative expressions that combine passive and causative suffixes like a central language, those in their 60s and older showed a dominant response that they use passive types combined with '-eojida' and causative verbs combined with causative suffixes unique to the Jeju dialect. In particular, as getting older, they tend to use passive and causative verbs that combine ‘-eojida’ and ‘-ji-’ with dialect-specific predicates rather than predicates with the same word form as that of the central language.
  • 3.

    A Study of the Grammatical Characteristics of Verb ‘Sipta’

    BAK, JAEHEE | 2023, (124) | pp.51~74 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper aims to explain the grammatical characteristics of the verb ‘sipta' in Korean. In previous studies, the verb ‘sipta’ is dealt with a dependent verb and the verb ‘sipta’ with the former verbs ending suffix construct the so-called “periphrastic constructions”. ‘-ko sipta’ and ‘-nunka sipta’ are two main “periphrastic constructions”. When ‘-ko sipta’ is used in the sentence, this sentence should be interpreted as ‘the speaker want to realize the meaning of the previous verb.’ When ‘-nunka sipta’ is used in the sentence, this sentence should be interpreted as ‘the speaker can guess or think the preposition of the sentence’. The previous studies proposed that ‘spita’ makes ‘periphrastic constructions’ and these constructions are interpreted as various meaning in Korean. This study tried to explain the meanings and the grammatical features of the verb ‘sipta’. This paper proposed that the verb ‘sipta’ related to a grammatical category [person]. As a result. the feature [+1st person] is realized, the verb ‘sipta’ means ‘hope or desire’ and the feature [-1st person] is realized. the verb ‘sipta’ means ‘guess or think’. The difference of this person feature shows us to the difference of meaning of the verb ‘sipta’ and the realization of the verb ending suffix and the verb ‘sipta’ in Korean.
  • 4.

    On the Formation of ‘rʌ’ Irregular- Focusing on the ‘Nirɨda/Nirɨlda’ -

    Hong Hee Jeong | 2023, (124) | pp.75~103 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper aims to study ‘rʌ(러)’ irregular of Modern Korean, which has gotten less attention than other irregular classes. The ‘rʌ’ irregular is a conjugation in which ‘irɨda(이르다), purɨda(푸르다), nurɨda(누르다)’ are combined with the vowel ending, which ‘r(ㄹ)’ is added, resulting in the conjugated forms that ‘irɨrʌ(이르러), purɨrʌ(푸르러), nurɨrʌ(누르러)’. The ‘rʌ’ irregular of Modern Korean is the irregular with different characteristics from ‘p(ㅂ)’ irregular and ‘s(ㅅ)’ irregular. Because the ‘rʌ’ irregular isn’t the irregular conjugation formed by phonological motivations such as the changes of phonetic value and phonological phenomena. However, there is a limit that cannot be specifically discussed the motivations of forming the ‘rʌ’ irregular in previous studies. Thus, this study discussed how the ‘rʌ’ irregular of Modern Korean was formed by which motivations and gone through which processes of diachronic changes. According to the data of Middle Korean, it can be seen that the ‘rʌ’ irregular was composed of only color-adjectives such as ‘pɨrɨda(프르다), nurɨda(누르다)’ in the 15th century, and was added ‘nirɨda(니르다)’ the 16th century, finally formed. In addition, it could analyze that the ‘rʌ’ irregular was formed by the non-phonological motivation of the convergence between paradigms. As a result, it comes to have the possibilities to solve various problems related to the formation of ‘rʌ’ irregular.
  • 5.

    A relations between youngest son of chaebol Family and narrative tradition of Guunmong

    Kim Jin Young | 2023, (124) | pp.105~131 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper examines how the narrative structure and the dream narrative of Guunmong has been transformed into a modern web drama. First, the identity of the narrative structure of Guunmong and the variable nature of the dream narrative was examined. Subsequently, the pattern of the modern variation of Guunmong was reviewed by citing The Youngest Son of the Chaebol Family. Finally, the narrative custom of Guunmong was grasped from a literary and historical perspective. The above is summarized as follows. First, the structural identity of Guunmong and the variability of the dream narrative were confirmed. While inheriting the existing tradition of Mong-yu(dream) narrative, Guunmong has made a breakthrough in terms of mass. Meanwhile, the structural identity of Mong-yu novels was established, and the diversity of the dream narrative, a virtual world, could be transformed at any time. This is why Guunmong was able to be reprocessed according to the situation of the times. Second, the relationship between the variations of narrative techniques and The Youngest Son of the Chaebol Family was reviewed. The world transformed from deficiency to fulfillment. Guunmong allowed Yang So-yu to satisfy Sung-jin's lack of love in the virtual world, and The Youngest Son of the Chaebol Family allowed Yoon Hyun-woo, who was economically deficient, to become Jin Do-jun of the virtual world and live a fulfilling life. Next, the character was transformed from status to capital. In shaping the character, if Guunmong presented a medieval status as a privilege, The youngest son of a chaebol family made a change in presenting modern wealth as a vested interest. Then the character is awakened from the illusion and returned to reality. In Guunmong, Yang So-yu returned as a lonely monk after finishing his secular wealth and honor, while The Youngest Sn of a Chaebol Family transformed Jin Do-jun to return to Yoon Hyun-woo in reality after achieving all the economic things. Finally, through the transformation of fatalism, the future was predicted. If Yang So-yu of Guunmong. followed the trajectory of life according to his given fate, Jin Do-jun of The Youngest Son of the Chaebol Family was sent back to the past where Yoon Hyun-woo lived and was able to predict the future. Third, the narrative customs and literary and historical status of Guunmong was examined. Guunmong is a Momg-yu novel that creates a unique structure of reality-virtual-reality and the practice of dealing with various narrative types, which became a custom Due to this, various derivatives could be produced in the late Joseon Dynasty. It can also be useful in modern literature that have fantastic nature. This is because the narrative structure of Guunmong and various dream narratives can be transformed to capture modern problems intensely. Such a work is The Youngest Son of the Chaebol Family. Considering this, the narrative custom of Guunmong had a long tradition, and it is also worth paying attention to in terms of literary history that it has developed into video literature.
  • 6.

    Isolation and Alienation in Wings and A Room of Strangers

    Miyoung Yang | 2023, (124) | pp.133~158 | number of Cited : 0
    This comparative study analysed Wings of Yi Sang and A Room of Strangers of Choi In-ho together. Though Wings and A Room of Strangers have a 35-year gap between the publication dates, but these stories have a common theme and literary trend; First, the two stories depict humans who are alienated from modern capitalist society, and second, both works contain modernist elements that include surrealism and existentialism. Therefore, this essay examined Wings and A Room of Strangers in two aspects: surrealist technique and existentialist philosophy, focusing on the motifs of ‘room’ and ‘relationship’. In both stories, rooms are main spaces and very important to imply the themes, and male characters suffer from self-division because of relational failure with their wives. These two works, showing similar spatial motifs and relational structures, present each aspect of modernism in the 1930s and 1970s. Wings as a modernist story in the 30s reveals self-consciousness and flow of consciousness, while Room of Strangers marks the beginning of the postmodern era through the literary formation of fetishism and self-division. Even if it were clear that two authors–Yi Sang and Choi In-ho as modernist writers share the narrative techniques and motifs, the use and effect of surrealism are represented differently in their respective works - Wings and A Rooms of Stranger, and the status of the subject and self is also different. In conclusion, this study found that the theme of modernist literature changes with the times, and that the individual works of the two modernist writers were uniquely created according to the different situation of the times and the literary character of the writer.
  • 7.

    Analysis of Suicide and Its Implications in the Newspaper

    Woo Shinyoung | 2023, (124) | pp.159~184 | number of Cited : 0
    This study aims to analyze the discourse produced during the colonial period, especially suicide in the 1920s and 30s. Suicide is a concept that reflects modern social signs and cultural changes and is the starting point for interpretations from various perspectives to compete. To this end, this paper examined the suicide discourse formed during the colonial period and focused on newspaper editorials dealing with the concept of suicide as a contemporary phenomenon. This is because it is possible to grasp the phenomenon of suicide and the emotions of the people of the time behind it through the production and distribution of official statements about suicide. As a result of the analysis, the meaning of suicide revealed in the suicide discourse of modern newspapers could be largely divided into three. First, suicide as a social murder, second, suicide as a transitional phenomenon of civilization, and third, suicide as a personal/ethnic failure. Suicide discourses classified into these three types were analyzed to induce specific discourse effects by combining expressive, narrative, and value layers, respectively. Through the above work, it was confirmed that the suicide discourses produced and distributed by newspapers during the colonial period rearranged the public's perception in a specific direction.
  • 8.

    A Narrative Comparison of Simcheongjeon with Buyongjeon and Their Educational Significance

    Gim Sun-jae | 2023, (124) | pp.185~208 | number of Cited : 0
    Based on the narrative similarities between Simcheongjeon and Buyongjeon, this study revealed the educational value through comparison of these two Classical novels. In addition, in relation to the secondary school teacher appointment examination, its educational significance was considered. First, the original tales of Simcheongjeon and Buyongjeon were compared. Since these two classical novels have similar narratives, the original tales are also similar. In these two novels, Self-sacrifice filial piety folktale, Human sacrifice folktale, Dragon king’s palace folktale, Revival folktale appear in common. On the other hand, there is a difference between Conception dream folktale and Gaining eyesight folktale appear in Simcheongjeon and Geomancy folktale and Getting medicine folktale appear in Buyongjeon. Second, the narrative structure of Simcheongjeon and Buyongjeon were compared. These two classical novels have similar narrative, so the narrative structure can be divided into four categories: birth and growth, filial piety and sell oneself into slavery, death and rebirth, and family reunion and wealth. The narrative structure of the two novels follows these four frameworks, and although there are narrative differences in detail, they generally have similar narratives. Third, based on the narrative similarity between Simcheongjeon and Buyongjeon, the educational significance was considered through the comparison of these two works. If the instructor make the learner figure out the original tales of Simcheongjeon, and substitutes it into Buyongjeon, the learner can easily figure out the original tales of Buyongjeon. Also, if the instructor presents the summary and comparison of the narrative structures of Simcheongjeon and Buyongjeon to the learners, the learners can compare the narrative similarities and differences of these two novels at a glance, so they can figure out the narrative structure of the two works quickly and clearly. The problem of identifying the original tales of classical novel and comparing of narrative structure among classical prose are often presented in the secondary school teacher appointment examination. In addition, comparison of the original tales and narrative structure between Simcheongjeon and Buyongjeon, which have similar narrative, may appear in future examination, so it is important to understand this.
  • 9.

    A Study on Writing Education Methods for Flexibility of Thinking- Focusing on Active Storytelling -

    Son, Min-young | 2023, (124) | pp.209~236 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempted to devise a writing method that assists internal growth from a self-oriented perspective among the fields of writing education using storytelling. Specifically, among the subcategories of storytelling, active storytelling was applied to examine writing education methods that help flexible thinking, an indicator of internal growth. First, the self-narratives was completed and reviewed by applying the Big Blur characteristics of active storytelling. At this time, emotional ventilation was used to select the original story. Next, the multi-path characteristics of active storytelling were applied to help flexibility of thinking. The XY thinking experiment was used as a recognition conversion technique for multipath generation. As a result, irrational and rigid thinking was confirmed in the contents of the Emotional Ventilation Act and the first self-narratives. Subsequently, the XY thinking experiment confirmed the movement of rigid perception. Finally, as a result of analyzing the first generated single path and the subsequent generated multi-path using the REBT technique, significant flexibility of thinking was confirmed. This study accumulated the method and possibility of qualitative analysis evaluation by analyzing and applying the dimension of flexibility of thinking among the indicators of internal growth through writing education. However, due to the limited case of focusing on individual thinking flexibility, categorization has limitations. In the future, writing education methods from a self-oriented perspective should be accumulated through continuous research.