A Cognitive Poetic Study on Jeong Ji - yong's 「Jangsusan Ⅰ」
In this article, from among the poems of the poet's latter work, where the writing material was focused on ‘mountains’, 「Jangsusan 1」 was examined by way of a cognitive poetic methodology. The summarized results of the discussion are as follows.
「Jangsusan 1」 presents images like an oriental landscape painting, where a calm mountain scene and the laughter of an old monk mingle together.
The old monk and Jang Su Mt. are expressed by way of metaphor, containing family likenesses, through the catchphrases, ‘Nature is man' and ‘Man is nature’.
As they fuse into one, they show ‘tranquility’ in a mixed space where people and nature become one. Tranquility represents composure and the perfect stage of Jan Su Mt. as well as the attitude of the monk toward life.
The narrator of this poem is someone who is compared with the old monk. The inner mentality of the narrator is revealed through natural elements such as squirrels, mountain birds and wind, which breaks the stillness of the mountain. In other words, the narrator and natural things become identical and fuse into one through the metaphor, ‘Man is nature.’ As such, the image of ‘anxiety’, which may be compared with ‘tranquility’, is represented.
Jeong Ji-yong show us the spiritual world of the Orient in his content, and also makes attempts to express the traditions of the Orient in form. The poet makes best use of the oriental technique of the beauty of emptiness, through the use of a long pause to produces an effect emphasizing the meaning of the content. The poet shows the relationship between the words of the beginning and end illustratively through metaphor, based on the idea that ‘The meaning of type is the meaning of content.’The final words used in this poem have an archaic form, with the poetic words using a similar ‘h’ phoneme. Jeong Ji-yong describes the tranquility of mountain and inner mentality of the narrator as a landscape painting image.
Jeong Ji-yong manifested the oriental beauty of the blank space through 「Baekrokdam」, the poet's second collection of poems, and created landscape poems containing the secluded spirit. The poet brought forth the meaning of life through nature, and from time to time. Through experimentation, the poet tried to create oriental poems in terms of content and form, trying to fuse them into one while maintaining the nature-friendly attitude of recognizing things. 「Jangsusan 1」 can be regarded as a poem containing the poetic spirit of Jeong Ji-yong.