Ogoje, Song, Sang-ki(1657~1723)'s name Okyeo, and his family clan is Eunjin.
His father's name is Song, Kyu-ryeom, and his mother was a granddaughter of Cheongeum, Kim, Sang-heon; both of his parents were born to a noble family.
Studying under Wuam, Song, Si-yeol and Dongchungdang, Song, Jun-kil, Song, Sang-ki became renowned for his highly moral influence through reading the sages' books and steadily pursuing studies. From his early childhood, Song, Sang-ki(hereinafter, Ogoje)pored over Chosa(prosaic poetry prevailing during Cho dynasty in China)with lots of interest in literature. In creating writing, Ogoje put emphasis on the experience in splendid mountains and streams under the perception of the importance of natural environment, and recognized the necessity of a great deal of efforts.
Ogoje's Chinese poetry well expresses the aspects of aiming for returning to rural areas and its related conflict. Ogoje harbored an idea of following his aspirations by going out into the world while leading a rural life. Though Ogoje had a incessant yearning for returning to rural areas, it was to no avail; Ogoje expressed his inner side for never returning to the countryside in poems.
In addition, the Chinese poetry written by Ogoje clearly exposed his people-loving spirit manifested as an official. Ogoje had as much interest in the people's life phase as he made a proposal of several measures to solve their sufferings. Ogoje described the landscape of farming villages as a local official, and particularly, recorded the facts as they were after witnessing the reality of the people suffering from poverty. Through poems, Ogoje expressed his will to be in joys together with the people while facing up to the reality of poverty-stricken farm villages and blaming himself for his incompetence as an official.
Ogoje recited a sense of loyalty & filial piety yearning for his hometown and king while being sent an envoy to the Ching dynasty, and a national sense of history while touring historical sites in Chinese poems. While on his way to Yanjing across the border, Ogoje plainly expressed his sense of exclusion of the Ching dynasty and a sense of respect for the Ming dynasty. Ogoje, thinking of his being sent an envoy to Ching dynasty itself as a shame, exposed his grief as a weak country in a poem.
Lastly, this study looked into a poem which expressed Ogoje's feelings about being falsely charged on the way to Gangjin on exile after being entrapped. As a result, this study could clarify Ogoje's poetic mood in which he didn't give up hopes of life that he would be released by king's favor while gradually adapting himself to living in exile, calming down his mind and longing for his family and friends.
Accordingly, Ogoje's Chinese poetry was well-restrained in emotions and rhetoric, but reflected the reality and political atmosphere nicely at that time.
Particularly, It can be rated that Ogoje's world of Chinese poetry, which well exposeed his endless longing for the countryside, people-loving spirit, and a sense of exclusion of the Ching dynasty, etc., shows the characteristic of public official's literature in the late 17th century.