The current honorific systems are divided into subjects, objects and listeners.
Subjects’ honorification uses the word ending ‘-si’, objects’ honorification uses special vocabulary and the listeners’ honorification is constructed by using the word ending to express the speaker's intention to do so. It can be mentioned to be a manifestation system from an object-oriented perspective. This paper attempts to establish a user-centered honorific system, on the premise that the origin of the controversy raised in modern honorific research comes from this perspective.
As well known, the issues of honorification that the honorable subject of "-si" cannot be limited to the subject alone, the reality problem of Apjonbeop, the justification of formal/informal setting in listeners’ honorification and the exclusion of listeners' rating system following the ongoing extinction of "-hao" and "-hagae" have been presented. In this regard, I would like to address the above issues by raising the basic question, "Why is honorification required?" As a result, I came to the idea that the speaker connects '-si' to the word ending when the person, who is expected to be respectful, participates in the conversation or is mentioned in the topic. In other words, '-si' is used not only to the subject but also to use the honorific to listeners. In this context, the speaker uses the honorific to take a verbal attitude, consistent with the listener’s age or social position. Therefore, it was taken into consideration the formality or familiarity after considering how much honorific/non-honorific the listener is.
There have been discussions on establishing honorification of user-centered, this paper differs from the previous discussions in that it attempts to establish principles and criteria for honorification of subjects, listeners, and objects.