This paper aims to look at the perceptions of ‘Oriental’ and ‘Pure’ in Cho-Jihoon's ‘The Principles of Poetry’ and Song-wook's ‘The Critical Biography of Poetic’.
Cho Ji-hoon's ‘Oriental’ was called in the process of raising Korean literature to a position equal to that of Chinese literature. On the other hand, Song-wook recognizes the ‘Oriental’ to be a critical ability that synthesizes nature, society, politics, and religion. Song-wook criticizes writers who have not adequately embraced his version of ‘Oriental’, and demands the expansion of Korean literature traditon to Europe.
The perception ‘pure’ that Jo Ji-hoon believes is purity in literary topics and “implicative life(함축적 생명)" Songwook critisized Jo Ji-hoon’s view as ‘artificial’ language. In the case of Songwook recognized ‘Pure’ as “a new sentence based on oral language spoken by ordinary people” according to “history, sociality and experience” suggested by Elliott’s view of language