I show how early Protestant missionaries played an important role in establishing vernacular grammar and styles during a time of flux in Korean languages. At the time, in the late 19th to early 20th centuries, Korean languages were undergoing a variety of changes due to changes in the social structure, the popularisation of Korea’s indigenous alphabet Hangeul. Since the original Bible was written, the Bible has been continuously translated, revised and retranslated by period and language. Words and styles are being refined so that more people can read them more accurately in various cultures.
The Bible is a language source consisting of 929 chapter 23,214 verse in Old Testament books 39 and 260 chapter 7959 verse in New Testament books 27. The New Testament alone is a text of about 130,000 words, and one original text is translated into languages around the world. This study explores the Korean Orthography of Loanwords in the Bible.
The names of 66 books in the Bible have many Transliteration, especially related to names of people or places. So, it became the subject of my study on the Transliteration of the Bible. In the case of the Korean Bible, the names of 66 books have been unified since 셩경젼셔 개역(1938). However, Transliterations were written differently in previous translations. What is clear is that Loanwords in the Bible are always written only in Hangeul even in the Hybrid Script of Korean and Chinese.
So, I will examine how the Korean Bible accepted the notation of the Original text or the Source Text, focusing on the early translation, and explain how the Orthography of Loanwords in the modern Korean Bible was established. However, it should be kept in mind that there are cases in which the proper nouns in the table of contents and the proper nouns in the actual text are not consistent. The results of the study of the Transliteration of the Bible are used as a criterion for judging the Source Text.