Korea Real Estate Review 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

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pISSN : 2092-5395 / eISSN : 2733-8339

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2018, Vol.28, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on the Location Determinants for the Sales of Railroad Convenience Stores - With Focus on the Convenience Store "Storyway" -

    Kim, Yong Rae , Baek SungJoon | 2018, 28(1) | pp.7~21 | number of Cited : 2
    This study was conducted to determine the location determinants that influence the sales of the "Storyway" convenience stores built at the country’s railway stations. The preceding studies were about the convenience stores located in the residence-business areas or along the roadsides. This study, on the other hand, focused on the characteristics of the stations, based on a theory that is different from the existing theories. The targets of this study were the 301 "Storyway" convenience stores doing business in the 198 railway stations in the country, and the dummy parameter and hedonic-price model function were used for multiple regression analysis. For the study results, it was found that the number of people using the railway and the size of the store have a positive effect on the sales whereas the other brand competitors have a negative effect thereon. Second, the subway stations holding 89% of the total passengers in the country have unexpectedly no positive influence on the sales. Third, depending on the transfer, it was found that no transfer station had smaller sales than the transfer stations. Finally, as for the location of the stores in the station, the stores located on the platforms or passageways have a smaller turnover rate than the stores in the welcoming spaces and squares. This research result shows that when starting a convenience store business, the number of people using the railway, the size of the store, the transfer possibility, and the location of the store inside the station have to be considered under the circumstance of recession on the part of the convenience stores due to excessive competition.
  • 2.

    The Optimal Project Combination for Urban Regeneration New Deal Projects

    박재호 , Geem, Zong Woo , Jung-Suk Yu | 2018, 28(1) | pp.23~37 | number of Cited : 0
    The genetic algorithm (GA) and branch and bound (B&B) methods are the useful methods of searching the optimal project combination (combinatorial optimization) to maximize the project effect considering the budget constraint and the balance of regional development with regard to the Urban Regeneration New Deal policy, the core real estate policy of the Moon Jae-in government. The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MOLIT) will choose 13 central-city-area-type projects, 2 economic-base-type projects, and 10 public-company-proposal-type projects among the numerous projects from 16 local governments while each government can apply only 4 projects, respectively, for the 2017 Urban Regeneration New Deal project. If MOLIT selects only those projects with a project effect maximization purpose, there will be unselected regions, which will harm the balance of regional development. For this reason, an optimization model is proposed herein, and a combinatorial optimization method using the GA and B&B methods should be sought to satisfy the various constraints with the object function. Going forward, it is expected that both these methods will present rational decision-making criteria if the central government allocates a special-purpose-limited budget to many local governments.
  • 3.

    Housing Tenure Choice Decisions of Older Households - With Focus on the Physical Features of the Householders -

    Jung Bo Seon , Cho, Yongkyung , Sangyoub Lee | 2018, 28(1) | pp.39~52 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the housing tenure choice decisions of older households, with focus on the activity constraints of the householders. For analysis, the probit model based on the data of the householders over 55 years of age from the 2015 KLIPS data was implemented. The research findings indicate that the ownership choice probability decreases when the head of the household has activity or social activity constraints. If there is an activity restriction, it is considered that the possibility of self-residence will be low due to the increase in medical expenses, the possibility of participation in economic activities will be low, the possibility of early retirement will be high, and the income will decrease. Therefore, if the head of the household has a personal or social activity constraint, such case is more likely to be categorized as falling under the poor residential group. This result suggests that the activity constraint can be utilized as a useful index for the housing welfare policy considering physical vulnerability.
  • 4.

    Appraisal of Lands Using Their Availability

    You, Seungdong | 2018, 28(1) | pp.53~63 | number of Cited : 3
    This paper shows that the value of land can vary based on the future availability of the land. According to the Korean principles of land appraisal by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MOLIT), the value of a piece of land is derived mainly from the latter’s fertility level or local environment. In practice, however, the values of lands may vary even though their fertility level is invariant. This paper investigates a fundamental question for many professional appraisers who argue that appraisal practices are different from the principles of appraisal. It highlights the appraisal practices for agricultural and forestry lands, which have similar agricultural productivity levels or environmental conditions. It is shown in this paper that even though the fertility level of lands is invariant, the values of lands may vary based on their locations. Therefore, this can complement the principles of land appraisal. In this paper, real cases in local areas in Gapyeong County, Kyounggi province are investigated. It can be seen from the cases in the local areas that two agricultural lands may have different values based on their locations even though they have almost similar fertility levels (e.g., their physical distance from each other is less than 0.5 km but their values differ by around 19%). This paper thus argues that the value of a piece of land can be determined by its availability.
  • 5.

    Analysis of the Redemption Risk of Renters Using CoLTV

    I TaLy , 송연호 , Hwang, Gwan Seok and 1 other persons | 2018, 28(1) | pp.65~77 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper analyzes the redemption risk of renters by estimating the LTV and CoLTV with finance market big data (individual credit information) and housing market big data (actual housing transaction data). The analysis showed that when using LTV, the redemption risk was higher in the case of the monthly renter than of the chonsei renter. On the other hand, when using CoLTV, the chonsei renter had a higher redemption risk than the monthly renter. This implies that there is a need to activate a guarantee system, such as risk management using the CoLTV index and the chonsei deposit return guarantee because it is possible for renters to experience losses on their chonsei deposits due to the higher redemption risk. Another implication is that the risk manager should consider the individual characteristics of renters because of the different effects of the redemption risk stemming from the characteristics of the rental contract and the personal characteristics of the renters. CoLTV was just a concept until this study calculated it using housing big data and actual housing transaction information. It helps identify the redemption risk through the characteristics of renters and their contracts.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Determinants of Land Price in a New Town

    Tae-yun Jeong | 2018, 28(1) | pp.79~90 | number of Cited : 3
    The purpose of this study was to estimate the pricing factors of residential lands in new cities by estimating the pricing model of residential lands. For this purpose, hedonic equations for each quantile of the conditional distribution of land prices were estimated using quantile regression methods and the sale price date of Jangyu New Town in Gimhae. In this study, a quantile regression method that models the relation between a set of explanatory variables and each quantile of land price was adopted. As a result, the differences in the effects of the characteristics by price quantile were confirmed. The number of years that elapsed after the completion of land construction is the quadratic effect in the model because its impact may give rise to a non-linear price pattern. Age appears to decrease the price until certain years after the construction, and increases the price afterward. In the estimation of the quantile regression, land age appears to have a statistically significant impact on land price at the traditional level, and the turning point appears to be shorter for the low quantiles than for the higher quantiles. The positive effects of the use of land for commercial and residential purposes were found to be the biggest. Land demand is preferred if there are more than two roads on the ground. In this case, the amount of sunshine will improve. It appears that the shape of a square wave is preferred to a free-looking land. This is because the square land is favorable for development. The variables of the land used for commercial and residential purposes have a greater impact on low-priced residential lands. This is because such lands tend to be mostly used for rental housing and have different characteristics from residential houses. Residential land prices have different characteristics depending on the price level, and it is necessary to consider this in the evaluation of the collateral value and the drafting of real estate policy.
  • 7.

    Herding Behavior of the Seoul Apartment Market

    KIm, Jung Sun , Jung-Suk Yu | 2018, 28(1) | pp.91~104 | number of Cited : 1
    In this study, the occurrence and degree of herding behavior as a market participant behavior in a housing market were analyzed. For the analysis method, the actual sales price was applied in the CSAD (Cross-sectional Absolute Deviation) model, which has been used the most of late for herding behavior analysis. For the analysis contents, these were subdivided into region, elapsed year, size, and market condition to analyze the regionality and the internal and external factors. For the study results, first, there was no herding behavior in the entire region of Seoul. By region, herding behavior occurred in the downtown, southeast, and northwest regions, which coincided with the results of the precedent study (Ngene et al., 2017). Second, in the market analysis by elapsed year, herding behavior was captured in dilapidated dwellings. By size, herding behavior was observed in small-scale (60㎡ or less) apartments and in 85㎡ or higher and less than 102㎡ national housing units. Third, during the time of the global financial crisis, herding behavior was not observed in all the regions, whereas when the market situations were in a boom cycle, it was observed in the northwest region. These results suggest that there is a difference from the stock market, where in a period of recession, herding behavior occurs intensively with the expanding fear of incurring losses. This study is significant in that it analyzed the market participant behaviors in the behavioral economic aspects to better understand the abnormal phenomenon in a housing market, and in that it additionally provides a psychological factor — market participant behavior — in market analysis.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Influence of Elderly Household Characteristics on Housing Consumption according to Public Pension Receipt

    Sang-Joon Jung , Chang-Moo Lee , Shin, Hye-Young | 2018, 28(1) | pp.105~114 | number of Cited : 1
    According to Statistics Korea, South Korea has entered the realm of the “aging society” with the rapid development of the country’s population. Researchers anticipate that the extremely high (73%) ratio of real estate property to total assets for mid-age to aged households in South Korea that do not have a fixed income may cause serious problems in the future. For example, the real estate market in South Korea may be bombarded with properties listed for sale, causing the average property price to drop due to the abundant supply. Although this prediction may be reasonable, this concept has excluded the idea of pension (which is crucial as it can be considered a consistent and fixed income) due to the limited amount of available data thereon; as such, it is important to include this factor to improve the pertinent research. Thus, this research was conducted using the data from the 3rd and 5th Korea Retirement and Income Study. For the study results, it was found that variables such as net asset, gender, education, and number of family members have the same impact as that found in the previous studies. To extend from here, two new factors were introduced: the existence of pensions and the amount of pension received by a household. From there, it was found that the existence of a consistent and fixed income such as a pension has led to an increase in housing consumption, the area of interest of the authors.
  • 9.

    Effects of the Characteristics of the JooTeakYeonKeum Contract on Its Termination

    전유정 , Seon-Jong Yoo | 2018, 28(1) | pp.115~130 | number of Cited : 5
    This study investigated the factors influencing the termination of the JooTeakYeonKeum contract according to its rate increase, and aimed to identify the differences in the factors affecting the cancellation of the contract according to the collateralized house price range. The results showed that the higher the cumulative increase rate of the mortgage housing price at the time of subscription is, the higher the monthly payment, the larger the gap between the monthly payment and the minimal living expenses for aging, the lower the net population moving rate in the previous month, and the lower the cumulative mortgage. Moreover, the JooTeakYeonKeum contract is terminated. The factors affecting the termination of the contract are different in each interval of the price range of the mortgage housing. To confirm this, a mortgage price range model was constructed and analyzed. The results showed that 60% of the elderly participants in the JooTeakYeonKeum program subscribed thereto with a below-average subsidized housing price. It was confirmed that the factors affecting the termination of the contract differ by price range. Lowering the risk of increasing the JooTeakYeonKeum termination rate will be a significant way of boosting the welfare of elderly people aged 65 and older, and of easing the impact of population aging.