The Korea Spatial Planning Review is a professional journal that presents a new approach and interpretation of national research. It is a journal with tradition and authority established in 1982 and registered in the Korea Research Foundation in 2004. In terms of actively comparing and analyzing the effectiveness of applied policies and proposing ways to improve them, or containing realistic proposals that are timely and policy-making possible in a rapidly changing internal and external environment, national research pursues both academic and practical values. Under the theme of "policy areas for the efficient use, development and preservation of national resources" as well as existing policies, we are trying to present new topics and set the stage for discussion among related experts.
Since 2016, Korean governments agencies including the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Environment, and Korea Meteorological Administration have operated drought warning systems in coordination with the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. Despite multi-ministerial efforts, the ministries designate and announce various drought stages by using their individual views and methods so that municipalities and citizens are largely confused when they try to understand the severity of current and future droughts. This study suggests a novel method for integrating drought stages from three ministries into a single stage at each municipality level. The method follows three steps in order to determine the integrated drought warning stage. First, municipalities are classified into three types on legal grounds, which are intended to differentiate municipalities’ vulnerability to drought. Second, expert interviews and the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) method are used to quantify the weights of three drought stages for each type of municipality. Third, three drought stage records and estimated weights are applied to determine the integrated drought warning stage for municipalities across the country. The case with the drought in June 2022 shows that proposed methods can describe drought severity in terms of a single yardstick which is useful to communicate with the general public and local government officials, reflecting regional vulnerability characteristics in a simplified manner.
This study aims to categorize Korean cities using the Balanced Development Index of the Presidential Committee for Balanced National Development and explore each group's regional characteristics. To do this, we employed Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to classify 226 cities (local governments) in Korea. The regions were classified into five groups; (A) metropolitan cities, (B) mixed type, (C) small cities in provinces, (D) capital regions, and (E) rural areas. Based on the classification results, we identified the characteristics of regional conditions and the strengths and weaknesses of the five groups. This study calls for regional customized policy development that considers regional environments in more detail. Furthermore, it is expected to be used as material for regional development policy.
As the population declines and local disappearance deepens, there has been significant domestic interest in Japan's site appropriateness plan to realize a compressed city. However, there is no practical study to apply it in Korea. In this study, two key criteria for setting up a guide zone, a key element of Japan's site remediation plan, namely, the type of reference facility and the radius from the facility, were applied to the ‘myeon’ leveled cities located in Angye-myeon, Gyeongsangbuk-do, with facilities and the appropriate radius suitable for Korean conditions.
Methodologically, a spatial suitability index (SCI) was devised to determine to what extent the area created with a certain radius from the reference facility corresponds spatially to the actual urbanized area, and a geographic information system (GIS) was used to determine the type of standard facility suitable for the domestic situation. The radial range was comparatively analyzed.
As a result of the analysis, the reference facility combination that can best represent the current cities was 'Senior Center + Town Hall', and the influence range of the reference facility was found to be 200m. Based on these results, it is expected that there will be detailed discussions on the implementation method of compressed cities in the future.