The land planning system in Korea will extensively be revised according to the National Land Planning and Use Act. The new law takes the urban environmental problems from uncontrolled urban sprawl at urban-fringe areas into consideration. The planning policy of land suitability assessment which was introduced by the law is aiming to conserve environmentally important land at the areas early in the planning phase. However, the land determined as suitable for development after the assessment could also contain ecologically valuable resources, particularly in the metropolitan-fringe areas. This study is to suggest a methodology to achieve environmentally sustainable development at the urban-fringe areas in oder to preserve the ecological resources included in the land assessed as suitable for development. The methodology can classify ecological land covers in the area and determine them for preservation with their recursive adjustments until to be able to apply Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) model using GIS. In this study it is applied for Kyoha in the Paju City which is a typical urban-fringe area under high pressure of urban development. In the paper the concept of the methodology and the results of its application were presented.
This paper reviews current regional tourism development planning policies and evaluations made by a central government review committee. A mail survey was also conducted to reflect the opinions of specialists directly involved in the formulation of regional tourism development plans. From the review of evaluations and analysis of survey results, several problems associated with regional tourism development planning policies were identified. Those problems include: 1) a narrow perspective in the planning approach, 2) a lack of monitoring and continuity in the planning process, 3) poor support systems for the formulation of plans, and 4) poor analysis in support of investment plans. Several strategies are suggested for improving regional tourism development planning policies. Those include: 1) enlargement of planning boundaries, 2) establishment of monitoring system, 3) a mandatory requirement for the collection of basic tourism statistics, and 4) an increase of budget and time for the formulation of plans.
This study aims to review the concepts and theoretical basis of Land Suitability Assessment(LSA) for managing national land both efficiently and equitably. In looking at the historical development of LSA, the root of LSA can be found in the land type classification system in 1920s. Its technique has developed from containing physical characteristics into assessing land's socio-economic-ecological ones.
LSA is to assess land according to its physical, locational, economical, and environmental characteristics, and then to classify it into several categories based on its usability. Now, it becomes an important tool for making land use planning, one of whose purpose is to minimize the negative externality in land use activity. In addition, the importance of LSA is gaining new recognition as the information base for ecological land use planning.
The purpose of this study is to analyse the intervention effects of the 200 million houses supply plan and economic crisis in 1997, originated from the shortage of foreign currency, and also to predict the fluctuation rate of land price in Korean land sub-market with intervention model in 2002 and 2003.
The results of this study can be summarized as follows ; According to regions classified by local governments, the intervention effects of 200 million houses supply plan occurred from after 3 months to after 15 months as forms of decreasing step function. The intervention effects of economic crisis occurred after 3 months from all local regions in Korea as forms of increasing step function.
As results of forecasting with intervention ARIMA model, the predicted increasing rate of total land price in Korea during the year 2002 is 5.59%. Also it is analyzed that the increasing rate of land price will be differentiated according to local land sub-markets. In order words, Seoul Metropolitan Area will show the highest increasing rate of land price and, far from Seoul Metropolitan Area, successively Central Area, Ho Nam Area and Kyoung Nam Area, the increasing rate of land price will become lower.
The main purpose of this study is to find the exact origin-destination composition of import and export container traffics in Korea, because it is very important data to decide where to build ports or roads. Although there were several studies like this, those had many problems to apply real world because of limited data and the range of their research. So, as a matter of fact, this study is a first origin-destination research in Korea.
The samples are chosen from 28 trade ports, especially from 7 which have experiences in handling containers in 2002. The samples that are collected at the gates of each ports during 3 months in 2001 are 3.82% of total container volume in Korea. In this study, we adapt random sampling because stratified sampling is impossible due to the limited knowledge about population of origin-destination. The sample error is ±2.5% under the 95% confidence level.
The main result of this study is as follow.
- Contrary to our expectation, container volume to and from Metropolitan area only explain 28.7%. Before this study, many people expect the ratio will be about 40%.
- Gwangyang container port is yet far from national port because it heavily relys on near provinces, such as Junranamdo, Junrabugdo, and Gwangju. These three provinces explain 70.1% of throughputs of Gwangyang container port.
- Excluding Gyungsang province, the time required to Gwangyang port is far less than Busan port in almost all areas.
- Environmental costs from the traffic to Busan was 3 trillion won compared with 229 thousand won in Gwangyang. Busan explained 93% of total environmental costs from the container traffic between ports and inland areas.
Environmental Information System is not a firmly established system. This field is new because theoretical framework for the system is developing in terms of concept and development methods. Many scholars through the world are trying to develop a complete Environmental Information System.
This research examines various Environmental Information Systems, and concerns DB construction and application programs, which are important to develop useful Environmental Information System. DB construction includes the classification of environmental information, the standardization of environmental data, data collection, and quality evaluation of DB. Application programs as well as DB construction are important because they help to choose best option using the DB. Developing application programs includes system construction based on new technology including GIS, environmental statistics, connection with established environmental modeling and system integration, and supporting policy decision through easy interface with users.
Although this research mainly focuses on the development of Environmental Information System using GIS, the direction of the research is toward developing policy decision making support system, which can be used for environmental policy making and enforcement.