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2003, Vol.36, No.

  • 1.

    Integrating Spatial Planning and Environmental Policy in the Regions : Lessons from an Integrated Area-Specific Approach in the Netherlands

    In Kwon Park | 2003, 36() | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Separation of spatial planning and environmental policy has sometimes led to so-called  'spatial-environmental conflicts'  that is discord between the two policies. To solve this problem, the Netherlands has tried to integrate the two through a series of pilot projects since the late 1980s. The integrated area-specific approach to spatial planning and the environment such as ROM projects and the City and Environment project is the result of those efforts. The purpose of this thesis is to get lessons from that approach through estimating the significance and limit of it with respect to applicability to the other situations like Korean reality. The integrated area-specific approach can be estimated to have important meanings such as consensus building approach, the spatial specification of environmental policies, and good applicability to the areas with strong environmental challenge. In spite of this significance, this approach also has risk of failure in consensus building and of the decline of environmental policy. This fact leads to the result that we should go toward integrating spatial planning and environmental policy in the regions just with the precaution.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Regional Classification for the Diff e rentiation of National Assistance

    이원섭 | 2003, 36() | pp.2~35 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The necessity for the interregional differentiation of national assistance arises from the general perception that existing regional policies are ineffective to accomplish the balanced regional development. Existing regional policies and implementation system have limited capabilities to contribute substantially to the balanced territorial development. There is a growing need to enhance balanced interregional development through the redistribution of national resources by differentiating government assistance depending on the development level. The study attempts to categorize regions using statistical data on various aspects of regional development. Fifteen social and economic indices were employed to classify all of the 232 local autonomous regions throughout the country. A cluster analysis using the SPSS identified four groups of regions according to the level of development. The first and most advanced group includes 53 regions; The second and third group include 71 and 60 regions respectively; The last and most depressed group includes 48 regions. The study suggests the spatial policy framework that reflects differential characteristics according to this grouping of regions.
  • 3.

    A Study on Growth Process and Location Preference of High Tech Industries : A Case Study of the Austin Region

    이왕건 | 2003, 36() | pp.3~58 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to understand the location and growth pattern of high tech industries in the Austin region which comprise part of the Austin-San Marcos MSA. This study used data on firms defined as high tech industries by the GACC and reclassified them into two major categories; software and hardware. Growth of high tech industries can be divided into three periods. The main impact of high tech started in the 1980s. Hardware industries, such as computer and semiconductor, started to prosper in the 1980s. Software industries, such as E-commerce and Telecommunication, really began to flourish in the 1990s. The Austin region is moving toward a balanced growth pattern, with both software and hardware industries sharing the growth. High tech firms reveal different types of locational distribution according to established year in the Austin region, type of firms, and number of employees. Leading firms, MCC and SEMATECH, in the 1980s had direct and indirect effects in the growth of high tech industry in the Austin region.
  • 4.

    Changing Urban Spatial Structurein Informatin Society

    김현식 | 진영효 | 2003, 36() | pp.4~76 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The present study attempts to discourse and analyze the impact of information age (ⅰ)on the urban life style and then (ⅱ)on the urban spatial structure as a consequence. Special emphasis is placed on the impact on the urban land use, development pattern, transportation and environment, and digital space. A survey was conducted. Questionnaires are centered around rather the effect of urban life style change than the implications in an urban spatial context directly. The survey employs four major avenues of life: household life, work life, cultural life and education. The study indicates that urban function and informatization are complementary each other rather than in substituting relationship. The information age may ceate more mixed, large-scale, specialized, sophisticated, unstandardized and versatile, urban space but in the state of new tension and balance between centralization and decentralization
  • 5.

    Place Asset Making in Place Marketing for Regional Development

    HyeonHo kim | 2003, 36() | pp.5~95 | number of Cited : 36
    Abstract PDF
    By dint of Globalization, the mobility of economic activities are becoming more foot-loose. On the contrary, the place have, relatively, no autonomy in pinning down the economic activities. So, the connection of places and economic activities is becoming instant and the economic future of the places is uncertain. In this situation, the competition of places for the economic activities is strengthening. Globalization has driven a number of places to adopt place marketing for their economic survival and development. Place marketing consists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place assets making is the process which makes the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion is the process which makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies, however, is confined to partial place marketing, the search for the tactical method of place promotion. This study examines the characteristics of full place marketing focused on the place making such as the background, concept, category, participants, and principles of place (assets) making. This study finds out that the originality, specificity, and indispensibility of place assets is the source of competitive advantage. Three-way partnership, place audit, assets development is important. The principles of place assets making are participation, learning and experience, and leadership and networks among actors. The policy implication of this study is that it is most important for the success of place marketing to make competitive assets.
  • 6.

    A Study on Alternatives for Tourism Vitalizations with a Consideration of Ecological Characteristics in Jeju International Free City

    Yong-Bok Choi | 2003, 36() | pp.6~110 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Korean government has initiated the special law for Jeju International Free City in order to build Jeju-Do as an international city focusing on tourism and leisure. Even though Jeju has been recognized as the best favorite tourism site possessing the preserved natural resources in the nation, it faces a risk due to the lack of tourism programs and efforts to develop tourism resources. Indeed, since the trends of tourism development have been oriented in a large scale development that caused to a serious destruction of natural environment, social conflicts between developmentalists and environmentalists have been aroused. In these circumstances, ecotourism has been emerged as an alternative tourism that minimizes its impacts upon environment and emphases on ecological sustainability. In this sense, the purpose of this paper is to propose the development alternatives for tourism development under the assumption that ecotourism is the best suitable tourism type for Jeju island. In order to fulfill this purpose, following three subjects have been investigated and analyzed : 1) status of ecotourism with a wide examination of ecological characteristics of Jeju, 2) analysis on recognition of tourists and citizens regarding ecotourism development, and 3) the possible development alternatives extracted from a comprehensive understanding and examination of 1) and 2).
  • 7.

    A Study of the Characteristics of Land Use in the Area along the Line t h rough the Highway in the Metropolitan Area : Focus on a National Road Line No. 43

    Myeong-Hun LEE | 정준화 | 2003, 36() | pp.7~127 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to formulate reasonable plan of Metropolitan Area's policy and to classify land use in the Metropolitan Area. The process of this study is as follows : First, the areas of case study are selected lands along the national road No.43 in Youngin and Pochun. Second, the data such as land use, effects, facility and so on are researched, and then to analyze Factor Analysis and to classify land use factors by each section. In results, all uses of increased floor area nearly coincide with Metropolitan Area Policy and Land Use Policy at the point of time. Area mainly for using the residence segregate strongly from other functions in Youngin section, but there are functions disorder in Pochun section. Therefore, there are very big differences of the scale and the characteristics of development to surrounding influence even the same area. These results make a few suggestions, and those are as follows : First, Metropolitan Area Policy for well-balanced development is not only in quantity but also functional approach. Also, it should be deliberated to create the area relation with existed cities around Youngin and Pochun.
  • 8.

    An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between Family Structure and Homeownership

    JeungilOh | 2003, 36() | pp.8~143 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    본 논문은 통계청에서 발간한 ‘1996년 가구소비 실태조사’를 이용하여 우리나라 가구들의 자가소유를 결정하는 요인들에 대해서 살펴 보았다. 특히, 우리나라에서 특징적으로 나타나는 대가족제도와 자가소유의 관계를 계량경제학적 방법론을 이용하여 규명하는 데 연구의 초점을 맞추었다. 연구결과, 선진국에서 자가소유 여부를 결정짓는 요인들이 우리나라에서도 중요한 변수가 되는 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 항상소득과 임시소득의 경우, 전자는 대가족 형성에, 후자는 자가소유에 더 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 즉, 우리나라의 경우, 부의 크기를 간접적으로 나타내는 임시소득이 항상소득에 비해서 주택소유에 더 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서, 앞으로의 주택정책은 이러한 항상소득과 가족구조간의 관계 및 임시소득과 주택소유의 관계를 고려해서 이루어져야 할 것이다.