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2003, Vol.37, No.

  • 1.

    The Study on the Problem and Improvement of Planning System in Framework Act on the National Land and National Land Planning and Utilization Act

    피석현 | Myeong-Hun LEE | 2003, 37() | pp.1~17 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to find out the significance and role of the national planning system according to the law of 'Framework Act on the National land' and 'National land planning and Utilization Act', and to clarify the problem of those law and planning system. The process of this study is how to realize the connection and the fitness between the upper and lower plan, mainly its related provision and content of every statutory plan. The problems of the statutory plan below the new Act('Framework Act on the National land’ and 'National land planning and Utilization Act‘) are as follows : Firstly, it causes to the vagueness what is the subject between 'Urban Comprehensive Master Plan' and 'Urban Management Plan’, because of replacing 'City and County Comprehensive Plan‘ with 'Urban Plan’. Secondly, it causes to the confusion with the role of the upper and lower plan, owing to a textual interpretation to complying with the guiding principle and the political direction of 'Province Comprehensive Plan‘ even 'Metropolitan City’. Thirdly, there is no the provision which is the authority to be established 'Urban Comprehensive Master Plan‘ by a provincial governor. The suggestions are as follows : Firstly, it must clearly clarify to 'City and Province Comprehensive Plan‘ not only named by 'Province Comprehensive Plan’, and to giving a definition of 'City and County Comprehensive Plan‘ as its lower system. Secondly, the provision in the new Act which is generally applicable to not divide 'Urban Plan‘ into 'Urban Comprehensive Master Plan’ and 'Urban Management Plan‘ must be definitely prescribed. Thirdly, it must have a correct understanding of the status and authority of a provincial governor, and it also need to prescribe the authority distribution system for their authority to be clear.
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  • 3.

    Analysis of Regional Competitive and Complementary Relations with Spatial Interactions of Population in Yeongnam Region

    김의준 | 변태근 | 2003, 37() | pp.3~46 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The focus of this study is on analyzing regional competition and complementarity of Yeongnam Region in terms of spatial interactions of population with Dendrinos-Sonis Model. Overall, there is no spatial autocorrelation in the population distribution in Yeongnam Area with respect to Moran's I, Local Moran's I and Geary C. It implies that the population of each region is independently distributed, not affected by the degree of population distribution in adjacent regions. But, negative spatial autocorrelation occurred in Busan, Daegu, and Ulsan among cities and counties.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Externalities and Locational Conflicts in Public Facilities

    박형서 | 2003, 37() | pp.4~63 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this paper is to examine the relations of externality and locational conflict in public facilities. Generally locational conflicts related to public facilities in regional and urban area are come from the disagreement or clash about the distribution of external effects from the operation of public facilities. The incident of external effects and concomitant locational conflict pose considerable problems for the decision makers in spatial policy. With the increase of distance from public facility, the distance-decay profile of externality field would be decline, but according to the perception of residents three kinds of response may be suggested: linear, exponential and polynomial profile. The scale, degree and type of locational conflict type depend upon residents' perception on disequilibrium of externality. The externality can be divided into positive and negative effects Public facilities generating negative impacts often bring to stakeholder' strong opposition or violent behaviour because stakeholders feel their dissatisfaction in distributing cost/benefit. Positive impact facilities also result in conflict between regions or residents, but the degree of conflict is lower, because there is a little discrepancy of cost and benefit. Consequently, the successful resolution and management of locational conflict depend on whether stakeholders can ensure the equilibrium of externality or not, and the community impacts including socioeconomic status, strategies, motivation.
  • 5.

    A Study on Rapid Spread of Apartment Housing in Korea

    CHun, Hyeonsook | 2003, 37() | pp.5~81 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The percentage share of apartment relative to entire housing is 47.7% in 2000 and the apartment has been the most preferred housing type for the middle income class. The purposes of this study are to analyse the characteristics of the spread of apartment in Korea. The massive provision of apartments could be considered as the results of the following reasons: transformation of population composition, family type, urbanization and suburbanization, the growth of middle income class, and the change of buyer's preferences. Major subjects surrounding the provision of apartments are government, firms, and consumer. The advantage of preferring apartments are efficiency of housing policy, efficiency of production, and efficiency of investment and convenience of livelihood. The other factors of apartment preference are better security and convenient housing maintenance.
  • 6.

    Sample Selectivity and Homeownership Disparities by Place of Birth

    Lee, SeongWoo | 임형백 | 2003, 37() | pp.6~97 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper concerns on the effects of lopsided regional policy and social prejudice on homeownership disparities by household's place of birth in Seoul. The present study utilizes micro-level census data (2% sample) to evaluate households' residential well-being denoted by homeownership status during the period of 1980-1990. Decomposition techniques along with sample selection model were used to provide evidences of the home ownership disparities caused by regional policy and prejudice. While the previous studies ignore the possibility of biased estimates of homeowenrship disparities due to sample selectivity and length of residence, the present study adopts a bivariate probit model that can avoid the bias of selectivity and years since arrival in Seoul. As did in the previous studies, we found that recent migrants from Honam provinces represent a disproportionately small percent of homeownership ratio compared with people originated from Yeongnam and Chungcheong. The result is in general matched with those in the previous studies in regional disparity analyses. While most of the disparities in homeownership ratios between households from Youngnam, and households from Honam and Chungcheong are due to the residual differences, the proportion of residual difference is much lower for the relationship between Youngnam and Chungcheong than that between Youngnam and Homan. The present study summarized that place of birth showed some effects in determining whether or not recent migrants own their home in Seoul.
  • 7.

    A Study on Planning and Designing Method of the Community Road

    Byung-doo JUNG | 2003, 37() | pp.7~112 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    In the 1990's, traffic calming was applied in many countries in Europe, as well as in Japan's community zones of residental areas to reduce the speed of traffic, and is soon going to be a reality all over the world. In Korea, Site Transportation Management is going on in Seoul, and will be extended to encompass all local areas, various types of horizontal deflections have been used in traffic calming schemes, so the guidelines of such schemes should be prepared and carefully studied. Therefore, in this study not only are traffic calming schemes introduced, but detail is given on design and implementation of standard chicane type. In addition, a variety of on-road chicane schemes are described in terms of design and layouts, the effect on speed reduction to introduce the community road.
  • 8.

    A Study on the View Value of the Apartment in Daegu

    서윤희 | 임재만 | 2003, 37() | pp.8~125 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This paper investigates the effects of the view on the apartment value of Daegu city, Korea from three perspectives; the first is how the apartment value differentiates with or without the views; the second is what elements affect the recognised the value of a view; the last is the hedonic pricing model with the view variables including the view ability, the view distances, the view type. The value of the apartment with a view is 4.9 million won higher than that of the apartment without a view. The view value of the natural view is higher than that of the artificial view. And the view value of the apartment with the natural view is 4.1 million won, the view value of the apartment with the artificial view is 3.7 million won. The view value of Han river in Seoul is estimated 18~25 million won, and the view value of sea-side in Busan is estimated 340~680 thousand won per a pyoung(1 pyoung is about 3.3058㎡). The view value of green land in Bundang and Ilsan is estimated 310~630 thousand won per a pyoung.
  • 9.

    Quality Evaluation of Internet GIS Sites Operated by Local Governments

    Um, Jung Sup | 2003, 37() | pp.9~143 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The constant increasing use of the internet GIS in local government authorities implies that it is necessary to have in place a reliable mechanism for quality assurance of the sites. However, existing Web site evaluation models are primarily based on attributes relating to the non-spatial contents, and therefore are not adequate in evaluating a variety of Internet GIS sites in a systematic manner. This paper is intended to determine criteria for evaluating internet GIS sites of local government authorities. After carefully reviewing the previous literature of Government website evaluation, three criteria were identified: (1) contents (2) design (3) spatial navigation. An empirical study has been conducted to validate each of the three categories using two samples of internet GIS sites from Korea (Daegu) and USA (San Diego). A site diagnosis by the criteria allowed us to identify strength and weakness of the two sample sites. For example, overall operation strategies in the San Diego site were closely linked to the UIS (Urban Information System) while the Daegu site was not user-friendly to track required local government specific information since it is offered by initiative of the firm outsourcing the Web site. The organizations operating internet GIS sites may use the proposed criteria to evaluate their Web sites against those of others and to possibly make them more competitive. Future research will need to refine and expand specifically tailored to each of the different Web site categories.