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2003, Vol.38, No.

  • 1.

    A Study on the Effective Implementation of the Specia Local Development Zone System

    손상락 , Sihwa Lee | 2003, 38() | pp.1~23 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempts to suggest some practical strategies for ensuring a successful implementation of “special local development zone” system based on the comparative review of two similar special zone systems of Korea and Japan. Because the special local development zone system of Korea is in the beginning stage, it is a little early to evaluate the policy. In spite of that, reviewing the Japan’s case can give us some lessons for successful implementation of Korean system. Considering the importance of local development for promoting national development, it is timely to develop special local development zone system which designate special zones according to unique local characteristics. On the other hand, introducing another special zone system to the existing several different types of special zones such as special economic zones and special tourist zones may cause more confusion and undesirable development. At the point of this situation, this study provides some policy implications for introducing our special local development zone system successfully by comparing two systems of Korea and Japan.
  • 2.

    An Essay on Special Economic Zone in North Korea : Focused on the Case of Masan Free Export Zone

    Lee Sung Su | 2003, 38() | pp.2~40 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Since the 1990s, the North Korea's economic fundamental has been extremely weak. The level of North Korea's economic state is under the level of South Korea's 70s economic state. If the situation is prolonged by both Koreas' indifferences, South Korea should expense the huge cost of unification as the Germany's case. So, I think that We(South Koreans) have to prepare for the unification by making the program to drive the North Korea's industrialization and infrastructure development. To reconstruct the North Korea's economy, I consider the South Korea's success, Masan free export zone as the best case study in applying the North Korea region. As yon know, Special Economic Zone is the answer to the program to reconstruct the North Korea's economy. In that case, the conditions of foundation and success for Special Economic Zone are that first, the closeness of sea, to save time to delivery goods, services and law materials, second, the convenience of traffic, to transfer other countries by using airport, train, and ship, third, the tax credit against income tax on profits of corporation's operations in the North Korea and the interest it earns on those profits which remain in the North Korea, most of all, fourth, the removal of investment risk in the North Korea. The last point is that both Koreas' policy makers have to have the consistency and strong will to drive the North Korea's economic fundamental and South Koreans have to understand the policy about the North Korea's driving program, not the bailing out South Korea's wealth but the reduction of South Korea's burden in the case of unification. If the Special Economic Zone program is success in the North Korea, I am sure that the North Korea will be a qualified participant in the world economy.
  • 3.

    A Study on Establishing the Development Density Control Model for Urban Growth Management

    전유신 , Moon, Tae Hoon | 2003, 38() | pp.3~61 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper was developing a development density control model for urban growth management, using system dynamics modeling. The density control model was developed to see how urban growth, transition, and decay occur depending on the interaction among population, houses, industry structure, land and urban infrastructure such as road, water supply, and sewage treatment facilities. Suggesting adequate level of development density control using the model was another purpose of this paper. The model was applied to An'yang city to estimate the maximum number of population, industry structures, houses, and cars that can be adequately sustained with the current An'yang city's infrastructure capacity. The computer simulation results shows that the city is overpopulated by some 90,000 people. To reduce the population to the adequate level that the current urban infrastructure can sustain, the current city regulation on floor area ratio are needed to be strengthened at least 20 to 35%.
  • 4.

    Analysis of City Efficiency Using Urban Network Theory

    김주영 | 2003, 38() | pp.4~78 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    The constantly increasing size of cities encountered in the real world is in contrast with the famous 'optimal city size' theory, which envisages a size above which an increase in physical dimension decreases the advantages of agglomeration. This evident paradox can be overcome either through the hypothesis of different production funcitions for each city or by expressing the neoclassical logic through the use of the Christaller model. In this second case, neoclassical logic leads to the definition of a hierarchical urban system. But the neoclassical city interpreted within the logic of Christaller is a theory without empirical application. The result achieved by the model is undoubtedly unrealistic. The central place model is a territorial logic, emphasizing a gravity-type control of market areas, in the city network model, another logic prevails, referring to long-distance competition and co-operation regardless of the distance barrier. The city network concept may consists of three elements: (1)The network element (2) network externalities, (3) mutual cooperation element. Research findings are summarized as follows. The medium sized cities appear to have a great endogenous capacity to keep social, economic and environmental costs under control. In case of level of network integration, we found out the existence of network externalities.
  • 5.

    Characteristics and Risk-Managing System of Housing Finance Market in China

    임반석 | 2003, 38() | pp.5~93 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper focuses on the risks and risk-managing system of housing finance market in China. This paper chaces some questions such as:What is the level of risks of housing finance market?;What is the origin of the risks?And, what kind of risk-managing system is operating in housing finance market? The results of this paper tel us: the risks of housing finance market is very big and complicated;The risks is originated mainly from the characteristics of system transition societies;And, by now the risk-managing system of housing finance market in China is in its initial stage.
  • 6.

    Fuzzy Decision Making Analysis for Public Assessment of Dam Construction

    Kwak, Seung-Jun , Yoo, Seung-Hoon , Jaeyong Heo and 1 other persons | 2003, 38() | pp.7~121 | number of Cited : 22
    Abstract PDF
    Dam construction has been positively assessed because of a variety of its benefits such as water supply, flood control, sightseeing, and so on. Recent debate on Yeongwol and Hantan river dam constructions has called a public attention to the negative impacts of dam construction. However, most processes of gathering public opinions had a tendency to focus on related experts or general people. Incorporating the opinions of those who live around the dam to be constructed into decision-making about dam construction has not been sufficient. Therefore, this study attempts to derive the relative weights of dam construction impacts, which the dam-neighboring residents evaluate. The study area is restricted to Andong-dam, Imha-dam, and Chungju-dam where popular complaints are continuously being lodged. To this end, we apply the fuzzy set theory for decision making analysis. The fuzzy set theory can reflect more normally the uncertainty of the stakeholder's responses than other decision making analysis methods. The results show that dam-neighboring residents rank compensation for various damages from dam construction most important. This can be compared with the results from the metropolitan people and experts in water resources.
  • 7.

    An Empirical Evaluation of Local Government Website with Z-score

    이재성 , Kim TaeJin , 김건위 | 2003, 38() | pp.8~141 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objective in this study is to evaluate whether or not the local government website is to serve its purpose. Using a survey of the 248 local governments in Korea, this research examines the degree of development for the local government website and analyze the factors which affect the website differences among the local governments. Following are the major findings of this empirical study. First, most of websites in local governments are well designed to give the user an easier access, more information, and more citizen participation. Second, factors influencing the website include convenience of access and use. Third, factors influencing the website differences among the local governments include serve to information, better opportunity, and easier access and use.
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  • 9.

    Evaluating the Influences of Geocoding Methods on the Parameter Estimates of a Hedonic Apartment Price Function

    Sohn, Chul | 2003, 38() | pp.10~173 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper investigates the influences of two different types of geocoding methods on the size of a hedonic parameter estimate related with subway station accessibility by using Seoul's apartment housing market data. Results show that the size of the parameter estimate indeed varies around 35% to 53% between two different geocoding methods. Results suggest that readers of housing market studies using hedonic apartment price functions should pay attention to geocoding methods used in the studies of interest when she or he wants to compare the results of the studies mutually.
  • 10.

    The Estimation of Seoul Apartment Prices Using Spatiotemporal Autore g ressive Models

    Park, Heonsoo | 2003, 38() | pp.95~106 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    The estimation of the housing price has mainly been studied in a traditional way of the regression analysis. When spatial and temporal effects are disregarded in the model, however, those effects lead to distort and mislead parameter estimates and statistical inference. Using 1,265 observations on apartment prices in the southern Seoul from 1995 to 2000, this article demonstrates the substantial benefits obtained by modeling the spatial as well as the temporal dependence of the data. Specifically, the spatiotemporal autoregression with twenty variables reduced root mean squares error (RMSE) by 39.9% relative to an indicator-based model with twenty-one variables.