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2004, Vol.42, No.

  • 1.

    Type and Distribution of Topographical Landscape Resources in Gyeryong National Park

    허철호 | YUN, Seong Taek | CHOI SEON-GYU and 2other persons | 2004, 42() | pp.1~1 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    In order to select topographical landscape resources with scientific and conservational values and to suggest for their sustainable development and efficient utilization, the characteristic features of topographical landscapes in the Gyeryongsan national park were systematically investigated and analyzed. about 140 topographical landscape resources were studied in the course of this study. Weathering topography is the most discovered type followed by river, mountain and tectonic topography in decreasing order. Among varieties of topographical landscapes, 10 outcrops are utilized as tourist resources and 9 outcrops are considered as valuable sites for scientific research. Topographical landscape resources for academic research are considered to have practical uses such as geomorphological fieldwork for students and theme tourism courses for the public.
  • 2.

    A Empirical Study on the Urban Flood Vulnerability by Urbanization Using Panel Data : In Case of Kyonggi Province

    최충익 | 2004, 42() | pp.2~2 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This Study aims to demonstrate urban flood vulnerability by urbanization using panel model in case of Kyonggi Province. The results of this research verify that for the past 32 years(1971-2002) the flood damages in Kyonggi province are primarily influenced by natural factors. At the same time, it is proved that urban flood damages have been increased with urbanization. On the other hand, the embankment, which was built to control flood in urban areas, have little effect on reducing urban flood damages. These results suggest that urbanization not be controlled, but the paradigm shift in flood control policy be necessary. Considering that urbanization has a negative effect on urban flood damages, hereafter urban areas should be developed in environmentally friendly ways. In conclusion, flood control policy should be executed being compatible with nature.
  • 3.

    A Statistical Technique for the Landscape Ecological Evaluation of the Mankyung River by River Naturalness

    Jae Hyun Rho | KIM SEI CHEON | 2004, 42() | pp.3~3 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The applicable availability and limits of this research which applies the river naturalness assessment system as evaluation technique about the river and its surrounded space having comparatively wide landscape region like Mangyung river are as follows. 1) The method and technique applied in this research is expected to give a effective objective in identifying landscape classification and suitability of landuse planning or landscape regional planning for conservation. 2) The significance of this research is in having attempted the landscape ecological method which deals with landscape structure and function, change in complementation with data treatment unit and in having recovered with the difficult limit by existing assessment of river naturalness. 3) It is verified that possible suitability of each ecological type and changeable use of interpreted characteristics about human activities is variable in planning ecological river in order to develope or conserve river landscape, and through this, development intensity and the arrangement of weight value fitting on purpose is possible. 4) It is identified that more reliable method development for landscape ecological evaluation of each river through data storage and systematic site survey method is possible. But, afterwards, it is considered that because the assessment variables established in this research are principally composed of variables related with visual landscape naturalness, more refined model through data variable complementation of living things of river data and water quality data etc., assessment of river naturalness by its original ecosystem is needed.
  • 4.

    Special Economic Zones in Transition Economies and its Implications for North Korea - based on the demand and supply of Special Economic Zones in Poland and China

    Lee, Sang Jun | Lee Sung Su | 2004, 42() | pp.4~4 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims at suggesting policy implications of special economic zones in transition economies for North Korea based on the lessons from the demand and supply of special economic zones. Two special economic zones of Poland and China are reviewed. In this study, the demand and supply of Special Economic Zones of Poland and China are defined as the main factors introducing policy implications for North Korea. Two cases provide a successful example of special economic zone, which has important implications for North Korea. Special economic zones in Poland and China were implemented as a policy tool to achieve the goals of attracting foreign investment. The Katowice special economic zone in Poland and Shenzhen special economic zone in China give some policy implications for North Korea as follows. First, investment demands of foreign companies must be considered as the most important factor for developing the special economic zones in North Korea. Second, the active role of the North Korean government is an important factor for the success of the special economic zones. The North Korean government must render a large financial assistance for the development of transport, energy and communication facilities in the special economic zones. North Korea has to be much more active in marketing special economic zones in addition to building up physical and institutional infrastructure. In order to attract foreign direct investment, it would be better to develop small and medium size industrial parks in the areas, where infrastructure is relatively well endowed, rather than large-scale special economic zones.
  • 5.

    An Analysis on the Local Industrial Linkages of Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) Companies in Korea

    Misook Cha | 2004, 42() | pp.5~5 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This article is aimed to analyze the local industrial linkage and localization of foreign direct investment companies in Korea. To accomplish this purpose, it analyzes the local industrial linkage, the employment effect and networking between FDI companies and regional social institutions, with an interview and questionnaire survey. The findings of this analysis are as follows. First, FDI companies are supplied materials less than their regions(15.2%) than from abroad(33.6%). Second, comparing with their purchase of materials within the regions, FDI companies are selling relatively much more products within the regions(42.4%). Theses patterns of local purchase and sales are closely connected with FDI companies' tendency to increase investment for the purpose of securing find a market. Third, all the FDI companies, which are located both in the capital and other regions, tend to work with institutions placed in the capital region in reference to the business service such as legal, accounting and tax matters. Fourth, the extent of technological transfer is limited. Fifth, the employment effect of the FDI companies is higher than that of other domestic companies in the manufacturing sector and regional employment effect is also high. An average of employment of FDI companies is 117 persons and the employment rate grows 4.6% than initial investment year. In addition, two-thirds of the surveyed FDI companies have cooperated with other domestic(subcontract) firms and one-third have had alliances with domestic firms. Interchanges between FDI companies and regional social institutions are few and are limited to mutual friendship. In Conclusion, the FDI companies in Korea can be classified to a "dependency model" in aspect of local industrial linkages and localization.
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  • 7.

    A Study on the Efficient Division of Public Finance for Stability of Housing Welfare

    Hyonsoo Lee | 2004, 42() | pp.7~7 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This study discusses how to divide efficiently the public finance for stability of housing welfare and there are three steps for the study. Firstly, the study shows that the mortgage loans between the NHF(National Housing Fund) and the KHFC(Korea Housing Finance Corporation) are not much different so that a role of the two corporations is duplicate. Secondly, the study suggests a new standard of government's housing support policies for the poor which adds an idea of down payment to the prior government's one and reviews government's housing support policies for the poor by using a new standard. Lastly, the study insists that the role of the two corporations should be divided accurately in the field of mortgage loan as well as the role of each department in the NHF should be divided adequately for stability of housing welfare.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Estimation of Seoul Apartment Price Index Using Spatiotemporal Autoregression Model

    Park, Heonsoo | Jung-Hoon Kim | 2004, 42() | pp.8~8 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    The estimation of the housing price index has mainly been studied in a traditional way of the regression analysis. When spatial and temporal effects are disregarded in the model, however, those effects lead to distort and mislead parameter estimates and statistical inference. This article addresses spatio-temporal autocorrelation in apartment price using OLS, temporal autoregressive model, spatial autoregressive model and spatio-temporal autoregressive model in 225 apartment complexes. Using 8,822 observations on apartment price in the southern Seoul from 1994 to 2003, this article demonstrates the substantial benefits obtained by modeling the spatial as well as the temporal dependence of the data. Specifically, the spatiotemporal autoregression with thirteen variables reduced root mean squares error (RMSE) by 71.6% relative to an indicator-based model with twenty-nine variables.
  • 9.

    Environmental Problems and Policy Issues in Korea

    김종기 | 2004, 42() | pp.9~9 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the current environmental conditions, identify the major causes for the environmental problems and recommend the policy issues for improving environmental performance in Korea. The environmental problems are chronic issues in Korea. During the last 4 decades, rapid industrialization and urbanization gave rise to severe environmental degradation. Korea has adopted and updated various kinds of policy measures to solve environmental problems. The main instruments are based on regulatory systems, such as emission/discharge permits, ambient environmental standards and the designation of zones where special conditions apply. In recent, Korea has added an array of economic instruments including emission charges, a deposit-refund system and a waste management discharge. Some progress is being made, but as yet there is no broad improvement of actual environmental quality. The challenge of future improving environmental performance in Korea lies in: I) expanding environmental infrastructure capacities to the desired level; 2) strengthening the integration of environmental concerns in sectoral and economic decision making; 3) enhancing the level of environmental technology and industries; 4) further integrating environmental concerns in national land development planning, and 5) assuming international environmental responsibilities commensurate with its level of economic development and continuing efforts towards ratification and implementation of international agreements.