The Korea Spatial Planning Review 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 1.23

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2005, Vol.45, No.

  • 1.

    A Study on Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Natural Protected Areas- Focusing on Review of Management Effectiveness Evaluation Tools -

    허학영 , Tongmahn Ahn | 2005, 45() | pp.3~21 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study were to check the current status of management effectiveness evaluation in protected areas, and to search for its introductory and useful methods. To identify the current state of management effectiveness evaluation in Korea, these were thoroughly reviewed in terms of legal status, some projects related to protected area management, and recent audit reports which had looked over the management status of natural protected zones here. And evaluation tools such as tacking tool were also examined to assess international evaluation trends and to detect some suggestions for introducing these devices. One of the research results included insufficient legal support for evaluation; the other problem was that current audits couldn't take stock of the effectiveness of protected area management systematically. In addition, three points were suggested by this study to improve the management of protected areas drawing on management effectiveness evaluation: 1) To make new legal clauses to promote management effectiveness evaluation 2) To develop the proper evaluation tool in Korea 3) To construct the adaptive management system.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Efficient Management of Rainwater

    Lee, Seungbok , 김광묵 | 2005, 45() | pp.23~40 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Korea has experienced serious flood damages caused by severe torrential rain and typhoons for last decade. Moreover, large cities recently have suffered not only rainwater overflow through sewages from paved space in the rainy season but also water shortage from drought and water abuse. The purpose of this study is to develop rainwater management including rainwater utilization facility, storage facility and infiltration facility. Especially, this study aims to improve the regulations and support system related rainwater. The finding and conclusions of this study are as follows. First of all, this study established a new paradigm which puts water utilization, flood control and environment together. Based on this concept, the regulations of rainwater are suggested to revise like that: the provisions early made by water law will expand the scope of application to national land plan law or make a new law for just rainwater management. On the other hand, Rainwater is very useful and environmental resource. However it has not been usually used by people in real life because of inconvenience and economic feasibility. Accordingly, this study suggests several support systems such as incentive allowance like tax and water-supply wage rate reduction and capacity release in building, offer low rate bank- loan and levy on water-supply use as well. Finally, the rainwater management is strongly required to work efficiently in cooperating the above outputs in concrete regulations.
  • 3.

    Analysis of Agglomeration Economies in Manufacturing Industries of Seoul Metropolitan Area

    Kim, Euijune , 이호민 , 박승규 | 2005, 45() | pp.41~58 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    The main purpose of this paper is to empirically analyse the economical efficiency of spatial concentration of economic activities and population into the Seoul Metropolitan Area(S.M.A). The translog cost function is used to estimate the differences of regional agglomeration economies of the employer density and geographic population density values and the categories of agglomeration economies are classified into urbanization economy, localization economy and economy of scale.The most part of S.M.A have had agglomeration economies and the northern part of S.M.A have had higher agglomeration economies than the southern part. Urbanization economies and economy of scale were found both in the northern and southern part whereas the localization economy only in the southern part of S.M.A. Finally, the agglomeration economies were decreasing in the more concentrated part, and in the less concentrated part of S.M.A more concentration produce larger agglomeration economies.
  • 4.

    A Institutional Study for Establishing the Effective Metropolitan Transportation Planning

    Lee Sang-Keon , Oh, Sungho , 정선영 | 2005, 45() | pp.59~73 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    To establish the metropolitan transportation policy effectively, the Special Act for Metropolitan Transportation Management should be revised. In this study we have reviewed existing the Special Act for Metropolitan Transportation Management and the necessity of revision of the law is provided. The major issues to be revised are as follows. The Metropolitan Transportation Plan should be planned as long-term plan to hold the equal rights with other legal plan. And transportation plans should be consolidated with three leveled plan to consider the metropolitan transportation establishments. At last, the ratio of national subsidy should be enhanced to be solved the financial difficulty of local government and the appointment criteria of inter city road and rail road should be established clearly.
  • 5.

    Analysis of Effects of Policy Networks on the Adoption and Diffusion of Policy Innovations-A Case of the Adoption of Electronic Toll Collection System-

    김성제 | 2005, 45() | pp.75~92 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Electronic Toll Collection System (ETCS) have characteristics of distributive policy providing users with transport services. In spite of this, diffusion of ETCS adopted as a policy innovation in mid 1990s in Korea was delayed for a long time within the policy implementing body. This study looks into the reasons behind the delay. With the question raised thus, this study undertook to analyze the effects of policy networks on the adoption and diffusion of ETCS as an innovation. Factors affecting the adoption and diffusion of ETCS were identified as the policy environmental factor and the policy network factor and analyzed accordingly as follows: As for the policy environmental factor, firstly, perception by poiicy makers on the seriousness of congestion on expressways had positive effects on the adoption of ETCS, but dependency on foreign technologies ensuing from lack of domestic technologies had negative effects on the diffusion of ETCS. As for the policy network factor, secondly, conflicting opinions among major parties involved, namely Korea Highway Corporation and the Ministry of Information and Communications, as well as differing positions on communications standards and instability in the network structure had negative effects on the diffusion of ETCS. The results of this study imply that the most important factor in successful adoption and diffusion of an innovation is for the government to design an incentive system by fully analyzing the interests of all concerned policy network members. Another finding of this study is that technical standards policies need to be implemented flexibly with due consideration given to levels of current technologies and future development of the technologies.
  • 6.

    A Suitability Analysis of Trip Distribution Models for Vehicular Movements on the Express Highway in Korea

    Cheong-Hyun Rho , 김재진 , 김태균 | 2005, 45() | pp.93~104 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The gravity models including the entropy maximization model has been applied to almost every trip distribution analyses between regions not only in passenger trips but also in freight movements. In this study, the gravity model and the intervening opportunity model are theoretically compared and empirically examined using TCS(Toll Collecting System) data of Korean Express Highway Company to show the suitability of the models. As a result, the intervening opportunity model is more suitable than the entropy maximization type gravity model in case of heavy truck movements which are usually used for long-distance shipment. This means that long-distance vehicular movements are influenced much more by the opportunities, which reflect the social and economic attractiveness, allowed in destination than by the travel costs to destination. In conclusion, this study suggests that different types of trip distribution models should be applied to estimate the interregional movements of heavy trucks and passenger vehicles.
  • 7.

    A Study on Land expropriation and compensation in China

    이영수 | 2005, 45() | pp.105~118 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Generally, people have a wrong understanding that socialist states do not have land expropriation and compensation system. However, after the building of new China in 1949, China has been a lot of laws concerning land expropriation and compensation. By the way, China has sped up the urbanization by rapid economic development. A process of urbanization, the government was in need of great developable land. In order to obtain urban land, the government has implemented various measures, including land expropriation. At present, China's land expropriation and compensation is carried out following the provisions of the related laws. But China's land expropriation and compensation has to improve in a great deal. In particular, compensation system needs an urgent readjustment in accordance with international standard. Providing an example of Korea's case makes it easier to understand China's system in this paper. In the process of the analysis, this paper has treated the subject and procedure of land expropriation for the first time. This paper attempts to clarify the problems of China's land expropriation and compensation system, and suggests that should improve them.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Preception of the Older's for the Introduction of the Reverse Mortgage System

    Seon-Jong Yoo , 구본영 | 2005, 45() | pp.119~143 | number of Cited : 29
    Abstract PDF
    Reverse mortgages offer seniors the ability to retain their personal and financial independence. Unlike a traditional mortgage that people make payments on each month, reverse mortgages provide payments to the older - in effect 'reversing' the direction of the mortgage payments. The overall populations of this country are aging and the number of elderly populations has been gradually increased. Aging society is on of the most representative demographic characteristics in Korea. National Pension that is an income security program to provide against loss or reduction of earnings ability mainly due to old age, however, is not enough to cover the living costs of elderly households and other financial systems for the elderly did not established. Therefore, the elderly people who are house rich but cash poor will meet some difficulties in obtaining the monthly living expenses and it will be deteriorated. The objectives of this paper are to suggest a new housing financial model for the Korean elderly through the income conversion of housing assets, and to analyze its potential demand by surveying elderly people living in Seoul Metropolitan. The result of survey shows that the elderly in Korea feel unsecure to their remaining life in terms of monthly income. They also do hesitate to inherit their housing and furthermore do not want to be supported by their grown sons. It means that the liquidation of elderly housing assets can significantly contribute to improve the income shortage of elderly households. Finally, This paper suggests that the reverse mortgage is one of the most feasible policy alternatives to solve the monthly income shortage of the Korean elderly.
  • 9.

    A Literature Review and Analysis on Problems of Mountain Systems in Korean Peninsula

    Kim Young Pyo , EunSun Im | 2005, 45() | pp.145~163 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    In general, Korean people tend to understand the national land as a whole entity for the first time while memorizing the name of the mountain ranges of the Korean peninsula. Meanwhile, the debates on the appropriateness of the Korean mountain range system have been ceaseless since the early 1980s. This study aims to indicate the problems of the current mountain range system and to prepare the correct mountain range map by analyzing the geographical features, the land shape, and the geological structure in a detailed, scientific way in order to close those debates. In order to achieve the best result of this study, a more in-depth analysis of all meaningful aspects and associated documentations was performed. Also, a database on the Korean cyber land shape and major mountains was constituted, and a diverse space analysis by the use of GIS method was attempted. In addition, according to the literature survey, a mountain range is a "land shape with mountain ridges that are continued in length, and their size and continuance become the criteria of mountain range classification." Thus, in this study, a space database was constituted by collecting a digital elevation model (DEM) of the basic land shape, built digital topographic model, in order to objectively analyze the features of mountain ranges. After analyzing the status of land shape and performing land shape modeling by the use of this space database, it was concluded that it was hard to accept the theory that the current mountain range system was established on the basis of geographic grounds.