On December 26, 2004, a strong earthquake hit Indonesia's Banda Atjeh area. It severly damaged countries around Indian Ocean, as well as some in Africa. Korea is not an exception for this kind of natural disaster. In fact, it routinely suffers from storms and floods, such as typhoon Rusa of August 2002 and typhoon Maemi of September 2003. Besides, earthquake occurs more frequently in the recent days.
Japan, exposed to many natural disasters as well, however, is not really vulnerable to serious damages. This is attributable to systematic preparation in urban planning aspects. In fact, Japan's systematic approaches to disaster management in urban planning just traces back to 1995, in which Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake was occurred.
On those backgrounds and goals, this research analyses Japanese urban planning case in four perspectives: policy, investigation, plan, and project. The research draws implications and conclusions on this analysis. As a conclusion, the article suggests two ways of disaster management into Korean urban planning: strengthening its institutional position and complementing its context.