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2005, Vol.46, No.

  • 1.

    Residents' Settlements, Length of Residence, Poisson Regression

    CHOI, YEOL | 임하경 | 2005, 46() | pp.1~17 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this paper is to explore the determinants of residents' settlements which are, at large, ignored rather than their research themes and concerns concentrate on the residential mobility by many researchers and planners. Poisson regression which has mostly used as method by count characteristics of data is employed for the excavation of correlations between objective length of residents' settlements and household characteristics, housing characteristics, neighborhoods characteristics on the basis of the community of Busan metropolitan city. The major findings are as follows; the variables to denote household in comparison with any other variables play a dominant role in the residents' settlements. Specially the older householders, lower income class and a single detached house's owners were likely to stay longer time at same place. Moreover residents who shared intimacy with neighborhoods and had their family within same community showed propensity to reside longer in their community. And it has shown that the determinants of the length of residence are a little different in accordance with the region's characteristics. The intimacy with their neighborhoods in Haeundae-Gu and Saha-Gu, the convenience on public service in Yeonje-Gu, and the solidarity with their family in Yongdo-Gu are more significant factors in the residents' settlements.
  • 2.

    Policy Suggestions for Encouraging the Conversion of Marginal Farmland to Forestland

    김재경 | SoEun Ahn | 2005, 46() | pp.3~20 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The policy interest in effective and environment-friendly management of idle farmland is growing recently, and, in particular, the conversion of marginal farmland to forest is receiving a great deal of attention as a policy option. For a successful implementation of conversion policy, however, the careful consideration on the legislative regulations on the conversion between farmland and forestland need to be proceeded. The purpose of this study is 1) to understand the legislative changes regarding the conversions of farmland and forestland under the land use zoning system, 2) to identify the barriers in converting farmland to forestland under the current zoning system, and 3) to derive some policy suggestions for the conversion of marginal farmland to forestland. We do not observe much conversions between farmland and forestland over the years and, in addition, discover that there have been few legislative obstacles in the conversion between farmland and forestland. This finding, we believe, is due to the fact that the most regulations have been focused to prevent farmland and/or forestland from converting to developed uses. Therefore, it is likely that the conversions between farmland and forestland have been affected by economic factors rather than the government regulations. Based on the our findings, we suggest some policies to facilitate the conversion to forestland. First, since the target of the policy is the marginal farmland, an effective instrument may be the policies that link current large- and/or small scale marginal farmland development projects to tree planting. Second, the direct economic incentives to landowners which induce voluntary afforestation may be one policy option. Lastly, different views on marginal farmland management between the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and Forest Service should be resolved for the most.
  • 3.

    Analysis of Coast Conflict Resolution through WiCoP in Foreign Coastal Area - Focused on Stakeholder's Participatory Process and Consensus Building -

    문장원 | Koo, Ja-Hoon | 2005, 46() | pp.21~40 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Coastal area is a specific area that contains different social elements and has various asking for the right to approach and use of resources and conflicts are occasionally happened. An effort was made in the meeting of United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio of Brazil in 1992: in relation to oceans and coasts, Intergrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) was considered necessary for continuable development of coasts and was asked to every country to include it in the plans of each country. Since Rio meeting, one of the worldwide activities was the effort for resolution of coast conflicts through Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development (WiCoP) that was initiated since 1998 by UNESCO. Therefore, in this study, in consideration of the examples of areas where conflicts were resolved through WiCoP, the kinds coast conflicts and examples of resolutions in protective coastal area such as urban and industrial costal areas, non-urban coastal areas, and marine park were analyzed focused on Participatory Process and Consensus Building. Through this analysis, it was intended to identify the indications helpful in the establishment of coast management plan that is to be established and executed in future in our country also.
  • 4.

    A Study on Measuring the efficiency of Management Service in Industrial Complex by Using DEA

    조영석 | 2005, 46() | pp.41~56 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    The management service in industrial complex is considered to be one of important factors to raise the competitiveness of industry up and make the welfare of employees better. In this regards, management service can be understood as a special kinds of public service having a characteristics of nonrival consumption and nonexclusion. This paper aims to measure the efficiency of management service in industrial complex by using DEA. DEA is evaluated to be a relevant analysis tool to measure the efficiency in public service. This paper uses CCR Model and BCC Model in DEA to measure the efficiency of management service in which we can know the technical efficiency level among DMU(Decision Making Unit), pure technical efficiency, scale efficiency and so on. According to analysis result, the efficiency level marks low in both CCR model and BCC model. In case of CCR model, the efficiency score is 35.5 averagely and In BBC model the score 57.0. And in detail, Seoul Digital and Kwangju are evaluated as effective DMU in both Model. Therefore these effective DMUs can be peer group on which others ineffective DMU can refer in producing the management service. Behind the back, Ulsan, Yeosu, Deabul as ineffective DMU are necessary to be improved in doing management service. And Shiwha and Asan DMU is necessary to rearrange the scale of management service in that these units has scale of inefficiency. In case of ineffective DMU, we can consider job training, work process improvement, organization structure rearrangement as a relevant way to get the efficiency in management service up.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Positioning of Convention Destination

    Si Joong KIm | 2005, 46() | pp.57~74 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the image similarity, attribute recognition and preference of 5 convention destinations, which include Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Daejeon and Jeju. The results suggested that Daejeon and Daegu were in the similar image, but Seoul, Jeju and Busan have different images. In terms of the attribute recognition, Seoul is the most competitive out of 6 attributes including convention operation attribute. Jeju has a competitive ability about convention operation attribute, but weakness appeared in the attributes of destination environment and accessibility. Daejeon showed a strength of accessibility and environment, but showed a weakness of convention facilities and operation. Finally, as a result of preference, all staffs related to convention preferred Seoul as a convention destination, followed by Jeju, Busan, Daejeon and Daegu.
  • 6.

    The Implications and Policy Suggestions of Nonprofit Housing Organization in Advanved Countries

    CHun, Hyeonsook | 2005, 46() | pp.75~98 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Activities of NPOs (nonprofit housing organizations) have long history in western society and are getting activate after 80s. Nonprofit housing organizations are defined as organizations operate on private base, don't distribute profit, which is earned by their activities, and work for public interest. Among the NPOs, NHOs (nonprofit housing organizations) are especially concentrated on provision, distribution, and management of housing. NHOs have some merits. For example they can complement government's activities, and they can show nonprofit characteristics, spontaneousness and can respond housing needs of low-income class. Recently, the characteristics of housing problem have changed to affordability from increasing of housing provision. In addition, solution is also diversified as housing needs are getting diversified. Therefore, NHOs can be rise as an alternative subjects in housing policy. The purpose of this article is to examine the history of NHOs in advanced countries and its implication. Through this examination, we can pursue the direction of the development of NHOs in Korea.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Improve Efficiency of Land Use in Deteriorated Residential Area

    Cheong Woo-Hyung | 2005, 46() | pp.115~132 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Most of deteriorated residential areas that consisits of individual house and multi-story house are facing problems such as deterioration in these, shortage in urban facilities, high density and unplanned development. The main purpose of this study is to legal outline the restructuring of the deteriorative houses in deteriorated residential areas. This study has five parts including the introduction and conclusion. The second part legal reviews the urban development project, the housing redevelopment and reconstruction, the rehabilitation except for the project of the residential environment and the urban environment from a legal point of view. The third part describes the problems to adopt these projects on the small-scale areas. The fourth part proposes for efficiency of land use and improvement of environment in deteriorated residential areas as follows. 1) There is a need for the survey of small and restricted land in deteriorated residential areas. 2) There is a need to mitigate and financial support for the restructuring of individual house. 3) There is a need to approve small-scale restructuring to promote the restructuring of the deteriorative houses. 4) There is a need to expand for the urban planning projects. 5) There is a need for the application of air rights and the examination of japanese system that tranfer floor area ratio in deteriorated residential areas.
  • 8.

    A Study on National Economic Impact of Housing Site Development - Focusing on the Housing Site Developed by Korea Land Corporation-

    Kyoung Woo | 2005, 46() | pp.133~149 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study are to measure the economic impact of housing site development by Input-Output Analysis and evaluate the contribution of Korea Land Corporation on the national economy due to the development of housing site. Based on the Input-Output model, production inducement coefficient, import inducement coefficient, value added inducement coefficient and employment inducement coefficient of housing site development are measured. As a result, when 1 unit of Korean Won is put into the housing site development as exogenously investment in Korea, it was measured that the production inducement impact of overall industry is 1.5034 Korean Won, import inducement impact is 0.9745 Korean Won and value added inducement impact is 1.0190 Korean Won. It was analyzed that every 1 trillion Korean Won is invested in housing site development independently, the 17.8705 jobs will be created in Korea. As of February 28, 2005, Korea Land Corporation are developing the 36 housing sites and will invest 2,077trillion Korean won for these sites. By multiplying the coefficients to the 2,077trillion Korean Won, the 36 housing site development cost of Korean Land Corporation, it was measured the 3,123.1trillion Korean Won of production inducement impact, 1,253.4 trillion Korean Won of import inducement impact and 2,024.7trillion Korean Won will occur due to 36 housing site developments by Korea Land Corporation. Also, it was measured that 37,117 job will be created due to 36 housing site developments by Korea Land Corporation.