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2006, Vol.50, No.

  • 1.

    Impacts of Land Use Changeon Discharge Regime and Water Qualityin a Small Watershed

    Sangjun Kang | Changwoo Ahn | 2006, 50() | pp.3~18 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    근래 미국에서는 각 지방 행정기관의 토지이용구역(Zoning) 및 우수관리 조례 (Stormwater Management Ordinance)에 의거 하천 녹지대가 광범위하게 입안 및 시행되어지고 있다. 하천 녹지대는 지표면에 존재하는 유출(Surface Runoff) 과 비점오염(Nonpoint Source Pollution)의 지반 흡수를 통해 하천의 수질 보호와 홍수의 주요소인 유출량 감소를 목적으로 하는 하나의 토지이용 기법으로 받아들여지고 있다. 이 논문은 소유역의 토지이용 변화에 따른 하천 유량과 수질의 변화에 관한 내용을 다루고 있다. 분석 방법으로는, Hydrological Simulation Program Fortran(HSPF) 프로그램을 사용하여 미국 일리노이 시카고시와 인접한 한 유역을 선정, 모형을 하였다. 하천 유량과 수질변화 분석을 위해서는 다음 두 종류의 토지이용계획이 모형 되었다: 1) 현재 토지 이용계획으로서 기존의 하천 녹지대를 포함한 농지 중심의 토지이용, 2) 예측된 토지 이용계획으로서 보존된 하천 녹지대를 포함한 도시화된 토지이용. 하천 녹지대를 포함하는 도시화의 영향을 나타내는 지표로서 다음 두 가지가 분석되었다: 1) 홍수 방지 실효성의 지표로서 지표 유출량(Surface Runoff), 2) 비점오염 실효성 지표로서 질산염 (Nitrate)과 인산염(Orthophosphate). 분석된 결과는 다음과 같다. 예측된 토지 이용계획은 현재 계획과 비교해 볼 때, 더 많은 양의 지표 유출량을 나타내고 있으나, 두 계획 간의 질산염과 인산염의 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 이를 통해 다음 두 가지 사실을 유추할 수 있다 : 1) 기존 하천 녹지대의 보존만으로는 도시화에 따라 증가하는 지표 유출을 적절히 대처 할 수 없으며, 도시화가 되는 만큼, 하천 녹지대의 크기 역시 증가되어져야 한다 2) 하천에 인접해야 하는 위치적인 특성을 고려해 볼 때, 하천 녹지대의 보존이 지표 유출과 비점오염 흡수에 대한 충분한 기법이 아닐 수도 있다. 따라서 효과적인 지표 유출 및 비점오염 흡수를 위해서, 하천 주변에만 의존하기 보다는 전반적인 도시 유역 내에 입지 할 수 있는 다른 형태의 토지이용 기법 및 개발방식에 관한 연구가 필요하다.
  • 2.

    The Challenge of Postmodernism andan Inquiry of Alternative Planning Theory

    Kim, Heungsoon | 2006, 50() | pp.19~38 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigates whether ‘postmodernist planning’ can exist in actuality although much literature insists on the existence and the necessity. This study discusses the general concept and meaning of postmodernism in order to discuss the meaning of ‘postmodernist planning’. Based on the discussion, this study examines whether ‘postmodernist planning’ can exist. This study finds out that the concept of postmodernist planning is simply fabricated logically and practically. Nevertheless, this study suggests that contemporary planning should adopt some sound aspects of the postmodern approach. What to follow is the visions to be adopted from postmodernism: justice, diversity, difference, democracy, information, environment, openness and flexibility, decentralization and market.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Analysis of the Causes of Declining and the Plan for the Vitalization of Non-Growing Type Cities

    Jang Hee Soon | 송상열 | 2006, 50() | pp.39~58 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study are to analyze the actual state of 84 non-growing type cities and to derive the facing tasks and to identify the vitalization plan based on this analysis. Through questionnaire survey conducted for the target of the public officials engaged for a long time in the municipal plans and regional community developments, the problems which the non-growing type cities are currently facing with are identified as (1) continuous outflow of population (especially the outflow of economically active population), (2) aging phenomena, (3) shortage of job, (4) weak educational and cultural base, (5) urban economic and industrial lag and (6) fiscal shortage due to industrial lag. As a consequence, the plans to vitalize such non-growing type cities are as follows: Firstly, the improvement of living environment and settlement circumstances are necessary. Secondly, the creation of job opportunity is absolutely necessary in order to enhance the quality of urban citizens living through reducing the outflow of population and improving urban environment. Thirdly, systematic administrative and financial supports should be implemented and there should be aggressive adjustment or mitigation of control and regulations to induce development while measures for tax adjustment should be taken to enhance financial self-sufficiency. Fourthly, various projects for regional vitalization which Government has been driving should be implemented focusing on non-growing type cities. In order to activate this, various supports for the cities should be expanded.
  • 4.

    A Study on Characteristics of Urban Area Consumer's Decisionfor Choosing Shopping Place: The Case of Metropolitan Area(Masan, Changwon and Jinhae)

    손상락 | 이성용 | 2006, 50() | pp.59~76 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study is trying to analyze the customer behavior in a metropolitan area(Masan, Changwon, and Jinhae) based on survey. The validity and reliability test of survey data was founded to be significant. The study identifies five main decision factors of choosing shopping place out of twenty one variables. They are facility, commodity, additional value, accessibility and convenience. These five factors are applied to 4 different types of commercial facilities(department store, warehouse store, small and medium size discounter and traditional store) and different areas(Masan, Changwon, Jinhae and Jangyu) using ANOVA and Duncan Test. The study shows that commodity was considered as important by the customers of department store, large-scale discount store and mid & small size discount store in order. Convenience was considered as important for department store and large-scale discount store in order, accessibility was considered as important for mid & small size discount store, additional value was considered as important for department store, large-scale discount store. Facility was considered as the most important by the customers of department store. As for the decision factors for different areas, convenience, accessibility and commodity were relatively important in Masan, Changwon area, but those three factors were not important in Jinhae and Jangyu area. It is because Masan and Changwon have more department stores and large-scale discount stores than Jinhae and Jangyu. Therefore, it is necessary to build more department store and large-scale discount stores in Jinhae and Jangyu or improve the accessibility to those stores in Masan and Changwon.
  • 5.

    Understanding Quality of Life in Seoul 2000

    박종순 | 2006, 50() | pp.77~92 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Over the past few decades, interest in quality of life(QOL) has dramatically increased. QOL geography helps to detect deprived areas and subsequently contribute to the development of policy to improve the life of citizens. With this in mind, this study focuses on creating and mapping a multiple deprivation index for Seoul in 2000, using the variables related to the environment, socio-economic status and poverty. The environmental variables include the percentage of built-up areas and vegetation index. The demographic, and socio-economic indicators include population density, local-tax, the number of hospitals, and the number of cars. The poverty indicators include the number of social‐welfare recipients and the handicapped. Principle component analysis is used to integrate these variables into one final index of QOL. The produced loading scores of the first three components, whose eigenvalues are greater than 1, are assigned to a ward(Dong) level boundary map to detect the deprived areas. Subsequently, the final index of QOL is produced by combining the three standardized values of loading scores. Overall, this study is significant as it identifies pockets of deprivation that can subsequently be targeted to minimize spatial inequality by the way of improving the allocation of limited resources.
  • 6.

    Parameter Calibration of Gravity ModelConsidering Future Travel Patterns

    LIMYONGTAEK | KIMSANGGU | 2006, 50() | pp.93~104 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This paper presents a parameter calibration method for gravity model. Among the several methods such as Fratar method, entropy maximization method and growth factor method in trip distribution step of conventional travel demand forecasting process, the gravity model has been widely used in real fields because it may describe the travel behaviors of users in more detail. Most existing methods, however, rely on the current data for calibrating the parameters in gravity model, which implicitly assumes that the current travel pattern would be kept for the future. But this assumption is unrealistic because the travel pattern may be changeable as the time goes. To cope with such limit, we propose a parameter calibration method, which contains the future travel patterns in the calibration process. A mathematical formulation and its solution method are presented. A numerical example is also given.
  • 7.

    Relation between Transportation Cost and Housing Cost of Household according to Accessibility to Facilities in Hamburg

    Kim, Sung Gil | 2006, 50() | pp.105~124 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Where one lives and how one gets around is not just a lifestyle, but it is also a financial decision. The saving cost of transportation in areas with better accessibility to public transport is a intrinsic value of high real estate price, whereas costs of owning and operating car in sprawl areas with low land value should be requested much more than in other areas. The purpose of this study is to estimate the relation between transportation and shelter costs according to accessibility to public transport. The residential areas in Hamburg are categorized according to level of public transport and other service facilities. The costs of owning and operating car in each residential area are calculated on the base of the household automobile ownership and usage analysed through the actual survey. The costs for homeownership through Mortgage lending are calculated on the base of real estate prices in the same areas. The result of this empirical analysis shows that the high cost of housing are offset by the low transportation cost in the efficient public transportation neighborhoods in Hamburg. This analysis finds the efficient location of residential area, which economize energy consume and makes household actual transportation cost saving possible. The result of the analysis can be used as a tool for influencing home locaion choice towards public transportaion corridors.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Deciding Cause of Choosing Reverse Mortgage: Analysis on the Feature of Reverse Mortgage User

    KIM SUN JU | Seon-Jong Yoo | 2006, 50() | pp.125~146 | number of Cited : 34
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, the elderly population is increasing in Korea and so public (tenure) Reverse Mortgage will be executed by a government. So it is demanded that the analysis of a foreign case and the study of the interior private Reverse Mortgage. This study analyzed the feature of private(Shinhan Bank) Reverse Mortgage user from 2004. 5 to 2005. 12. The main purpose of this study is to study on deciding the cause of choosing Reverse Mortgage. For this study, the feature of Reverse Mortgage user was analyzed. This paper is applied the public Reverse Mortgage policy plane. The result of the features of Shinhan Bank Reverse Mortgage user is same as this. User's main ages is 60~79, and family numbers is 1~2. The main type of a security house is Apt. The size of a security house is obtained the highest number under 30 pyeong, and the main appraisal price of a security house is 100 million~300 million won. User lived mainly in Seoul, the user's primary monthly payment is 500 thousand~1 million won. User contracted chiefly during 10 years. Multiple regression analysis is composed that dependent variable is the contract period, and independent variable is the user's features. The result of the multiple regression analysis showed that those with car, those with a life partner, lower family number, those with a self -management, higher security house appraisal price, lower lending finance organ number, monthly payment, lower payment period(one month) were more likely to have higher contract period (total payment frequencies).
  • 9.

    A Study on Improving Cadastre System and Cadastre-related Lawsfor Introducing 3D Cadastre

    Kim, Yun Ki | 이상범 | 2006, 50() | pp.147~162 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Currently, Korea uses 2D cadastre to register ownerships rights, land category, land values and other land information. In the past, this was sufficient enough to give correct information about land and other property. But in cases of 3D use of space, the traditional 2D cadastre is not able to reflect the exact information about 3D uses. So land administrators in Korea have lots of difficulties providing high quality cadastral services. Therefore, in this study authors try to review current Korean cadastre-related laws and cadastre systems and provide policy alternatives for introducing 3D cadastre. In order to achieve this purpose, this study on 3D cadastre adopted the following methods. Firstly, this study reviewed current Korean cadastre-related laws and cadastre systems. Secondly, this paper provided needs for a 3D cadastre in Korea. Thirdly, this article suggested policy alternatives for improving current cadastre system. Policy alternatives for improving current cadastre system have been suggested from the two different points of views. Firstly, from the systemic point of view, we suggested ways of integrating Cadastre and Property Registry for the purpose of introducing 3D cadastre. Secondly, from the legal point of view, we tried to define underground land ownership exactly. However, accurate land information is crucial to the successful implementation of 3D cadastre. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that the National Cadastral Resurvey Plan should be made and implemented in order to introduce 3D cadastre.
  • 10.

    A Study on Economic Development Expenditureat Non-Metropolitan Area in Korea

    BeungKy Oh | 2006, 50() | pp.163~180 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract PDF
    Local public expenditure of non-metropolitan(and Non-Capital) areas have been different from metropolitan(and Capital) areas. In other words, non-metropolitan areas have been much weight on the Economic Development Expenditure of total local public expenditure. Because local income and local public finance of these areas have been a low level, it is necessary to use local Economic Development Expenditure as efficiently as possible in order to grow its local economy. This thesis analyzes that which of local Economic Development Expenditure is more efficient and elastic for local economy's growth. According to the result of analysis, Industry & Economy Expenditure(which supported primary industry) have been more efficient than Regional Development Expenditure(which supported secondary and tertiary industry), from a standpoint of elasticity for local economic growth and in terms of lags. Therefore, to boost local economy and local income, the local governments of non-metropolitan area should increase the ratio of Industry & Economy Expenditure rather than Regional Development Expenditure.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Range and Standard of the Business LossCompensation for Noise and Vibration Damage

    최제호 | YoungKi Moon | 2006, 50() | pp.181~198 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    What is most urgent in relieving damage, is setting the scope and standards for the compensation to facilitate the damage relief from the business loss. The problems are firstly, due to the atypical nature of the damage from noise or vibration, it is hard to set the scope of the compensation. Secondly, when judging the causal relationships, it is difficult to obtain probability, and to tell who is responsible for the verification. Thirdly, the standards for the existing damage relief from the acceptable level of noise or vibration is different from that under the noise/vibration-related regulations. Forth, the standards for calculating the compensations do not consider the position of the victim. Lastly, since these scopes or standards are not legally binding, they lack consistency and impartiality. To solve these problems, firstly, the scope of compensation should be set even if it is limited, in the beginning, to the buildings and livestock losses that are highly frequent among expected property losses. Secondly, the proof of the causal relationships should be made in the way in which the victim proves the probability and the harmer proves the absence of the causal relationships. Thirdly, the standards for the acceptable level should be improved and unified into one, considering the dB of noise and vibration, regional characteristics, distance from the source of the noise or vibration, the added weight of the circumstances of the victim, etc. Forth, the standards for the compensation calculation should include the difference in value from the previous objects, and as for buildings, the difference in the actually spent construction cost should be also included in the compensation for newly built ones. Fifth, the scope and standards of damage should be regulated as an Act and added to the Clause stipulating the compensation for the outside of the business site.
  • 12.

    Effects of Household Characteristics on Social Mixin Public Housing Program

    Kim Ju Young | 한정희 | 2006, 50() | pp.199~215 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Although social mix program is an useful instrument to cure social exclusion in public rental housing, the focus of previous studies limited to physical aspects of the program. So the purpose of this study was to find out factors determining household acceptance about the social mix program. For this purpose, the researchers developed a multinomial logit model using a survey data. Among the variables relating to household preference, four groups of variables were selected, and the significance of the variables was tested. The results of analysis showed that age of household head, education level of household head, and housing type were significant factors for the acceptance of social mix program. The results of this study can be utilized for public agencies planning social mix programs.