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2007, Vol.52, No.

  • 1.

    An Analysis of Production-Driven Effects fromThree Free Economic Zones in Korea

    Chuhwan Park | Kim, Euijune | 신동진 | 2007, 52() | pp.3~16 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analysis for the regional-industrial production-driven effects from the three free economic zones that government have established in the year 2003 for the East-Asia oriented business in the future. By inputting the year 2006’s budget in the analytical I/O system as a base input factor, the regional-industrial production-driven effect for the free economic zones is about to increasing by 1.8~2.5 twice as many, and the effect happens to the original region of each economic free zones and is lowly related with other industries due to the initial state of the business. However, the most strong effects in the three free economic zones go to the construction, real estate, and steel industry sector because of the beginning state of the infrastructure. We infer from the analytical results that the economic effects of the three free economic zones with other industries will be enlarge in the few years when the government including local representative increases the government budget as well as draws the foreign direct investments from other countries and global firms.
  • 2.

    Policy Suggestion for Integrated Regional Development Schemesfrom the Viewpoint of New Public Management

    우윤석 | 2007, 52() | pp.17~38 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Although there have been various kinds of regional development and subsidy programs of central government for lagged regions, it has been pointed out that collective effectiveness level is low due to the lack of integration system and inefficient distribution of subsidy budgets. Also, it has been said that lagged regions themselves could not accumulate their internal capability to escape from their poverty, who have been tamed by external subsidy from the central government. Fortunately, as Participatory Government is strongly driving national balanced development policy, necessity of integrated and efficient regional development policy is being highlighted again nowadays. The problem is that there is no practical solution suggested at the moment to achieve regional development program integration. This study tried to suggest policy directions and detailed process for successful integration of regional development schemes based on the framework of New Public Management, which is widely suggested as a theoretic background of governmental innovation and market based entrepreneurial government. From the theoretic analysis, some implications, such as competition of regional development programs, choice of local government and their customer satisfaction, and necessity of institutionalization, are derived. Based on the mechanism of NPM, policy suggestions are derived with the respects of; necessity of diagnosis for local capacity and capability; process for integrating regional development programs; total evaluation framework for performance review and feedback. We believe that this study can give exploratory policy implication and future direction for the integration of regional development programs.
  • 3.

    A Comparative Study on the Role of the Primate Cityin a Metropolitan Region in Korea

    권창기 | 정현욱 | 2007, 52() | pp.39~58 | number of Cited : 31
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the spatial configuration of the selected Korean metropolitan regions with special reference on functional linkage between the core city and the periphery. The selected cases consist of Seoul Metropolitan Region, Busan-Ulsan Metropolitan Region, and Daegu Metropolitan Region. The rationale behind such a spatial analysis on the Korean metropolitan region is that the recent change of functional linkage between core and periphery in a metropolitan region is not appropriately taken account into the existing configuration of a metropolitan plan. More specifically, the periphery of Seoul Metropolitan Region is dependent upon the core city in terms of employment, where Seoul plays predominant role in the metropolitan region with regards to employment and other urban activities. Yet, other two core metropolitan cities, Busan and Daegu, in which Job Dependency Rate(JDR) in the periphery is to great extent less than Job Occupancy Rate(JOR) from the core, suffer the loss of comparative advantage in metropolitan economy, only taking the leading edges in urban service.
  • 4.

    A Study on Efficient Planning and Application MethodsPublic Facility Complex

    이춘희 | Lee,Joo-Hyung | 2007, 52() | pp.59~74 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    The concept of public facility complexation is presented as an alternative to solve the problem of insufficiency in quantity and quality of public facilities. The purpose of this study is to propose the most efficient and systematic ways to build public facility complex by analysing planning methods and to apply those to the new multi-functional administrative city in Korea. In general, public facility complexes enable local governments to manage budget with more efficient way due to its intensive land use. However, if regional and community specialties are not carefully considered in the building process of public facility complexes, they could be neglected by the local residents and public services might not be properly delivered. Thus, it is strongly needed to review related laws and regulations and suggest ideal planning methods based on foreign case studies and previous literature study regarding public facility complexes. The study, therefore, suggests ideal planning methods in terms of building public facility complexes to make more vital the community, especially in the multi-administrative citiy. This study suggests that enough supports from related government departments and adequate role division between public and private sector must be preceded as well.
  • 5.

    A Study on Sense of Value for Residential Environment andHousing Pattern Preferences of the Gangbuk Newtown Project Residents

    Jungmin Choi | 2007, 52() | pp.75~94 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Despite the fact that Seoul has a conceptual aim of balancing development among the Gangnam and Gangbuk, it lacks in providing a clear image of the development and in reflecting the residents’ preference for the overall focus of the Newtown project. The research thus pursues what is to be expected of the project and what the ideal picture for a housing environment like Gangnam might be. Specifically this study analyzes the evaluation of residential environment satisfaction, the expectation toward the Newtown project, the impression of the Gangnam(the southern part of Seoul), the sense of lifestyle values and housing pattern preferences, based on the survey of the Gangbuk Newtown project residents. The result includes that the householders implicitly stated that their concern is to elevate house values rather than to improve the residential circumstance in the Newtown project, while the leaseholders stated it explicitly. There are two classification, those Group A tending to ‘The pastoral, the house and low-rise’, Group B tending to ‘The center of city, the apartment and the high-rise’, based on the analysis of the residents’ sense of lifestyle values. The Group A has very negative impressions, such as ‘unnatural, dark and ugly etc’, of the Gangnam, on the other hand the Group B has a city orie」nted inclination, such as ‘complex, convenient and wealthy etc’. Also the Group A preferred the low-rise apartments, which are luxury-villas, town houses and terrace houses etc, while the Group B preferred the city high-rise apartments, which are mixed use, tower and studio apartments.
  • 6.

    An Analysis of the Influence of Autonomous District Reconstructionon the Property Tax: Focused on Gangnam-gu Jurisdiction

    고재풍 | YoungKi Moon | 2007, 52() | pp.95~112 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The object of this study lies on revealing the clues that would find the reasons and factor making the autonomous district reconstruction effective. Focused on Gangnam -gu, this research attempts a dense breakdown of the property tax revenue from 17 reconstructions completed after late 1990’s. The simple comparations of a taxation amount will be substituted for the ration comparation of property tax by project, household, unit area of taxation, unit area of the site and corrected datum on GDP because of the blank of taxation. The results of this study is as follows; generally reconstruction makes property tax revenue ratio on the total housing property tax income increase by 2.6 times. The ration tends to decrease over the time. But, it still remains higher than that of before reconstruction. These are led from the fluctuation of average area of housing, increasing ration of household, floor spacing index and the change of structure.
  • 7.

    A Study on Revision Directions of Transportation Planning Laws

    황상규 | Hyungun Sung | 2007, 52() | pp.113~130 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study’s aim is not only to address some problems of transportation laws related to planning and management, but also to suggest some effective ways to improve the laws of the transportation planning system so that these problems can be resolved. After identifying four problems of transportation planning systems regulated by these laws, this study suggests an integration of laws to improve transportation planning system. Many transportation plans mandated by individual laws need to be integrated into three new laws such as the Basic Transportation Law(BTL), the Transportation Planning and Management Law(TPML), and the Transportation Facility Construction and Management Law(TFCML). The BTL does not only describe basic ideologies that help establish many transportation plans, but also enact the relationship and coordination among them. Many transportation plans at specific levels of facilities or spaces regulated by individual laws that are integrated into the other two laws at the space and facilities level. The TPML for the construction and management construction and management law while another planning law is partially revised considering the problems that this project identified.
  • 8.

    Defining the Spatial Extent of Subway Catchment Areasin the Metropolitan Areas Using SP and RP Data

    KIM, JAE-HONG | Lee Seung Il | Shinhae Lee | 2007, 52() | pp.131~148 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    To the traditional concept of TOD this research investigates a possibility to increase potential transit riders by applying connecting modes at trip end such as feeder bus and taxi. Such modes can also bring the residents living not in a walkable distance to the transit facilities. This additional concept is necessary particularly in the areas, which are located in the outskirts of a large city like Seoul. For this purpose the research accomplished two main tasks. First, the maximum accessing time to a subway station using the modes and the relationship between accessing time and subway ridership was investigated using revealed preference survey from 500 respondents of six sample areas in Seoul, Korea. Secondly, the research estimated the elasticities of travel time and cost to connecting modes, using a conjoint analysis based on the stated preference survey from the same respondents. From the results the actual spatial extent of subway catchment areas can be defined; the subway catchment areas using feeder buses were three or four times larger than those by walk. At the same time reducing travel time and cost for connecting modes can also cause the increase of subway ridership. The choice model of trip-end modes confirmed that enhancing the conditions for pedestrians can also promote the usage of the subway. The results of the research can be applied not only for the policies of TOD but also for the evaluation of sustainable transport polices such as traffic calming and new bus lines in terms of the subway ridership.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Application of Volume Ratio in Logistics Facilities

    Kim, Gyeong Seok | 2007, 52() | pp.149~160 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The first purpose of the study is to enable the reasonable height control of large urban facilities by applying the volume ratio. The second purpose is to support reasonable measurement system of load and land demand by applying the volume on basic unit of various impact-assessments. It is proved that the volume ratio makes it possible to do realistic measurement of load and reasonable control for the facilities that keep excessive height over average. The first alternative is demonstrated application for logistics facilities such as storage houses and distribution centers and expanding it to other facilities such as cultural and athletics facilities. In the other hand, it can be also applied for logistics & commercial areas and industrial areas. In addition, 3.5m is proposed as a standard of story height for application of the volume ratio with a range between 2.0 and 6.0. This study also proposes a new volume-based basic unit for the calculation of freight generation. The volume ratio is not a new regulation but a more realistic and reasonable tool to set up a standard for the facilities those keep excessive story height. This study is an initiative and basic research that needs continuous and supplementary studies.
  • 10.

    Development of Integrating Signal Control Modelfor Urban Freeway Off-ramp Area

    임광수 | 2007, 52() | pp.161~176 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The traffic condition in Off-ramp of urban freeway is quite influenced by the traffic situation of urban street. Increased traffic volume on the urban streets affects the volume of exiting traffic, and the queue on the off-ramp in turn affects the main stream of freeways. Therefore it is needed to develop control strategy in order to maximize the capacity of urban freeway off-ramps, thereby maintain the main stream volume. This model which minimize the total delay times on the urban freeway off-ramp by adjusting the traffic signal of the urban street which the ramp are located in between, with conditions of traffic volume, length of the link, signal interval, queue length. As we test this model with different traffic volume, it is evaluated that we can maximize the capacity of the traffic volume on the off-ramp by taking elastic green time based on the traffic volume of the advancing intersection. The simulated test on this control model clearly shows increased traffic volume on both off-ramp and urban street compared to non-controlled or previous control model, specially our control model minimizes the average delay times and therefore helps increasing the efficiency of off-ramp. In conclusion, it is studied that the urban freeway main stream traffic capacity could be increased by minimizing the influence of the traffic on the out-ramps through off-ramp control model that we propose.
  • 11.

    3D Digital Image Mapping of the Terrain UsingAirborne Laser Scanning Data, Aerial Photos and 2D Digital Maps

    LeeJaebin | 배환성 | Kiyun Yu | 2007, 52() | pp.177~192 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The development of the digital mapping techniques, computing devices and internet services has fostered a growing interest in 3D digital mapping of the terrain. Especially, a 3D digital image map can be helpful in that it offers the reality and solidity of the terrain. In this paper, a step-by-step algorithm was presented to create a 3D digital image map using ALS data, aerial photos and 2D digital maps. First, discrepancies in ALS data strips were detected and adjusted. Second, to represent ALS data, aerial photos and 2D digital maps in a common reference frame, they were co-registered using linear features. Then, with co-registered dataset, the ortho-photo was generated. Finally, the 3D digital image map was created by overlapping the ortho-photo, 2D digital maps and DEM generated from ALS data. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is effective in 3D digital image mapping of the terrain. Future research will focus on the automation of the proposed algorithm, including tasks such as extracting linear features from dataset and matching these features. In addition, it is important to represent 3D objects such as buildings, roads and etc, on the 3D digital image map.
  • 12.

    A Study on Priorities of u-City Services Using Weighted Model

    Jeong WooSoo | Byung Sun Cho | 2007, 52() | pp.193~214 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    This paper was to increase understanding on the u-City as a new industry in the upcoming ubiquitous era and drew priorities for promising services for the activation of services provided by u-City with consistency. And by reviewing precedent papers and references regarding u-City, it drew proper criteria to select priorities and evaluated u-City services with weighted model; marketability/attractiveness, feasibility, discrimination competence and etc. were figured out as main criteria and resulted priorities among u-City services for public, corporate and personal service segment. Research results derive public security, crime prevention, and security as prospect service for public segment; telecommunication, broadcasting, publishing, and physical distribution service for corporate segment; education and home-service for private segment. This research contributes to analyze priorities of prospects service for u-City activation with weighed value, which increased objectivity. And government and related organizations can utilize research result for introducing ubiqutious information technologies.