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2007, Vol.54, No.

  • 1.

    Regional Governance and Council of Governments(COG) in the United States: Implications of ISTEA/CAAA

    최현선 | 최성연 | 2007, 54() | pp.3~22 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    미국의 도시 및 지역계획체계는 교외화와 함께 분권화되고 다기화된 정치의 틀 속에서 발전하여 왔다. 광역도시권의 형성과 발전은 교통혼잡과 대기오염의 상호 연계성으로 인해 더욱 도전을 받고 있다. 미국의 현행 광역도시계획은 정부 간의 협력을 증진시키고자 하는 노력의 결과로 볼 수 있다. 1990년과 1991년에는 미국에 새로운 교통과 대기정화에 관련한 법들이 수정되면서 새로운 광역계획 수립과정이 도입되었다. 본 연구의 목적은 1990년대 초 교통과 대기정화 관련법의 도입에 따른 제반 계획여건의 변화를 미국 남가주의 실제 광역도시계획의 수립과정에 어떠한 영향을 미쳤는지 검토하는 데 있다. 또한 이 연구를 통해 현재 논의되고 있는 한국의 광역행정에 대한 사례를 제공하고자 한다. 미국 남가주지역의 광역도시계획에서는 여러 가지 영향이 감지되고 있다. 특히, 남가주지역 내의 제반 정부기관 간의 협력증대로 인하여 광역도시계획이 더욱 협력적이고 참여적인 형태로 변화하고 있다는 점이다. 아마도 가장 성공적인 측면으로는 광역도시계획의 결정기구인 지역의회(Regional Council)의 대의원정원을 증대하고, 대의원을 인구비례에 따라서 선출하는 것일 것이다. 따라서 광역계획기구가 보다 대표성이 있고 책임성이 제고되었다고 할 수 있다. 아울러 광역계획의 주요 제약요인인 재정소요를 분명하게 함으로써, 계획의 실현가능성에 더욱 중점을 두고 있다는 점은 특기할 만하다. 광역도시계획의 효과성은 장기 미래의 전망 및 제반 대안을 개진함으로써, 아울러 토지이용과 교통을 유기적으로 연결함으로써 제고될 수 있다. 특히 도시의 성장예측과 장기 미래설정과정의 유기적인 연계는 광역교통, 환경, 주택 등 제반 관련 도시문제에 대한 해결방안을 제시할 수 있다는 점에서 그 중요성이 강조되고 있다. 그러나 향후 더욱 요청되는 바는 아마도 광역도시계획기구의 계획뿐만 아니라 예산배분과정에서의 역할증대일 것이다.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Cause of Change and Effect for Environment-Friendly Factors in Apartment Complex through Interview of Field Practitioners

    송병화 | 이경진 | 최 윤 | 2007, 54() | pp.23~43 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Since 1980, many Koreans are interested in environmental problems. As improvement of the conditions of national life with high-income and high-school career, many demands for amenities in the city and housing complex have been increased. The policy which is the liberalization of apartment sales price in 1999 make develope constructions of environment-friendly housing complex. This study is designed to analyze causes and problems by generating the process of construction ecological outdoor space, give alternative solutions the problems for improvement quality of outdoor space in environment-friendly housing complex. Specialists who planned and constructed the cases are interviewed, and then improvement plans are offered on the basis of interview which is analysed. As a result, the levels of the elements in plan and design are similar to each case. In spite of the capacity rates which cases are various. It is becoming intensively to green network systematization, eco-pond creation, stream creation, various plant species, pedestrian road, permeable pavement. Also the contents of elements are similar. There are total eight interviewees who are designers and constructers, and the contents of interview are divided two items. One of them is the their opinion whether the intented environment-friendly design is expressed and the construction is reflected or not. The other one is the cause of problems of construction and charged contents in the process of design and construction.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Urban Revitalization by Preservation, Regeneration and Creation of Historical Downtown Areas: Focused on the Kyoto City in Japan

    안인향 | 하성규 | 2007, 54() | pp.45~63 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to derive policy suggestions and planning method for the historical city in Korea compared to Kyoto City in Japan. Kyoto is a typical case to perceive the advance strategies for preservation, regeneration and creation of urban historical district. In particular, this research has focused on the possibility of regeneration for the historical city in Korea. First of all, a city planing trend has been analyzed in the aspect of preservation and regeneration for the historical urban-center in Kyoto. Namely, the study examined how Kyoto has been proceeded in the historical aspect with consideration of preservation and regeneration. The major research method is literature surveys through the Japanese books, articles and journals of Jinnai Hidenobu, Yukio Nishimura, Okawa Naomi who have deeply researched on the preservation and regeneration of Kyoto as historical city in Japan. ‘Nishijin(西陣)’ and ‘Fushimi(伏見)’ as Aesthetic Control Zone have been considerably selected as case-study districts. The research contents and materials are based on the statistic data of Kyoto City-Hall. The research contents are consisted of following three parts. Firstly, the development of city-districts was comprehended. Secondly, the characteristics of Landscape Preservation districts were reviewed. Thirdly, the strategies for revitalization of Kyoto’s urban historical center were investigated through improvement of environment, architectural control and consideration. Finally, the study describes the possibility and limitation, and suggests the policies and valuable tools for the regeneration of old city centers in Korea.
  • 4.

    An Analysis of the Relative Efficiency for the Enterprise City

    이재길 | 2007, 54() | pp.65~78 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The enterprise city has become to describe major issue on the urban development areas in resent times. This study intends to suggest another analytical ways to utilize the enterprise city. To reach this objective, this study set up on the assumption of that the enterprise city projects begin with a joint management of multiple input factors and output factors according to a process of projects. For the promotion of the enterprise city, this study introduces DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) as a new frontier on the urban development areas, using multiple input factors and output factors on a proposal of the enterprise city. Based on the results of analysis, this study finally provides some suggestions for making up for the enterprise city development. For example, some enterprise cities are not efficient for manage of the development plans. Also, some enterprise cities are not enough in a input factors or excessive in a output factors.
  • 5.

    Comparison on Urban Satisfaction between a Native People and an Immigrant in Gil-Um New Town

    구용현 | 2007, 54() | pp.79~95 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Various urban housing renewal approaches in Korea have been taken since the early 1960s to alleviate urban substandard housing problems in urban area. The new town project is one of the main city development plans which have performed by the Seoul Metropolitan Government. This development plan is expected to make the better place and satisfy the resident in the new town. This study is intended to contribute to improve urban satisfaction in new town and urban policy by the urban government. For the purpose, the survey have been carried out to evaluate the gil-um new town project. And then compare the satisfaction between a native people and an immigrant in gil-um new town.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Urban Form According to the New Urban Planning Paradigm at 21st Century

    이춘희 | 이주형 | 2007, 54() | pp.97~117 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study focuses on what is a suitable urban form within an urban planning paradigm that a city of the 21st century pursues. The urban planning paradigm is likely to reflect the values of an age, as the idea represents one age with the result that comes to meet physically various urban forms. Urban form can be considered as the form of urban management that enables the solutions to the problems that the city faces, as well as adaption to the new change. In this respect, it is necessary to examine what paradigm is needed for the 21st century, as well as what can be brought to the traditional urban forms(concentrated type, latticed type, linear type) through the change of paradigm. The reason why the urban forms in accordance with the change of urban paradigm was considered, mainly through the International competition entry works for the Multi-functional Administrative City, is that all those International Competitions were the ones for a large-scale city which will be newly constructed for the first time in the 21st century, as well as, were promoted to suggest a vision of a future city.
  • 7.

    The Effect of Spatial Autocorrelation in Analyzing the Relationship between the Characteristics of Walkable Neighborhoods and Multi-Family Residential Property Values

    손동욱 | 2007, 54() | pp.119~137 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    최근 국내외적으로 기존 도시성장 패턴의 폐해를 막고 자연환경을 보존하기 위한 대안으로 스마트성장에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 스마트성장에서는 개발의 고밀화, 토지 이용의 혼합, 오픈스페이스의 보존, 보행 및 대중교통 위주의 도시 환경 조성 등의 원칙을 제시하고 있다. 그러나 이러한 스마트성장의 원칙에 대한 검증은 이론적으로나 경험적으로 아직 충분히 이루어지지 않고 있으며, 특히 미국의 도시계획분야 전문가들 사이에서는 기존의 도시개발 패턴에 익숙한 부동산시장이 스마트성장에서 제시하고 있는 새로운 계획원칙에 의한 도시환경의 변화를 긍정적으로 수용할 수 있을 것인지에 대한 의구심이 제기되고 있다. 시장 선호도 측면에서 특정 요인의 영향을 분석하는 일반적인 기법으로서 가격 데이터를 활용한 헤도닉 모형이 많이 사용되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 미국 워싱턴주의 킹카운티지역 공동주택 가격데이터를 이용한 헤도닉 모형을 측정하여 스마트성장의 계획 원칙들에 의해 형성되는 도시의 물리적 환경요인과 공동주택 가격과의 상관성을 분석하였다. 이는 스마트성장의 계획원칙에 대한 부동산 시장 측면에서의 효과를 검증하기 위한 시도다. 방법론적인 측면에서 본 논문은 헤도닉 기법을 사용할 때 문제의 하나로 지적되고 있는 공간자기상관성으로 인한 통계모델의 불안정성 문제를 해결하기 위한 새로운 공간 샘플링 및 공간분석 기법을 제시하며, 이러한 방법을 통해 실제 공간자기상관성이 헤도닉 가격 모형에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 연구결과 일반적인 무작위추출 샘플링 기법을 이용한 샘플 선택방법은 부동산 가격 데이터에 기본적으로 내재된 공간자기상관성을 효과적으로 제거하지 못하여 헤도닉 모형과 같은 선형회귀모델의 통계적 안정성을 상당히 저해하는 결과를 초래함을 확인하였다. 반면에 본 논문에서 제시한 새로운 공간 샘플링 및 공간분석 기법은 공간자기상관성에 효과적으로 대응하여 헤도닉 모델의 안정성을 개선하였다. 또한 본 논문은 공간자기상관성이 헤도닉 모델에 의해 측정되는 각 독립변수의 상관계수와 통계적 유의도를 왜곡시켜 잘못된 결론에 이르게 함을 확인하였다.
  • 8.

    The Effect of Borrowing Constraints on Home-Ownership Affordability: The Case of Apartment Houses, Seoul

    신상영 | Sungwon Lee | 2007, 54() | pp.139~155 | number of Cited : 25
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, the housing affordability issue has received an enormous amount of attention in Korea as housing prices skyrocket in the Seoul Metropolitan Area while the borrowing constraints to households are tightened via more strict mortgage underwriting and increasing interest rates. This paper analyzes the effect of borrowing constraints on home-ownership affordability in Seoul where the increase of housing prices is highest in the nation. This paper simulates hypothetical changes in borrowing constraints in which two sets of loan condition exert: one is the newly introduced debt-to-income ratio(DTI) in loan qualification in addition to loan-to-value ratio(LTV), the other is the increase of loan interest rates. This paper improves existing home-ownership affordability measures such as housing price-income ratio(PIR) by considering household liquid assets as well as income. According to the analysis, though the DTI may reduce the maximum amount of loan, it does not play a significant barrier to home-ownership down to 30% if households do not borrow excessive money beyond their disposable income after usual household expenditures for living since the toughest DTI is 40% currently. The result indicates that the DTI may have an effect to discourage the excessive dependence on borrowing to purchase home. The result finds that the increase of loan interest rates affects lowering home-ownership affordability. Yet the impact may not be of disastrous up to approximately 8% otherwise in the case that households borrow excessive money beyond their disposable income. Also, the increase of interest rates tends to affect affordability more on low-to-moderate-income classes than on high-income classes.
  • 9.

    Exchange Rates and Housing Market: Korean Case

    한동근 | 2007, 54() | pp.157~174 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    본 연구는 환율변동이 주택시장에 어떤 영향을 미치는가를 밝히기 위해 전통적인 교역재/비교역재 모형을 이용한다. 한국의 경우 과거의 자료를 보면, 원화강세(환율하락) 시기에는 주택가격이 상승하고 주택부문에 대한 투자가 증가하는 현상이 관찰되었다. 이와 같은 규칙성이 우연한 것인가, 아니면 체계적인 것인가? 본 연구는 환율과 주택시장이 체계적인 관련성을 가지고 있다는 주장을 펼치며, 구체적으로 환율변화와 주택시장이 어떻게 연결되어 있는가를 밝힌다. 이론적 틀로서 본 연구는 환율변화에 따른 주택의 상대가격 변화효과와 부의 효과(wealth effect)가 발생한다는 가설을 제시한다. 실증분석을 통해 상대가격 변화효과와 부의 효과를 확인하였는데, 원화가 강세를 보일 때는 주택과 같은 비교역재에 대한 수요(부의 효과)와 투자(상대가격 효과)가 모두 증가한다는 것이 발견되었다. 나아가 각 효과가 발생하는 시차 때문에 원화강세 시기에는 단기적으로 주택가격이 상승하는 현상이 발생한다는 것을 밝힌다.
  • 10.

    Survey on the Status of Territorial Use in the North Korea Based on Satellite Images

    사공호상 | 서기환 | 2007, 54() | pp.175~189 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, South and North Korea has been actively involved in economic cooperation. The collaborative mood is expected to further advance with the change in the global environment towards a favorable direction. In this context, some of the organizations in South Korea who are involved in promotion of South and North Korean economic cooperation are currently constructing a database of geographic information of North Korea using satellite images, targeting future planning and policy establishment for North Korea. Under this background, this paper aims to, recognizing the fundamental issue of GIS data building in North Korea, suggest methods to establish the database using satellite images, which have not been achieved in GIS research in Korea yet. Going a step further, the study intends to analyze the current status of territorial use of North Korea using documents, topographic maps, thematic maps and satellite images of North Korea.
  • 11.

    The Method of Improvement in the Regulation System for Compulsory Ratio of Small Sized Housing Construction in Reconstruction Project

    한형수 | 문영기 | 2007, 54() | pp.191~214 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The reconstruction policy for distribution number of small-sized residential units, takes productivity of housing shrank down over all, arguments of what infringes on their right to private property rise against it, and as we can see through the case of a process of reconstruction union’s general meeting for the permission financial performance in Seocho-gu, frequent criticism occurs to union member wild for also discord. Such debate are consequently decreasing reliability of government policy. In this research, the reconstruction policy for distribution it needs to consider modification or void according to the analysis of the ineffectiveness influenced on its project. Which is to say again, government policy compels union members to apportion new small housing against their demand, consequently resulting in cause complications of which is reduced their returns, delaying their reconstruction schedule or relinquishing it, therefore we need a change of reconstruction policy. In case of one house to one member, which is no increase of number of housing (meaning of 1:1 reconstruction), ratio of floor space should be regulated relaxedly and several incentives should be offered too, like as ratio of small sized units would be modified easy from 2 : 4 : 4 to 2 : 2 : 6 for making good progress without a hitch