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2007, Vol.55, No.4

  • 1.

    A Study on the Selection Factor by the Destination Development Type: Focused on the New Generation

    wak jae yong | 하정순 | 2007, 55(4) | pp.3~22 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to find out what types of destination development new generations prefer and what they think is important in it to provide basic data for actual implementation of such development. The analytical methods used in this study were frequency, mean, factor analysis, ANOVA, cluster analysis, Chi-Squae analysis, post-hoc estimation(Duncan test), To verify the reliability of each measure, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used. Major findings are the following: Results of segmentation of destination development factors can be categorized into six: coast tourism development, city tourism development, mountain tourism development, non-formational development, cultural development and rural tourism development. It was revealed that when choosing destination, coast tourism development put priority on accessibility and facilities, city tourism development on facilities, mountain tourism development on naturality, non-formational development on accessibility and cost-effectiveness, cultural development on cost-effectiveness and accessibility and rural tourism development on naturality, cost-effectiveness, accessibility and facilities.
  • 2.

    National Park Management System for Application of Spatio-Temporal Relative Carrying Capacity Model

    손민호 | LEE, Woo-Kyun | Ju-Hee Lee | 2007, 55(4) | pp.23~40 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study approach focused on the dual purpose: Ecological stability and Experience quality. And this study incorporate two values incorporates with two values, which are protection value for protection value for ecological stability and attraction value for experience quality. Protection value for ecological stability can be evaluated by information on ecological preservation value and environmental sensitivity. Attraction value for experience quality can be evaluated by information on facilities and attractive sites etc. This study tried to find ways to solve the conflict through comparing both values and to suggest site based visitor management strategies. As indicators for carrying capacity and site-based management plan, protection value and attraction value were employed. Protection value was evaluated and graded using GIS-based analysis with factors of biological and physical sensitivity. Attraction value was evaluated and graded using GIS-based analysis with factors of facilities and attractive sites. Site based visitor management guide was derived through comparing protection grade with attraction grade. The assessment method of carrying capacities in this study has its significance in overcoming many constraints which various preceding studies had faced, and further more, proposing a more concrete and scientific approach method. Also, the assessment system, which applies such concepts including management index, and environmental and ecological carrying capacity, and visiting attraction, has never been attempted domestically and internationally for visitor management in national park. it will take a large role in establishing a concrete management guide. This study approach for relative spatio-temporal carrying capacity can be helpful in making policies for decentralizing visitors and keeping the park environmentally stable.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Social Risk Comparison for Various Power Systems

    Kim TaeJin | Lee, Jae Eun | Yoonsoo Jung | 2007, 55(4) | pp.41~58 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract PDF
    The Objective of this study is to develop measurement index for social risk of various power systems(nuclear, coal, oil, LNG, hydro, wind, solar) and compare their social risk empirically. In order to measure social risk of various power systems, four measurement fields and twelve measurement indices were developed. Based on these measurement field and indices, this study made questionnaire and surveyed perception of citizens on social risk of various power systems. Questionnaire respondents were sampled form six different groups, including power systems specialists, high-school students, university students, general citizen, professors and congressmen. The methodology used to analyze the difference in citizen’s perception on various power systems was frequency analysis, t-test and ANOVA analysis.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Damage Prevention Methods of Natural Environment: Learnings from Japanese Cases

    Chai Moon | 2007, 55(4) | pp.59~80 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Korean urban planning processes have recently recognized the importance of the values of environmental preservation. So, there have been suggested various environment-friendly urban planning methodologies. But it could be questionable that environment-friendly urban planning may not the best but the second-best choice in terms of natural environment protection. That is, the term of environment-friendly urban planning may premise development in some way, and environment-friendly urban planning could be misused to rationalize development. This paper reviews various tools for natural environment protection that are actively introduced and utilized in Japan. This paper, specifically, presents both the institutions and the programs for natural environment protection. Then, the paper provides policy implications for Korean urban planning to enhance the considerations of natural environment protection.
  • 5.

    Implication of Mongolian Pasture Land Management and Common Property Regimes

    Suhwan Jang | 김미숙 | 2007, 55(4) | pp.81~98 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Mongolia has one of the largest areas of common grazing land in the world, with one third of the population directly reliant on nomadic pastoralism for their livelihoods. After collapse of socialism, immigrants who have no experience as herder from urban areas have caused problems due to their tendency to remain close to city or town centers, to move little in comparison with prior herders, and to free ride due to their lack of integration into local communities. In result, some areas have suffered from overgrazing and congestion in pasture land. Many speculate insisted that Mongolia's grazing lands will become one case for the Hardin “The tragedy of the commons”. Followers of Hardin/Ophuls insisted that pasture management in Mongila requires either Leviathan on the one hand or individual property on the other to prevent “tragedy”. But, prior to collectivization, Mongolia’s grazing lands were managed as pseudo-commons under local land tenure arrangements that evolved over centuries. Mongolian have history in which they keep pasture land sound and sustainable. Although it is true that the social and political change have adverse and diverse effect on pasture land management, we can see also that indigenous, local self-regulation groups have emerged to keep their pasture land sustainable, to keep their pasture land from free riders. In this paper, we want draw the implication of commons gazing management in Mongolia on other commons or national trust movement in Korea.
  • 6.

    The Effect of Public R&D Expenditure on Regional Economy: A Comparison among Metropolitan Cities in Korea

    ILTAE KIM | 김봉진 | Na, JuMong | 2007, 55(4) | pp.99~114 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes the effect of R&D expenditure on regional economy reflected industrial structure in seven metropolitan cities of Korea using regional input-output table. This paper also estimates technology intensity linkages and technology diffusion linkages using backward and forward R&D multiplier for the Korean regional economy in 2000. Our results show that, from regional input-output table, both influence coefficient and sensitivity coefficient have a relatively higher value in traditional specialized manufacturing industry. For knowledge-based industries in Korean regional economy, technology intensity linkages effects of R&D expenditure are ranked as Daejeon, Ulsan, Seoul, Gwangju, Daegu, Busan, and Incheon. On the other hand, technology diffusion linkages effects of R&D expenditure are ranked as Daejeon, Gwangju, Seoul, Daegu, Busan, Ulsan, and Incheonin. Specifically, other areas except Gwangju have great differences in the summation of two effects by industry. Finally, policy implications of our analysis provide the validity that Daejeon is selected as R&D specialized zone and that Gwangju will be selected as R&D specialized zone in terms of national balanced development.
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  • 9.

    Applicability of New Urbanism to Korea: Survey of Residents of the Seoul Metropolitan Area

    Kim, Heungsoon | 2007, 55(4) | pp.155~178 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims at investigating the applicability of the principles of New Urbanism to Korea. This study surveys the residents of the Seoul Metropolitan Area who are consumers in the housing market. The questions of the survey deal with the issues of New Urbanism such as self-containment, transportation, land use, scenic view, social mix and the formation of community. This study analyzes the responses based on independent variables of domicile, type of housing, income, academic background, sex and age. The analysis identifies that the principles of New Urbanism such as public transportation, public space, and self-containment in the side of consumption are applicable to Korea. On the other hand, the respondents reveal their negative opinions about mixed use of buildings, jobs-housing balance, residential areas with high-density and renewal of inner city. In terms of this, it seems to be restrictively possible to introduce the principles of New Urbanism to urban developments in Korea.
  • 10.

    Review on the Evaluation and Improvement of Six Model Sites for Company Town

    진미윤 | 2007, 55(4) | pp.179~202 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The aims of this paper are examined the characteristics and problems appeared by implementing the Six Model Sites for Company town and directions of improvement for the future. The Framework for analysis is focused in three items; development initiatives by private company, differentiation by four types of company town, and ratio of land-use by company shares of total development size. This framework helps understanding domestic company town model and evaluating its policy performance. The results are the follows. First, between Six Demonstrations for company town and other development is apparently differentiated by SPC consisted private consortium, company town types divided by main functions, and twenty or fifty percent land-use by company shares of total development size. Second, it is needed that private company must be participated in company town considering its regional situations such as residents' employment, environmental pollution and having more responsibility in building, design, and financing. Third, it is more expected local government plays the role as key assistant, fulfilling with tax benefit, acting for infrastructure and urban traffic measures by systematic development plan. And finally, it is very important that central government as coordinator, supervisor, and an intermediary must be cope with various problems revealed in this six demonstration.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Conversion from Farmland to Forest Policy in North West Area of China

    박인성 | 2007, 55(4) | pp.203~216 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Now, in Korean peninsula, the impact of yellow sand dust(YSD) that comes from north west China area is more and more serious. Although YSD is usually recognized as a atmospheric phenomena, but we should recognize that the background of YSD is in the land use field, and it result to land desertification. The purpose of this study is empirically analyse the important causes and the background of sand storms and the process that change a forest or a grass fields to desert in North west China area, that has been experiencing serious ecological and environmental destruction and desertification problems. With the exception of introduction, the outline of this paper is as follows. In the second chapter, analyze the environmental situation and the cause of destruction and changing for the worse in the field of ecological environment. In the third chapter, consider the contents and the process of the conversion from farmland to forest or grass field policy. In the fourth chapter, consider the other government strategies against the desertification. In the fifth and sixth chapter, summarize the problems and the task, and the implications.
  • 12.

    Micro-Economic Analysis on the Optimal Maintenance, and the Optimal Choice between Remodeling and Redevelopment of an Old House

    Lee, Young-Man | 배순석 | 2007, 55(4) | pp.217~238 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The main purpose of this paper is to find out policy implications after analysing the factors that affect the housing owners to make decision on the level of housing improvement (or maintenance); improvement timing; and the method of housing improvement (for example housing reconstruction vs. remodelling). The analysis was carried out assuming that every housing owner makes decision so that he/she could maximize the housing unit value. The main findings from the analysis can be summarized as the following: - the optimal timing for development gets delayed as the economic growth rate gets lower - where the economic growth rate is high, housing owners prefer housing reconstruction to housing remodelling. - the optimal maintenance expenditure gets smaller where building density is lower; where the housing unit value is lower; and where the economic growth rate is higher.
  • 13.

    Impacts of Education Factors on Apartment Prices

    김경민 | 이양원 | 2007, 55(4) | pp.239~252 | number of Cited : 31
    Abstract PDF
    While the Gangnam areas have experienced enormous increase in apartment prices since 2000, many people believe that education factors (increase in education performance and private teaching institutions) make an impact on Gangnam’s price increase. Spatial autoregressive regression is used to analyze the impact of education on apartment prices, accompanied with Moran’s I tests for the existence of spatial autocorrelation. This paper concludes that 1) changes in apartment prices affected nearby areas not nationwide, 2) lack in information about education performances can distort market participants’ decision, and 3) rapid increase in apartment prices did not stem from education factors. Rather than controlling prices by copying Gangnam’s education environment onto other regions, improving other regions’ mixed-use level can be an appropriate strategy.
  • 14.

    A Case Study on the Choice of One to One Reconstruction or Remodeling

    고재풍 | 이민권 | You Sun-Jong | 2007, 55(4) | pp.253~270 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Now, there is an analysis and a comparison of reconstruction and remodeling in policy, process for residence of old age. Moreover, throughout expert's research I try to reveal the difference of reconstruction and remodeling in administration, execution and association. Using survey, I try to drive the result about which part has the more value in the method, the main body of housing business. There are overlapped four heads which include trust, appreciation of running an association, conflict into association, resolution of association and agreement of reconstruction. This means reconstruction is an important in decision of association. However, in the part of remodeling seven heads are overlapped by floor space index, terms of a construction companies' contraction, construction of ability, population of construction's brand name, additional expense for remodeling, concerns of residents' the rate of agreement in remodeling. The ability of construction is a strategic point in remodeling. The result of analysis about participation in housing business shows that the rate of union is higher in reconstruction than in remodeling because in third valuation of heads in reconstruction. However, in the part of remodeling, there is a common feature about construction.