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2008, Vol.58, No.

  • 1.

    A Study of Target Industry for Gwangyang Port Logistics Park

    Lee Sung Woo | 2008, 58() | pp.3~20 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    This study is to provide target industries for enhancing the competitiveness of Gwangyang port logistics in Korea. The results are summarized as follows. The electronics industry needs a distribution hub at a port to supply the parts and distribute products since the factories of the finished goods and the parts are scattered around the world for achieving low production costs whereas the automobile industry related to the machinery industry demonstrates a new technology of module production so the requirement of CKD centers at ports is more prevalent in the future. The chemical industry requires special logistics facilities for safety operation at production.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Evaluation on Korean City's Competitiveness

    권창기 | 정현욱 | 박선형 | 2008, 58() | pp.21~38 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to evaluate the competitiveness of metropolitan region concerning physical indicators, economical indicators, and social & cultural indicators with the selected 31 criteria. This study are featured in the following terms; functional linkage between the core city and the periphery; the population size; the specialization of socioeconomic factors in metropolitan region. By applying a number of competitiveness-related indicators to domestic metropolitan region, the authors find significant policy implications. Competitiveness by cities, population size, metropolitan region are different. Especially, competitiveness by metropolitan region according to core cities role and periphery's role examined differently.
  • 3.

    Metro Cities' and Provinces' Total Factor Productivity and its Determinants in Korea

    Youngsung Lee | 2008, 58() | pp.39~53 | number of Cited : 39
    Abstract PDF
    Although metro cities' and provinces' total factor productivity (T.F.P) shows fundamental ability in using resources, few research measured it in Korea. After measuring T.F.P. of metro cities and provinces, this research found recent trends and factors affecting it. First, the correlation between GRDP and production factor input was very low, which means resource was inputted too much to the region whose productivity was low. Second, T.F.P. of non-capital areas has been higher than capital areas since 1996, which is in contrast to the usual expectation. Third, disparity of T.F.P. has continuously widened. Fourth, T.F.P of Kyungbuk, Chungnam, and Chungbuk has improved most rapidly. Taegu is the opposite. Fourth, among factors affecting T.F.P., corporates' scale economy was found the most important. These results may imply that we should re-think about future directions and rationale of urban and regional policy.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Tax Sharing and Annexation in USA for Balance of Old & New Town

    조영태 | 여옥경 | Sanghee Choi and 1other persons | 2008, 58() | pp.55~69 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Increasing new town development、the gap between new and old towns became a heated issue. Also, Korea has carried out urban developments between the two exclusively and independently. So, there still exists a difficulty to promote balanced development and growth. This study aimed to introduce the concept and characteristics of tax sharing and annexation in USA, and examine the validity of those in Korea as practical solutions, which help create balanced development. Tax sharing is a fiscal device to solve unbalance, through integrating the regional tax which takes up high revenue of local governments. Regional integration (annexation) in USA is an administrative instrument to overcome the deterioration and population outflow within existing urban areas. Actually, it is creating a successful result for balanced development in total aspects. Currently, it is requested to adapt urban development and management in changing paradigms. So we should prepare a system for comprehensive urban policy to consider the relationship between new development and urban regeneration concurrently, and balance of the future development among regions. Therefore, we suggest that tax sharing and the annexation in USA have value of studying as a substantial method.
  • 5.

    Clustering of the Creative Industry and the Distributional Characteristics of Its Value Chain in Seoul

    Lee Hee-Yeon | Hwang Eun Jung | 2008, 58() | pp.71~93 | number of Cited : 52
    Abstract
    An important debate on the role of the creative industry as a core factor for urban economic development is emerging very recently. The creative industries are commonly active across the margins of the arts and economic activities. The purpose of this study is to undertake a preliminary analysis to understand the location and growth pattern of the creative industry during the period of 1995~2004 in Seoul. To analyze the spatial pattern of the creative industry of Seoul, several scholarly definition and classification are reviewed and applied to Korean Standard Classification of Industries at 5-digit level. In this study, location quotient and Moran'I Index are applied for analyzing of spatial distributional characteristics of creative industries by sub-sectors and value chain. The results suggest that the activities of the creative industry have the tendency of clustering in specific areas of Seoul, and employment growth and distributional characteristics according to value chain in creative industries show very different patterns in Seoul. This study has taken a first step in developing new strategic policy implications for the creative industry in Seoul, but still needs further study to construct the classification of the creative industry in Korea and analyze the creative industries production system in detail.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Improvement of Land-use Planning in the Comprehensive City Plan

    김영우 | YoungKi Moon | 2008, 58() | pp.95~114 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the land-use plans in the comprehensive city plans of 31 cities in Gyeonggi province. Through identifying Problems in planning processes and system operations, possible improvements are proposed. Firstly, because rational land-use plan should be closely related with planned population projection, it is essential that population projection should be conform to upper-level plan such as city-region plan in order not to overestimate future population. And planning methods should be elaborated to minimize gap between projected populaton and achievable population goal. Secondly, environmental indicators should be incorporated into criteria of land suitability analysis and standards should be enhanced. Thirdly, the minimum size of future development land should be set up to 300,000sq.m, while its surrounding land should be managed as preservation area. Fourthly, more comprehensive planning methods are required in rural areas where are a lot of land-use regulations by various public laws and physical barriers to development. Fifthly, overriding comprehensive city plan by particular project- related acts should be limited to the development cases for lagging cities or counties to take advantages of overriding rule. This study is intended to find ways to improve planning systems at the time when the initial comprehensive city plans are reformulated after the introduction of "the national land planning and use act" in 2003.
  • 7.

    Analyzing Characteristics of Land-use Cluster Using Land-use Dominance Index(LDI) in Cheongju CBD

    Jong In Baek | Ban, Yong-un | 2008, 58() | pp.115~136 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study has horizontally and vertically analyzed the characteristics of the land-use cluster using land-use dominance index (LDI) in terms of urban ecology in Cheongju city CBD. This study has developed the LDI which has been derived from concept of the location quotient (LQ) in regional economics. Based on the principle of improving efficiency, stability, and complementarity, this study has analyzed the present conditions of the urban center's functions in each floor for each zone. LDI has denoted the value marking specialization standard of land-use (function) in urban space. As a result, the fact that a specific land-use has had the highest LDI value on a particular floor shows that the particular land-use was clustered to improve the efficiency : has been the retail business in first floor, the restaurant in the second floor, service business(including the recreation, culture and the other) and public building in the third floor, and empty and housing in the fourth floor. To improve the stability, the function like retail business and restaurant business has been clustered on the first floor both on the first and the second zone and on the second floor in the second zone. To improve complementarity, the functions such as retail business, restaurant business, service business, and public building have been clustered on the third floor in all zones and both on the first and the second floor in the third zone.
  • 8.

    An Empirical Anaysis of Land use Changes in Daegu Metropolitan City by Using Probabilistic Choice Model

    Park, Heonsoo | Kyuyoung Cho | 2008, 58() | pp.137~150 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    As an essential part of integrated land use-transport models, prediction of land use changes and illumination of the many factors behind such change are always of interest to planners, policy makers, developers and others. Land use classifications are discrete, and spatial effects are fundamental. For these reasons, new specifications and computational methods are needed. The paper describes the computational methods used for model estimation and application, including likelihood simulation. Using a multinomial logit framework, this paper studies land use changes in Daegu metropolitan area, in 30m×30m pixels. In light of these challenges, this paper randomly samples 2,000 observations for 100 times and estimates a multinomial logit model via maximum likelihood estimation. Lagged variables are key to the model’'s specification and a series of neighborhood variables, computed for each cell in turn, control for population and local development. And uncertainties in predictions are quantified via an entropy statistic. Results indicate that neighborhood characteristics have strong effects on land use change: clustering is significant over space, but high residential densities can impede future development of non-residential land use.
  • 9.

    An Analysis on Characteristics of Real Estate Project Financing Lender Types

    Kang Tae-wook | Hyun-Seok Lee | 2008, 58() | pp.151~165 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of each lender type for real estate project financing. The lenders are classified into commercial bank, mutual savings bank, syndications, and securitization. The generalized logit model is applied in order to analyze the characteristics. The result shows that interest ratio and loan period are the important factors distingishing among financial institutions. for real estate project financing. It is also confirmed that the probability to chose securitization increases as the amount of loan and interest ratio do.
  • 10.

    The Empirical Analysis of Feng-Shui in Auction Apartments by Quantification Theory Type II

    천인호 | 2008, 58() | pp.167~179 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This research intends to introduce scientific research methodology of the logical structure of Feng-Shui(風水). As its object, HungJi(凶地: bad land) is statistically verified as the concept opposite to the MyungDang(明堂: good land) in Feng-Shui. Thus, the property of YangTaekFeng-Shui(陽宅風水) of apartment house in auction is analyzed by using quantification theory type II. According to analysis, the variables closely related to apartment house in auction are shown in the order of ImSan(臨山: location with mountain in front), BaeSuImSan(背水臨山: location with river in the back and mountain in front), ending house, non mixed house, PalRoSaRo Hades(八路四路黃泉殺), JeonGoHuJeo(前高後低: location with high front and low back), reverse river, ending road and PalYo Hades(八曜黃泉殺). The most influential factors among those that decide apartment house in auction are shown in the order of JeonGoHuJeo, ending road, ImSan, PalRoSaRo Hades, non mixed house, reverse river, BaeSuImSan, ending house and PalYo Hades. The ratio that was judged correctly was relatively high- 66.8%. Some alternatives were presented to convert bad house to good house in terms of Feng-Shui.
  • 11.

    Inconvenience Costs from Reduction of Noise between Floors

    Yoo, Seung-Hoon | JooSuk Lee | 2008, 58() | pp.181~193 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    With the increase of Apartment, the conflicts and complaints owing to the noise between floors has been increased and aggravated. For reducing the noise between floors, it is essential to analyze the inconvenience costs from reduction of noise between floors. This study attempts to assess the inconvenience costs from reduction of noise between floors by using contingent valuation method, especially the one and one half bound dichotomous choice spike model. This model has the benefit of higher efficiency in benefit estimates than the single bound dichotomous choice model and it reduced the potential response bias of double bound dichotomous choice model. According to estimating ways, annual mean willingness to pay per household for the economic benefits from reduction of noise between floors is 54,442 won.
  • 12.

    The Estimation of Spatial Effects of the Office Rent in Seoul

    허윤경 | 김성진 | 2008, 58() | pp.195~208 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed the spatial effects on office rent in three representative regions in Seoul (CBD, Gangnam, and Mapo/Yeouido) using three autocorrelation models (SEM, SLM, and SAC) as well as the hedonic model (traditional OLS). The results of this study show that SEM is more suitable than the typical regression model (OLS) for office market analysis. Moran's I coefficient which can presume the spatial effects represented the spatial dependence. The strongest spatial dependence was observed in CBD, followed by Mapo/Yeouido and Gangnam. It is caused by the difference between the rent level and the spatial density rate. But this spatial effects of office market in Seoul were weak as compared with that of housing market because of supplier's market that the rent is decided by suppliers of office, so far. Despite the drawback that the analysis is unable to control the effects of omitted-variables completely, it is a meaningful study dealing with the spatial effects of office market in Seoul.
  • 13.

    Risk Factor Classification and Checklist System for BTL Project Risk Management: Focused on the Operation and Maintenance Stage of Education Facility

    Jaeho Son | Sangyoub Lee | 김재온 | 2008, 58() | pp.209~228 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study intends to propose the system to identify the risk factors and develop the check list based on classified risk factors in order to manage the risk of BTL Project for the educational facility in operation and management stage. First, the extensive literature review on prior study about the operation and management in BTL project as well as the risk management in construction project has been performed. From the literature review, risk factors in operation and management stage of BTL Project for educational facilities are identified, and these factors are classified according to their property and management areas. Based on the classification system, the checklist for risk factors in operation and management stage has been developed for the risk evaluation. The risk level is calculated by multiplying the evaluation score of risk factors by their weights. Accordingly, this study can help the contractor and client be able to manage the potential risk in operation and management stage appropriately and deal with any dispute more efficiently as a decision making tool for the claim prevention.