This study is presented new upgrading program as holistic regeneration system part of the social regeneration program which can improve residential environment preserving regeneration area's own neighbourhood. For this purpose, we divide regeneration area into three classes considering social and economical conditions and also suggest mixing program, redevelopment by lot, renewal program of block housing for each classes. The new upgrading program as holistic regeneration system as a way to overcome tenant issues and community disorganization is a holistic approach improvement system based on sustainable and gradual housing renewal by providing rental houses to residents and securing community facilities
To practice this program effectively, it is the first consideration to solve these four tasks below. First, we need to arrange various policies for the community-led regeneration out of the administration-led regeneration. Second, the improvement program for residents which solve area's enormous problems has to be groped. Third, self- control supporting improvement system which is fundamental and continuous improvement has to be exterminated. Lastly, the holistic support system including from regeneration master plan to improvement and control system is required to prevent re-deprivation.
The purpose of the study is to analyze an effect of foreigners direct investment in the Dongnam region(Busan, Ulsan and Gyeongnam) on other domestic regions and national economy with MRDCGE(Multi-Regional Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model). As the results of the analysis, they were as follows. First, FDI of the Dongnam region increased GRDP of the Dongnam GRDP of the whole area. Second, in an effect of FDI of the Dongnam region on national account, GDP, consumption and investment was increased. Third, in the event of making an estimate of income redistribution with Gini coefficient, FDI of the Dongnam region decreased income redistribution by each region slightly. However, in the event of making an estimate of income redistribution by each region through Lorenz curve, it was not distinct whether FDI of the Dongnam region improved or decreased income redistribution by each region. Conclusively, it is estimated that FDI of the Donganm region improves an efficiency of other regions and national economy as well as the Dongnam region, not largely decreasing income distribution by each region.
This paper provides the insights on the structure of the various lease contracts in real estate market, Korea. There are all deposit no rent type(‘chonsei’), monthly rent with deposit type, and pure monthly rent type, and more rent/deposit ratio has various spectrum according to market conditions and landlord/tenant financing conditions and credit status. Previous studies assumed that there are linear relationship in deposit with monthly rent via monthly rent conversion rate. However they have an important error to ignore the risk-return trade-off relation of investment theory. This paper develops and investigates empirically the condition of risk-neutral pooling equilibrium to equalizing equity income rate without regard to deposit ratio. This concept is rationalized, because landlords have not informed about tenants' credit status and business prospects.
Recent development in information technology did not reduce the necessity of centrality but significantly increased the flexibility of production resources such as capital in the era of globalization. This phenomenon then leads to competition between local to international geographical regions to secure financial resources, making cities and regions vulnerable to the needs and interests of globalized industry. Under such circumstances, crime-related U.S. urban design and order maintenance policy are blamed to be a tool for urban spatial segregation. This paper therefore argues that current crime-related urban design practices or 'crime prevention through environmental design(CPTED)' should be revised and that the change may be facilitated by first shifting its major goal from crime prevention to fear-of-crime reduction in ways that can enhance the quality of urban life. This more comprehensive approach will ensure increased participation of local urban residents and will help come up with context-based, more successful outcomes. This paper, however, calls for follow-up empirical studies revisiting current major design principles of CPTED in association with fear-of-crime reduction and the quality of urban life.
Infrastructure demand is huge in Asia whereas its supply is far from the required level. While efficient investment and financing mechanisms are needed for a smooth supply of infrastructure, financing from the public sources alone has been insufficient. This has led most of Asian developing countries to have to depend on PPP with the private investors in their infrastructure development. Their PPP performance, however, has not been satisfactory up to now. Stimulated by this fact, this study investigates the ways how to utilize Korean PPI experiences to foster infrastructure finance in Asian developing countries and suggests several alternatives for them.
This study to analyze differences of cancer patient's health care utilization and shares of medical treatments by regional medical institutions, and identify effects of regional medical institutions on health care utilizations. The majors results of the results of the research were as follows : First, cancer patient's health care utilizations are many and share rates of medical treatments are high by the order of special city, city and county, metropolitan city. Second, many serious patients like metastatic cancer use medical institutions in city and county. Third, the results to analyze effects of regional medical institutions on health utilization, cancer patient's health care utilizations using medical institutions in city and county are many. Based on the results of this study, it was identified health service's supply systems are arranging in a local community.
The visioning process, which is newly introduced in the regional planning process, has affected the existing growth planning process. It directly influenced the way of modeling the small area growth, while it has no or little effect on the way of forecasting the large area growth. The scenario approach was actively used as a significant way to identify alternative growth patterns. Four major findings of the growth planning process from the recent visioning approach in Southern California are as follows: First, growth planning is deemed as a participatory and interactive process in a collaborative framework. Second, growth planning relies on a very small geographical scale for better interactive communication. Third, people-driven growth planning puts more emphasis on the qualitative and bottom-up approach than on the quantitative and top-down approach in allocating regional growth into a grid cell. Fourth and last, the performance measures of transportation and environment are used to evaluate strengths and weaknesses of the growth planning scenarios. The interactive evaluation process of diverse scenarios results in selecting or searching the most desirable and realistic land use and transportation scenario.
The real estate auction is special way of obtaining property right of real property. Even though it can be offered by private parties, we, in this research consider only real estate auctions offered by the court. Due to inherited uncertainty in bidding process and ever changing economic environments during reversion stage, it is arguably deemed to be riskier than any other real estate investment methods.
We stratified into three categories the uncertainty surrounding the whole auction process from bidding to reversion: Internal risk factors, External risk factors, and Expectation failure that is, building a wrong expectation about future reversion price of the property won. We modeled expectation failure at the level of each individual bidder.
We use typical AHP method to factor them out and succeed to rank them in a line based on above-mentioned three risk stratification. The questionnaire consists of multiple parts following mainly risk factor classification instead of time sequence from bidding to making profit as in other previous literatures.
This study suggests a procedure to construct economy-energy- environment IO model for a basic unit of local government such as city and ‘Gun’. In the model, economic IO is based on 3 region MRIO consisting of basic unit of local government(BULG), wide area unit of local government(WULG), and national economy(NE) and is estimated by using data of input coefficients matrix of WULG and NE and data of sectoral outputs of BULG through the LQ method. The MRIO model is connected with the existing energy-environment IO model developed by Kim(2006). The suggested model can be used to analyze the impact on sectoral outputs, energy consumption and CO2 emission of economic exogeneous shocks. Pohang city is used as a case. A simple example for using the suggested model is also provided in the study.
This study aims to analyze housing demand characteristics using family life cycle housing demand functions. This study comprises of four chapters. Following the introduction in Chapter Ⅰ, Chapter Ⅱ explains the standard to classify the households into the family life cycles. Based on the householders' age, 4 family life cycles are built. And then the family life cycle housing demand functions are estimated using the two-stage Heckit method and the housing demand characteristics are analyzed in Chapter Ⅲ. The first cycle, the 30s are sensitive to the relative price in their tenure choice function. This cycle needs the mortgage or parent's economic help to buy a house easily. The second and third cycles, the 40s and the 50s consume houses a lot more than other cycles. The forth cycle, more than the 60s consume much houses compared to their income level. This means that if the economic situations are worst, the 60s have tendency to reduce their housing consumption dramatically. Summary and conclusions are attached in the last chapter.
Since inauguration of new government, 5+2 Mega Economic Region Plan and reshuffling of local government administration system have been highlighted among academia and public policy networks. Considering political resistance, it would be more desirable to cope with expanded public service demand without changing jurisdictional boundaries through developing cooperative governance model. This study tries to develop cooperative governance model among local governments, particularly for those within metropolitan regions, in this transient phase. For this, we scrutinized related theories and found Multi-governance model is appropriate for this intergovernmental governance. Also, we applied case study approach to benchmark best practice from council of government, i.e. Metropolitan Planning Organization, in US. For this, Metro and SCAG were selected and analysed to find suitable implications. Based on these, we developed two types of intergovernmental models according to their authorities which could be applied for Korean situation and identified main issues in terms of inter and intra-relational governance, legal status and budgetary basis. As another main issue is how to resolve conflict among members of governance, we identified possible aspects of conflict and suggested future direction of conflict management. We believe this study could contribute to achieving cooperation among local governments within this framework and.
The modern city has pursued the high efficiency and convenience with well-equiped urban infrastructure, facilities, and residential environment with a men-oriented perspective. However this city has also produced a problem to women such as an access barrier to public space as well as a behavioral difficulty in outdoor activities. The New Town Development Project(NTDP) is a good experimental chance to achieve the women-friendly city. Therefore, new town builders should accept the Gender-Equity Impact Assessment(GEIA), and also feedback the results of the assessment to planning and construction process.
Proposal to Policy Improvement is as follows;
① The government should introduce gender-consciousness concept to urban planning system.
② The GEIA is needed to Public-led NTDP with over a definite area.
③ It is necessary that gender-consciousness concept is introduced to planning process for urban space construction.
④ The government should introduce the various kinds of education programs available to NTDP related public servants and planning engineers.
This paper analyzes the effect of intergovernmental transfer on the local fiscal equalization and its influence on the convergence of per-capita income under the Participatory Government in Korea. The empirical result shows that the ranking of per-capita fiscal revenue among local governments is reversed after distributing all types of intergovernmental transfers. This result shows that the government has performed excessive local fiscal equalization through grant-in-aids in order to promote Balanced National Development, which has been on of the main national policy objectives. However, we cannot find the evidence on the convergence of per-capita income among localities. This result is a strong evidence for the recent debate on the excessive equalization effect of current transfer system and its influence on the local income convergence.