Traffic congestion is issued as a major urban problem nowadays. That is why many state or municipal governments throughout the world have been pushing a variety of transport policies, such as the expansion of transportation facilities, the collection of traffic congestion fees and the facilitation of public transit, ahead. They have few, however, practical effects in spite of the massive budget spending. In this context, it should be called for to shift a paradigm in transport policy from the construction of physical facilities to new one in an effort to relieve urban traffic congestion. Among others, the Mobility Management begins to make a mark as one of leading measures that could effectively solve traffic congestion in urban areas.
In this context, the study aims to explore the fundamental ideas and concepts of Mobility Management through reviewing bibliographic sources, to examine how people voluntarily reduce car uses and in what ways by conducting foreign case studies, and finally to suggest useful measures which could apply to the Korean policy context. It also suggests feasible ways to introduce the Mobility Management which is one of the low-cost and high efficient solutions of traffic congestion as follows: 1) the development of communication skill between participants; 2) the clarification of stakeholders' major role; 3) the promotion of test-run projects; and 4) the revision of relevant laws and systems.
The main objective of this paper is to analyze travel characteristics and mode choice behavior of the transportation handicapped in an urban area. The paper uses data collected from Gyeongsan City. So far few researches have been conducted on analyzing travel characteristics and mode choice behavior of the transportation handicapped. From descriptive statistical analysis of various travel characteristics of the transportation handicapped and empirical estimation of logit models for analyzing mode choice behavior of the transportation handicapped, some important foundings are derived and discussed. Furthermore, some policy implications are discussed.
This study suggests the future direction of Korea's housing policy and specific policy measures based on an analysis of problems in taxes, housing financing, transparency and deregulation. The government should first take the most optimal policy mix or a counterpoint approach to maximize the effect of housing market policy. Second, the government should bolster transactions in the housing market by lowering the capital gains tax and abolishing the comprehensive real estate holding tax, which will be included in property taxes, and encourage people to consume more. Third, it is better to provide financial support to construction companies suffering from unsold apartment inventories rather than ease current regulation on home equity loans. Forth, the government should establish a report system for real transaction prices to make the real estate market more transparent. Fifth, reconstruction regulations and a ceiling on the price of newly-built apartments should be relaxed so that economic sentiment can improve without further fiscal spending.
This paper examines the characteristics of change in housing tenure rate in Seoul Metropolitan Area(SMA), which has experienced rapid socio-economic changes since Financial Crisis in 1997, especially on housing tenure propensity change in age groups and regions. Decomposition Method was used to investigate housing tenure rate change from 1995 to 2005 in SMA. The statistical result shows that housing tenure rate has increased in SMA and that the disparity of housing tenure rate gap has decreased with regards to educational attainments and occupations even though it has increased with respect to gender and marital status. Also, housing tenure propensity has increased over age 46 and under age 36 largely but age group 36 to 45 has experienced small increasing and even decreasing in housing tenure propensity. Geographically, Seoul's housing tenure propensity has increased considerably and the rate of households who have strong housing tenure propensity has increased in Incheon and Gyeonggi-do. Based on these results, we drew two implications. First, during the period 1995 to 2005, socio-economic change had different impacts on age groups' housing tenure propensity, respectively. Second, since Financial Crisis in 1997, geographical housing tenure propensity in SMA changed distinctively thus this change would aggravate local housing market supply-demand mismatch.
The objective of this paper is to identify project financing risk factors in tourism development and to assess relative importance of individual risk factors. Based on literature review, 59 risk factors pool of project financing are identified by comparing SOC and real estate project risk factors with project financing general risk factors. After specialists panel meetings, 45 underlying risk factors are adopted for tourism development project financing. A survey was conducted by financial specialists to assess relative importance of individual risks of tourism development, SOC development and real estate development. As a result, tourism development project financing 37 risks are identified as extreme risk, indicating a very negative perspective from financial institutions in investing for tourism development. Importance of preparation risks and operation risks is especially high in tourism development. And compared to SOC development and real estate development, the importance of six risk factors are relatively higher. The result of this study implies that major steps must be taken to manage risks in tourism investment and can be used as a guideline to develop the risk management system.
This research investigates the changes in residential environments of out-migrants in urban regeneration project areas and out-migrants' movement patterns. The migration patterns of out-migrants residing in case study areas were analyzed. The GIS based spatial statistic methods such as kernel density analysis, and cluster analysis were used to analyze residents' movement patterns.
The case study areas were Daegu Samdeog residential improvement, Geumho redevelopment, and Eunpyeong newtown project area. Using the out-migrants' location data, the voluntary/enforced migrants' movement was compared and the movement pattern, distance and direction was analyzed based on the statistical data such as residents' roster. For obtaining qualitative information on residents, survey and interview were performed.
The spatial analysis results on migration patterns show that out-migrants have a tendency to resettle original residence that experienced the redevelopment. In addition, out-migrants were clustered between them. Survey results for identifying housing demander's preference indicate that housing occupation type changed from ownership to rent. Qualitative interview indicates that out-migrants experienced economic problems and psychological fear caused by breakdown of commercial areas.
This study aims to explore which factors have a impact on the spatial perception of mobile internet users. As independent variables frequency, motivation, contents, and place of use are considered. As for dependent variables, information connectivity and related spatiality of place has been drawn. The results show us that it us frequency that has a greatest impact on the spatial perception of users. The possibility of doing business, accessing information as well as playing games on the mobile internet extends the mobile space into every kind of information and communications over the limit of personal social connectivity. Related spatiality of places has also been enhanced by the amount of mobile internet use. What a person is doing plays greater role in deciding the nature and meaning of a place, not where he is. This research seriously urges reconceptualization of the third place in future urban planning. We have to think about what will be the future demand for public space and urban infrastructure, and prepare plan for urban space adequate for the coming mobile society.
In order to explore public facilities of a reasonable improvement should be established optimum location plan to maximize the effectiveness of limited budget and to increase residents' satisfaction and regional equity. This study aims at setting the basis for systematic decision on priority and location of public facilities. The study has 2 parts which Focusing on factors such as population density and facilities' distribution. The outcomes and implications of this study are as follows. This study has suggested the criteria of the priority in supplying public facilities. The opinion of residents regarding priority and optimum location has been largely reflected in the analysis. Accounting for a wide range of public facilities. Trying to promote the reliability of the result by analyzing optimum location and estimating in the objective manners, the various location determinants of public facilities. Improving the accuracy of analysis by establishing a more detailed spatial data about c of spatial equity in using overlay function of GIS. The approach in this study is anticipated to be applied widely in the field of research.
Second District Units Plan is a unique planned management in non-urbanized area. However, the institution have not been operated in the intended objective. After introducing, district units plan showed several limit points and we researched way out of solving the problem. This study used investigation of local government and also survey from the civil servant. The result of this study is as follows. The first, planned urbanized area of management area should solve their problems according to classified area total amount and advance computation of development plan demand in urban master plan. The second, target application area has composure to manage non-urbanized area and maintain fairness of each legislation in second district unit plan area. The third, district designation and plan establishment should be simplified when second district unit plan was established development plan in non-urbanized area. The last, guide lines and operations should be rationalized and also local government needs to consider property of district units plan. Moreover, in the long term, it is needed to change rational plan that second district unit plan and development permit system will be integrated in planning permission system.