Korean | English

pISSN : 1229-8638

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 1.5
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2011, Vol.68, No.

  • 1.

    Regional Growth Analysis by Estimation of Physical Capital and Human Capital

    Kang, Sang Mok | 조상규 | 2011, 68() | pp.3~25 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to estimate human capital and physical capital of regions and grasp sources and courses of regional growth in Korea for 1987-2007. Physical capital per worker and human capital per worker mainly contributed to the regional growth rate of GRDP per worker for 1987-1997. The change rate of productivity supported the growth rate of GRDP per worker for 1997-2007. Seoul metropolitan area failed to show the highest growth rate of productivity in the total regions for 1987-2007. Regional growth courses reported that the growth of Seoul metropolitan area had expanded to Chungnam and Chungbuk with Kyonggi, which human capital and physical capital have concentrated on. The future regional growth should be progressed toward win-win goal by not concentration to Seoul metropolitan area but to regional specialization in space of national land.
  • 2.

    Regional Development Impacts of the Construction of an Expressway on Neighboring Regions Using the Control Group: The Case of Daejeon-Tongyoung Expressway

    Choi Junsub | Jeong, Da-Woon | Kim, Heungsoon | 2011, 68() | pp.25~41 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Transportational facilities such as the expressway improves accessibility, which in turn greatly influences the areas which lag behind in terms of social, economical, and cultural development. In Korea, there was concentrated investment on procuring and improving roads for the development of regional cities. The Daejon-Tongyoung expressway opened in November 2001 was also developed for the development of Western Gyeongnam area, where accessibility and development relatively lags behind. There were no oppositions that these improvement in accessibility contributed greatly to regional development. However, the investments in new transportational facilities in recent years have improved the regional accessibility, and there are critics who point out that the so-called "Straw Effect" sucks all the capital which once stayed in the boundaries to the center of the cities, causing negative effects. Likewise, the ripple effect after the construction of expressways show mixed results, but there are still a lack of empirical studies on its ripple effects. This study analyzed how the expressway affected the surrounding ares, focused on areas around Daejon-Tongyoung expressway. In conclusion, no consistency is found in the effects of the highway as there is slightly different effectiveness according to the characteristics of respective regions. That is, although the new highway offers the accessibility between the areas, some negative effects are given to some regions. By offering practical data for the policy decision, the result of this study is expected to contribute to the development of provincial cities.
  • 3.

    Analysis on Leading Industries of KTX Cities for Promoting Inter-regional Industrial Linkage

    최명섭 | Byeon, Seh-Il | 2011, 68() | pp.43~60 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to identify the leading industries for the economic revitalization for KTX city using location quotient Index, key-sector analysis, and spatial autocorrelation method. This paper finds that only Seoul station, Yongsan station, Osong station, Cheonan-Asan station, Bujeon station, Iksan station, and Singyeongju Station have a few special leading industries. On the other hand, the other stations have not. The regional industrial policies, therefore, may need to be revised to reflect the spatial autocorrelation and industrial linkage. In addition, this paper put the industries of KTX city at seven, such as specialized industry, leading industry, spatially related industry, specialized-leading industry, specialized-spatially related industry, leading-spatially related industry, specialized-leading-spatially related industry, to implications for regional industrial policy.
  • 4.

    Study of the Appropriacy of Key Plan Index Set-up in Comprehensive City Plan: Focusing on Projected Population, Planned Urbanized Area and Urban Spatial Structure

    Park Jongan | Lee Gangyuob | Chai Byung Sun | 2011, 68() | pp.61~83 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    A comprehensive city plan planned in the past years of rapid urbanization, based on increase in population, had established and used land use plan and urban spatial structure. However, as the population growth has entered a phase of stagnation and mobility among regions has also stabilized, such plan in the past needs its change. In this study, characteristics of projected population, planned urbanized area and urban spatial structure in the 82 comprehensive city plans are investigated in terms of, regions, population size, population growth trend, city types and groups. The results show that the projected population of 82 cities is excessively set up, which led to an excessive set-up of planned urbanized area and a consequent low density of population. Besides, a reckless establishment of central place caused a distortion in urban spatial structure. This will be likely to bring about insufficient use of land, increase in costs for infrastructure and city management. This study suggests a planning fitted for the characteristics of each city, plans centered on metropolitan area.
  • 5.

    Effects of Built Environmental Factors on Obesity and Self-reported Health Status in Seoul Metropolitan Area Using Spatial Regression Model

    Eun Jung Kim | 강민규 | 2011, 68() | pp.85~98 | number of Cited : 33
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze effects of built environmental factors on obesity and self-reported health status using spatial autocorrelation analysis. Spatial unit was 53 si, gun, and gu (local government unit) while spatial area was Seoul Metropolitan Area(SMA). Body mass index(BMI) and self-reported health status were used as dependent variables while 23 built environmental factors and 31 personal factors were used as independent and confounding variables, respectively. Obese (i.e., BMI > 25) population and healthy (i.e., self-reported health status =good, very good) population rates were 31.8% and 50.5%. The Moran’s Is of obese and healthy population were 0.2781 and -0.0413, respectively. Therefore, this study used spatial regression model for obese population while this employed OLS regression model for healthy population. Empirical result showed that obesity population was correlated with the number of fast food restaurants(-) and the length of bike route(-) while no built environmental correlates of healthy population. The significance of this study is to consider the built environmental factor on community health planning.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Time Series Classification and Characteristicsof Industrial Complex Development in Korea

    Taewon Park | 최정호 | 2011, 68() | pp.99~120 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Nowadays, industrial complex policy faces an urgent need to respond various demands and industrial environment change. New industrial complex policy making must be based on evaluation and retrospection of past performance. Therefore, this study aims two key subjects: one is to classify the industrial complex development periods based on new criteria which is drawn out by external and internal factors, the other is to derive characteristics shown during development periods. For time series classification, over 50 years for industrial complex development has been devided into five periods. This study also analyzed five major characteristics over industrial complex development period. First, It has been developed in accordance with international division of labor and capital movement. Second, types of industrial complex has been influenced by industrial structure changes and has effected its changes vise versa. Third, national industrial location has also been evolved geographically from inland, southeast coast, west coast, rural and agricultural area, to urban old industrial area recently. Moreover, industrial complex location determinants changed from key aides to President for 60’s and 70’s to economical standpoints, and finally it is observed that land use plan of industrial complex has been advanced from only plant use to multi and environment-friendly use.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Relationship between Honeycomb Cycle Model and the Korea Housing Market

    서수복 | 김재경 | 2011, 68() | pp.121~133 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    There are increasing cases of housing market forecasting using Honeycomb Cycle Model(HCM). However, HCM has a limitation on forecasting of housing market variating by many factors because that is only based on the relation between housing volume and price. Some researchers have announced to the media the results forecasting the housing market by HCM. As a result, this affects a decision making of market participants. This study investigates whether such a model has abilities to forecast the housing market or not by analyzing time series data of the apartment trading volume and purchase price index, and provides some implications in applying this model to the housing markets. Most existing studies using HCM do not give a confidence in prediction. Also it is difficult to explain that honeycomb cycle exists in the flow of Korea housing market. However, housing market shows the Honeycomb cycle approximately during some time period such as IMF crisis and the global financial crisis during the recession. So HCM can be only applied in some interval estimation.
  • 8.

    An Analysis of Housing Wealth Effect from Micro Data

    Chungyu Park | Young Lee | 2011, 68() | pp.135~153 | number of Cited : 29
    Abstract PDF
    The theme of the study is the housing wealth effect. The study uses micro data which examine household consumption and assets as well as demographic characteristics of households in detail. The summary of the findings and the implications of the study are the following. First, the consumption elasticity of housing assets is estimated to be 0.05. The consumption elasticity of housing assets is much higher than other assets. Second, the consumption elasticity of assets for the group that is more than 60 years old is higher than others, that is, a different result from American’s researches. This result shows that households maintain possession of their housing property even though their incomes decrease because of their retirements in Korea. Third, the consumption elasticity of housing assets for households living in apartments is higher than others. Compared to other types of housing, it demonstrates good liquidity and mobility of apartments and apartment owners in Korea. Fourth, households having low ratio of debt to assets have high consumption elasticity of assets because they are restricted in their consumption by a lot of debt.
  • 9.

    Empirical Study on the Determinants of Office Occupancy Cost

    문흥식 | 최영상 | 허창근 and 1other persons | 2011, 68() | pp.155~169 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyses how the Product-Service factor affects the occupancy cost of office and confirms that the Location or Size factor can affect Occupancy Cost as well as they affect the Rent.Since existing domestic studies’ analysis are based on adjusted rent derived from Cheonse or monthly rent as dependent variables, there is no studies considering Occupancy Cost depends on efficiency rate, which is very important factor for a tenant to find office spaces.Whereas, this study differentiate by considering Occupancy Cost which is tenant’s opportunity cost and landlord’s competitiveness of price as a dependent variable, and verify Size factor and Location factor of office building affects Occupancy Cost like affects rent price. As a result of empirical study, factors of an office’s location and size or elevator efficiency factor among Product-Service factors have a significant effect on Occupancy Cost likewise the existing study about rent. The result of this study has academic meanings that supplement and enlarge the existing study about the determinant of rent via analyzing the determinant of the Occupancy Cost to global standard, and also makes real estate market to be more efficient by providing information about determinants of Occupancy Cost to market participants.
  • 10.

    An Evaluation of the Signboard Improvement Project throughout the Color Image Analysis System

    임희진 | 임정수 | Kang Jun Mo | 2011, 68() | pp.171~189 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The differentiation of a city, that is, the identity, is to be accomplished by a creative policy and strategic development for the establishment of a differentiated image of the city. The securing of the urban identity through environmental colors is one of the effective ways to highlight the characteristics of the city in the most efficient way. As local governments showed high interests in public design recently, a lot of related businesses have been carried out although most of them have led to a similar result without reflecting the uniqueness of the region. Thus, this study aims to explore the way to secure identity of local governments through color planning with regard to revision and modification to outdoor advertising units. To this end, the unique image of colors and the actual image of outdoor advertising units in urban views are compared in relation to the revision and replacement of outdoor advertising units to establish the unique identity of Seogyo-ro, Mapo-gu. In addition, examined are the current situations of environmental color planning in related businesses, and the ways to secure the identity of Seoul City by improving the disturbances of carrying out projects as well as reflecting them in policies. By establishing the guideline for regional view color suggesting and planning in an effort to enhance the urban identity of each part of Seoul, this study is expected to help securing of the regional identity, and present the direction of planning colors for outdoor advertising units in relation to the characteristics of streets.
  • 11.

    An Analysis of Factors Affecting the Rental Value of Shopsin the Complex Shopping Mall, COEX

    채희만 | Hyun-Seok Lee | 2011, 68() | pp.191~205 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Due to increased leisure time and higher income, complex shopping malls have become a world wide trend. However, only a few researches have been done for the rental value of shops in the malls. The data set for this study is made of 174 sample rentals of the complex commercial shops in COEX. The estimated market share ratio of shops in the mall is calculated through D. L. Huff probability model. And multiple regression for analyzing rent determinants is used. The regression model includes lots of characteristic independent variables such as distance from anchor or key tenants, size of shop space, types of business, the estimated market share ratio of shops, etc. The result shows that the estimated market share ratio has high correlation with actual rents and the market share ratio could be used as a significant independent variable in multiple regression. The regression analysis demonstrates that the distance of certain anchor tenants, access condition with main traffic line, size, and the type of service industry are important rent determinants.
  • 12.

    Analyzing Growth Trends and Responsive Plans of Urban Subcentersin the Korean Six Largest Metropolitan Cities

    오명택 | Jeong, Da-Woon | Kim, Heungsoon | 2011, 68() | pp.207~229 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to identify whether the subcenters of the six metropolitan cities presented by the Urban Master Plans are actually growing as hub areas from the perspective of polycentric structure and urban development axis. To do that, the business entity density and employee density were employed to analyze whether the subcenters of the six metropolitan cities are sizable enough and their sizes are growing the extent to perform the function of a city center. This study also inquires that implementation plans reflect strategies for subcenters by analyzing relevant policies of the six metropolitan cities. The analysis on the degree of agglomeration and growth power of the six metropolitan cities reveals that the metropolitan subcenters with a low growth power have insufficient city planning. The results of the overall study indicate significant impacts on the growth of subcenters. Therefore, there is the need to develop supplementary measures to implement urban plan projects and to nurture hubs based on polycentric structure and development axis of the metropolitan cities.
  • 13.

    An Analysis of Economic Effects of Airline Industry on Regional Economy by Using the MRIO Analysis

    Chuhwan Park | 정영근 | 2011, 68() | pp.231~251 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyses the economic effects of the airline industry on the regional economy by 2005 MRIO Table. In the 1st step analysis, we look at the forward and backward linkage effects by using the production inducement coefficient. The results show that Pusan·Gyeongnam region’s intermediate goods input effect is the most high in the airline manufacturing industries and Metropolitan region’s intermediate goods input effect is the most high in the airline transportation industries. And, we look at backward linkage effects for the airfreight industries, the results show that Metropolitan regions output is the most high, but inter-region’s gap is not large. In the 2nd step analysis, we look at the value-added inducement effects on the regional economy. The results are same as product inducement effects in the 1st step, Therefore, airline industry shows very large regional gaps in terms of supplement. So, airline industry should be reconsidered in terms of regional development policy.
  • 14.

    An Analysis of Industrial Coping Activities for Reduction of the Greenhouse Gas in the Ulsan Region: Focusing on the Impact of a Voluntary Agreement and Discrepancy in Industrial Characteristics

    김재홍 | 2011, 68() | pp.253~271 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the industrial coping activities for the greenhouse gas reduction and their determinants focusing on the effects of a voluntary agreement for energy reduction and the industrial characteristics based on the interview data of 224 establishments in the Ulsan region. A two stage sample selection treatment effect model is applied in this analysis. The major findings are as follows: First, the index of the greenhouse gas reduction activities is estimated significantly higher in the establishments with the voluntary agreement for energy reduction. Second, the petro-chemical and metal-finishing industries show the significantly higher indices and the higher participation probability for the voluntary agreement, while the auto and shipbuilding industries, which are the strategic industries in the Ulsan region, are very inactive to cope with the greenhouse gas reduction. Finally, the index of the greenhouse gas reduction activities tends to grow with the amount of sale of the establishments, but the indexes of the establishments with the sale size of 100~500billion KRW are lower than those with the sale size of 50~100billion KRW.