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2014, Vol.83, No.

  • 1.

    User’s Satisfaction and Quality of Service Using Quantitative Measures for Transit in Korea

    김민석 | 박선영 | Kim Jungmee and 2other persons | 2014, 83() | pp.3~15 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the user satisfaction of public transportation service. We analyzed the relationship between the indicators each user experienced and service by establishing the ordered logit model, in the five service items which are the headway, service fee, access time, driving accuracy, safe driving. The analysis result showed that the expected satisfaction users felt was different according to the mode, service, and region. This result is expected to be more accurate, as it used quantitative analysis to overcome the limitations of qualitative analysis, which was used in the surveys of public transportation satisfaction until now. If we compare the maximum of expected satisfaction by the users according to the service items to the achieved level, we can set the direction of policy to the relatively inferior service article. Thus, more effective service could be provided and the satisfaction of users is expected to consistently rise. Therefore, from now on, it is necessary to consider both quantitative/qualitative sides when doing the satisfaction surveys.
  • 2.

    The Analysis of Effects of Location Type and Firm Size on New Firms’ Survival

    Shin, Hye-Won | Kim, Euijune | 2014, 83() | pp.17~30 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of study is to analyze effect of internal factors(financial stability, rate of return, and technical skills) and external factors(regional factors, economic growth rate, and factors of spatial policy) on survival rate of new firms which were established between 2003 and 2007 in electronic components, computer, radio, television and communication equipment and apparatuses, employing Cox’s proportional hazard model. The levels of financial stability, rate of return, and technical skills are positively related to firm’s survival rate. Also improvement of regional factors, localization economies, urbanization economies and accessibility, and economic growth rate have positive effects on firms’ longevity. Overall planned location-firms and larger firms would be affected by only internal factors while footloose location-firms and smaller firms would be impacted by both internal and external factors. It implies that provision of industrial infrastructure and financial incentives provided by industrial complex are helpful to alleviate economic uncertainties. Also, it would be helpful to increase survival rate that improvement of accessibility by provision of transportation services, development of network for information interchange and financial support to locate in industrial complex for smaller firms and that policies to enhance financial stability for larger firms.
  • 3.

    The Effect of Resident Participation on Residential Satisfaction: Focused on Apartment Residents in Seoul City

    김해숙 | 정복환 | Kim Gab-Youl | 2014, 83() | pp.31~47 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of resident participation such as information exchange to residential satisfaction. The research method was employed, such as statistical analysis including the legal·institutional method. As a result, the following findings were obtained: First, more participation of the apartment resident organization made communication with neighbors smooth. Second, more participation of the apartment resident organization made better reconciliation with neighbors. Third, more participation of the apartment resident organization led to higher consideration for neighbors. Fourth, more communication and reconciliation with and consideration for the neighbors of the apartment housing led to higher residential satisfaction. The above results imply that voluntary groups such as the association and the like should be faithful to the social functions of resident participation such as communication, reconciliation and consideration and that the resident representative meeting should well perform the administrative function of participation. Accordingly, they imply that residents should achieve residential satisfaction through the promotion of participation by participation through participant organization regardless of official and systematic participation organization or inofficial and unsystematic participant organization. It is necessary to reinforce the monitoring and supervisory function of apartment community operation and management, to prevent the resident representative meeting and the management office from committing corruption and irregularities and to enable apartment residents to participate in the community activity to achieve communication, reconciliation and consideration among themselves. Residents can contribute to the promotion of resident welfare or public interests and achieve residential satisfaction by participating in the resident organization. Accordingly, the promotion of participation based on the function of participation is very necessary and important
  • 4.

    Building Effective Governance for Cultural District Planning: The Case of the Totatoga Project in Busan

    SeHoon Park | 주유민 | 2014, 83() | pp.49~67 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    With the rise of cultural economy in today’s post-industrial cities, cultural district planning is increasingly used as an urban regeneration tool. Korea is no exception, and many of its cities that are facing de-industrialization and population loss are following the trend, installing numerous cultural district projects for their ailing neighborhoods. These projects, however, often falter as they fail to build an effective governance structure, especially amid the conflicting interests between artists and urban bureaucrats. Against this backdrop, the study explores the Totatoga project in Busan Metropolitan City, in an attempt to clarify the factors behind effective policy governance for cultural district planning. It finds that the role of an intermediary agency, which helped to bring together different actors, including government, artists, and the local community, and the local government’s non-interventionist attitude were important success factors for the project. Hence, as a conclusion, it suggests that a local government’s mode of intervention should be reinvented, so as to provide flexible and horizontal governance structure for art-led urban regeneration policies in Korea.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Impact of the Supply of Public Rental Housing on Jeon-se Price of Apartments in Surrounding Areas: The Case of Capital Region Cities

    박상우 | Park Hwan-Yong | 2014, 83() | pp.69~80 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we have investigated the impact of the supply of the new_unit_construction rental housing(National Rental Housing), the exisiting_unit_purchasing rental housing (Multi-family Rental Housing), and the exisiting_unit_Jeon-se(sublet) rental housing on Jeon-se price of apartments in surrounding areas. For such purpose, we gathered rental price trend, number of houses constructed as the new_unit_construction rental housing, number of houses supplied as the exisiting_unit_purchasing and sublet rental housing, and total number of residential buildings completed in 61 capital region cities(including counties and boroughs) between 2009 and 2013 as panel data. Fixed effect model of panel model was used for analysis. Analyzing the relationship between the amount of rental housing supplied and the region’s Jeon-se price change led to the finding that new supplies under the new_unit_construction rental housing was found effective in lowering Jeon-se price, but the exisiting_unit_purchasing rental housing supplies had no such influence. Furthermore, the existing_unit_sublet rental housing supplies increased surrounding area’s Jeon-se price. In conclusion, we propose that the government should put more weight on rental housing programs that involve new constructions such as the new_unit_construction rental housing considering the indirect effects of lowering Jeon-se price as well as the direct benefit of first-hand beneficiaries.
  • 6.

    A Study on Improving Competitiveness against KTX of Yeosu Airport

    Choi, Chang Ho | 임영태 | 2014, 83() | pp.81~98 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Since Korea Train Express (KTX) started running in 2004, the number of air passengers in Korean local airports is consistently decreasing. Furthermore, if Honam High Speed Railway opens in 2015 and KTX departing from Suseo railway station begins running in 2016, local airports, especially general local airports with no regular international flights are expected to have more difficulties. This study is a case study of Yeosu Airport, where passengers are dramatically decreasing due to the increased usage of KTX since 2011, and the study focuses on improving competitiveness against KTX. As for the result, reconverting air passengers that have already transferred to KTX and preventing future conversions as well as creating new airline demand have been shown to be the revitalizing measures for Yeosu Airport. For specific methods, it suggests reduction of total transport cost through regular discounting of air freight charge and organizing airport-accessing transport system, securing fixed demand class linked with industrial complex and public offices, and creating new demand with tourism industry and MICE. It also emphasizes the importance of administrative and financial support system from local governments near Yeosu airport.
  • 7.

    Influences of Weather on the Inbound Traffic Volume of a Tourist Destination

    Sohn, Chul | Kim Geon-Hu | 2014, 83() | pp.99~111 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we analyzed how daily weather conditions influence the daily inbound highway traffic volume of small sized cars. We used the daily observed weather conditions from Automated Synoptic Observing System operated by Korea Meteorological Administration and recorded inbound highway traffic volume of Gangneung Tollgate managed by Korea Expressway Corporation. We estimated the regression models which include the daily inbound traffic volume as the dependent variable and the observed weather variables such as daily temperature, rainfall, and snowfall as the explanatory variables in addition to other explanatory variables for the days of spring, summer, fall, and winter of 2013 to 2014. The results from the estimated models show that, in case of spring, summer, and fall, the daily traffic volume decreases by 0.4%~0.7% as the daily rainfall increases by 1mm. In case of temperature, the relationship between the daily highest temperature and the traffic volume is weak in the spring. However the relationship between two is positive in case of the fall and winter. Interestingly, the traffic volume is strongly influenced by the temperature of Seoul Metropolitan Area in case of summer. In case of daily snowfall in the winter season, the snowfall of both Wonju area and Gangneung area negatively influences the inbound traffic volume.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Applicability of Communitarianism for Maeul Mandelgie by the Delphi Method

    김진아 | 2014, 83() | pp.113~127 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Attention to Maeul Mandelgie, which means community building project in Korea, is rising sharply as self-reflection on the government and market-driven development policies is gaining momentum. But it is true that discussion on values that must be pursued by Maeul Mandelgie and its evaluation criteria are insufficient. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the suitability of a communitarian perspective in Maeul Mandelgie Project. In order to achieve this objective, the theoretical review and delphi survey have been conducted. The theoretical study has been performed focusing on Communitarianism and delphi survey, has drawn out ‘participation, interaction, and consensus building’ as components of Communitarianism. The delphi survey has been conducted on experts in Maeul Mandelgie to judge the appropriateness of components. In the delphi survey, the possibility of universal participation, mutual cognition, degree of participation, and voluntary participation were evaluated as sub-components of participation, interaction skill, trust building, distribution of power, and the type of leaders were evaluated as sub-components of interaction, and deliberation process, the principle of reciprocity, implementation of agreement, and the enhancement of community sprit were evaluated as sub-components of consensus building.
  • 9.

    The Identification of the Concentrations and Linkages of Industrial Clusters in the Chungbuk Region Using a Hybrid Approach

    Cho, Cheol-Joo | 2014, 83() | pp.129~149 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This Study aims at identifying the spatial concentrations and linkage properties of industrial clusters in the Chungbuk Region using a three-step hybrid approach, which is formulated by combining the cluster index, Getis-Ord’s Gi*, and qualitative input-output analysis. The results of the study indicate that the two industrial clusters receiving significant policy concern in Chungbuk Province, i.e. IT and Bio-industrial clusters, seem to still be in a stage of emerging. In addition, the level of regional extension of the functional linkages between clusters is shown to be very weak, together with the scant formation of clusters of individual industrial sectors in the northern and southern parts of Chungbuk Province. These findings suggest that required are the proper regional economic policies catered to the salient properties of the extant industrial clusters in the region.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Relationship between Homeownership and Voting Rate in Urban Areas Focusing on the 2010 Local Election of Korea

    Lee Sojung | Yoonseuk Woo | 2014, 83() | pp.151~165 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    From the perspecitve of Housing asset-based welfare, homeownership has an impact on social benefit as well as asset accumulation effect. It has been known that homeowners are more interested in local affairs than tenants since they want to maintain their investment as a form of housing in terms of economic and psychologic viewpoints. However, it is hard to find such studies which have dealt with social impact of homeownership and most of current literature are focused tenure choice, dwelling satisfaction or asset accumulation impact in Korean context. This study tried to examine whether higher homeownership rate is related with higher voting rate in urban areas with a view that housing can be a tool of local capacity building instead of mere investment target by applying multiple regression analysis. According to the analysis, homeowneship rate is positively correlated with voting rate when we control the other socioeconomic, demographic, political and regional variables. With this result, it is suggested that housing welfare policy should tackle the issues related to enhancing affordability of households to purchase their housing in addition to current policy focused on wide supply of public rental housing.