In this study, we analyzed the current situation and problems of the clustered settlement for the efficient housing redevelopment. For this, it was suggested that the alternative ways to promote the clustered settlement redevelopment. First, the result of the development types of the 10 districts, better urban development project than urban renewal project in Uiwang-si, Guri-si. Also the results of the feasibility study identified that a feasible plan of two development types about only 1 site of 10 sites and the rest of 9 sites was a appropriate for replotting method. The clustered settlement redevelopment has a limitation of projects due to the lack of feasibility and development density limit, excessive land compensation. For that reason, the settlement redevelopment are judged to promote replotting method. In particular, land expropriation method was showing the difference of feasibility, depending on the development conditions by settlements. Finally, it is necessary to improve the system for ensuring proper project feasibility, such as the abolition of urban planning facilities, additional release of green belt. And need to support from the government to induce a balance of publicity.
Land uses and land prices form a cluster spatially influenced by adjacent area and the cluster changes temporally. However, previous studies in Korea are limited to verifying a spatial autocorrelation of land price or to confirming the superiority of price models adjusting spatial characteristics. It is needed to confirm spatio-temporal changes in land market and to determine their characteristics. This study analyzed the land price volatility in time series at all local areas nationwide to confirm the spatial autocorrelation of land price. Moran index of land price change was calculated; relevance between Moran index and economic variables were analyzed and their local spatial distribution patterns were analyzed. Spatial characteristics of land price fluctuation with time in Korean land market were derived and their implication for a policy decision was drawn. As a result, spatial autocorrelation of land price fluctuation differed with time at both nationwide market and Seoul metropolitan market. The spatial autocorrelation showed an inverse proportion to land price volatility and national income. Moreover, the cluster area where the land price volatility forms a group was variable temporally.
This study categorizes types of Seoul’s subway station areas by the diurnal pattern of transit ridership at peak and non-peak times using cluster analysis. Principal component analysis was then conducted to reduce many overlapping land use variables to latent factors, which in turn were used in a multinomial logit model to analyze the relationship between the diurnal pattern of rail ridership and the land use patterns of different station areas. Unlike studies that use a fixed time frame for morning and afternoon peak periods, this study identifies the position of a ridership concentration for each station by comparing the average ridership of half-hour intervals throughout the day. The study finds six main categories of ridership diurnal pattern and shows that the starting position and duration of peak periods vary by station area and that the level of transfer ridership also varies by time and by station type. Moreover, the results demonstrate that the diurnal pattern of subway ridership is closely related to land use, block and lot size, and accessibility of bus services in the station areas.
This study estimates a regional production function for 16 regions in the period 1998~2010 to investigate spatial spillover effects of SOC. Various spatial scopes are analyzed in this study according to geographical distance, economic linkage and regional similarities in per capita income, industrial structure and population density. The main findings are as follows. Firstly, it is found that the SOC for transportation has a positive spillover effect on output growth in other regions as whole, however, the non-transporting SOC has a negative spillover effect. Secondly, as transportation capitals are divided into roads and the others like railways, airports and sea ports, the spillover effect of roads turns up negative on the neighboring regions and the regions in the same Economic Region. On the contrary, the other transporting SOCs are found to contribute positively to the economic growth of those regions. Thirdly, road SOC produces a positive spillover effect but the rest of transporting SOCs produce a negative spillover effect on the non-neighboring regions and the regions in the different Economic Region. These empirical findings provide some of implications to the central and local governments under a substantial pressure on fiscal restructuring. Among others, a careful consideration of spatial spillover effects of SOC investment are necessary to improve the investment efficiency when the governments make decisions on the locations and types of SOC investments.
This study is an exploratory case study of community building process in urban context, especially in the City of Seoul. Community is defined based on spatial relationship as well as social relationship. Seoul Metropolitan Government has institutionalized support systems for community building, and has implemented some programs for two years. This article uses qualitative approach to analyze the process of community budiling, such as in-depth interview and observation. The analysis based on the process of people gathering, organizing, planning, and implementation. The findings of this article can contribute the understanding of community building process, and give policy implication for future community building program. In the community building process, communication is one of the most important factors. It is not only communication among people, but also between government and civil society.
In this study, by examining literature materials which show the feature of Feng Shui for the housing and the grave, each feature in logical construction is to be compared and analyzed.
In order to pursuit convenience, Feng Shui had been used for bringing the wind and the water representing natural phenomenon into life. And the logic in Feng Shui had become necessary for traditional human life. Feng Shui for the Housing (Yang house) was for his or her life time, and Feng Shui for the Grave (Yin house) was for after his or her death. Each had its own position in traditional life. Even there was no point of division between the two, the essence of the two theories have been separated from each other by being theorized and systematized. Today, to foster Feng Shui, it is necessary to emphasize logical and rational aspect in it. Because Feng Shui is the most eco-friendly and the lowest destructive to nature for development, its logic may be able to solve the problem of modern society.
This study is designed to find out the effect of housing wealth upon consumer spending. Using the 2012 Korean Labor & Income Panel Study(KLIPS), this study analyzes 645 home-owning households in the Seoul Metropolitan Area which are divided into three different age groups ranging from early middle-aged, late middle-aged to elderly households. The results show housing wealth effects in statistical significance, and they reveal that the consumption elasticity from housing wealth is estimated to be much higher than ones from financial asset and non-housing real estate asset. As the age of householders increases, the elasticity of housing wealth decreases, and financial wealth has a stronger propensity to consume among elderly households than any other age groups. Also, the empirical analysis indicates that household liability seriously undermines households’ marginal propensity to consume out of housing wealth gains. In particular, early middle-aged households are more likely to spend a substantial portion of realized home equity gains than are the other two age groups if the debt-wealth ratio is reduced. Further, late middle-aged households are likely to actively tap into their housing windfalls. For early middle-aged and elderly households, net household wealth and rental income are statistically proved to have an significant effect on household consumption. The findings imply that the effect of housing wealth on household consumption can be clearly stimulated by curtailing household liabilities and by increasing household income and housing value.
This study suggested management plan of non-urbanized area and analysis of reality of development permit focused on Hwaseong-si where has problem of development thoughtless for the environment by indiscriminate development. Under this circumstance, this study reviewed previous studies and analyzed development permit data. Development permit data was classified by use district, type, use purpose and analyzed the concentration and directional distribution of development permit for specific status analysis. Concentration analysis, first class neighborhood living facilities and residential use is the central axis of the west, second class neighborhood living facility were spread widely from state-sided shape in the east. On the other hand, the factory had been concentrated in the factory areas. Directional distribution analysis, first class neighborhood living facilities and residential use is showing lower east orientation, the factory showed drooping south direction. Development permit through the concentration and directional distribution could know that it is gradually expanding throughout Hwaseong-si. This management plan proposed growth management planning of non-urbanized area and strengthen procedures of development permit system.
Since Greenbelt was adjusted in 2000, regulations have become relaxed, resulting in an increase in illegal acts. This study aimed to analyze the change of landownership, illegal acts and management system in Greenbelt, and to suggest improvement measurement of policies based on opinions from managers.
The study results showed that illegal acts were concentrated in metropolitan areas where there were high pressure of development. Due to the relaxed regulations, landownership of people from other regions has drastically increased, and there were a lot of illegal acts of changing a purpose of use from a greenhouse to a factory. It is because even if illegal acts were caught, there are more economic benefits including a rent and a land price increase than a charge for compelling the execution. As human resources and authorities for crackdown lack in the managing system, there is a limitation in the crackdown with the current system and organization.
Therefore, in order to reduce illegal acts, regulations and a charge for compelling the execution should be reinforced so people would not have economic benefits from their illegal acts. Moreover, this study suggested differentiating project support depending on corrective actions and establishing an exclusive management organization for Greenbelt areas.
The concept of the city-region has attracted in recent years. It has been recognized as a dynamic center of economic innovation as well as the spatial unit that compares the regional competitiveness on a global scale. The purposes of this study are to delimitate the city-region system in Korea, applying the method of TTWA(travel-to-work area) and to analyze spatial structure of city-regions. The adequate thresholds of self-containment rate(demand and supply side) and number of resident workers were set, based on the result of sensitivity analysis. Korea was delimitated into 39 TTWAs, including 7 TTWAs which are consist of single shi or gun. If 7 TTWAS are re-delineated using the boundary of the regional happy living areas, city-regions in Korea can be set into 32. In this study, the spatial structure of city-regions was analyzed in terms of morphological polycentricity as well as functional polycentricity. The functional polycentricity is related to the size of the city-region and morphological polycentricity. The results of this study give some implications for implementing the regional development policy towards the city–region as the spatial unit. Further, this study may guide the in-depth research concerning the effect of polycentric city-region on the regional competitiveness and sustainable development.