The Korea Spatial Planning Review 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 1.23

Korean | English

pISSN : 1229-8638
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2015, Vol.86, No.

  • 1.

    The Relationship between Regional Economic Variables and Local Employment Growth

    Jihye Choi , KIM, ILTAE | 2015, 86() | pp.3~15 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the long-run equilibrium relationship between regional economic variables and local employment growth using the panel data of 16 regions from 1995 to 2013 in Korea. This study uses the GRDP, wage, and public expenditure for the explanatory variables. This study estimates long-run equilibrium equation in terms of panel cointegration relationships between the variables which have the unit roots using the FMOLS(Fully Modified OLS) estimation. This study shows that GRDP and public expenditure have positive impacts on total industrial employment and service industrial employment. Moreover, if the variables deviate from equilibrium, then error correction term converges to the Long-Run equilibrium. This study also reveals that service industrial sector has higher impact than total industrial sector and that the wage variable has a negative effect on employment.
  • 2.

    Development and Application of an Agent Based Urban Model

    Kim Donghan , Kim, Hyun-Joong , Koo Hyeongsu and 1 other persons | 2015, 86() | pp.17~31 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Since the pioneering work of Lowry in the 1960s, many urban models have developed to understand how urban systems work and change. Early urban models tend to focus on the relationship and interaction between land use and transportation, but recent urban models pay more attention to urban morphology with an interest on self-organising nature of urban systems. Agent based urban modelling approach is gaining popularity as a new means to study an urban systems in this context. This study aims to develop an agent based urban model as a new scientific tools to understand changes in urban systems and to support planning policy making. The study introduces urban economic theory and analysis into the angent based modelling framework. We then developed a model by using an open source programming platform, Repast Simphony. The model was applied to a case study area of Busan Metropolitan Area(Busan, Gimhae, Yangsan) to see if it properly works and generates valid simulation outcomes. We has confirmed that the model offers new and meaningful ways to understand urban future.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Maintenance System for the Publicfacilities of Haengbok Public Rental Housing Districts: Focusing on Artificial Ground, Superstructure, and Amenities for Residents

    Kim Okyeon , 김주진 | 2015, 86() | pp.33~58 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to define the concepts of artificial ground, superstructure of artificial ground, and amenities for residents, which constitute new facilities integrated in Haengbok [happiness] Pubic Rental Housing(HPRH) districts, as public facilities and to analyze their functions and roles on the basis of facility supply situations in the Gajwa-Oryoo pilot HPRH district. By so doing, it was intended to present a rationale for the stance that public entities, such as municipalities, have the right to and duty of operational management of these facilities. Taking into account facility types, such as artificial ground, superstructure of artificial ground, and amenities for residents, locations of facility installation (asset type), and ownership, the operational management system was classified into 8 types, and the anticipated problems, key issues, and pros and cons of each type were analyzed and presented as guidelines for persons in charge when the public facility operational management becomes an actual issue. By analyzing similar national and international cases and weighing up pros and cons of each of 8 types, system revision plan necessary for a stable and sustainable operational management of a Haengbok housing district is proposed. Also proposed are a system for setting up partitioned superficies in public land as a basis for artificial ground management and superstructure construction, applications of spatial decision and duplicated decision on urban planning facilities, a cost sharing plan for the budget by equity and operational management budget, operational management methods differentiated in accordance with the nature of amenities for residents and introduction methods, and finally an operational management methodology model for each facility type.
  • 4.

    The Impact of Historical-Cultural Contents’ Use in Building Social Capital of Urban Residents: The Experiences of Historical-Cultural Contents’ Use in Daegu Metropolitan City

    Lee Gwonhee , PARK, JONG HWA | 2015, 86() | pp.59~75 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of historical-cultural contents’ use in building social capital. More specifically, this study tries to connect the existing research results with the purpose of this study, to establish 3 research hypotheses, to employ factor analysis and regression analysis for the related questionnaire survey, and then to suggest the policy implications. The major results of analysis are as follows: there is a composite emergence of market interaction as well as non-market interaction in the change of residents’ perceptions through historical-cultural contents’ use; there is a positive impact of the change of residents’ perceptions through historical-cultural contents’ use on building social capital; and there are differences of content characteristics for major variables of residents’ perceptions in building factors of bridging social capital and bonding social capital. As the related policy implications, the paper, first of all, suggests that there are necessities for maintaining inclusive policy viewpoints for the meaning of historical-cultural contents’ use. Secondly, the study suggests that there are necessities for the differentiated policy approaches by the type of social capital.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Improvement of Design Criteria for Bus Shelter Space Using Dual-Bus Information Terminal(BIT)

    Kwon Jingyeong , Kim, Gyeong Seok | 2015, 86() | pp.77~88 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study was started to make people to identify the importance of preventing accident due to crowded bus station in aspect of urban space use and provide bus information service as much as possible to customer in space of shelter. Primary purpose of this study is to prove status of shelter use and change of service level through duplex bus information providing service and improve crowdedness for passenger through changed service level. Especially it has suggested the necessity to decide the size of shelter reasonably and its methodology and verified it through analysis of instances. It verifies reduction in the number of those waiting when bilateral bus information is provided than when unilateral bus information is and it shows all the shelter service levels, once very low due to the unilateral provision of information, get improved up to a level over ‘C’ without physically expanding space. In this process, it conducted research on bus users’ intention through a survey and frequency event sampling method and its result is applied to the process of calculating shelter scale. Besides, it presents an improvement plan for design criteria so that design criteria for shelters(decision of scale), which are not standardized yet, may be reasonably decided in consideration of users’ demand and shelter environments.
  • 6.

    The Public Roles and Implications on Private-invested Projects for Urban Economic Regeneration Projects: Based on the Case Studies of Anchor Projects

    김주진 , Ryu Dongju | 2015, 86() | pp.89~105 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to suggest public roles and implications on private-invested projects for urban economic revitalization projects. Based on the case studies of 5 anchor projects, main results are as follows; First of all, it is important to investigate and prepare feasible strategies and plans to attract tenants and to recover investments. Second, in order to reflect the public interest on anchor projects, the support of the public is needed to ensure a viable business structure which can ensure a minimum return for developers and investors. Third, in order to facilitate restructuring of major economic infrastructure at the national level, such as national industrial complex, it is necessary to preserve the loss of the developer through financial support for the expansion and establishment of major SOC. And the last, it may need to be made to maximize the impacts of economic revitalization by specifying spatial-functional linkages between anchor projects and the surrounding area.
  • 7.

    Comparative Analysis on the Life Table to Hedge Longevity Risk of Reverse Mortgage

    KIM SUN JU | 2015, 86() | pp.107~119 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The longevity risk of reverse mortgage is increasing. In order to find a way to hedging longevity risk analyzed the various life tables. The comparison results of national complete life table in 2012 and LC model life table and the 7th experience life table were as follows. The death probability of national complete life table appears increasingly high in elderly people. So the need of reestimate on the death probability for the elderly is raised. And the improvement effect of the last-survivor status death probability in multiple life model was higher than the death probability in National complete life table. Reverse mortgage is joint life annuity. The pension is paid until their death when you join a couple. Also Housing Finance Corporation Act was amended to ensure that the couple having many differences of their age is able to join the pension. Therefore, to apply the death probability of the last-survivor status in multiple life model can be reduced the security of financial in reverse mortgage.
  • 8.

    Assessment on Social Exclusion of Vulnerable Population by the Analysis of Their Travel Characteristics and Behavior

    Yoon Youngwon , Chang, Justin Sueun | 2015, 86() | pp.121~138 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study assessed the extent of social exclusion of vulnerable population by the analysis of their travel characteristics and behavior. Descriptive statistics based on 2010 Seoul Travel Survey was conducted and the trip generation model using ordered probit was estimated. Four broad results and their corresponding implications can be summarized. First, the individual and household properties of disadvantaged people were confirm again as a factor for social exclusion, as previous studies in the literature have reported. This finding can signify that bespoke transport polices for the vulnerable class are essential to mitigate the exclusion. Second, variables from economic activities that have not been very often adopted in this filed were also identified as a key determinant of social exclusion. Even though a form of employment was only considered in this research, other activities related to production, distribution, exchange and consumption can also affect the extent of social exclusion. Third, transport factors showed the similar trend that have been captured in the literature. It is however a limitation of this study not to associate with the component of travel impedance. An accessibility analysis that combines socioeconomic opportunities and travel deterrence can open a wider window that can appreciate the relationship between transport and social exclusion. Finally, it was inferred that differences in urban forms can generate different extents of social exclusion. Follow-up studies thus should incorporate land-use and/or regional variables.
  • 9.

    Examinations of Meanings of Community Participation in Urban Regeneration and Their Applications in Regeneration Policy: Focusing on New Deal for Communities Programme in the UK

    Lee, Taehee | 2015, 86() | pp.139~159 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines theories of community participation in urban regeneration and their application in the UK urban regeneration policy. It is generally assumed that community participation is a ‘good thing’, and with greater participation of community, we can resolve many problems that have occurred under the conventional style of urban redevelopment process. However, we have not yet seriously and critically examined the assumptions: its theoretical grounds and its effectiveness. As a first step of the critical examination of the assumptions, this study explores the backgrounds of the attention to the concept of the community in contemporary urban regeneration, the grounds for the public participation in planning process, and their applications in the UK urban regeneration policy. Subsequently, this study draws out implications for the current urban regeneration policies in Korea, in particular with regard to community participation.
  • 10.

    Land Readjustment of Seoul and Tokyo Metropolitan Area in the 1960s and 1970s from the Perspective of the New Institutionalism: Its Implications on the International Transfer of Urban Planning System

    Park Minkyu , Kang Myounggu , Sanghoon Jung | 2015, 86() | pp.161~181 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines whether the planning system would function similarly when it is transferred across borders from the perspective of the new institutionalism. Specifically, the land readjustment, a widely-known method to transform urban land was empirically examined with relevant cases implemented in Seoul, South Korea and Saitama, Japan in the 1960s and 1970s. For this, informal and formal institutions of both cases as well as results of relevant projects examined. Although the concept and legal system for the land readjustment projects in the two cities were similar, considerable differences were found in their location, scale and physical form. Compared to South Korea, Japan’s land readjustment better reflected opinions of local government, local residents and landowners, and the relevant projects were smaller in scale and their locations were more scattered than those of Korea. Such differences are seemingly due to the differences in the informal institutional context in both countries. This study implies that the elements of informal institutions play a pivotal role in the international transfer of planning system and institution.