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2016, Vol.90, No.

  • 1.

    A Study on Analysis Method of Integration and Integrated Using Directional Network: Focusing on Development Process of the Chinese Ancient Cities

    Chi, Cheng-yun | SANG HYUN LEE | 2016, 90() | pp.3~19 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, the evaluation index of Reachability/Accessibility is proposed to analyze the development process of the Chinese ancient cities quantitatively. According to the Chinese ancient literatures, the core facilities of capital cities can be thought as royal palaces. The layout of royal palaces is generally selected in consideration of the safety and controllability. The location of the royal residential area should meet the demand of the highest ruler’s accessibility and the safety of reachability. The methodology is based on the existence of directional links on city space network to evaluate the index of Reachability/Accessibility in a particular area. The following measures are performed; first, electing three typical Chinese ancient cities chronologically. Second, abstracting through applying the directional network. Third, calculating the degree of Integration and Integrated using the directivity network. Fourth, outputting the index of Reachability/Accessibility of the nodes on city space network. Fifth, The Reachability/Accessibility indicators can be used to verify the usefulness of the previous studies claiming quantitatively. This index can show the characteristics of the city space structure quantitatively and then explore the development process of the Chinese ancient cities.
  • 2.

    The Influence of The Real Estate Regulations for Kaeseong Industrial Zone(RERKIZ) on Real Estate Legislation of North Korea

    Kim Young-kyu | 2016, 90() | pp.21~36 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the influences that The Real Estate Regulations for Kaeseong Industrial Zone(RERKIZ) has an impact on the unity of South & North Korea on the real estate system. It is the features of RERKIZ to have a definition term of real estate, detailed Cadastre provisions, to show the actual example of a transfer, and not to have rules for settlement of disputes RERKIZ that shows great possibility that South & North Korea on the real estate system can be united for RERKIZ approves Land Usufruct, subrogation which is similar to South Korea’s. On the other hand it is the critical points for South & North Korea on the real estate system to be united that there is no provision to protect land usufruct on RERKIZ, and also the property relationship of real estate is regarded as governing relations which is totally different from in South Korea. RERKIZ influences on Cadastre provisions of Real Estate Control Act(2009) and systemizing on registration of real estate.
  • 3.

    Agglomeration Diseconomy due to Competition of Firms in Labor Market and Capital Accumulation of Manufacturing Industry

    Youngsung Lee | 2016, 90() | pp.37~50 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Lee(2014) found that the wage per worker increased significantly due to competition among firms in the labor market in South Korea’s manufacturing industries and the portion determined by this competition in the average industry wage weakened agglomeration of the manufacturing industry. Regretably, he measured agglomeration only in terms of labor. It should be noted that capital stock in manufacturing industry contributes much more in production and value-added. If capital stock increases responding to the increase in average wage due to firms’ competition in labor market, it is difficult to say that firms’ competition weakens agglomeration. According to this research, it is found that no industry experienced increases in capital stock. In the case of chemistry, oil, metal, non-metal, steel, electronics, electrics, and auto industry, capital stock decreased more than the increase in average wage due to competition among firms. Interestingly, average wage itself, not the portion in average wage determined by competition among firms, made an increase in capital stock of manufacturing industries.
  • 4.

    Socioeconomic Determinants of Exhibition Attendees’ Expenditure in Daejeon

    Shin Euichan | Lee Jae Woo | 2016, 90() | pp.51~69 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Recently the MICE industry has been in the spotlight as one of the strategies of city marketing and regional vitalization. However, there have been few empirical studies on the consumption behavior of the exhibition attendees in the host city compared to the study on the economic ripple effects of the industry. Therefore, this study analyzes the microeconomics analysis of the regional consumption expenditure of attendees from the areas outside the host city at the exhibitions in Daejeon, by collecting data through the survey on the exhibition attendees through the Tobit model analysis and Marginal effect analysis. The results of this study show that the age of attendees affects on the total amount of expenditure, the older the attendees are, the more they spend. And attendees who live within 35km radius of the exhibition site and with family members accompanying tend to spend more on the expenditure. Satisfaction, distance and stay period of attendees are proved to have relevance with the expenditure as well. By researching the consumption propensity of exhibition attendees from the outside to understand the structure of their consumption expenditure, this study would contribute to drawing up the strategies and directing the policies of the regional economy vitalization to cultivate the tangible or intangible regional resources for the external demand of visits, develop the retail service infrastructure, improve the regional connected traffic system and tour programs.
  • 5.

    Assessment of Urban Park Service Provision Using Huff Model: Focused on Mapo-gu, Seoul Metropolitan City

    Kim, Eun Jung | 김동원 | 김지훈 and 1other persons | 2016, 90() | pp.71~83 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The importance and value of the urban parks are increasingly recognized. They play important roles as natural and leasure environment and also have an influence on residents’ life satisfaction. However, urban park planning without consideration of demand have caused regional inequality of urban park service provision. The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of urban park service provision corresponding to the population size in Mapo-gu, Seoul. Huff model using GIS was used to analyze service provision of urban parks. Index of urban park provision was calculated the difference between service provision quantity and legal minimum level. They showed that Sangam-dong and Sungsan2-dong were higher level of service provision while Sinsoo-dong, Seogyo-dong, Daeheung-dong, and Yonggang-dong were relatively poor. This provides useful insights to urban planners for developing urban park plan
  • 6.

    The Technological Progress of Regional Industry and Local Employment Growth

    Jihye Choi | ILTAE KIM | 2016, 90() | pp.85~97 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the effect of technological progress in regional industry on local employment growth in Korea during 2000~2014 using regional TFP(Total Factor Productivity) as proxy for technological progress representing improvement of productivity. This study classifies three types of technological progress; factor-neutral technological progress, capital-saving technological progress, and labor-saving progress. This study shows that the effect of three types of technological progress on employment is negative since the substitution effect induced by technological progress offsets the scale effect. This implies that a decrease in cost by technological progress does not fully lead to a reduction in price. This study suggests that regional industry policy should focuses on technological progress of regional industry producing price elastic and income elastic goods to enhance domestic demand and local employment growth.
  • 7.

    An Analysis of Changes for Regional Spatial Structure near Dongdaegu High-Speed Rail Station after KTX Opening: Focusing on the Changed Agglomeration of Population and Industries

    Jung-Hoon Kim | Kyungtaek Kim | 2016, 90() | pp.99~115 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    KTX, high-speed rail of Korea, affects regional space, and the result is developed as an agglomeration in a region. This study focuses on the Dongdaegu Station area and analyzed spatial changes of the census output area of population and companies after KTX opening in 2004. The analysis was conducted with LQ(Linear quotient) to select regional specialized industries in KSIC, Moran’s I to examine geographical patterns and Hotspot Analysis to analyze agglomeration and changes of space. Firstly, an agglomeration of population within 2km radius of Dongdaegu Station has decreased. Considering that the population of Daegu Metropolitan City has decreased during 10 years, the result mirrors decreasing tendency. Secondly, a cold spot was shown in the agglomeration of manufacturing in 2000, but it was decreased in 2014. And hotspot areas of other industries have increased. Thirdly, spatial changes near Dongdaegu St. show the positive results of KTX opening, which expand social-economic activity. Lastly, a period of the spatial changes has coincided with a period of development near Dongdaegu St. This means that a planning of development near the high-speed rail St. can support the effects of high-speed rail opening.
  • 8.

    Estimation of Land Cover and Vegetation Change in North KoreaUsing Satellite Data

    Ran-Hui Kim | Kim Hyun Woo | 이재희 and 1other persons | 2016, 90() | pp.117~128 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study was proposed to monitor the change of land cover and forest area in North Korea, and Hwanghae Province using satellite imagery from 2001 to 2014. Land cover change was annually monitored, and the change of forest area was observed monthly using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer(MODIS) images. The forest area of North Korea in 2013 was 53% of North Korean land. This result indicated that the forest has been degraded during the last 14 years. In Hwanghae Province, the area of crop land was not substantially changed, and forest area was slightly increased. However, the value of NDVI gradually decreased, and this result also can be an indirect evidence of forest degradation. The results of this study will be useful to strengthen North Korea’s adaptive capacity to climate change, and to establish a joint foundation for climate change response between South and North Korea in near future.