The Korea Spatial Planning Review 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 1.23

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pISSN : 1229-8638
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2017, Vol.94, No.

  • 1.

    Land-use Transportation Integrated Models : A Literature Review and Research Directions

    Cho, Sung-Jin , You GeonHwa | 2017, 94() | pp.3~19 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Meanwhile the keyword for sustainable cities, the inclusive cities, and urban generation is expected to become an important paradigm for the development and management of urban development and management in Korea, the emphasis is on the importance of a land-use and transportation integrated model (LUTI) as a scientific method to comprehensively evaluate and analyse the policies and urban activities to realize these paradigms. While various case studies of development and application of LUTI are reported in the developed countries, there are only a few studies on introducing model theory and the developed countries’ experiencesor a preliminary test for LUTI’s applicability in Korea. Under the circumstance, this study propose the conceptual design and system framework of LUTI best suits the actual urban condition in South Korea, based on a literature review on the related research trend in South Korea, theories of LUTI models, and case studies on the practical use of LUTI in the developed countries (U.S. and EU). As seen from the literature review, the effective development and application of LUTI require consistent interest and support from the central government and local governments as well as the multidisciplinary efforts of experts in relevant fields.
  • 2.

    The Transition of the Modern Urban Landscape of Yeongdo District in Busan: The Perspective of Cultural Landscape

    Bae Younhan , DongJin Kang | 2017, 94() | pp.21~39 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Regarding Yeongdo, which is located in the original downtown in Busan, the island is uniquely one administrative district of which the unit is the Gu. And, ever since the opening of the port, within the process of the rapid urbanization, it has been changing together while supporting the urban function of the original downtown. Yeongdo grows together with the original downtown, however, nowadays it has been declining and getting undervalued, although it is a place that possesses the sufficient value and identity, Hence, Yeongdo needs the process of sharing the value and looking for the identity. And, for this, the research was proceeded with a methodology that analyzes the changes of the city scenery of Yeongdo from the cultural landscape viewpoint. The purpose of the research is to arrive at the special, cultural landscape characteristics and the values of Yeongdo. The special, cultural landscape characteristics and the values mean the identity and the independence which distinguish Yeongdo from the landscapes of the other regions. And they are the minimal, special characteristics that must be protected in the future changes of the city scenery of Yeongdo. This study preserves the identity of Yeongdo, and it will be utilized as a research material for converting into an approach method that is different from the existing development projects.
  • 3.

    Improving Freight Trip Assignment by Modifying Toll Road Weight Applications

    Yongseok Ko , Kim Sangrok , Cheong-Hyun Rho | 2017, 94() | pp.41~49 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The reliability of traffic demand estimation has been consistently improved with focus on passenger travel. For freight travel, most researches have paid attention to modelling only. Though underestimation happens frequently in freight travel demand estimation, there is no method to include trip characteristics by vehicle type. In this situation, this study suggests to apply a toll road weight in the process of freight travel demand estimation. The toll road weight is used as a concept to reflect toll rate to an analysis model, but there is no standard for revision based on a vehicle’s trip characteristics. This study analyzed changes in freight travel demand according to the toll road weight. Four scenarios were set up for 7 highway lines according to the trip assignment method and the toll rate adoption method. The result shows that the extent of underestimation was somewhat relieved. And Scenario Ⅱ-1(using the toll road weight based on Passenger car unit) was considered to be most effective way to improve error rates for truck. Lastly, the study provides grounds for revision and guidelines to apply the toll road weight to freight travel.
  • 4.

    Selection of Flood Risk Hotspots in Urban Areas : Based on the AHP-PROMETHEE Method

    이상은 , Jongso Lee , 김슬예 | 2017, 94() | pp.51~64 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Risk assessment methods are becoming important in making decisions on disaster prevention measures in urban areas. With a focus on urban flood, this study examines how risk hotspots are determined at the viewpoint of urban planning in municipalities. To this end, this study proposes the hybrid method of AHP and PROMETHEE. AHP, a pair comparison, is used in effectively designing a complex decision-making problem and selecting and weighting evaluation criteria, whereas PROMETHEE, a priority approach, is used in finding grid alternatives at higher risk. after analyzing the Gwangju case, the proposed method indicates that flood risk hotspots lies in two areas. The first is located in some grids near a bend of the Mokhyun river. Because this area can be inundated with the high depth, its development needs to be regulated strictly. The second is located in a joint of the Mokhyun river and the Gyungan river. Because this area is currently used with a residential purpose and highly populated, it needs various disaster prevention measures with designation of a special district. This study concludes that the proposed method has a sufficient possibility as a tool for planning flood disaster prevention, in particular selecting flood risk hotspots objectively.
  • 5.

    An Application Framework of Drone Geo-spatial Data for Efficient Administrative Tasks : Focusing on the Case of Seoul Metropolitan Government

    Kyoungah Choi , Lee Impyeong , Li, Hyo-sang | 2017, 94() | pp.65~81 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we suggest a plan to utilize drones to improve the efficiency of administrative tasks in Seoul. We had interviews with hands-on workers in various departments and identified their usage of drones and geo-spatial information. Most of them realized the effectiveness of the geo-spatial information generated by drone mapping systems, but they had a difficulty in acquiring the information by themselves. Hence, we propose to build an integrated platform of drone mapping application to satisfy their common requirements and support them on applying drones to their works effectively. Based on the proposed platform, we devise application plans of drones for each department individually. By operating the platform according to these plans, we can provide the required appropriate geo-spatial information to each department timely and accumulate the geo-spatial information of areas of interest periodically. Then, they can understand the current status of the areas using the latest information, and analyze the time sequential changes of the areas using the accumulated information. In the future, if the integrated drone mapping and application platform and its operating organization with the associated policies are established, we can expect a significant improvement in the efficiency of the diverse administrative tasks thanks to the practical operation of drones and the utilization of the drone geo-spatial information.
  • 6.

    History and Meaning of Suwon-theater

    kim nam-seok | 2017, 94() | pp.83~105 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The beginning of the local theater in Suwon is the Suwon-theater. The ‘Suwon-theater’, which started operating in the 1920s, was also called ‘Suwon-jwa’ and was recognized as a famous spot in Suwon early on. The Suwon-theater was reborn as a corporation in the 1930s. The Suwon-theater was built, maintained, managed and maintained by businessmen such as Yang Gyuryong, who is the maintenance of Suwon, and Hong Sahoon, who was the other maintainer. The Suwon-theater was able to survive as a huge interest group with a complex entanglement of interests between the Suwon Financial Association and Japanese businessmen. What is more noticeable is that this “Suwon-theater” was a huge medium and a common place for the desire and will of Suwon residents. This feature does not end with the Suwon-theater. Since then, theaters built in Suwon have a similarity in that they operate in a way that takes into account the ideals of construction and the intention to operate. Local residents of Suwon watched drama and film, presented their performances and meetings, and consequently gathered and gathered information and ideas of local people at Suwon Theater. So Suwon Theater was a place for human exchange and a cultural exhibition space for local people in Suwon.
  • 7.

    An Analysis on Entrepreneurship as a Tool for Urban Regeneration : Focusing on the Regions for Urban Regeneration

    Kim Somin , Jung, Hye-Jin | 2017, 94() | pp.107~120 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Urban Regeneration has been paid much attention from policy makers and academic researchers since the enactment of Special Act on the Promotion of Urban Renewal as well as the nomination of 13 regions for urban regeneration. Start-ups utilizing the various types of regional capital is supposed to help regions where local demand is decreasing. This expectation leads to regional plans and programs for supporting nascent entrepreneurs. The purpose of this study is to explore whether start-ups can contribute to regional regeneration through new products with idiosyncratic regional capital. Despite the popularity of the urban regeneration programs, it turns out that entrepreneurial activities and government supports do not exist in five regions among the thirteen urban regeneration leading regions. Furthermore, we find that the positive aspects of start-ups are insignificant because of several structural limitations including the focus on hard-ware aspects, low start-up rates, insufficient utilizations of regional capital, and myopic regional strategies for economic development. Based on the results, we suggest several policy implications that can enhance regional economic redevelopment and regeneration.
  • 8.

    Review of Policy Options for Stabilisation of Private Rental Housing Market in Korea: Focusing on International Comparison

    Han, Man- Hee , Park Joon | 2017, 94() | pp.121~142 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the policies for stabilisation of rental housing market such as rent control, housing benefit, and provision of social housing. This study adopted three methodologies to extract main policies for stabilisation of rental housing market and analyse the applicability of the polices in the context of Korea. They are an extensive literature review on social housing policies, comparative analysis with the liberal welfare regime countries by Esping-Andersen(1990) category, and interviews with housing policy experts. The polices for the stabilisation of rental housing markets can be categorised into three: 1) rent control to reduce the asking price; 2) increase of the affordability of lower income group with housing benefit; and 3) reduction of the pressure of rent increase by supplying more social housing in the market. Considering the proportion of private rental housing market is 40% in Korea, introducing a strict rent control is likely to lead to the side-effects of shift of the burden to tenants at early stage and the decrease of rental housing supply. It would be more appropriate to introduce lessor registration system with an effort to secure more affordable houses than rent control. Expansion of housing voucher needs to be carefully handled considering the level of income of the beneficiaries as it has problems of increase in rent level and budget limit. Lastly, a strategy to increase the stock of social housing by public and non-public sector and competition with private rental housing so that the entire rental housing market can be stabilised and the burden of tenants can be reduced. A system which can invite the participation of ‘national houisng and urban fund’, non-profit organisations, and limited-profit organisations to build social housing needs to be considered before introducing the strict rent control.