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2018, Vol.98, No.

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    Regional Development and the Quality of Life: The Impacts of New Urban Centers on Life Satisfaction

    Lee, Byung-Ho | Kim, Ga-Yeon | Mingean Park | 2018, 98() | pp.11~22 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to explicate the impacts of regional development on resident’s quality of life, considering spatial autocorrelation. We employ several spatial quantitative methods such as local Moran’s I analysis, spatially weighted regression (SWR), and LISA analysis to identify the patterns and significance of spatial clustering centered around new urban centers. As an empirical case study, we analyze a large-scale household survey microdata obtained from a survey of quality of life conducted in 2016 to the residents of Gyeonggi Province comprising Seoul Capital Area. The results indicate that the average level of quality of life, measured by a person’s life satisfaction, in new urban centers is significantly higher compared with other areas. Further, as the LISA map shows, spatial heterogeneity between new urban centers and their adjacent areas are conspicuous and significant. This implies that developing a new urban center may lower the level of life satisfaction for those who stay outside. If so, relative deprivation thesis can account for such unintended consequences.
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    Estimation and Countermeasure of the Heat Wave Cause of Daegu Metropolitan Basin from the Urban Structural Dimension

    Kwon Yongseok | 2018, 98() | pp.23~35 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The negative effects of heat waves on our society are well known through active research in the field of health and environmental disasters. In order to systematically reduce the risk of such a heat, it is necessary to search for countermeasures in the field of urban planning. The purpose of this study is to investigate the main points where artificial heat occurs and the wind direction and temperature condition during summer and winter events in Daegu city and surrounding cities. As a result, we confirmed that the urban structure of Daegu city is not appropriate for the heatwave, and the case of Daegu city showed that the solution of the urban structural problem should be basically preceded. In this study, four alternatives were selected as policy alternatives: urban cooperation for watershed management, systematic management of sources of artificial heat, gradual relocation of abundant artificial heat discharge facilities, and customized management of wind routes.
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    The Time-series Analysis of the Effect of CPTED Project: A Case Study of Wonseong-dong in Cheonan City

    Seo Seungyeon | Lee Woomin | Park Hyosook and 2other persons | 2018, 98() | pp.37~62 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the CPTED project through a case study of Wonseong dong in Cheonan City. The analysis results can be summarized as follows. First, after the CPTED project, the daytime and nighttime flow population showed a increase. Second, among the CPTED facilities, ‘CCTV and security lights,designated houses for neighbourhood safety’ showed the highest recognition. And ‘Installing trash and recycle station,Constructing guerilla gardens’, ‘CCTV and security lights, designated houses for neighbourhood safety’ showed high satisfaction than other CPTED facilities. After the CPTED project, neighborhood disorder and crime fears decreased and neighborhood attachment increased. Third, the CPTED project have a impact on fear of crime, residents’ social activities, neighborhood relations, participation in neighborhood activities, neighborhood satisfaction, and neighborhood attachment. Fourth, The number of crime incidents in 2015 has decreased by about 13.3% from the number of crimes in 2014, and In 2016, the number of crimes decreased by 42.2% compared to the number of crimes in 2014. The cost-cutting effect of crime prevention costs is estimated to be about 1.28 billion won for two years. This study is important in that it analyzes empirically the effects of CPTED Project using multi-faceted analysis method and actual crime data.
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    A Study on the Development Process of Community Involvement and Policy Implications in the U.K.: Focusing on the Nabatchi’s Modified Spectrum of Participation

    LEE JAEUN | Soon-Tak Suh | 2018, 98() | pp.63~86 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Community involvement in urban regeneration is shown in various forms of interaction. It is certain that community involvement in dealing with local issues is an important keyword. The purpose of this study is to consider how the issue of community involvement is being dealt with in UK’s urban regeneration. Especially it considered the power of government and social context in response to the urban regeneration policy and interpreted the level of decision-making authority through participation spectrum. As a result of the analysis, the first step for the success of community involvement is to construct trust by securing sufficient time and room for 1-2 years. Secondly, to create more contact between local residents by promoting local representatives or active citizens. It could establish a weak but direct network of ties. Finally, the neighborhood planning that the community is the main actor for the decision could be adopted step by step. Although the UK’s initiatives to encourage community involvement could not bring all local revitalization, it is worthy of notice that UK policy is becoming more mature than ever.
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    Why Do Chinese Service Firms Come to Korea?

    Song in hyeok | Wang Peng | Myounggu Kang | 2018, 98() | pp.87~98 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Nowadays the Chinese FDI into Korea has been rapidly increasing since 2009 and the investment of 1.77 billion dollar in 2015 ranked second after United States. Existing literature identified the four main motives for FDI, efficiency-seeking,resource-seeking, knowledge-seeking and market-seeking. Yet, it is limited in explaining the Chinese FDI into Korea. Where wage is high, resource is limited and market is relatively small. This study examined why Chinese FDI comes to Korea with panel data. By the number of firms, almost 80% of Chinese FDI in Korea is non-business service industry, such as wholesale, retail, logistics, food, accommodation, etc. Chinese FDIs in Korea increased as Chinese people in Korea increased. The cross-sectional time-series FGLS regression analysis confirms that areas with many Chinese people in Korea induce Chinese FDIs. Chinese FDI firms are more competitive in language and culture in the business with Chinese people in Korea than Korean firms. Up until today, the Chinese FDI in Korea simply follows a new market of Chinese people in Korea and doesn’t show strong economic interactions with Korean economy.
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    Evaluation of Risk Hotspots to Urban Flood for a Spatial Disaster Risk Management: A Case Study of Jeju City

    Jongso Lee | Song, Chang-Geun | Lee Sangeun | 2018, 98() | pp.99~111 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    For a practical tool for disaster risk reduction, this study examines how urban planners can evaluation of risk hotspots which are required to prevent urban areas from flood. This study attempts to analyze flood inundation area and depth in Jeju city. It then develops 10 GIS-based risk maps after flood inundation area is overlapped with various GIS maps officially produced by MOLIT(Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport). The 10 risk maps are applied to AHP and PROMETHEE, leading to the selection of risk hotspots. The proposed methods finally identifies 33 grids with size of 100m×100m successfully as flood risk hotspots. With all results together, this study concludes that if it is used in disaster prevention for urban plan, it will be useful for realistic disaster prevention and mitigation measures and contribute to comprehensive spatial planning.
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    Community-based Tourism in DMZ Border Region Based on the Perspective of Social-ecological Resilience

    Kim Jina | 2018, 98() | pp.113~133 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    DMZ border region is always at the risk of uncertainty though famous for ecotourism. This research analyzed the significance and present problems of community-based tourism(CBT) in Yanggi-ri, the village of migratory birds in DMZ border region. It was according to Ruiz-Ballesteros(2010)’s classification of socio-ecological resilience of CBT. I participated in important events of the village and conducted interviews with the residents. Residents manage the CBT based on the ecological and cultural resources of the village. Experts, artists, and NGO activists from the outside of the village also contribute to the positive outcomes of the CBT. However, several problems were found out, such as lack of capacity to launch new tourism programs, absence of outside specialists’ continuous engagement, difference of opinion between residents and the outside specialists, and high reliance on one leader of the village. In order to improve the current situation and enhance the sustainability of the community and ecological environment in DMZ border region, it is necessary to plan the public support on cultural and arts programs of the community, to set various channels for the public opinion about the value of the region, and to open up the participation of outside specialist to utilize local resources.