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2018, Vol.99, No.

  • 1.

    Development and Application of the Composit Competitiveness Index of Old Industrial Complexes

    Yang Wontak | 2018, 99() | pp.3~25 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study are to develop an index capable of allowing one to evaluate the competitiveness of old industrial complexes comprehensively and to analyze characteristics and problems of non-competitive and old industrial complexes. First, this study assessed the competitiveness of old industrial complexes using the specific indicators of labor productivity, employment, and innovation. It was found that the evaluation results for each indicator are both different and complementary. Second, this study developed the Composite Competitiveness Index (CCI) by means of linear transformation. CCI reflects the characteristics of each indicator and most of the old industrial complexes were less competitive. Third, this study classified old industrial complexes into high-, middle- and low-competitiveness groups using a rank-size distribution and compared the characteristics of each group. As a result, the industrial complexes in the lowest competitive group were highly vulnerable with regard to labor productivity, employment and innovation. Moreover, the lowest group showed weaknesses in agglomeration economies as well as restructuring, and there was also the problem of the weakening of the competitiveness of the company level due to the increased number of small-size enterprises and a lack of supporting facilities. On the other hand, comprehensive competitiveness was not significantly related to operating period or developer. The results provide a framework with which to evaluate competitiveness in old industrial complexes efficiently and present implications with regard to establishing desirable policies for old industrial complexes.
  • 2.

    The Effect of the Comprehensive Maintenance Project in the Area on the Quality of Life: As a Target Gyeongsangbuk-do

    Lee Sangbeom | Jung-Hoon Kim | 2018, 99() | pp.27~45 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The government-run rural development project aims to ensure basic quality of life for residents and to maintain local communities through community activations by improving the aging and uncomfortable living environment in rural areas. Unlike previous studies comparing the quality of life between rural areas, urban and rural areas, this paper was conducted to examine the satisfaction level of life of real people through projects such as the unit maintenance project. Social capital was used as a parameter to analyze life quality factors and community activations related to items by function of business. As a result of the analysis, social capital showed partial effects on quality of life satisfaction, followed by a significant impact on quality of life in a stepwise regression, the most significant impact factors of quality of life are based on basic living, regional capacity, and the network Regional capacity enhancement did not appear statistically significant in direct effects, but it was shown to be a significant influence in direct effects with social capital. Thus, for local residents to improve their quality of life through business and to promote community, it was important to ensure basic quality of life through basic living standards and to accumulate social capital such as participation and trust through network deployment.
  • 3.

    Effects of Unobserved Heterogeneity and State Dependency on Mode Choice of Private Autos

    Chansung Kim | Jae-Kyeong Lee | Heo, Tae Young | 2018, 99() | pp.47~58 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Whether we use our own vehicle or use public transportation or walking when we choose an individual modes of transportation is influenced by a variety of factors. In this study, we analyze the effects of the initial condition of transportation on the selection of individuals after the passage of time. Panel data are used to develop and estimate models that can take into account dynamic changes to reflect these state dependencies. In this study, the factors affecting the choice of the individual’s modes of transportation are considered human factors such as gender, age, and income level and reflect the random effect on the assumption that there are unobserved heterogeneity such as individual tendency or habits. In order to solve the problem of the initial condition in which the initial condition without previous information is misinterpreted as the unobserved heterogeneity, we use the dynamic random effect probit model using the Heckman estimator. The results of this study suggest that there is a significant state dependence, which means that the initial condition of transport will not change over time. It is suggested that the early formation of transportation is important for the transportation policy, and the development of the policy that is compatible with the initial formation is necessary.
  • 4.

    What, in Practice, has been the Impact of Community Involvement on Improving the Circumstances of Deprived Communities?: A Case Study of Kings Norton NDC Area in Birmingham, UK

    Shinwon Kyung | Kim Yea Sung | 2018, 99() | pp.59~72 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The concept of community involvement is now invoked as a ‘remedy’ for previous policy failures in Korea, but it is open to question whether community involvement, as a ‘new’ way to enable people to improve their lives, actually works in reality. In order to investigate the impact of community involvement in improving the circumstances of deprived communities, this research explores the New Deal for Communities(NDC) program in the UK, with particular reference to the case of the Kings Norton NDC area in Birmingham. The primary purpose is to understand how the UK government dealt with the problems in deprived neighborhoods through community involvement and consider how effective the same problem-solving strategies might be if applied in Korea. Despite the level of resources and interventions, the community and social capital indicators in the Kings Norton NDC area showed modest improvements. However, the residents involved in activities organized by the Kings Norton partnership had more positive changes than others did not engaged in any activities at all. It is worth noting that the NDC program possibly gave the most disadvantaged people in England the opportunity to move to a better pathway in life, which would ultimately lead them to become active citizens.
  • 5.

    Strategies of Construction Business Management Using Survival Analysis: Focusing on Management Status Factor, Business Diversification Inside and Outside Construction Works

    Lee Moosong | Jung-Suk Yu | 2018, 99() | pp.73~95 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors affecting the survival and bankruptcy of construction companies and to find a suitable business portfolio within the construction industry. First, the net sales margin, interest compensation ratio etc. are positively related to the survival rate of construction companies. These factors were found to be more sensitive to small sized construction companies. Second, construction companies with both civil engineering works and building works business show the highest survival rate, followed by civil engineering works, building works and others. Third, the companies with construction business and other industry business show the higher survival rate rather than other business portfolio. There was no significant difference in the survival rate among the pure construction companies and the companies with construction and other businesses.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Residential Upward and Downward Mobility in One-Person Households by Age Characteristics

    Kwon Yeon Hwa | CHOI, YEOL | 2018, 99() | pp.97~112 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the residential upward and downward mobility in one-person households by age Characteristics. The data from the 2016 Korea Housing Survey was used for the analysis and the final sample included 4,046 one-person households. The results of this study are summarized as follows; Housing mobility of the entire one-person households were affected by age, gender, education, income, housing management costs, debt, residential location, tenure type, housing type, and room type. Young (under 39) one-person households have a higher probability of housing mobility in leased households, and in middle-aged (40~64) and elderly (other than 65) one-person households, the probability of residential mobility has increased significantly with male household heads. There was a difference in the factors influencing the housing upward mobility by age groups. The probability of ‘upward mobility’ increased as young one-person households lived with debt, middle aged one-person households lived on the ground-level or higher, and elderly one-person households lived in housing types other than APT.
  • 7.

    Effects of Conversion of Paddy Field to Urban Use on the Ground Meteorological Elements of Nearby Area under Heat Wave

    Kim Geon-Hu | So-Ra In | Sohn, Chul | 2018, 99() | pp.113~130 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Agricultural land has been vastly converted to urban land in metropolitan areas in Korea even though it provides diverse positive functions such as food production, scenic beauty, and temperature control. Without exactly quantifying the positive functions, we may lose this valuable resource too much beyond socially optimum level. As an effort to more accurately measure the positive functions, in this study, we analyzed the effects that converting paddy fields into urban areas had on weather conditions in the southern Gyeonggi Province area using numerical weather simulation based on Weather Research and Forecasting(WRF). In this simulation, we considered two land use scenarios. The first land use scenario represents a situation in which paddy fields sustain as it is. The second land use scenario represents a situation when paddy fields are all urbanized. Through the simulation, the effects of the urbanization of paddy field area on air temperature and relative humidity during hot summer periods were measured. The results from our simulation showed that the urbanization is closely related to the worsening thermal discomfort during sunset to sunrise period especially in the areas where urbanization occurred. This result suggests that paddy fields in metropolitan areas are valuable resource in the aspect of thermal comfort control and when paddy fields in the metropolitan areas are considered to be changed to urban use, there must be sufficient considerations on adverse weather effects.
  • 8.

    Spatio-Temporal Distribution of Occupational Skills in the Capital Region, Korea: A Spatial Markov Chain Approach

    So Hyeon Lee | CHANGHYUN SONG | Up Lim | 2018, 99() | pp.131~150 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to predict the spatio-temporal distribution of occupational skills in the capital region by applying the spatial Markov chain model, which combines local spatial statistics with the classic Markov chain. This study calculates the local specialization index of occupational skills in 2000 and 2015 for 70 cities, constructs the transition matrix of the spatial Markov chain model, and then attempts to predict the distribution of occupation skills in 2030. According to our results, cognitive and social skills were found to be more affected by the surrounding area than technical and manual skills. The intensified spatial concentration of cognitive skill and social skill, which are somewhat less likely to be replaced by the development of automation technology, ultimately reveal that the geographic inequality of the labor market will have been intensified. This study suggests that it is necessary to adopt the place-based policy approach considering the spatial effect of occupational skill.
  • 9.

    Analysis of Impacts of Autonomous Vehicles and Car-sharing on Spatial Configuration in Urban Areas: Focusing on Parking Demand

    Jang Chang Ho | Jang Jaeyong | Jaemin Song | 2018, 99() | pp.151~169 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The emergence of autonomous vehicles(AVs) is expected to bring about dramatic changes in our cities, especially in the use of urban space caused by changes in parking demand. Although recent studies have attempted to estimate possible changes, not many quantitative studies have been done. Against this backdrop, our study aims to develop a set of scenarios, build a forecasting model for parking space, and analyze the changes in parking space for the case of Seoul Metropolitan Area. To this end, five scenarios have been identified based on literature review and the coefficients of the forecasting model for parking demand have been obtained using a log-linear model. In addition, relative availability of parking space has been assessed by comparing the current status with estimated parking demand. Our simulation results show that the impact of AVs on parking demand is heterogenous: if the supply of AVs increases without their sharing, parking demand would rather increase, while if they are shared, parking demand could decrease compared to BAU(Business-as-usual).
  • 10.

    The Impact of Government Accountability and Trust in Government on the Collaboration Performance in Disaster Management Collaboration System: The Case of Sewol Ferry

    Young-Ran Hyun | 2018, 99() | pp.171~184 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In the case of the Sewol Ferry incident, there was a failure of governance because the participation of various stakeholder could not be converted to a collaboration system by coordination and communication. The government established a collaboration system between the government and the private sector to carry out the disaster management, but the lack of government accountability was revealed. In view of governance, the accountability of government is divided into 3 accountabilities of collaboration structure, collaboration process, and collaboration result. This study developed the concept of government’s accountability and its measurement instruments and analyzed for validity. As the result of checking the accountability of the government in the collaboration system for managing the disaster, we found that the mean value on accountability of collaboration process was lowest among the accountabilities of collaboration which has mean value lower than 3. The results of hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that the accountability of collaboration structure (Model 2), that of process (Model 3), and that of result (Model 4) provided stronger explanation than the confidence of government (Model 1). Therefore, the accountability of collaboration process was found to be most important in the management of Sewol Ferry.