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2006, Vol.17, No.17

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    A Study on the Stage Performance Anxiety Scale

    Kim, Jung-sook | 2006, 17(17) | pp.63~74 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to confirm attention of questionnaire by analyzed whether question items are suited to stage performance anxiety and recognized validity of questionnaire about stage performance anxiety which is obtained with corrected the questionnaire to be appropriate to suit the subject based on sport competition anxiety scale by Smith, et al(1990).The questionnaire was investigated its validity by research to 176 dancers about factors of anxiety, worry and distraction and using exploratory factor analysis, cronbach coefficients, confirmatory factor analysis in accordance with a similar questionnaire of sports competition anxiety prepared by Smith et al(1990). This questionnaire was made up of 20 items of 3 factors and these items were shown reliably related. A result of confirmatory factor analysis showed structures of 18 items about 3 factors for structure validity scale.The consequence of looking into the dance performer anxiety psychology based on statistics of the questionnaire suggests making effort to constantly develop programs for solving the stage anxiety. In view of the results performance should be attained for harmony between physical and psychological practice. Futhermore the effect of stage anxiety on performance would be continued studying by research to dancers through stage anxiety questionnaire proved its reliability, validity and corrected its problems after an on-the-spot inspection. Therefore understand cognitive and physical anxieties felt by dancers during performance scientifically and find ways of improving such anxieties, ultimately providing basic information on which many other researchers make further studies of the problem.
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    A Comparative Study on the Social Function of Commedia dell’rte and Bong-San Mask Dance

    NA IL HWA | 2006, 17(17) | pp.75~99 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Commedia dell?rte of Italy and Bong-san mask dance of Cho-sun showed considerable similarity despite their different culture and background of times. In those performances in which the ruled class of society became the subject, we could find the social function of dance art from the themes, characters, and ways of expression of those mask dances.In summary, the social functions of Commedia dell?rte and Bong-san mask dance were as in the following: First, we could find their function of transferring meaning and communication. The physical action and movement of performers could transfer some meaning in non-verbal communication based on their masks, clothes, and behavior or movement of typical characters, and the stage of such improvised performances became the field of communication between performers and spectators. Second, their function was to criticize their society through satire and humor. In terms of the features of mask dance, performers could express critical statements and satiric behavior as well as remark freely while hiding their identity. This made the participants of the performance have a sense of solidarity and resolve conflicts between classes. Lastly, those performances made it possible to maintain social stability and the existence of the ruling class by resolving discontents and suppression of the ruled class with their function of resolving social conflicts and harmonizing classes one another.Through this study, it was proven that dance art was closely related to social and political circumstances of its time and it reflected the significance of social and political circumstances of the time when such a performance was made along with communication with spectators.
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    Quest for Cultural Discourse on Music in the Late Chosun - In Relation with Court Music in the Nineteenth Century -

    Song Ji Won | 2006, 17(17) | pp.101~120 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study is one part of the project dealing with the achievements and meaning of dance performed by Prince Hyomyeong from the perspective of cultural history, focusing on the discourse on music in the late Chosun. The previous studies on Prince Hyomyeong have been done in the various areas, such as Korean literature, history, dance, and musicology, because he left a great deal of cultural achievements, though he lived a short life for 22 years. However, the existing studies have chiefly focused on his achievements related with court culture, so more extensive researches, such as the social and political relevance of his works, the characteristics in the history of music culture, social-historical approaches, historical reexamination of his achievements are required.This study will look into the historical stream of music led by the court from the eighteenth century to the nineteenth century when Prince Hyomyeong played an active part. This study pays attention to the fact that Prince Hyomyeong was the person in the nineteenth century, the period that is not easily accessible in the academy and will recontextualize his achievements by correlating them with diverse music discourses produced in the nineteenth century.
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    The Influences of 8 Weeks Iso-Kinetic Training to Modern Dance’ Strength and Muscle-Endurance

    Yoo Jung Jae | 2006, 17(17) | pp.145~160 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This Study was to discuss the necessity of strength on modern dance, and the recognition the important factors of how to manifest the largest muscle power of leg for modern dancer. 7males with no fisk symptoms of respiratory system was selected out of a group of modern dancers through the physical load test, and the isokinetic training and measurement for subjects was performed with Cybex for 60?sec of the typical load of strength, for 120?sec of the typical load of agility, 180?sec of the typical load muscle-endurance, and the load was changed in 20 minute cycle. The protocol of measurement was performed in 3 times of each, 3 times of each, and 30 times of each during 8 weeks. The results of this study were as follows.First, there was a significant increase of an extensor and flexor with 60?sec, 120?sec, 180?sec on an efficiency of maximum strength. Second, there was no significant increase of an extensor and flexor with 60?sec, 120?sec, 180? on an average power.I would like to suggest problems and research task which is discovered form this study. Recently, the research about the effect of Iso-kinetic training in dance fields in quitely much insufficient than the sports fields. Iso-kinetic training is an efficient program, for reinforcement of strength in not only modern dance but also korea traditional dance and ballet, so that the intensive research is required.
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    A Study on the Nude Tendency to Appear in the Visual Arts After the 19th Century - Focus on Dance and Painting -

    Lee Ji Sun | 2006, 17(17) | pp.201~233 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to figure out the nude tendency, as an arts form, which revealed differently along the period and social background. Because the nude form did not shown until 19th centuries in dance, this study focused on dance and painting after 19th centuries.Different from nakedness, nude was considered as an artistic clothes. The positive usage of nude as an art form in western culture was caused by the humanism based on ancient Greek culture. These cultural background mainly have effected to nude concept. Nude in Renaissance era was not accepted as a public activity not like Greek? and presented deifying ideal beauty of human body. Until modern era, nude in painting mostly used within the sensual aura. Meanwhile, in the 19th centuries, nude which was originally purposed for dramatic development and technical display in Ballet was adopting only to show the woman? body.After the post-modernism, artists closely interacted in their works, so that dance and visual arts relatively created. With this trend, the sexual subject became openly used as the public issues. So, in 20th centuries, nude in dance and painting were accepted not only as a symbol in various woman? beauty and gender liberation but also as an alarming for social problems of the desolation tendency of human beings who became impoverished due to capitalism and mannerism.In the end, starting from the interests of human natural beauty, nude concept is improved to the sexual inquisitiveness. And recently, the nude in visual arts is using as a signifier which reflects the various social issues and problems.
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    A Comparative Study of Body Composition, Basic Physical Strength and Cardiopulmonary Function between Female Korean Dancers and Female University Student

    jung mi song | Sungyi Choi | Jaehee Shim and 1other persons | 2006, 17(17) | pp.251~271 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of the Korean dance on cardiopulmonary function and to provide information to the dance training program and to promote health. For this purpose, 10 students at S University who majored in Korean dance and 10 students at K University were selected. A series of comparative studies were made through the body composition test, basic physical strength test and cardiopulmonary function test. The following results were obtained:First, in the body composition, body mass and %body mass of Korean dancers were lower, and fat free mass and muscle mass of Korean dancers were higher than those of university students.Second, in the basic physical strength test, right grip strength of university student was attentively higher than Korean dancers(p<.05). Back strength(p<.001) and balance(p<.05) of Korean dancers were attentively higher than university student.Third, there were no significant difference in HRmax, but recovery values of Korean dancers were fast. VEmax and VO2max of Korean dancers were attentively high(p<.05).The result presented above indicate that Korean dancers have possibility of improving body composition, basic physical strength and cardiopulmonary function.