This study examines choreographer Jérôme Bel’s performance dramaturgy which has led the discussion on the ontology of dance in Europe since 1990s. As a method of study, this paper reads Roland Barthes’ works focusing on Writing Degree Zero, and Bel’s works, the name given by the author and Jérôme Bel. Bel’s dramaturgy has largely based on Roland Barthes’ theory known as writing degree zero or neutralization which erases authors’ style. Accepting Barthes’ theory, Bel created unprecedented types of work which are now called ‘choreography’ far different from a traditional concept. The results suggest that his works provide rich meanings and discourses from the texts. Besides his formal experiments, Bel puts emphasis to create discourses surrounding dance mainly focusing author, dancer, and audience to criticize the mystified ontology of dancers, the body image that the capitalism renders. Due to the dense signifiance of his texts, death, absence, ephemerality, emptiness, and nothingness are always revealed beyond the surface.