The historical value of the official documents of the Government General of Choson preserved as permanent archived documents has long been recognized. However, the fact that only parts of the overall documents were preserved and that the contents of the existing documents is not uniform, results in many problems regarding the evaluation and usage of such documents as archives.
This study attempts to appraise a series of archival documents related to urban district planning compiled during the colonial era. Although limited in terms of its applicability to the development of an evaluation method for the official documents of the Government General of Choson as a whole, by evaluating the value of these documents based on the background of the documents produced during the Government General of Choson's implementation of its colonial policy, this study provides an important indicator of how such documents should be used in the future.
On the other hand, the assessment of historical records such as the official documents of the Government General of Choson which have already been designated and preserved as permanent archived documents should not be perceived as an attempt to dispose of the relevant documents. With regard to the appraisal of historical archives, it is necessary to consider measures to link such documents with existing databases or information contents in order to heighten access to and usage of the relevant documents in the future.
Electronic Records need to be appraised the authenticity as well as the value itself. There has been various kinds of discussion about how records to be appraised the value of themselves, but there's little argument about how electronic records to be appraised the authenticity of themselves. Therefore this article is modeling some specific authenticity appraisal methods and showing each stages those methods should or may be applied. At the Ingest stage, integrity verification right after records creation in the organization which produced the records, quality and integrity verification about the transferred in the organization which received the records and integrity check between SIP and AIP in the organization which received and preserved the records are essential. At the Preservation stage, integrity check between same AIPs stored in different medium separately and validation of records where or not damaged and recovery damaged records are needed. At the various Processing stages, suitability evaluation after changing the record's management control meta data and changing the record's classification, integrity check after records migration and periodical validation and integrity verification about DIPs are required. For those activities, the appraisal methods including integrity verification, content consistency check, suitability evaluation about record's meta data, feasibility check of unauthorized update and physical status validation should be applied to the electronic records management process.
Macroappraisal provides useful means of effective records reduction for archivist in environment of records production on a large scale. In Macroappraisal approach, a appraiser give attention to context of records creation prior to review of records contends and assesses collective records. Moreover, Macroappraisal assesses the significant of the context of contemporary use instead of potential value of research in the future. In Canada, Netherlands and Australia, archivists of national archives has been trying to appraisal public records on the basis of Macroappraisal methodology. Especially, the Canadian archival professional come up with theory and methodology on the Macroappraisal with comparative prominence and trust. This essay proposes to device performance model of Macroappraisal for appraisal of public records in Korea specially, relating to governmental function for national land development planning, on the basis of Canadian approach
For long-term preservation of electronic records, the information on the whole processes of management from the time of creation of the electronic information should be captured and managed together. Such information is supported by preservation metadata thus the implementation of preservation metadata is important for preservation of electronic records maintaining the record-ness.
Preservation metadata is the information that supports the process of digital preservation and functions th maintain long-term viability, renderability, understandability, authenticity and identity of digital resources. Preservation metadata should be developed applying the international standard Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System(OAIS) to have international interoperability for exchange and reuse. Initial international preservation metadata schemas were developed standardizing the OAIS Reference Model.
But the preservation metadata schema of Victorian Electronic Records Strategy(VERS) and recently published Data Dictionary of PREMIS Working Group were developed in advanced types that are different from the existing framework. Those were advanced th practical ones from conceptual one. Comparing these two cases, proposed the elements of integral preservation metadata for long-term preservation of electronic records.
This thesis has the significance that it has suggested the direction for future development of the elements of preservation metadata by setting the past discussions related to preservation metadata in order and proposing integral preservation metadata elements for long-term preservation of electronic records.
The first organization of the 'national Archives of France' was defined by a law voted during the Revolution, the law of June 25, 1794 which is remained into force during nearly two century-until with the law of January 3, 1979. This law is regarded as the text founder of the national Archives of France, mainly thanks to its article 48 which posed the principle of the free communicability of the whole of the documents of national Archives of France. But it had initially as an aim to organize and frame sortings of the documents gathered in great number since the beginning of the French revolution. Its principal provision does not leave astonish us: it envisaged a separation between the documents to be eliminated, the useful documents has the administration, only intended to be preserved in national Archives of France?, and the documents interesting for the history, which were intended for the national Library.
In diesem Aufsatz wird die Geschichte der Bewertungsdiskussion in Deutschland vorgestellt.
Bis zum 18. Jh. war das Ziel der Archivarbeit die Systematisierung der rechtlichen und politischen Kenntnissen. Der juristisch geschulte Archivar hob Unterlagen in der Regel aus Gründen der Rechtssicherheit auf. Vernichtet wurde, was schon seit längerem im Archiv lag.
Nach dem Zusammenfall des alten Regimes haben die Archivare keine mehr mit dem Recht des Herrschers zu tun. Und die Archive wurden zu Lagerstätten der Geschichte und Forschung. Für den Ordnung der Archivgut, die aus den verschiedener Dienststellen stammten, wurde das Provenienzprinzip gebildet. Die Archivare richtete sich auf das inhaltsorientierten Bewertungsverfahren, das die wissenschaftlichen Bedürfnisse befriedigte.
Der Anlass der Bildung der modernen Archivtheorie war der ersten Weltkrieg. Das Problem, wie man die Massenakten, die während dieses Krieges entstanden, behandeln sollten, führte unter dem Einfluß der Demokratie zur Bildung der Provenienz-orientierte Bewertungsdiskussion. Aufbau, Zielsetzung und Verfahren der aktenbildenden Stelle bildeten den Ausgang der Bewertung.
Im Klima öffentlicher Bürokratieablehnung der 50er und 60er Jahren wurde die inhaltsorientierte Auswahl wieder die vorherrschende Methodenvorgabe. Diese Theorie, die Booms vertritt, führt zu der Theorie der dokumentation strategy von Ende 20. Jh.
This article shows how the tradition of German historicism and positive historical science contributed to the establishment of German archival system, especially the principle of provenance and original order. The theory of historicism focused on the recognition and realization of the individuality of the history as a whole unit which is made up of the mutually and organically organized cultural entities. The theory of historicism as this kind of world view got its academic basis from the methodology of the positive historical science, namely the critical reviews on the archival sources which exist in mutually and organically organized record entities. In this context, the scholars of the historicism saw the establishment of the efficient archival systems as necessary. To some great degree, the emergence of the principle of the provenance and original order was its logical result.
The author of this paper tried to highlight this point of view historically, on the basis of the activities of Ranke, Sybel and Lehmann around and in the Prussia Privy State Archives throughout the 19th century.