The Korean Journal of Archival Studies 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 1.06

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pISSN : 1229-7941 / eISSN : 2671-7891
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2008, Vol., No.18

  • 1.

    Development of Evaluation Indicators of the Records Management Condition of Public Organizations

    Jeon, Soo-Jin | 2008, (18) | pp.3~36 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Despite the institutional, organizational, and systemic advances in the level of national records management that has occurred during the past several years, there has been no significant change in the condition of records management within individual public institutions, which may be an outset for records management. In order to begin the advance in national records management with overall innovation in records management by public institutions, it is necessary to distinctly set up the direction of innovation and a project to carry out. Also, a person in charge of records management, who is supposed to lead records management in each institution, should share the directions and projects. Against this backdrop, this study aims to define "the evaluation of records management" as a vehicle to establish a common goal for the innovation of records management and the role of a person in charge of records management as well as to develop evaluation indicators that might be applicable to all public institutions. With this aim, the study drew requirements of records management from domestic and overseas cases in the evaluation of records management conditions as well as the laws and standards of records management, and a roadmap for national records management innovation. Then, the study developed evaluation indicators by classifying the requirements according to three areas involving an organizational environment, records management job, and records management in the offices that create and file their own documents. The organizational environment area is concerned with the evaluation of the records management policy and the responsibility of an institution, and the evaluation of human resources and physical environment. The records management business area includes the measurement of the level of jobs, such as the records creation control conducted by the records management authority of each institution, the management of records schedules, the accession, preservation, and appraisal of records and their service, and the monitoring of records management. The area of records management in the offices is composed of the creation, registration, arrangement, and transfer of records as they are intended to be used during the monitoring of records management conditions. The study made it possible to measure all evaluation indicators with a quantitative evaluation method by clearly proposing the standard for objective and accurate evaluation.
  • 2.

    The Enactment of Record Management Act and the Reform of the National Assembly Record Management System(1999~2008)

    Lee seung Il | 2008, (18) | pp.37~89 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    The record management system of the National Assembly was remarkably reformed as ‘Record Management Act’ was enacted in 1999. At first, the records of the National Assembly had been permanently managed by the general services division, the proceeding division and the stenograph division. But as Record Management Act was enacted, the system was remarkably reformed. ‘The National Assembly Archives’ was set up for the first time since the National Assembly was established in 1948. In addition, the proceeding division and the stenograph division were set up as ‘the National Assembly Record Management Rules’ were laid down. In result, The National Assembly Archives took to comprehensively manage records that had been scattered over ‘the National Assembly Secretariat’, ‘the National Assembly Library’ and otherwise, and so it had been true to its name. The two changes, the enactment of Record Management Act and the reform of the National Assembly record management system, well show how national records are managed by constitutional institutions. ‘Governmental Document Regulations’ was enacted ahead of Record Management Act, but there was no obligation to apply it to the National Assembly. But Record Management Act, enacted in the form of ‘a law’ in 1999, began to be in force even in constitutional institutions and therefore the National Assembly felt the need to take follow-up measures so as to bring the act to effect smoothly. As a part of follow-up measures, the National Assembly set up The National Assembly Archives and reformed the National Assembly Record Management Rules. This study was performed to ascertain how Record Management Act affected the National Assembly, how the National Assembly coped with the act, and how the record management system of the National Assembly changed.
  • 3.

    A Functional Analysis of NEIS School Affairs Business System : From the Records Management Perspective

    Lim, Mi-Suk | 2008, (18) | pp.91~138 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    A fast foot of information communication technology is appearing as expansion of prompt administrative service desire and national participation desire regarding administration. This is following again by government innovation and demand of customer-oriented governmental implementation with information technology. The Ministries of Education and Human Resources Development proceeded with National Education Information System(NEIS) for the aim of educational informatization at a highest global level. NEIS that was operated from 2003 established a system in Educational Offices in 16 cities/province and the Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development, and connected all educational administration organizations and primary and middle schools with Internet. Thus, NEIS processes electronically the general administration affairs in educational administration organizations each unit school. The NEIS school affairs business system that is newly enforced is producing an important documentation (of semi-permanent level) such as personal information and grade of students including School Human Document with electronic methods. However, we need to guarantee authenticity, integrity, reliability and usability of documentation because school affairs business system is producing important documentation under poor circumstances. According to this necessity, school affairs business system analyzed how many a record management function includes by the ISO 15489 that was an international record managerial standard. On the basis of these analyses, I will present a plan for management of a school documentation in this study. These researches are meaningful in electronically analyzing a record management function of the National Education Information System(NEIS) and in documentarily approaching management plan. I expect theses researches to be able to used as useful data for documental management plan preparations regarding a productive documentation of all kinds of business systems using in public institutions as well as National Education Information System(NEIS).
  • 4.

    A practical analysis approach to the functional requirements standards for electronic records management system

    Yim, Jin-Hee | 2008, (18) | pp.139~178 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    The functional requirements standards for electronic records management systems which have been published recently describe the specifications very precisely including not only core functions of records management but also the function of system management and optional modules. The fact that these functional requirements standards seem to be similar to the others in terms of the content of functions described in the standards is linked to the global standardization trends in the practical area of electronic records. In addition, these functional requirements standards which have been built upon with collaboration of archivists from many national archives, IT specialists, consultants and records management applications vendors not only obtain high quality but also establish the condition that the standards could be the certificate criteria easily. Though there might be a lot of different ways and approaches to benchmark the functional requirements standards developed from advanced electronic records management practice, this paper is showing the possibility and meaningful business cases of gaining useful practical ideas learned from imaging electronic records management practices related to the functional requirements standards. The business cases are related to the intelectual control tools to the records such as classification and disposal schedule which are regarded as the central function of records management. The first case is related to the classification scheme. Should the records classification be fixed at same number of level? Should a record item be filed at the last node of classification scheme? The second case is addressed a precise disposition schedule which is able to impose the event-driven chronological retention period to records and which is operated using a inheritance concept between the parent nodes and child nodes in classification scheme. The third case shows the usage of the function which holds/freeze and release the records required to keep as evidence complying with e-Discovery or the risk management of organizaitons under the premise that the records management should be the basis for the compliance. The last case shows some examples for bulk operation required if the records manager can use the ERMS as their useful tool. It is needed that the records managers are able to understand and interpret the specifications of functional requirements standards for ERMS in the practical view point, and to review the standards and extract required specifications for upgrading their own ERMS. The National Archives of Korea should provide various stakeholders with a sound basis for them to implement effective and efficient electronic records management practices through expanding the usage scope of the functional requirements standard for ERMS and making the common understanding about its implication. RMS standard model for the Korea public sector should be improved according to the baseline of the ERMS functional requirements standards of the National Archives of Korea.
  • 5.

    A study on application plan of access control requirements in ERMS Standard

    Cheon, Kwon-ju | 2008, (18) | pp.179~220 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Under the physical records management system, both the records and users could be controlled and secured by closing the door of Archives or using permitted records which is used only approved users. According to the electronic records management system and the concept of service on the basis of users, we have to give up the classical manner. As an alternative, we have to consider the electronic access control system. To accomplish this purpose, functional requirements of ERMS that is issued by U.K, EU, U.S and Australia must be compared and analyzed. On the basis of U.K ERMS which is more detailed, 'common access control functional requirements' are arranged. As the access control functional requirements is applied in the records classification scheme, we could find out how the access control is executed in ERMS.
  • 6.

    Essay on the Community Archpe

    Lee, Young Nam | 2008, (18) | pp.221~254 | number of Cited : 28
    Abstract PDF
    Community Archpe is <Book, Archive, History and Foundation of Smithy>. Community Archpe is as close as a kind of a complex of culture space or community center which puts individuals and small community together with culture soil in a central position. For example Community Archpe can include community library, community archive, community historical center, community recovery center, community commencement of an enterprise center, etc. We need small library, archive and historian rather than big scale institution and professional system to take care of culture soil which belongs to an individual and community. Community Archpe is located in coordinates of two intention points. First intention is, a 'Heterogenous Smithy'. Heterogeneity deals with Community Archpe's life. Second intention is, a 'Feminine Smithy'. Community Archpe can be a recovery community when we are in the recovery context, which understand and support a person through archives and history. Then, what can Community Archpe do? First, it can be a new movement of the community. Second, it can also be a centripetal point of classic life. Community Archpe surly locates in the central of cimmunity. Therefore, it will be a cultural literary soil and be a smithy of community history and culture. Thus Community Archpe will change a lot of things on people's life. Community Archpe will be a small happiness to ordinary people, even though it is not a state organ realizing large values.
  • 7.

    New Government's Responsibility and Achievement in Records & Archives Management

    Seunghwi Lee | 2008, (18) | pp.257~280 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is reviewing the hot issue called 'draining away the presidential records' case occurred recently and finding the root cause why the state of affairs has been happened in Korea. Though the presidential records management law ensures the rights for the prior president to view his presidential records, the prior president has copied his presidential records produced while in office and moved to his private house at his retirement. He might have interpreted his right to his presidential records too broadly and done the 'draining away' them. There was a motive why the prior president did that at that time. The reason was because the National Archives didn't guarantee the services for right viewing the records to him who wanted to review his records from right after his retirement. The National Archives have judged the draining away the prior presidential records as illegal and accused a few public servants suspected to be responsible for the affairs. The formal accuser is the National Archives, but the actual accuser might be the current Presidential Secretariat. Whatever the results of juristic judgement are, the reason why the records management field should focus and treat this case importantly is that the collapse possibility of the protection wall needed essentially and critically to the Presidential records becomes very high. The root cause of this case might exist in the fact that the records and archives management organizations have not owned the political independence. But the National Archives has submitted the revised bill of the public records and archives management law which lower the position of the National Records Management Committee controlled under from the Prime Minister to the Ministry of Administration and Security. It might be hot concern that the records and archives management organizations have difficulty for keeping the political independence if the revision would be passed. Besides the political independence factor, the most important factor needed for the right records management is the establishing the professional specificity of records management. The specific action for the establishing professional specificity would be employing of specialists and introducing the open official appointment. But it was found from the reorganization after the governmental change that the professional specificity of the National Archives have been reduced. Although the policies introduced by the new government are worrying, it might be an inheritance from the prior government. If new government would build establish the institution for the political independence of the records and archives management organizations and expand the employment of the records management professions to the local government, these affairs can be not only the responsibilities but also the achievements of the new government.
  • 8.

    Presidential Archives Management in Crisis - An Archival Approach to the Solutions -

    이상민 | 2008, (18) | pp.281~315 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    This paper reviews recent records issues surrounding former president Roh Moo Hyun's private possession of the copies of the presidential records in Korea. While the former president transferred his records to the National Archives of Korea, he copied his electronic presidential records and kept them in his house after the term. His retention of the "records copies" arouse critical records issues and criminal charges. In this paper, I examined the definition of presidential records and legal status of records copies, authenticity of electronic copies of public records in public and private records systems, nature and scope of presidential privilege of access to his records, and most importantly, political neutrality of national archives. I examined these issues comparing with foreign experience, especially that of the United States which has the Presidential Records Act like Korea. All issues are examined in the professional spirit of archives principles and archives ethics. Legal status of the electronic copies of presidential records is not firmly established and the criminal charge seems groundless. However, it is against public archives principles and ethics that private former president privately possesses and manages private information and national security information held in the electronic copies of the presidential records. Presidential Records Act of Korea provides an effective tool to protect the presidential records for 15 years and it should be respected. It is time to consolidate the public records management institutions in Korea, not to disintegrate them.