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2010, Vol., No.23

  • 1.

    A Study on Development and Prospects of Archival Finding Aids

    Seol, Moon-won | 2010, (23) | pp.3~43 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract PDF
    Finding aids are tools which facilitate to locate and understand archives and records. Traditionally there are two types of archival finding aids: vertical and horizontal. Vertical finding aids such as inventories have multi-level descriptions based on provenance, while horizontal ones such as catalogs and index are tools to guide to the vertical finding aids based on the subject. In the web environment, traditional finding aids are evolving into more dynamic forms. Respecting the principles of provenance and original order, vertical finding aids are changing to multi-entity structures with development of ISAD(G), ISAAR(CPF) and ISDF as standards for describing each entity. However, vertical finding aids can be too difficult, complicated, and boring for many users, who are accustomed to the easy and exciting searching tools in the internet world. Complementing them, new types of finding aids are appearing to provide easy, interesting, and extensive access channels. This study investigates the development and limitation of vertical finding aids, and the recent trend of evolving new finding aids complementing the vertical ones. The study finds three new trends of finding aid development. They are (i) mixture, (ii) integration, and (iii) openness. In recent days, certain finding aids are mixed with stories and others provide integrated searches for the collections of various heritage institutions. There are cases for experimenting user participation in the development of finding aids using Web 2.0 applications. These new types of finding aids can also cause some problems such as decontextualised description and prejudices, especially in the case of mixed finding aids and quality control of user contributed annotations and comments. To solve these problems, the present paper suggests to strengthen the infrastructure of vertical finding aids and to connect them with various new ones and to facilitate interactions with users of finding aids. It is hoped that the present paper will provide impetus for archives including the National Archives of Korea to set up and evaluate the development strategies for archival finding aids.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Improvement Directions of Appraisal for Archival Values - Focused on example of ROK Army's Repository -

    천권주 | 김효민 | 2010, (23) | pp.45~86 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis is performed to suggest an objective and effective optimization plan of appraisal for archival values. Even though saving all of archives and records and passing them to descendants would be a strong preservation method, but preservation expenses cannot be ignored. Additionally the appraisal for archives is completed by selecting and preserving high-value records, preserving all of records seems not to be effective. In this aspects archivists have tried to find the appraisal standard to ensure the objectivity of it, however, existing studies cannot bring out positive method because of focusing on analyzing only theoretical analysis on appraisal. This study divides appraisal for archives in 3 steps; inquiry for the records creators, appraisal of archivists, appraisal of appraisal experts, and suggests the standard to increase objectivity and confidency of appraisal. The optimization plan of appraisal for archival values with the results of this thesis would influence on the revitalization of reappraisal for the archives in repository and archive of Korea.
  • 3.

    A Study of Quality Improvement Methods of Archival Contents Service - With as the Central Figure of Cases among Korea and England and Japan -

    Yang, In-ho | 2010, (23) | pp.87~139 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Unlike in the past, a new paradigm has been presented which the use of records is much more important than the preservation of those in the present. It will be necessary for users to signalizes the value of records and to make themselves easily accessible to records in order that records should be more effectively used. To meet the needs of the times, it is the very 'Contents' that starts to attract public attention. National Archives in England produces and provides contents utilizing multi-media by using digital technology on various sorts of archives which England has. In addition to England, Asian Historical Records center in Japan in Japan makes Archival Contents Service reflecting users' needs and continues to update the latest contents. What is more, National Archives of Korea has recently promoted the introduction of digital archive by the change of archival paradigm in records management, and it is giving an impetus to the development of contents in the digital archive. In fact, it is crucial to keep as many contents as possible and to give service to public, but it will not be possible to get positive response from public and to offer much higher level of archival information service until the quality of contents is highly improved. Accordingly, this manuscript analyzed the feature and type of contents which National Archives of Korea provides with cases of both TNA in England and Asian Historical Records center in Japan, each of which has different characteristics. Also, it dealt with several methods of the usage of contents in those organizations. Furthermore, this study explained what kind of contents and feedback are given to users. Moreover, it divided the components of contents of three institutions as mentioned into three by information provided and evaluated the quality of contents by establishing the details of contents. In addition, there were implications for archives with regard to reference for building contents.
  • 4.

    Research on the Re-organization of the Administration of Labor's Records in the custody of the National Archives

    kwak geon hong | 2010, (23) | pp.141~178 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The Administration of Labor was responsible for the technical and practical functions like policy-making of labor matters and implementing the relevant laws. However, there has been a few record transferred to the National Archives to help find out the labor policy-making process. This is one of the typical examples that shows the discontinuity and unbalance, and disorderly filing of the administrative records in Korea. Naturally it is almost impossible to retrieve the appropriate content through the records file-name. Users should be at the trouble to compare the record items and their content one by one. For the re-organization of the Administration of Labor' records, this research suggests the four-level analysis of functions of the Administration. The Administration of Labor' survived records could be linked to each level function. And the publication of the ‘Records Abstract Catalog’ providing users with more information about the records would pave the way for easier access to the records. In addition, it also suggests the logical re-filing of the survived records of which we cannot find the order or sequence. This re-organization of the survived records would help to establish the acquisition and appraisal policy of the labor records as well as the new way of description and finding tool hereafter. Drawing up labor history map is a starting point for the acquisition strategy of the labor records, which could allow users to gain systematic access on the survived records. Of course, extensive investigation and research on the survived records is a prerequisite for the map. It would be required to research on the survived records of the other government agencies, including economic-social area ministries and investigation agencies and the National Assembly as well. It is also needed to arrange and typify the significant incidents and activities on thematic and periodic frames in the labor history. If possible to understand or connect the survived records and these accomplishments comprehensively, it would be of great help for the acquisition of the labor records and the related oral records projects
  • 5.

    A study on the information providing behavior of public servants responding to the Information Disclosures

    Yim, Jin-Hee | Zoon Ky Lee | 2010, (23) | pp.179~225 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the information-providing procedure of public servants responding to the request for the business information through the Information Disclosure mechanism in Korea. Using date collected by in-depth interviews we studied their information providing behaviors and factors that affect the procedure. Based on Grounded Theory approach, we first generated 55 concepts, 18 categories and 6 super-categories about the participants' feeling, experiences and perception related to their information providing. Then we developed a factor model among those generated concepts. And, we discussed various information providing modality of 3 difference type of information according to the formal record keeping level. The main contributions of this study are the results provide practical implications for the enhancing the Information Disclosure institution in Korea.
  • 6.

    The Role of Archives and Archivists in the Period of Transformation into Supranationalism from Nationalism for the Purpose of Permanent Peace: Focused on the Establishment of European Community Archives and the Activities of the German Archivists for the Redressing the Common European Past

    Meung-Hoan Noh | 2010, (23) | pp.227~256 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This paper has two aims (1) to address the common European past by way of considering the development of the official archives of the European Union; and (2) to give specific attention to the activities of archivists in Germany. The EU archives contain the all the documents officially recording the common history of European integration from the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951. It was at the beginning of the 1980s, thirty years after the production of these documents, however, that the Archives of the European Community (EC) began to be systematized for public use when the European University Institute in Florence in Italy was chosen as the deposit location for the archive. After the coming into effect of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, the EC Archives were renamed as the EU Archives. Through the cooperation of the national archives of the each Member State of the EU with this EC Archives common norms regarding deposit were developed. This archives is a veritable gold mine for serious research into all and any official aspect of the institutional and policy history of today's EU, so for the formation of common European identity. The denazification process using the evidence of the archives contributed to the orientation of the New Germany towards Europe. The German archives then have been contributing to the redressing the past to a significant degree since after the Second World War. More recently, the establishment of the “Memory, Responsibility, and Future” Foundation in 2000 in Germany made possible cooperations with the archives of the East European countries and especially for the purpose of the providing evidence about former enforced workers under the Nazi regime. There has thus been developed European-wide networks among archives. These developments have furthered the common redressing of the European past and this process in turn has been contributing the enhancing the European spirit and identity. The thesis of this paper then is that historical research based on the EU archives and individual Member States can not only illuminate in great detail the stages of the history of European integration to date. The dissemination of such research can itself contribute to the process of the spreading of supranational ideas beyond Europe to other regions of the world.
  • 7.

    The Historical Understanding of the U. S. Secret Records Management

    Lee, Kyong Rae | 2010, (23) | pp.257~297 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The U. S. government has a long history to classify and manage governmental records which are created, collected, and preserved for itself. During the colonial period before the independence, the U. S. mostly practiced the maintenances of secret records and restrictions of access to the records following a long convention without any specific legal authority. Since establishment of the U. S. Constitution, the government had kept secret records on the basis of constitutional authority. However, the U. S. government began to take shape the secret records management system when it participated in the World War I, which required the system to reflect the needs in reality to manage drastic increases in important military and foreign relation documents. The World War II made the U. S. government strengthen its secret records management system, and its conception of secret records management system at that time has sustained until now. It can be said that the current secret records management system of the U. S. government continues to be managed by constitutional authorities and the executive orders which are opt to change. This article intends to review the secret records management system of the U. S. from the initial history of the U. S. to the Cold War. To understand its system of secret management, the paper investigates the U. S. secret records management history by dividing into three periods: the period of establishment of its tradition(the Colonial era~just before the WWI); the period of taking shape of its system (the WWI~the WWII); and the period of current conception of its system. The criteria of these divisions are created based on the differences of the laws relevant to the secret records and the application methods of secret management system in reality.