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2011, Vol., No.30

  • 1.

    A Study on Archiving of 'Social Memory' and Oral Record Focused on the Role of Archivist in the Stages of Oral Record Collecting and Planning

    최정은 | 2011, (30) | pp.3~55 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, a topic of Archival Science can be said 'paradigm shift'. Therefore, this study aims to establish a relationship between oral record and Archival Science through concept of the archiving 'social memory' related to paradigm shift of Archival Science. In addition, an active role theory by an archivist as main agent of archival oral record management reflecting the characteristics of oral record based on this will be supported. Especially, even if it has already been handled through previous studies, it will be focused on drawing new meaning by applying creative perspective. Main content of this study is as follows. Firstly, discussion will be progressed by establishing the concept of the archiving 'social memory'. This is related to the topic of 'paradigm shift' in the Archival Science. Despite that active research has been conducted among mainly archival researchers overseas, it has not been handled yet in Korea. Therefore, this study aims to determine to organize this part as detail purpose. Secondly, the point will be progressed with a special focus on collecting and planning stages among the stages of records management. A viewpoint of the Archival Science should start from the stage of collecting and planning the previous record of production point of time, and then should be reflected for acknowledging the subsequent stages. Therefore, collecting and planning are the most important, and this is closely connected with a characteristic of oral record which production means collecting. Thirdly, the concept of 'oral record' is established with the viewpoint of the Archival Science. The various documents have been producted through oral interview has been known to many oral history researchers as 'oral source'. It aims to conceptualize them as 'oral record' with the viewpoint of the Archival Science. Fourthly, it is an establishment of meaning why oral history should be handled in the Archival Science. It is necessary to rationalize the purpose and its appropriateness handling oral history in the Archival Science. It should clarify the reason why oral history is important in the Archival Science and what it means. This will help examine the meaning of the recording of 'oral record.' A characteristic of the oral record can be effectively revealed through the recording, and ultimately, it aims to be able to shed new light on the value of oral history and oral record. Finally, it defines the role of archivist in oral history. A point that archivist in oral history is not just an assistant who organizes and preserves oral records collected by researchers will be emphasized and persuaded. In this study, oral history study in the Archival Science which has obtained appropriateness by the theoretical discussion as above should be conducted in a connection with other studies without occupying oral history by the Archival Science and in a direction of the leap of Korean oral history study. If this is possible, it will contribute to development of the Archival Science and of study area expansion, enhancement of the role and potential of archivist, at the same time, eventually it will positively influence on oral history study.
  • 2.

    A Study on metadata structuralization for context representation of women’s oral life history

    이정연 | Lee Jung Yeoun | ryoo jong duk and 1other persons | 2011, (30) | pp.57~88 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Oral history is the work to make the record of the verbal content recreated by the memories of the survivors. Oral history recording is accomplished through the collaboration of the interviewee, the interviewer, the cameraman, the recorder, the transcriber and etc. Therefore, it is important for the context at the time of the production to be expressed. So planning for the collection of oral records, the collection of oral records, and their preservation and maintenance should be managed systematically. This study, being started from this sense of problem, designed conceptual model of metadata to well reflect the contextual characteristics of the oral records of the women life of among the oral records and extracted the elements through this. The whole process of records management including from planning, production, preservation, management, and leading to use, related to the oral records of the women life, was classified into a hierarchy. It also proposed the system which can express the characteristics of the 'gender' through authority records and subject thesaurus.
  • 3.

    A Study on Description about Archival Materials in Film Archives

    김진성 | 2011, (30) | pp.89~123 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Archival materials in film archives is a memories and archival documents of human which is generated from cultural activities of human being, and provided long-term relevant information. However, it is different general public audio-visual records because main purpose of representing culture to create the contents of private sector rather than evidence of the factual information of public service activities. Therefore, should determine the description principle and rule in order to reflect specific physical, intellectual characteristics. So as to control the description, that is need in the textual standards to base the specific purposes and rules thus analyzed the international description standards as Dublin Core, ISAD(G), FIAF Cataloguing Rules For Film Archives. As a result, more effectively to describe archival materials in film archives required significant modifications in the organizations of the areas and the elements. This study argues that first, to divide existence the concept and the reality (work/item) of archival materials in film archives. Second, to need understanding and indicating their content, context, structure. Third, to establish of the areas and the elements including a characteristic of it. The final suggestion organizes separately to 6th and 8th areas, 22th and 25th elements in two parts. This conclusion does not prepare to refer the status and/or policy of a particular film arhicve, can be set accordingly to a specific elements or sub-elements by the film archives.
  • 4.

    A Study on a documentation Area for photography documentation of railway station

    김정현 | 2011, (30) | pp.125~174 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Railway Station in Korea built for purpose to plunder resource and invade China 19 and 20 century early, It functioned as main transportation and important role in local history. However, Since the late 1990s, Railway Station in Korea is facing major changes due to Railroad Improvement and Restructuring plan. Photography is useful way to represent memory and local history about railway station, but Photography Documentation on railroad station were not discussed until now due to indifference of the KORAIL and peculiarities of national security facilities for a long time. This study suggest what is document activities and facilities of railway station, use value analysis about railway station’s value firstly. next, this study set each documentation area with value analysis for a basis and present concrete example. finally, this study adapt documentation area and detail to classification scheme and apply activities and facilities of supplement or revision to classification scheme.
  • 5.

    Expanding User Types for Utilizing Certified e-Document Authorities

    Byoungho Song | 2011, (30) | pp.175~204 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Electronic records are generated not only in public sector but also in private sector. Records will be used across the public-private boundary. The Certified e-Document Authorities(CeDAs) may keep electronic documents in private sector for preservation and evidence, like the official Record Management Systems for Public sector. A CeDA is the Trusted Third Party (TTP) as a business to be entrusted and proof interchanging documents between parties. This CeDA system could be sustainable only if the CeDA earn the enough sales through enough uses. And yet, all the eight CeDA companies have not had enough users. How to utilize CeDAs is one of the hot issues in this area. In this paper, We analyze the threat to trustworthiness of CeDA due to payment of only one party among others, and describe the difficulty in use of CeDA for an individual user. These things make CeDAs cannot have enough users. To do address these, We expand the boundary of relevant parties for a document, present a delegate-establishing option under a joint name, show the needs of identifying and notifying minimum relevant parties, and suggest the proxy parties to help the individual users.
  • 6.

    A Study on Records management system under enforcement of The Public Records and Archives Management Law in Japan

    남경호 | 2011, (30) | pp.205~247 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The Public Records and Archives Management Law was enacted on June 24, 2009 and was in effect in April 1, 2011. This Act is different from existing Public Archives Law and National Archives Law. Before enacting Public Records and Archives Management Law, Public Archives Law and Information Disclosure Law was the backbone of Japanese Public Records management system. Public Archives Law is composed of management and access for non-active records in Public Archives. Information Disclosure Law is prescribed management of active-records in administrative agency. Public Records and Archives Management Law is the first comprehensive law of managing administrative records including historical records (nonactive-records). The law is prescribed that the public records and archives are intellectual resources shared by citizens and allows people to have more access to them. The law states that public records is basis of democracy and accountability for current and future generation. This article analyzed the relationship of law and its implementing ordinance and Guideline of administrative public records management, and analyzed the law and record-schedule. Furthermore, this article examined significance of the law and democracy, administration's transparency. In accordance with enacting the law, Japanese Public Records Management System will develop. and we must pay close attention to that situation.