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2012, Vol., No.32

  • 1.

    Building Participatory Digital Archives for Documenting Localities

    Seol, Moon-won | 2012, (32) | pp.3~44 | number of Cited : 52
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of the study is to explore the strategies to build participatory digital archives for documenting localities. Following the introduction of the chapter one, the chapter two deals with categorizing participation types of persons and organizations for documenting localities, analysing characteristics and benefits of each type, and listing up the requirements of participatory archives based on literature reviews. The chapter three focuses on the analyses of digital archives especially based on the participation of organizations such as collecting institutions and community archives in USA, Canada and UK. The cases of participatory archives are divided into two types; i) digital archives based on archival collections of institutions such as libraries, archives, and museums, ii) digital archives mainly based on various community archives. Online Archives California(OAC’ and Calisphere of University of California, MemoryBC of British Columbia of Canada, and People’s Collection Wales of UK as the first type cases, and Connecting Histories of Birmingham, ‘Community Archives Wales(CAW), Cambridgeshire Community Archive Network(CCAN), Norfolk Community Archives Network(NORCAN) as the second type cases are selected for comparative analyses. All these cases can be considered as archival portals since they cover collections from various organizations. This study then evaluates how these digital archives fulfill the requirements of participatory archives such as : i) integrated search of archives that are to be distributed, ii) participation of individuals and organizations, and iii) providing broader contextual information and representation of context as well as contents of archives. Lastly the final chapter suggests the implications for building participatory archives in Korean local areas based on following aspects : host organizations and implementation strategy, networks of collection institutions and community archives, preserving and reorganizing contextual information, selection and appraisal, and participation of records users and creators.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Records of Presidential Impeachment in 2004 in the Public Domain

    Oh, Myungjin | 2012, (32) | pp.45~78 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The significance of Presidential Impeachment in 2004 is subject to interpretations in many different contexts, but its nature as its justice was the constitutional trial by the nation’s impeachment system. This study set out to compare and analyze the understanding of the event centered around its nature as “an impeachment event as a public activity” and the records related to it. For that purpose, the study attempted to analyze the impeachment event to understand it as a public activity and examined and analyzed the records of the impeachment event in the public domain through personal visit, phone interview, and request of information disclosure based on the analysis results. An impeachment event as a public activity can be understood as an activity carried out by the National Assembly, which is to issue a motion for impeachment under the norms of the nation’s impeachment system, and Constitutional Court, which is responsible for impeachment trial, through their unique rights prescribed in the Constitution. The important subjects of such a public activity included the accused president, the acting presidential system created by the motion for impeachment, and the National Election Commission that provided a decisive ground for impeachment. It was confirmed that the records, which are legal requirements, were well created and have been preserved and managed in the public domain. However, it was difficult to conclude that the records of the impeachment event were thoroughly created in terms of content in relation to affairs as they mainly covered the superficial treatment processes and the results of explicit activities. There was, in particular, the absence of records showing the context of activity.
  • 3.

    An Empirical Study on the Relative Importance of Audio-visual Records Apprisal Elements

    홍덕용 | 2012, (32) | pp.79~126 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to deduct appraisal elements of audio-visual records based on the characteristics of audio-visual records and to take on the relative importance of elements by public institution’s archivist and National Archive of Korea’s audio-visual specialist thereby to suggest appraisal elements of priority audio-visual records appraisal. Priority of the appraisal elements analysis alternatives for the deducted audio-visual appraisal elements using AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) by public institution’s archivist and National Archive of Korea’s audio-visual specialist. As the results of AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process), ‘context’ was decides as the most important appraisal classes, and ‘subject’ was decides as the most important appraisal elements.
  • 4.

    Analysis of Metadata Standards of Record Management for Metadata Interoperability - From the viewpoint of the Task model and 5W1H

    Jae Eun Baek | 스기모토 시게오 | 2012, (32) | pp.127~176 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Metadata is well recognized as one of the foundational factors in archiving and long-term preservation of digital resources. There are several metadata standards for records management, archives and preservation, e.g. ISAD(G), EAD, AGRkMs, PREMIS, and OAIS. Consideration is important in selecting appropriate metadata standards in order to design metadata schema that meet the requirements of a particular archival system. Interoperability of metadata with other systems should be considered in schema design. In our previous research, we have presented a feature analysis of metadata standards by identifying the primary resource lifecycle stages where each standard is applied. We have clarified that any single metadata standard cannot cover the whole records lifecycle for archiving and preservation. Through this feature analysis, we analyzed the features of metadata in the whole records lifecycle, and we clarified the relationships between the metadata standards and the stages of the lifecycle. In the previous study, more detailed analysis was left for future study. This paper proposes to analyze the metadata schemas from the viewpoint of tasks performed in the lifecycle. Metadata schemas are primarily defined to describe properties of a resource in accordance with the purposes of description, e.g. finding aids, records management, preservation and so forth. In other words, the metadata standards are resource- and purpose-centric, and the resource lifecycle is not explicitly reflected in the standards. There are no systematic methods for mapping between different metadata standards in accordance with the lifecycle. This paper proposes a method for mapping between metadata standards based on the tasks contained in the resource lifecycle. We first propose a Task Model to clarify tasks applied to resources in each stage of the lifecycle. This model is created as a task-centric model to identify features of metadata standards and to create mappings among elements of those standards. It is important to categorize the elements in order to limit the semantic scope of mapping among elements and decrease the number of combinations of elements for mapping. This paper proposes to use 5W1H (Who, What, Why, When, Where, How) model to categorize the elements. 5W1H categories are generally used for describing events, e.g. news articles. As performing a task on a resource causes an event and metadata elements are used in the event, we consider that the 5W1H categories are adequate to categorize the elements. By using these categories, we determine the features of every element of metadata standards which are AGLS, AGRkMS, PREMIS, EAD, OAIS and an attribute set extracted from DPC decision flow. Then, we perform the element mapping between the standards, and find the relationships between the standards. In this study, we defined a set of terms for each of 5W1H categories, which typically appear in the definition of an element, and used those terms to categorize the elements. For example, if the definition of an element includes the terms such as person and organization that mean a subject which contribute to create, modify a resource the element is categorized into the Who category. A single element can be categorized into one or more 5W1H categories. Thus, we categorized every element of the metadata standards using the 5W1H model, and then, we carried out mapping among the elements in each category. We conclude that the Task Model provides a new viewpoint for metadata schemas and is useful to help us understand the features of metadata standards for records management and archives. The 5W1H model, which is defined based on the Task Model, provides us a core set of categories to semantically classify metadata elements from the viewpoint of an event caused by a task.
  • 5.

    A study on configuring deployment of digital repositories for the archives management systems

    임진희 | Daewook Lee | 2012, (32) | pp.177~217 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The National Archives of Korea(NAK) has a mission to ingest large-scaled digital records and information from a number of different government agencies annually from 2015. There are important issues related to the digital records and information transfer between NAK and agencies, and one of them is how to configure deployment of digital repositories for the archives management systems. The purpose of this paper is to offer the way to design it by examining the checkpoints through the whole life cycle of digital records and information in the archives management systems and calculating the amount of ingested digital records and information to the systems in 2015 and deploying the digital repositories configured according to the amount the records and information. Firstly, this paper suggests that the archives management systems in NAK should be considered and examined into at least three different parts called Ingest tier, Preservation tier and Access tier in aspects to the characteristics of the flow and process of the digital records and information. Secondly, as a results of the calculation the amount of the digital records and information ingested to the archives management systems in 2015 is sum up to around 2.5 Tera bytes. This research draws several requirements related to the large-scaled data and bulk operations which should be satisfied by the database or database management system implemented on to the archives management systems. Thirdly, this paper configures digital repositories deployment according to the characteristics of the three tiers respectively. This research triggers discussion in depth and gives specific clues about how to design the digital repositories in the archives management systems for preparing the year of 2015.
  • 6.

    A Proposal for the Establishment of Archival Community in the East Asia

    kwak geon hong | 2012, (32) | pp.219~236 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    It is well known that records management is closely related to democracy, and the records management ‘innovation’ in Korea did also aim to reach democratic ‘accountability’ and ‘governance’. Likewise, the first reason this article deals with the establishment of archival community in the East Asia is to help promote democracy and form a co-operative relations in the region through records management. Secondly, the distorted view of history easily found in the history textbooks of each countries should be corrected for the 21st East Asia in peace. Records and memories in the past are main components for the present and the future. A great many records to solve the disputes over history still remains inaccessible at large in the archives of the East Asia. A coming archival community will endeavor to disclose and share the historical records for harmonious awareness of history. Cooperation and solidarity within archival community in the East Asia featuring democratic accountability, governance and more records disclosure can be a brand-new start for peace and ‘better’ democracy in his region.