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2015, Vol., No.44

  • 1.

    A Case Study on Documentation Strategy Applying the Institutional Functional Analysis Methodology

    Kim Janghwan | 2015, (44) | pp.5~49 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Although a study on documentation strategy has been steadily releasing recently in the archival study field, it is rare that the cases or studies applying the institutional functional analysis methodology that Helen Samuels had suggested. The institutional functional analysis is a methodology to provide a comprehensive understanding of the record by defining the essential features of the institution at a macro level. The documentation area derived from the institutional functional analysis functions as a priori framework for an archivist to select and keep the records of the institution. In other words, by analyzing the function of the institution through the institutional functional analysis methodology, it makes possible to identify the functions not covered under the current records retention schedule at a macro level ensuring accountability of the organization’s business activities. The documentation project of the United States is a prime example to comply with this background. In this study, by analyzing the case of the United States Congress, it is proposed the derived implications for applying the institutional functional analysis to the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea, where is the similar national institution to the U.S. Congress. For this purpose, firstly, the theoretical debate on the institutional functional analysis as the previous studies. Secondly, the documentation project of the United States Congress has been case analyzed by each function according to the institutional functional analysis. Thirdly, on the basis of the case study results, the implications are derived and it is suggested that the documentation areas applicable to the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Model of Appraisal and Acquisition for Digital Documentary Heritage : Focused on ‘Whole-of-Society Approach’ in Canada

    박지애 | YIM JIN HEE | 2015, (44) | pp.51~99 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of the archival appraisal has gradually changed from the selection of records to the documentation of the society. In particular, the qualitative and quantitative developments of the current digital technology and web have become the driving force that enables semantic acquisition, rather than physical one. Under these circumstances, the concept of ‘documentary heritage’ has been re-established internationally, led by UNESCO. Library and Archives Canada (LAC) reflects this trend. LAC has been trying to develop a new appraisal model and an acquisition model at the same time to revive the spirit of total archives, which is the ‘Whole-of-society approach’. Features of this approach can be summarized in three main points. First, it is for documentary heritage and the acquisition refers to semantic acquisition, not the physical one. And because the object of management is documentary heritage, the cooperation between documentary heritage institutions has to be a prerequisite condition. Lastly, it cannot only documenting what already happened, it can documenting what is happening in the current society. ‘Whole-of-society approach’, as an appraisal method, is a way to identify social components based on social theories. The approach, as an acquisition method, is targeting digital recording, which includes ‘digitized’ heritage and ‘born-digital’ heritage. And it makes possible to the semantic acquisition of documentary heritage based on the data linking by mapping identified social components as metadata component and establishing them into linked open data. This study pointed out that it is hard to realize documentation of the society based on domestic appraisal system since the purpose is limited to selection. To overcome this limitation, we suggest a guideline applied with ‘Whole-of-society approach’.
  • 3.

    Biographical Context of Participation in Social Movement : A biography-reconstructive analysis on experiences in Miryang struggle against 765kV transmission tower

    Kim Young | Seol, Moon-won | 2015, (44) | pp.101~151 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    This article analyzes biographies of women participants in Miryang struggle against 765kV transmission tower and finds that the experience of state violence under the ideological conflicts works the biographical context of participation in environment movement. The cases analyzed in this article disclose the family member’s experience of state violence and their trauma through the participation in social movement. And they legitimize their family member’s life, heal their trauma, and live a new life by the social movement participation. But the power of healing trauma comes from solidarity and support in social movement. Findings of this article imply that experiences of state violence have influence on the formation and development of various Korean social movements and we need more solidarity and democracy for healing the trauma occurred by state violence and concealed in individual memory. Findings of this article also suggest the importance of biography documents. Biography documents can contribute to widen and to deepen understandings on the social interaction and social history, because they are the document about people’s experience who are excluded from the official history and character culture. Moreover biography documents can compensate the official documents, because they can offer the context to the social actions in the official documents. More accumulations and analyses on biographies can serve to widen and to deepen understanding and explanation of Korean society having multilayered exclusion in the process of the compressed modernization and the history of national division.
  • 4.

    Disaster Documentation through Oral History : Focus on Sinking of the MV Sewol

    SONG ZOO HYUNG | 2015, (44) | pp.155~197 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Disaster of Sewol took place in one year. Meanwhile, the victim’s family and the call time record academics have tried to record it. Ansan activists have moved to objectives such as civil records committee also pivotal. The citizens committee under the dictation recording oral history team has a diverse group of people associated with the time issue. bereaved families were collected from the oral as well as volunteers, religious personnel, activists, Ansan citizens and various people. Disasters around the world is also an important event to remember and honor the people together, and one of the most effective means to record There it is establishing an oral history archive. Does not leave a lot of nature history of sudden disasters that occur, as well as a tribute record dictation telling people of diverse perspectives on events helps a lot closer to the reality of the event. Erected in the National September 11 Memorial Museum to honor the Sept. 11 attacks and provide a variety of programs to chaerok dictation of the people involved with 9/11. To remember the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing ‘Our Marathon’ of crowdsourcing digital archive was built. In the archives of the local universities and institutions were created to collaborate actively and gathering oral history. Pan Am Flight 103 pieces terror has established an archive from Syracuse University. Here, neither graduates, faculty, and to the victim’s family and friends gather and oral hitory. Disaster-related Sewol neither should be able to be used as in the case of foreign well, and it should continue to honor the victims of the collection. It also ought to occasion again to avoid this disaster on earth.
  • 5.

    The social role of record information management for Sewol ferry disaster

    김진성 | 2015, (44) | pp.199~215 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study suggest the social role of record information management for Sewol ferry disaster on sea near Jindo-gun at April 16, 2014. Social each part and the discrete member be going to carry out the social role for the disaster so that record information management part may be gather, operate, provide related record informations. Record informations is ways to reflect, to supplement about something and means to effect it. They naturally generated though automatic managed, it need to purposeful activity. From finding to lack, to remedy a problem, Korean society and record information management part shall be reinforcing directions and competency of the solution with various angles. Practical union and assistance of record information management part for Sewol ferry disaster, at first it be a help to recognize officially evidence for the accident. Secondary it producing and using better than current state of the area’s record information part. Finally it may be actively comprise and implement our competency and emotion.
  • 6.

    The Process of Archiving Sewol Accident and its Meaning

    Ahn, Byung Woo | 2015, (44) | pp.217~241 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    The sinking of the Sewol ferry has not only induced an intense conflict in Korean society but also been developed into a sociopolitical issue. This paper divides this accident into five stages and examines the records produced at each stage. The Sewolho Citizen Archive Network and the Ansan Citizen Record Committee began the archiving of Sewol and created the 416 Archives. The records of Sewol are social and political records that hold envidencial and historical value. They can be used to rebuild and recover the wounded community as well as to investigate the truth behind the case. Accident archiving collects materials different to the ones which public archiving does, allowing people to view the incident from a different standpoint. It is also characterized as an archiving of the current issue, social movement and regional community. Accident archiving is a method which ensures credibility and impartiality in memory. In light of Sewol archives, accident archiving can contribute to form mature democracy.