The Korean Journal of Archival Studies 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 1.06

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pISSN : 1229-7941 / eISSN : 2671-7891
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2015, Vol., No.45

  • 1.

    A Study on Constructing and Customizing an AtoM System

    Dae-Jin An , Kim Iek Han | 2015, (45) | pp.5~50 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    In 2012, the International Council on Archives(ICA) distributed AtoM public release, an archival description software based on web, for free to support small archival institutions. The purpose of AtoM project was to let a single or multiple repositories describe archival materials based on ICA descriptive standards and access via a web browser. The value of AtoM project is to promote actual business experience by sharing technical expertise and form active community between users and developers. Recently, there is a growing interest in open source software in the field of domestic record management. This interest is to not only reduce cost, but to escape technology dependencies and to address requirements on the field. The critical mind of this study lies in the fact that there is no practical methodology to establish AtoM system. Even when using AtoM itself, basic tasks such as the migration of the existing data or the improvement of user interface are required. That is why this study suggests the process and methodologies to establish and customize archival information system based on AtoM software.
  • 2.

    The Politics and Governance of ‘Maeul’ Community Archives in South Korea

    Lee, Kyong Rae | 2015, (45) | pp.51~82 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    Maeul-making, which is to restore inherent characteristics of maeul as a living community has been proceeded by local communities themselves since the 1990s when political democracy and local government in Korean society has been progressed in full-scale. Although New Maeul Movement has been done in the 1970s before and after, it is different from maeul-making because it was focused mainly on improving physical environments of rural communities and initiated by government. The development of maeul community archives in Korea has been related closely to such a maeul-making since the 1990s. Maeul-based community archives, maeul community archives had been begun to build as part of maeul-making and grass-root movement by the 2000s. Initiated by self-motivated communities, maeul community archives were carried out through cooperations between civic activists and residents in maeul communities and voluntary professional archivists from outside. Although records about the maeul community has been collected by mainstream cultural institutions such as public archives, museum, local historical association, and local cultural center, it was at this time to collect records of the maeul community by self-motivated local residents. This tendency of ‘independent’ maeul community archives, however, is currently entering upon a new phase with the city of Seoul’s project (2012) to support making a maeul community, that is, the governance phase based on private-government partnership. At this point of time, it is important for maeul community archives to be built on privately-led governance model that guarantees their autonomy and at the same time bring government‘s knowhow and supports into them, as opposed to the way captured or driven unilaterally by government. This article explores the growth of maeul community archives and collections in Korean society through a range of self-motivated bodies; the interaction with government; and as a result of those interactions, the creation of maeul community archives based on governance. To introduce and explicate the motivations behind maeul archiving endeavors, this article will first sketch something of the historical, social, and political context in which ‘maeul’ communities have arisen, collapsed, and restored. It will then examine in more detail some specific examples of maeul community archives as grass-root movement of maeul community. The third section will attempt to identify the governance model of maeul community archives under the auspices of the city of Seoul and its limitations. Finally through these activities, it will suggest the ways in which maeul community archives commit themselves to their duty of grass-root movement of community and at the same time, secure sustainability, that is, concrete ways of privately initiated governance model.
  • 3.

    A Case study analysing the users of archives through web analytics

    Hyo Eun LEE , YIM JIN HEE | 2015, (45) | pp.83~120 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Record Information Services is an aggressive action of connecting documentaries focusing on the information needs of user. However, recent studies on the parliament’s written information service recognize the necessity that it should segment the user’s information requests, and provide personalized service, but have not discussed for specific cases or measures. While the importance of Web services written with the proliferation of information and popularization of the Web is emerging right to know but, it is not being performed properly by lack of sufficient manpower and budget along with lack of recognition in hands-on sites upon the user analysis. So, while increasing the efficiency of the hands-on workers of Record Information Services, the introduction of analytical tools that can be utilized in low budget agencies is needed. Web analytics is to analyze the behavior by analyzing Web logs which web users have left you visit the site. To estimate the behavior they want to request information of the analyzed Web user aims to provide a Web service, the Web service further continued improvement. There are several types that include among them Google Analytics offering a variety of analysis items for free and all over the world, many people are already using. This study introduces a Google Analytics web analytics focused and proposes a service improvement plan with specific web user segmentation analyzes the cases of Korea Democracy Foundation of Open Archives introduces them to the actual institutions.
  • 4.

    Expansion of the Value and Prospect of the Human Rights Documentary Heritage : Focusing on the 5·18 archives

    이정연 | 2015, (45) | pp.121~153 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Struggles to gain acknowledgement of identity have a characteristic of movement to recover human dignity. Participants in this movement come to confirm themselves as the subject of rights and communicate one another, free from oppression. Being guaranteed the opportunity to participate in the public opinion formation process is an indispensable element of human rights. In 1980, though it was short and incomplete, Gwangju experienced communal autonomy under the condition that state power was temporarily stopped. The contents and memories of the Gwangju Democratization Movement that intended to protect autonomy of civil society, resisting pillage of state power, remain intact in the 1980 Archives for the May 18th. The 5·18 archives were registered in UNESCO’s Memory of the World in 2011, with its value of human rights and protection of democracy being acknowledged. The 5·18 archives have memories of resistance and struggles for justice, and sacrifices and pains of citizens under oppressive political authority in Gwangju, 1980. Thus, these archives are related to the historical struggles for democracy, and suggest a lesson on the transition process towards democracy to us. Preservation and utilization of the documentary heritage constantly lead the memories of historical events to the present, and enable exchanges of experiences and ideas between the present and the future. This study, through the process of UNESCO’s Memory of the World registration and post-registration process, beyond the value of archives, tries to examine how historical events are led to the present, through the archives and to discuss the other values of archives.
  • 5.

    Responsiveness of Request to Information Disclosure

    Jeongmin Choi | 2015, (45) | pp.155~188 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to find whether there is a difference between the resulting responsiveness and substantial responsiveness, as noticing citizen satisfaction of the result of information disclosure is not equivalent to a high rate of information disclosure. Previous studies focused on the analysis of the resulting responsiveness such as disclosure decision and processing time. However, this study would identify how much opened information is equal to requested information on the side of substantial responsiveness. This study found that accuracy dropped as opening not requested information but different information and completeness dropped as omitting some part of information or opening unseizable information on the side of substantial responsiveness. There are differences between the resulting responsiveness and substantial responsiveness. Some of the opened information is not requested information despite the disclosure decision. It takes over ten days despite the immediately disclose decision. The main reason for the decline in substantial responsiveness is the passing of document retention period and the absence of data. Therefore, the obligation for the creation and preservation of records for public agencies will have to be followed with the agencies’ will to opening information. Although this study analyzes the limited cases, it is significant to enunciate there are differences between the resulting responsiveness and substantial responsiveness.
  • 6.

    Analysis of presidential records in the 1960s : focused on economic sector

    kwak geon hong | 2015, (45) | pp.189~217 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The National Archives’s presidential records in 1960s are neither complete nor accurate. However these records are worth enough to researchers as a source of the main policy stream and informations of the time. In the past, the catalog of National Archives only contained simple record information without the analysis of content. Therefore this article designed the subject classification scheme based on analysis of presidential records in economic sector. The distribution aspect of the subject record type is the clue to understand the main project of presidential secretary in 1960s during the industrialization process. Also the information of the content of record such as the character, association, location invigorate the collection of record and its use to related organizations.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Records and Archives Management System in Japan : Focusing on the Electronic Public Documents Management

    KyoungYong, YI | 2015, (45) | pp.219~253 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The Records Management System in Japan has been developed to a comprehensive and unitary records management system based on the records life-cycle principle from the enactment of ‘the Public Records and Archives Management Act’ in 2009 and its implementation in April, 2011. The scope of objects has also been extended to documents of independent administrative institutions and specific confidential documents on diplomacy and defense. In addition, a series of Electronic Documents Management Systems have been built for the transfer of electronic records to the National Archives of Japan, which is called the Electronic Records Archives of Japan, in connection with the records and archives management systems covering creation, management, transfer, preservation, and use of electronic records. This paper deals with the core contents and characteristics of the records management system of Japan, focusing on the operational structure of the records and archives management law and electronic documents management. Firstly, The Cabinet Office and professional groups in records and archives management started to work on reformation of the records management system from 2003 and resulted in enactment of the Public Records and Archives Management Act in 2009. In that sense, the Public Records and Archives Management Act can be evaluated as a result of constant activities of the records management community in Japan for realization of accountabilities of government agencies to the general public. Secondly, the Public Records Management Act of Japan has a coherent multi-layer structure from the law, enforcement ordinances, guidelines, and to institutional documents management regulations in the operational system. This is a systematic structure for providing practical business units of each administrative agency with detailed standards on the basis of guidelines and making them to prepare their own specific application standards related to their unique businesses. Unlike the past, the National Archives of Japan became to be able to identify specific historial documents which should be transferred to the archives by selecting important historical records as early as possible after creating and receiving them in each institution through the retention schedule. Thirdly, Japan started to operate a system in regard to electronic records transfer and preservation in 2011. In order to prepare for it, each administrative agency has used EDMS in creation and management of electronic records. A Guideline for the Standard Format and Media released by the Cabinet Office in 2010 is also for the transfer of electronic records to the Electronic Records Archives of Japan. In future, it is necessary to conduct further studies on activities of the records and archives management community in Japan, relating to long-term preservation and use of electronic records.