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2015, Vol., No.46

  • 1.

    Past Affairs-Related Collective Memories and the Archival Justice : The Contemporary Rebuilding of the Archive on the Truth and Reconciliation Committee

    Lee, Kyong Rae | 2015, (46) | pp.5~44 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This article purposes to define archival justice and suggest democratic modeling of the archive on the Truth and Reconciliation Committee (TRC), which is focused on victims of state violence. These purposes come from critical mind that the absence of framework of the records management for collective memory would cause incorporation of TRC archives into mainstream archives systems in which voices of victims have been marginalized. This article intends to expand theoretical prospects of documentation of past affairs through applying humanistic and theoretical frameworks differently from institutional and policy approaches on restoration of collective memory. In order to do this, this article first considers archival justice as archives building in which state violence’ victims are pivotal and then extracts theoretical frameworks for building the archives based on archival justice from recent discourses of post-colonial archives and community archives. As the next step, it criticizes current conditions of TRC archives in Korea on the basis of extracted theoretical frames and finally suggests realistic models in which each theoretical frame could be applied effectively into TRC archives that is focused on victims.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Proposal for the Description Elements of Art Museum Archives

    Lee, Ji Eun | Ji Hyun Kim | 2015, (46) | pp.45~93 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Art Museum Archives are archives that are created by individuals and organizations that have a sufficient worth that necessitate permanent preservation. Art Museum Archives, which include various medium and types, are archives that have information and evidence based value, and are established and supported for the research of the Art Museum and Art History. For the systematic implementation and application of an Art Museum Archive, there is a need to establish related description elements, and through this not only must information on the individual archives be provided, but through a high utility finding aid, the creation context of the archived document should be provided so that users of the archive can easily access documents. In the case of Korean Art Museum Archives, there is a tendency to focus on the fragmented informational value of an individual archive document, which in reality causes the structural and contextual element characteristic of the document to be destroyed. Therefore this research supports the Hierarchical Description of Art Museum Archives and has the objective of proposing Art Archive Description Elements that promote the preservation of creation context and effective utilization. In addition, because personal records take up a large portion of Art Archives and are very diverse in terms of medium and type, a Description Element that can reflect this is attempted to be proposed.
  • 3.

    Value and Prosect of individual diary as research materials : Based on the “The 12th May Diaries Collection”

    최효진 | YIM JIN HEE | 2015, (46) | pp.95~152 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    “Archives of Everyday Life” refers to an organization or facility which collects, appraises, selects and preserves the document from the memory of individuals, groups, or a society through categorizing and classifying lives and cultures of ordinary people. The document includes materials such as diaries, autobiography, letters, and notes. It also covers any digital files or hypertext like posts from blogs and online communities, or photos uploaded on Social Network Services. Many research fields including the Records Management Studies has continuously claimed the necessity of collection and preservation of ordinary people’s records on daily life produced every moment. Especially diary is a written record reflecting the facts experienced by an individual and his self-examination. Its originality, individuality and uniqueness are considered truly valuable as a document regardless of the era. Lately many diaries have been discovered and presented to the historical research communities, and diverse researchers in human and social studies have embarked more in-depth research on diaries, their authors, and social background of the time. Furthermore, researchers from linguistics, educational studies, and psychology analyze linguistic behaviors, status of cultural assimilation, and emotional or psychological changes of an author. In this study, we are conducting a metastudy from various research on diaries in order to reaffirm the value of “The 12th May Diaries Collection” as everyday life archives. “The 12th May Diaries Collection” consists of diaries produced and donated directly by citizens on the 12th May every year. It was only 2013 when Digital Archiving Institute in Univ. of Myungji organized the first “Annual call for the 12th May”. Now more than 2,000 items were collected including hand writing diaries, digital documents, photos, audio and video files, etc. The age of participants also varies from children to senior citizens. In this study, quantitative analysis will be made on the diaries collected as well as more profound discoveries on the detailed contents of each item. It is not difficult to see stories about family and friends, school life, concerns over career path, daily life and feelings of citizens ranging all different generations, regions, and professions. Based on keyword and descriptors of each item, more comprehensive examination will be further made. Additionally this study will also provide suggestions to examine future research opportunities of these diaries for different fields such as linguistics, educational studies, historical studies or humanities considering diverse formats and contents of diaries. Finally this study will also discuss necessary tasks and challenges for “the 12th May Diaries Collection” to be continuously collected and preserved as Everyday Life Archives.
  • 4.

    A study on non-existence information of the information disclosure system : focused on the central administrative agencies

    Kim Youseung | Choi, Jeong-Min | 2015, (46) | pp.159~187 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to discuss issues about non-existent information of the information disclosure system and to provide alternative strategies for the issues. For the theoretical discussion it reviews the definitions and standards of non-existent information and analyzes legal aspects and statistical changes of non-existent information. Furthemore, in order to discuss a current status and problems of non-existent information at the central administrative agencies, it analyzes the cases of the non-existent information notification. According to analysis results, non-existent information status of the surveyed institutions is a total of 4,421 cases for three years and it shows the continuous increasing trend year after year. The number of institutions that have the number of non-existent information equal to the number of nondisclosures or over it reached about 40%. It means excluding non-existent information from the reasons of nondisclosure influenced disclose rates and nondisclosure rates of many agencies. In the type analysis of the non-existent information reasons, the most main reason, the case of not producing or receiving the requested information by public institutions takes over 75% among the whole reasons. The next reason is the case of collecting or processing information takes over 7-10%. This study found the operational issues, as analyzing notifications of non-existent information. The operational issues are 1) the incomplete explanation of non-existent information, 2) the unclear scope of the collection and processing, 3) the problem of the transfer processing, and 4) the problem of recording management. Therefore, this study suggested some improvements of the perspective and the technical and procedural aspects. First, information disclosure issues including non-existent information are to be understood as an extension of records management. Second, disclosure service should improve overall based on advanced understanding. Third, the management procedures of non-existent information should be improved. Fourth, specific guidelines for handling non-existent information should be developed.
  • 5.

    A Study on Establishing a Documentation Strategy of the National Assembly of Korea

    Kim Janghwan | 2015, (46) | pp.189~231 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study is for establishing an appraisal methodology to ensure the accountability of the parliament and to documentation the contemporary historical events related to the National Assembly. It is impossible to documentation comprehensively the activities of the National Assembly through the records schedule of the National Assembly, the current the disposal guidelines of the National Assembly. In particular, this is designed focusing on four affiliated organizations such as the National Assembly Secretariat, so there is a fundamental limit to documentation the outputs of various external agencies and areas where have relationships with the National Assembly. Therefore, it is hard to documentation comprehensively the various issues and historical events occurring in the National Assembly under the current appraisal system. In this situation, this study presents the appraisal methodology, the institutional functional analysis to ensure the accountability of the institution as a first step. However, only with the institutional functional analysis methodology, it is difficult to organize collectively the contemporary historical events or social events ongoing in relation to the fundamental functions of the National Assembly. For this reason, the subject oriented documentation methodology is designed that is the appraisal methodology of selecting the records related to the contemporary social phenomena and historical events according to the functional areas of the National Assembly derived from the institutional functional analysis methodology. Thereby, it is designed that the model of the documentation strategy applicable to the National Assembly in reality.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Collection Policy of Presidential Libraries and Museums in the United States

    강민정 | Seunghwi Lee | 2015, (46) | pp.233~286 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    A Collection Policy provides a direction to an archive, but also provides a foundation for developing practical measures of planning and collecting process. In terms of a Collection Policy, it enables detail collection as regulations or codes cannot be as defined as the level of collection, thus, it allows systematic and strategic approaches in collecting former presidents’ records. In the case of United States, where the same presidential system exists as South Korea, although the individual Presidential Libraries and Museums have different periods of collections, the Collection Policy was implement a half century ago that is used as a foundation data for record collection. However, the Presidential Archives in South Korea do not have a Collection Policy implemented that the collection is based on ‘collection regulations’ and ‘collection plans.’ In the comparison of the Collection Policy at the Presidential Libraries and Museums in the United States and the “collection regulation” and “collection plan” at the Presidential Archives in South Korea, it shows that while the Presidential Libraries and Museums’ Collection Policy applies the characteristics of individual presidents that the collection comprises the records from more than the appointed period that it includes various personal records of relating figures, events, regions, and even personal interest; the records are written in detail to the detailed scale and procedure. On the other hand, the Presidential Archives in South Korea, the records collected based on ‘collection regulations’ and ‘collection plans’ do not sufficiently apply the individual features of the former presidents that the collections remain as general and unclear. This is due to the absence of a Collection Policy that systemizes and sustains professionalism and consistency of collection plans and procedures. Hence, this study is conducted to propose collection policy implementation measures by analyzing the Collection Policy of the Presidential Libraries and Museums in the United States and identifying implications for applying individual president characteristics.
  • 7.

    A study on the Appraisal Criteria of Research Records in Public Research Institution

    Miyoung Lee | 2015, (46) | pp.287~323 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is the design of the archival appraisal criteria to judge important research records and set the appraisal direction in the public research institution. The scope of research was limited to design the applicable appraisal criteria at the research institutions rather than in national level and the appraisal criteria examples in three public research institutions were analyzed. Based on the results of this analysis, I suggested the appraisal and selection criteria for long term preservation of research records including 10 appraisal areas. This study has a little limit because the suggested appraisal criteria was not verified by researchers(key appraiser) and enough examples were not analyzed. However, this study can support research institutions to set the scope and type of research records to be preserved. In addition, I hope that this study can give a little help institutions to judge and select key research records.
  • 8.

    A Study on Functional Requirements of Records Management Systems for Government-Affiliated Organizations to respond to Immediate Disclosure of Original Official Documents

    Hwang, Jin-hyun | YIM JIN HEE | 2015, (46) | pp.325~363 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The object of this study is to help the government-affiliated public institutions, which are ahead of the Immediate Disclosure of Original Official Documents in 2016, to conduct a systematic disclosure of the original official documents on the basis of records management. As of now, many government-affiliated public institutions are facing difficulties in systematically conducting the immediate disclosure of original official documents as they lack specialists in records managements, let alone a system for carrying out the procedures. In this situation, the study induces insights on this matter by inspecting former cases of the Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs, and of Seoul Metropolitan Government. Moreover, the study examines the examples of three government-affiliated public institutions, which are establishing a records management system to better cope with the immediate disclosure of original official documents. The institutions are in the beginning stages of building up a system for records management and immediate disclosure of original official documents. Therefore, the characteristics of these institutions must be considered in working out the strategy for immediate disclosure of original official documents. For this reason, this study reflected the attributes of each institute in establishing a self-developed records management system; in which, the disclosure of original documents based on registrars and records management system is made possible. This study also suggests functional requirements that must be included in coping with the immediate disclosure of original official documents.