The Korean Journal of Archival Studies 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 1.06

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pISSN : 1229-7941 / eISSN : 2671-7891
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2016, Vol., No.48

  • 1.

    May 18th Gwangju Democratization Archives Collection Development Strategy for Advancement of Human Rights Awareness and Democracy

    Lee, Sangmin | 2016, (48) | pp.5~44 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the characteristics of the May 18th (5·18) Gwangju Democratization Movement archives to suggest a collection development strategy for the May 18th archives collection network. Individual public and civilian archives collecting the May 18th archives separately should form a cooperative collection network based on documentation strategy. Most of all, May 18th archives are human rights records and should be understood and collected as human rights records. International principles support the collection of the May 18th archives as human rights archives by prohibiting destruction of relevant temporary records and encouraging the victims’ right to access to their records. As the May 18th archives were mostly produced by many multiple agencies, this multi-provenance and diversity of the records necessitate the building of an archives portal for the records registries and online search. To document the undocumented past and the victims, the collection network should focus on oral history project as a major part of its collection development strategy. Finally, the May 18th archives collection network should build a cooperative relations with the unwilling public agencies which have the archives holdings. Therefore, the collection development strategy should include advocacy and awareness
  • 2.

    A Study on the Records Management for Evidence-Based Accountability of Corporations : Focusing on Sustainability Reports

    Mi Ri Jung , YIM JIN HEE | 2016, (48) | pp.45~92 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Corporations report their economical, environmental, social influences and achievements through sustainability reports. Apart from the financial reports, which are subject to legal restrictions, sustainability reports inform non financial achievements of a corporation, thus the reliability of the information is solely dependent on the corporation itself. The current sustainability reports are of types that cannot include proof or source of the index data, thus they are tended to be regarded as means of publicity. The reliability of the reports is often questioned. This research applied the concept of Evidence-Based Accountability, which will allow the confirmation of accountability through records including contents and context of the tasks. Evidence-Based Accountability means producing and accumulating witness records of actions, then managing the records as usable information and use them as accountability information. Index data from sustainability reports of domestic corporations and web based reports of Vodafone was reviewed. Measures to link task records as proof of index data was studied. To make this possible, record production and acquisition system was redesigned in order to secure required records as evidence. Linked build-up of SR system and RMS was proposed. The proposed system will allow collection and management of records as SR accountability information, and provide the data when necessary. Also, corporate infrastructure was proposed. This infrastructure will build a professional records management system in stages, through organizational system and regulations. Cooperation of staff in this infrastructure will support reliable corporate accountability.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Online Newspaper Archive: Focusing on Domestic and International Case Studies

    SONG ZOO HYUNG | 2016, (48) | pp.93~139 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Aside from serving as a body that monitors and criticizes the government through reviews and comments on public issues, newspapers can also form and spread public opinion. Metadata contains certain picture records and, in the case of local newspapers, the former is an important means of obtaining locality. Furthermore, advertising in newspapers and the way of editing in newspapers can be viewed as a representation of the times. For the value of archiving in newspapers when a documentation strategy is established, the newspaper is considered as a top priority that should be collected. A newspaper archive that will handle preservation and management carries huge significance in many ways. Journalists use them to write articles while scholars can use a newspaper archive for academic purposes. Also, the NIE is a type of a practical usage of such an archive. In the digital age, the newspaper archive has an important position because it is located in the core of MAM, which integrates and manages the media asset. With this, there are prospects that an online archive will perform a new role in the production of newspapers and the management of publishing companies. Korea Integrated News Database System (KINDS), an integrated article database, began its service in 1991, whereas Naver operates an online newspaper archive called “News Library.” Initially, KINDS received an enthusiastic response, but nowadays, the utilization ratio continues to decrease because of the omission of some major newspapers, such as Chosun Ilbo and JoongAng Ilbo, and the numerous user interface problems it poses. Despite these, however, the system still presents several advantages. For example, it is easy to access freely because there is a set budget for the public, and accessibility to local papers is simple. A national library consistently carries out the digitalization of time-honored newspapers. In addition, individual newspaper companies have also started the service, but it is not enough for such to be labeled an archive. In the United States (US), “Chronicling America”—led by the Library of Congress with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities—is in the process of digitalizing historic newspapers. The universities of each state and historical association provide funds to their public library for the digitalization of local papers. In the United Kingdom, the British Library is constructing an online newspaper archive called “The British Newspaper Archive,” but unlike the one in the US, this service charges a usage fee. The Joint Information Systems Committee has also invested in “The British Newspaper Archive,” and its construction is still ongoing. ProQuest Archiver and Gale NewsVault are the representative platforms because of their efficiency and how they have established the standardization of newspapers. Now, it is time to change the way we understand things, and a drastic investment is required to improve the domestic and international online newspaper archive.
  • 4.

    A Study on Records Management Strategic for Discourse Analysis: Focusing on Records Distortion of the 5·18 Discourse

    LEE JINRYONG , YIM JIN HEE | 2016, (48) | pp.141~178 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In May 2011, the 1980 Archives for the May 18th Democratic Uprising or the “5·18 Gwangju Democratization Movement” were registered as a UNESCO Memory of the World. This historic moment told the world that the 5·18 movement is a valuable and historical asset. However, despite the international recognition, archives that deny of such facts are still rampant because of misdirected standings and prejudices. These sources even develop discourses by distorting the archives to justify their claims. Accordingly, the study aimed to identify how these sources form ideologies surrounding the 5·18 movement discourses, which are characteristic of extreme social standings. It explored the possibility of the distortion of archives presented for each discourse and reconsidered the archivists’ positions and roles to cope with such possibility. In addition, the author aims to suggest a more systemic strategy to advance the existing responses against the distortions, as well as provide discourses that are based on true and accurate archives mainly to students who have not yet been introduced to such distorted discourses. In the future, archivists shall try to develop positive awareness about the 5·18 discourses rather than maintain passive positions that provide information from limited archives. Through this, it is expected that this study will advance future analyses that would be effective against the distortion of archives.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Problems in and the Improvement of the Archives Evaluation System : Focusing on the Metropolitan Office of Education

    Kwon, Do-gyun | 2016, (48) | pp.179~207 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Since the introduction of the Archives Evaluation System in 2008, the Republic of Korea’s archives management has undergone many changes and great development. However, there remain process problems in several operations of concerned agencies. These are made up of problems in the system itself (operation-related problem), problems in evaluation indicators, and issues in communication issue between the rating agency and the national archives of the rated institutions. This study was a theorem for such status of the concept, objectives, and the indicators of the institutional evaluation system as it looked into the problems and sought improvement of the systems and indicators. The problems of the evaluation system were felt in the survey of the education field, which was conducted through interviews and phone interviews with the Office of Education’s archives managers and researchers. Among the problems found were the assessment period, the number of indicators, evaluation process, the assessment indicators, and the best practices. Moreover, this study summarized the comments of the archives managers on what they believed are needed to improve the field. As a result, it confirmed that structural and fundamental changes in the institutional evaluation system are needed. Based on these findings, this study hopes that an archives management business for the public institutions of the Republic of Korea would be developed in the future.
  • 6.

    Revisiting Archical Appraisal Theories for their Application to Community Archives

    Seol, Moon-won , Kim Young | 2016, (48) | pp.209~251 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Community creates, receives and preserves the records, which made the community members and the entire society remember their history. As for community archives, archival appraisal is very political activity because appraisal of community records means whose memory remain alive in history. This study aims to analyze archival appraisal theories from the perspective of community and community archives, and suggest appraisal model for community archives. This study begins with examining the meaning of community archives and appraisal related issues including; i) community identity and independence of archives, ii) struggle of memory and multiple narratives, iii) uniqueness of each community and its archives, and iv) community archives as memory process and social inclusion. At the next stage, it deals with the archival theories from Schellenberg’s archival values theory to macro-appraisal, to investigate possible application of theories for community records appraisal. It finds that the societal approach of macro-appraisal have advantage to appraise the community records. This study finally suggests the appraisal model for community archives by modifying the macro-appraisal components as well as by complying the principles of community archives. The model consists of the purpose and object of appraisal, principle and basis of valuation, and cooperation model between mainstream repository and community.