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2016, Vol., No.49

  • 1.

    Copyright Issues to User-Contributed Content in Participatory Digital Archives

    김수진 | Donghee Sinn | 2016, (49) | pp.5~49 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigates how participatory digital archives should handle user-contributed content in order to legitimately collect from and make available to users according to current copyright laws and related regulations. In doing so, this study surveys the current national and international copyright laws that would apply for digital contents in archives. It also reviews the existing literature that analyzes the understanding and interpretation of regulations and specific infringement cases. Then, it examines the cases of participatory digital archives as to how they deal with the copyright issues to user-contributed content and provide guidance to users in this respect. Based on such analysis, the study suggests a few methods of how digital archives acquire necessary rights for the user-contributed content being housed in archives and how they provide useful guidance to users about their rights and responsibilities. These methods include terms and conditions for contribution/service and essential elements in terms, contributor agreements and their details, and other user guidelines.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Issue and Resolving the Institutional Evaluation System : Targets of the 2017 Education Department Indicator

    Kwon, Do-gyun | 2016, (49) | pp.51~75 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    A records management agency assessment must reflect the possibility of actual situations including conditions and implementation. Institutional evaluation systems and indicators tools to improve records management. However, the reality is difficult if they are not conducted through the resources and efforts of the organization. The 2017 evaluation system of the National Archives of Korea and the index, which was published in March 2016, are expected to be highly difficult to perform as the frontline field tasks of the institution for a year. It is composed of indices with questionable effectiveness that are difficult to implement on the field. Some of these include the 1.1.1.1.1.1.1. following: three training sessions for more than 10% of all employees, submission of document archive pictures of all schools, submission of the index items of all documents, increasing the utilization level of the standard record management system for the electronic documents that have not been transferred for several years, the transfer of non-electronic documents of all institutions, reclassification of non-disclosed records, etc. It recognizes the fundamental problems of the records management system and the 2017 evaluation indicators that the National Archives has mentioned about operations. As such, now is the time to reflect the years of experience in the field to amass knowledge that will help improve records management.
  • 3.

    A study on the Heritage Documentation Programs of the United States

    최선영 | Seunghwi Lee | 2016, (49) | pp.77~119 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A modern architectural building is a cultural heritage, which is also part of our history until the present. Documentation is thus considered an irreplaceable method to preserve our cultural heritage as it may be the last resort of preservation. The study analyzed the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) on the Heritage Documentation Programs of the National Park Service. Based on the analysis of the comparison and documentation of the modern architectural building implemented by the Cultural Heritage Administration, the study suggested improvement plans from three different perspectives. First, specifically detailed regulations of the legal system are supposed to be used for the implementation of the documentation of modern architectural buildings. Second, it is suggested that a general plan for continuous documentation be made. Last, by setting up a collection method, an information service needs to be provided for the public.
  • 4.

    Content and Value Analysis of the Records of Green Party Korea’s Election Activities

    Ju Hyun Mi | YIM JIN HEE | 2016, (49) | pp.121~173 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    An election is a major event in a country that elects the people’s representatives. Currently, Korea’s electoral system has a structure that limits the exclusion of the minority’s opinion. Also, it has strengthened the monopoly of major political parties. Despite the harsh conditions, Green Party Korea has proposed an alternative to prevent even the minority from being excluded by practicing direct democracy and expanding proportional representation through the institutionalization of the democratic process within the party. Election campaigns should thus reflect this orientation of Green Party Korea. The local elections and the national elections reflect Korea’s political and social status and show the course over two minority parties beyond such limits. Moreover, they provide evidence of the activities of Green Party Korea. The paper analyzes how the election archives of the party hold the values of democracy, how minor parties jump to another because of the unfavorable election system, and how the archives of Green Party Korea reflect its values on the political history of Korea.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Implementation of ROK Army Records Management Policy : Limitations of the Street-Level Bureaucracy Model and Proposal of the Policy Network Model

    임지수 | GIYEONG KIM | 2016, (49) | pp.175~212 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to propose a model that can polish and improve the ROK (Republic of Korea) Army’s records management policy in a new records management environment by analyzing the context of policy implementation. In this study, two distinct and different policy cases were analyzed using different models for policy analysis such as the case of the records management system of the ROK Army with the street-level bureaucracy model and the case of the archives personnel within the ROK Army with a Policy Network model. The results from the comparative analysis with both cases state that the street-level bureaucracy model has limitations in analyzing even a policy implementation case when multiple actors are involved. At the same time, a network policy model is useful in identifying the problematic points that need improvement in the case. Based on these results, some improvements for effective records management in the ROK Army were proposed. This study follows the approach of the two distinctive case studies from the perspective of policy science―a view that no archive researcher has ever explored before.
  • 6.

    A Study on Personal Everyday Records in On Kawara’s Works

    Lee, Hyerin | Ju-Seok Park | 2016, (49) | pp.213~246 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    On Kawara’s works are not only artworks but are also his personal daily records. He produced many artworks whose theme centered on his everyday life, a plan that he had precisely made. He selected several specific themes from his daily life: when and where he met someone, what he read, and where he traveled. Kawara constantly recorded his daily life using various types of unconventional medium: maps, postcards, and telegrams. Although he was occupied with recording his everyday life, he was also active in forming public opinions on various issues through social media. Kawara’s works, which exhibit a distinctive characteristic of himself, could be classified as individual records because it includes an individual’s daily life and selected issues. His artworks express concern for or expose the irrationality of his society, which encourages ordinary people to let their voices be heard and take part in public affairs. Thus, his works function not just as art but also as precious historical records.
  • 7.

    A Construction Case of BRM ‘Danwigwaje’ in Basic Local Governments : Focussing on Gangbuk District of Seoul Special City

    문찬일 | 2016, (49) | pp.247~275 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The classification scheme of records indicates a table that intends to express organic relations between records by organizing records and enabling internal order. Although the principles of organic classification have remained in traditional records management environment, they have been changed to “function and business” in the modern times. Therefore, Korea introduced a business reference model (BRM) based on function and business from 2008 and subsequently implemented its operation. However, it has been pointed out that the roles of the classification scheme of records have not been played because the analysis of “Danwigwaje,” which belongs to the lowest level of business reference models, is poor. According to this indication, the Gangbuk District of Seoul Special City established a functional classification scheme by executing a business process analysis of “Danwigwaje.” First, the record manager carried out analyses on the principles of “Danwigwaje,” small function, and “Danwigwaje.” Then, the functional classification scheme of “Danwigwaje” was modified by looking into the opinion inquiry process of the treatment department and performing a test operation. Through the case of the Gangbuk District in Seoul Special City, analytical procedures and methods of “Danwigwaje,” as well as implications according to the establishment of a functional classification scheme of basic local governments, were arranged in a written format.
  • 8.

    Improvement of access re-review in archives : The Seoul Metropolitan Office of Cases

    임희연 | 2016, (49) | pp.277~297 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Access re-review is a process to reclassify the non-disclosure documents to open accessible documents, and it has to be performed in every five years. However, current procedures of the access re-review in many archives have not been properly working, due to the shortage of the available archivists for providing enough access re-review. Although many difficult situation for the re-review such as enormous amount of re-review documents and lack of archivists, access re-review was included in the administrative evaluation list, of which it makes the re-review for just evaluating process. In this study, the access re-review of Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education, which have performed by external service companies as well as the other institutions’ progresses were summarized for improving access re-review process. Although Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education processed 610,000 re-review with 100,000,000 won budget for 4 years, the project has been failed to get more budget support because of the claim for the budget efficiency. The other institutions also could not focus on the actual access re-review. Considering all the points, current access re-review process is clearly required to be improved.
  • 9.

    Collecting and using maul records

    김덕묵 | 2016, (49) | pp.299~325 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the importance, types, and locations of maul records, and the methods for collecting, preserving, and using them. Maul records reveal the nature of the residents’ ordinary lives, help to closely examine the history and culture of the maul, and serve as cultural resources that supplement oral records. Collecting materials from maul records requires understanding the types, locations, and states of the records. Maul records should include records created by the local organizations, personal records by individuals, and records that evidence the history of the maul. The collection methods of maul records are categorized into regular collection, irregular collection, passive collection, and active collection. These records need to be locally conserved in the maul. They can enhance the residents’ lives, and can be used to help produce books, posters, calendars, commercial advertisements, symbols, academic education, exhibitions, digital contents, and historical records. They are also useful in helping to market the history.
  • 10.

    A Study on Management of Business Transaction in Regional Local Government

    Chung, Sanghee | 2016, (49) | pp.327~359 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine and analysis the problems in managing ‘Business Transaction(Danwi-gwaje)’ of regional local government, and propose implications. The study points out the problems emerged in the operation process of Business Transaction including creating of Business Transaction and Business Transaction Profile, setting retention period and filing records, and gives concrete example of them. It concludes with presenting improvements and considerations in managing Business Transaction for systematic and efficient records management.